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Edited  by  Jas.  H._Ewing  and  Harry  Slep. 



Of  WA 




Eulci-cil  affoiiliiii;  to  Act  of  Conjii-css,  in  Mic  yciw  Irtfi.  l)y  riiirry  Slcii.  in  the  otTiee 
of  tlic  I,il)r;iriuii  of  Congress,  :il  \Vu>liington,  I).  C. 

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'  i\^e^ 



A  hook  without  a  profaco  is  considered  iiiconii)lete.  So  is  a  ship 
without  a  fig-ure-head.  In  either  case  the  affixture  is  more  orna- 
mental than  useful.  A  book  without  a  preface  is  nevertheless  a  book, 
and  a  ship  without  a  figure-head  is  nevertheless  a  ship.  Notwith- 
standing- this,  in  conformity  to  a  custom  which  has  existed  from  time 
immemorial,  and  remembering-  that  custom  makes  law,  and  that  law 
must  be  obeyed,  we  submit  the  following  preliminary  remarks : 

Before  commencing-  the  preparation  of  a  history  of  any  particidar 
locality,  a  city  or  county  for  instance,  the  custom  has  been  to  call 
upon  leading-  citizens,  and  iiarticularly  property  owners,  for  coutri))u- 
tions  of  money  to  aid  the  project,  the  presumption  l)eing-  that  the 
publication  cannot  fail  to  result  in  lienefit  to  the  community.  No 
one  designing-  to  assume  the  position  of  publisher,  unless  he  has  more 
wealth  than  he  knows  how,  otherwise,  to  disi)oso  of,  or  is  a  literary 
gentleman  of  "elegant  leisure,''  fond  of  seeing  his  name  in  ])rint,  feels 
like  solely  de]iending  ui)on  the  income  derived  from  the  sale  of  the 
book  as  remuneration  for  the  expenditure  of  time,  money  and  labor 
to  which  he  would  subject  himself;  for  it  must  be  remembered  that 
the  sale  of  such  a  l)ook,  with  l)ut  trifling  excejitions,  is  confined  to 
the  immedintc  locality  in  which  it  is  published,  and,  consequently  but 
a  limited  number  is  demanded.  Wh(Mi  contributions  have  been  ol)- 
tained,  uidess  very  liberal,  the  price  of  the  book  is  generally  fixed  at 
double  the  nmouut  charged  for  i)ul)b'('ntions  of  corresponding  size, 
quality  of  paper,  binding,  etc.,  and  tiius  i)laced  beyond  the  reach  of 
many  of  the  poorer  classes. 

In  order  to  avoid  the  nec(>ssitv  of  calling  upon  citizens  for  contri- 
l)utions  in  money,  and,  at  the  sanu'  lime  to  enal»le  us  to  ])lace  the 
l)ook  within  the  reaeli  of  all,  as  well  as  to  secure  for  ourselves  a  reas- 


enable  remuneration  for  labor  and  outlay  of  capital,  we  adopted  the 
plan  of  calling  upon  merchants  and  other  business  men  for  advertis- 
ing- patronage,  believing  that  to  them,  by  publicity  given,  we  could 
render  an  equivalent  for  the  amount  expended.  They  liberally  re- 
sponded, as  will  be  seen  by  the  number  of  announcements,  and  we 
take  this  occasion  to  return  our  thanks. 

As  will  be  observed  the  advertisements  do  not  interfere  with  the 
text  of  the  book.  It  is  true  that  the  arrangement  of  matter  is  some- 
what different  from  the  course  usually  pursued  by  publishers,  but  the 
history  is  just  as  complete  in  itself  as  it  would  have  been  had  not  a 
single  advertisement  made  its  appearance.  Indeed  the  business  an- 
nouncements make  the  book  more  interesting,  for,  by  this  means,  if 
no  other,  thc^  reader  is  enabled  to  discern  who  the  wide-awake  busi- 
ness men  are,  and  such  as  are  possessed  of  sufficient  public  spirit,  as 
citizens,  to  aid  in  enterprises  which  result  in  good  to  the  community. 

This  book  is  not  perfect — no  man  ever  saw  one  that  was — but  we 
console  ourselves  with  the  reflection  that  we  did  the  best  we  could 
under  the  circumstances,  sparing  neither  labor,  time  nor  expense  in 
getting  at  the  facts  underlying  the  sulyects  treated. 

As  members  of  this  community,  and  feeling  a  deep  and  abiding 
interest  in  its  prosperity  and  future  advancement,  we  hope  the  facts 
and  statements  Ave  have  given  will  be  Avell  received  by  the  pul)lic, 
and  will  serve  to  abridge  the  labor  of  future  historians. 

We  are  under  many  obligations  to  Mr.  L.  P.  Farmer,  the  efficient 
and  polite  General  Passenger  Agent  of  the  Pennsylvania  Railroad 
company,  for  favors  extended  to  us. 




In  a  restrictt'd  scn^^c,  leaviufi-  out  the  (lisi)arity  of  years,  the  life 
of  a  city  is  like  the  life  of  a  Jiiaii.  Tlirri'  is  iiifant-y,  pulicrty,  adol- 
esooiK'c,  manhood,  old  ngv,  and  death.  Were  tiie  lives  of  eities  co- 
.cxtensive  with  the  liv,es  of  anen,  Ave  miiiht  approiiriately  say  that  Al- 
toona  has  passed  through  the  period  of  infancy,  with  its  imbecility, 
helpl.essn,ess  and  perils.  It  has  not  only  reached  the  age  of  puberty, 
but,  from  that  point  has  passed  through  the  entires  jx-riod  of  adoles- 
cence. It  has  arrived  at  the  age  of  thirty-one  years,  adolescence,  in 
man,  according  to  Dunglison,  closing  at  five-and  twenty,  and,  there- 
fore, has  fully  entered  upon  a  career  of  vigorous  manhood.  What  m 
triumph  to  commence  with! 


Cities,  like  men,  have  fathers  or  founders.  Previous  to  1S41I  Al- 
toona  existed,  figuratively  speaking,  only  in  an  eml)ryotic  condi- 
tion. It  was  conceived  by  the  Pennsylvania  railroad,  and.  in  the 
year  just  mentioned,   was  brought  forth  a  living  child. 

As  we  have  adopted  the  allegorical  style  of  writing,  we  will  con- 
tinue it  a  little  further  I)y  giving  a  laconic  sketch  of  the  birth  and 
life  of  the  Pennsylvania  railroad,  the  father  of  Altoona.  In  doing 
so  we  preface  it  with  some  general  railroad  and  steam  menu)randa. 
the  appositeness  of  which,  in  this  connection,  will  ))e  readily  jx'r- 
ceived  and  appreciated  : 


Beaumont,  an  English  miner,  in  the  early  period  of  the  Seven- 
teenth century,  invented  the  first  railroad  (wood  tracks),  on  which 
coal  wagons  w^re  drawn  by  horses.  It  was  built  at  Xewcastle-on- 
the-Tyne.  The  first  rails  wholly  made  of  iron  were  cast  in  England, 
in  ltt().  In  1754  iron  wheels  were  introduced.  A  .steam  engine 
was  completed   by    Xewcomen   and    Cawley,  in    IT  10.     A    Cornish 

6  Hl.-^T(»RY    OF    ALTOONA    AND    BLAIR   COUNTY. 

jniiicr,  by  the  iiainc  of  Savarv,  constructed  one  in  1718.  In  1770 
James  Watt  made  an  imi)roved  engine.  In  1804,  Richard  Trevithick, 
of  Cornwall,  constructed  a  l(K'omotive  to  run  upon  the  Merthyr- 
Tydvil  railroad,  in  AVales.  It  drew,  at  the  rate  of  five  miles  an  hour, 
several  wagons  laden  with  ten  tons  of  bar  iron.  In  1814,  George 
Stephenson,  of  England,  completed  the  first  effectivt'  locomotive,  and 
that  was  not  very  effective.  The  "  Rocket,"  which  he  constructed 
in  1829,  succeeding  other  locomotives  he  had  built,  took  a  premium 
of  £500,  offered  by  the  Liverpool  &  Manchester  Railroad  company. 
Shortly  after,  Mr.  Seguin,  a  French  engineer,  introduced  locomotives 
in  France.  In  September,  1809,  the  first  experimental  railroad  track 
in  the  United  States  was  laid  l)y  John  Thomson,  a  civil  engineer,  of 
Delaware  county,  Pennsylvania,  and  constructed  under  his  direction 
by  Somerville,  a  Scotch  millwright,  for  Thos.  LeiptT,  of  Philadelphia. 
It  was  sixty  yards  in  length,  and  graded  to  one  and  one-half  inch  to 
the  yard.  The  gauge  was  four  feet,  and  the  slee})ers  were  eight  feet 
apart.  The  experiment  with  a  loaded  car  was  so  successfid  that  Lei- 
per  had  the  first  ])ractical  railroad  built  in  the  United  States,  con- 
structed for  the  trans})ortation  of  ston(^  from  his  ([uarries  on  Crum 
creek  to  his  landing  on  Ividlev  creek,  Delaware  county,  Pennsylva- 
nia, a  distance  of  about  one  mile.  It  continued  in  use  for  aliout  nine- 
teen years.  The  first  railroad  in  America  over  which  a  locomotive 
Avas  run  was  that  of  the  Delaware  &  Hudson  Canal  company,  at 
Honesdale,  Pennsylvania,  to  connect  their  mines  with  the  canal.  The 
locomotix'e  was  called  "The  Stowbridge  Lion."  It  was  tried  on  the 
road  on  the  Sth  day  of  August,  1829— found  too  heavy  for  success- 
ful use  on  the  roadway,  was  housed  up  and  finally  taken  to  pieces 
and  destroyed.  The  first  stone  on  the  Baltimore  &  Ohio  railroad  was 
laid  on  the  4th  July,  1828,  by  Charles  Carroll,  of  Carrollton,  Mary- 
land. At  first  the  cars  were  propelled  by  sails,  afterwards  liy  steam. 
The  first  locomotive  regularly  run  on  that  road  w^as  made  by  Phineas 
Davis,  at  York,  Pennsylvania,  in  1831.  The  first  gauge  of  railroads^ 
(as  in  England)  was  four  feet  eight  and  one-half  inches,  correspond- 
ing with  tile  width  of  ordinary  English  wagons. 

Content  with  general  railway  memoranda  we  will  now  sjjcak  of  the- 


On  the  loth  day  of  Ai)ril,  184(),  an  act  was  passed  to  incorp(jrate 
the  Pennsylvania  Railroad  coini)any.  The  ca])ital  was  fixed  at  $7,- 
500,000,  with  the  ])rivilege  of  increasing  the  same  to  $10,000,000. 
On  June  22,  184(),  books  were  opened  for  subscriptions  to  the  stock 


ill  various  places  in  tlu'  State.  Mr.  John  Kd^ar  Tiionison  entered 
upon  his  duties  as  chief  eng-ineer  of  the  road  in  tlie  early  part  of 
1847.  The  grading-  of  the  first  twenty  miles  of  the  road  west  of 
Harrisl)urg-  was  let  on  July  Ki,  1847,  and  on  the  22d  of  the  same 
month  fifteen  miles  east  of  Pittsburg-  were  put  under  contract.  On 
December  10,  1852,  cars  were  run  throug-h  from  Philadeliihia  to  I^itts- 
burg-,  connections  between  the  eastern  and  western  divisions  being- 
formed  by  the  use  of  the  Tortag-e  road  over  the  mountains,  the  road 
of  the  rennsylvania  comiiany  not  being-  finished  there  until  Febru- 
ary 15,  1854,  when  it  was  formally  opened,  and  the  first  trains  passed 
throug-h  Pennsylvania  without  use  of  thi>  incline  planes,  of  which 
the  Portag-e  consisted. 


The  commencement  of  the  construction  of  the  Allegheny  Portage 
railroad  was  authorized  by  an  act  of  the  Legislature  of  Pennsylvania, 
passed  the  21st  day  of  March,  18'^1.  Previous  to  that  time  surveys 
of  the  Allegheny  mountains  had  been  made  by  several  eminent  engi- 
neers, and  these  surveys  had  thrown  much  light  on  the  topography 
of  the  country  through  which  the  railroad  was  to  pass.  Sylvester 
Welch  was  appointed  princi]ial  engineer  of  the  work  1)y  the  Board  of 
Canal  Commissioners,  and  he  organizcMl  his  locating  party,  and  had 
the  tents  pitched  near  Lilly's  mill,  at  the  head  of  the  mountain  liranch 
of  the  Conemaugh,  on  the  12th  day  of  April,  1831.  The  locating 
party,  at  the  beginning,  consisted  of  Sylvester  Welch,  principal  engi- 
neer; Solomon  W.  Rolierts,  principal  assistant  engineer;  Patrick 
(xriffin,  surveyor  ;  and  twelve  assistants,  axe  men  and  cook.  The  line 
commenced  at  the  head  of  the  Little  Conemaugh  and  continued  down 
the  valley  of  that  stream  to  Johnstown,  a  distance  of  twentv-one 
miles,  where  it  connected  with  the  western  divi.sion  of  the  Pennsylva- 
nia canal.  The  western  end  of  the  railroad  was  located  on  the  14th 
day  of  May,  1831.  In  the  month  of  May,  :\[r.  W.  Milnor  Roberts 
joined  the  corps  as  principal  assistant  engineer,  and  traced  the  line 
from  the  turnpike  crossing,  near  the  summit  of  the  mountain,  to 
Lilly's  mill,  a  distance  of  five  miles.  The  grading  and  masonry  of 
the  twenty-six  miles  were  contracted  for  at  Ebensburg  on  the  25th 
of  May,  and  the  work  commenced  by  clearing  a  track  one  hundred 
and  twenty  feet  wide  through  the  forest,  most  of  which  consisted  of 
heavy  spruce  or  hemlock  timber.  The  location  of  the  line  from  the 
turnpike  crossing,  near  the  summit  of  Blair's  Gap,  eastward  to  Hol- 
lidaysbnrg,  a  distance  of  ten   and   two-thirds  miles,  was  immediately 


proc'c'etlecl  with.  This  part  of  tlic  worlv  was  let  to  contractors  on  the 
29th  day  of  July,  1831,  and  thus  the  ii-radin,u'  and  nuisonry  of  the 
whole  railroad  l)ein<i'  thirty-six  and  two-thirds  miles  in  len^n-th,  were 
put  under  contract.  The  layin«i-  of  the  first  track,  and  the  necessary 
turnouts  of  edg^e  rails,  and  of  a  double  track  of  plate  railway  on  in- 
cline planes,  were  contracted  for  on  the  11th  day  of  Ai)ril,  1832. 
The  work  upon  the  road  was  prosecuted  vigorously  ;  at  one  time  a 
force  equal  to  two  thousand  men  being  employed  upon  it,  and  on  the 
26th  Noveiidjcr,  1833,  the  first  track  was  so  advanced  as  to  permit 
the  passage  of  the  first  car  over  its  entire  length.  On  the  18th  of 
March,  1834,  the  road  was  opened  asai)id)lic  highway,  the  State  fur- 
nishing the  power  on  the  incline  i)lane  only,  and  it  continued  in  use 
until  the  31  st  of  December,  when  the  navigation  of  the  canals  of 
Pennsylvania,  which  this  road  connected,  was  closed  for  the  season. 
The  railway  was  again  opened  on  the  20th  March,  1835,  shortly  after 
which  the  second  track  of  edge  rails  was  completed.  On  the  11th  of 
May  the  State  began  to  furnish  the  whole  motive  power,  loc(imotive 
engines  being  used  on  the  "long  level,"  and  this  continued  until  al)Out 
the  middle  of  December,  when  the  canals  were  closed  by  ice. 

The  Portage  road  consisted  of  eleven  "levels"  or  grade  lines,  and 
ten  incline  ])lanes.  The  ascent  from  Johnstown  to  the  summit  is 
1,1 71 1*^0 'f*'*^'^  '1^  ^  distance  of  2('-,°e'„  miles.  The  descent  from  the  sum- 
mit to  Hollidaysburg  is  l,3',)8iVo  ^''^'t  iu  a  distance  of  lOj",,  miles. 

There  were  five  incline  planes  on  each  side  of  the  mountain,  vary- 
ing in  inclination  from  4°  9'  to  5^'  51',  or  from  Ti^  f*'<'t  elevation  to 
the  100  feet  base.  They  were  numlx'red  eastwardly,  the  one  nearest 
Johnstown  being  Xo.  1,  and  that  l)eing  nearest  Hollidaysburg  Iteing 
No.  10.  A  part  of  the  railway,  generally  300  feet  -long  at  the  head 
and  foot  of  each  plane,  was  nuide  exactly  level.  The  i)lanes  are  all 
straight  in  plan,  and  also  in  profile,  except  that  the  angles  of  eleva- 
tion at  the  lower  ends  were  rounded  oft'liy  curxcs.  There  are  some 
minor  variations  in  the  grades  on  the  "levels"  made  to  suit  the 
ground.  From  tlie  lengths  and  heights  given  in  the  following  tattle 
the  average  gradt'  of  each  plane  may  be  obtained  correctly. 


PlaueNo.l 1,()07.74 l.iO.OO 

Plane  No .  '2 1,7<>0,4;J i;«.40 

Plane  No.  3 Ut^.-i:-) l.W.oO 

Plane  No.  4 '2,195.04 l,S7.8(i 

Plane  Xo.  5 ■2,(i2S.(i() '201.(54 

Plane  No.  (i '2.710.8.1 im.m 

Plane  No.  7 2,ai5.01 •2(i0.r)(l 

Plane  No.  S ;!.l  l(i.92 307.6(» 

Plane  No.  9 '2,7'2().8() 18.9.i() 

Plane  No.  10 '2,'29.i.61 1S0..t2 


Tiic  cinhankiuciits  wwr  iiuulc  2.")  feet  wide  on  top,  and  the  hcd  of 
the  road  in  excavations  was  25  feet  with  side  ditches.  Sixty-('i,<i-]i1  cul- 
verts of  masonry,  the  sum  of  tiie  sjians  of  wlncli  is  494  feet,  passed 
umh'r  tlie  road,  hesi(h's  eiu-hty-(i\('  (h'ains  of  dry  masonry  of  from 
two  to  live  feet  span.  Tliere  were  four  viaducts  of  iiammer  dressed 
stone;  the  first  and  hiru'cr  was  o\-er  the  Conemau_«>'li,  at  "  Ilorse-shoc; 
Bend,"  al)out  eiii'Iit  miles  from  Johnstown.  This  had  a  sing'le 
semi-circnhu-  ar(di  of  80  feet  span,  and  tlie  toj)  of  the  nuisonry  Avas 
TO  feet  above  tlie  surface  of  tlie  water.  The  whole  cost  of  this  work 
was  $54,5(52.24,  and  by  building'  it  a  lateral  bend  of  about  two  miles 
was  avoideti.  There  were  two  viaducts  over  the  branches  of  the 
Conemanji-h,  each  of  40  feet  span,  one  over  the  Juniata  at  HoUi- 
daysl)ur_i>-  havinii-  two  arches  of  33  feet  span,  which  vary  35  deg-rces 
from  a  riii'ht  ang'le  with  the  abutments.  There  was  a  tunnel  throug-h 
a  spur  of  the  mountain,  at  the  head  of  i)lane  Xo.  1,  a))Out  four  miles 
from  Johnstown.  This  tunnel  was  901  feet  loni>-  and  20  feet  wide 
by  19  feet  high  within  the  arch.  It  was  arched  for  150  feet  at  each 
end,  and  the  entrance  furnished  with  facades  of  cut  stone.  The 
whole  cost  (.if  tlu^  tunnel  was  131,498.85.  The  ed,<>-e  rails  used  wer(^ 
]»arallel  rails  of  rcdlcd  iron,  weiiihing-  40  pounds  per  lineal  yard. 
They  were  supported  by  cast-iron  chairs,  which  weigdied  on  an  average 
13  pounds  each.  The  rail  was  secured  in  each  chair  by  oni'  iron 
wedge.  The  stone  blocks  which  sujtport  the  chairs  contained  3-2-  cubic 
feet  each,  and  were  imljedded  in  Iiroken  stone,  at  a  distance  of  3  feet 
from  centre  to  centre.  On  part  of  the  road  the  chairs  were  laid  upon 
a  tindier  foundation,  and  on  the  incline  jilane  and  along  the  canal 
l)asins,  at  the  termination  of  the  road,  flat  rails  upon  timber  were  used. 
At  the  head  of  each  incline  ])lane  tlK're  were  2  stationary  steam  en- 
gines, of  35  horse-power  each,  which  gave  motion  to  the  endless 
rope  to  which  the  cars  \vere  attached.  Oidy  one  engine  A\'as  used  at 
a  tinu',  l)ut  two  were  provided  to  jirevent  delay  from  accidents.  Four 
rars,  each  loaded  with  7,000  iinunds,  could  be  drawn  u]).  and  four  be 
let  down  at  the  same  time,  and  from  six  to  ten  such  trips  made  in  an 
houi-.  The  machinery  was  simple  and  effective  in  its  construction, 
and  was  superintended  by  P^dward  Miller,  as  principal  assistant  engi- 
neer. A  safety  car  attended  the  other  cars,  both  ascending  and  de- 
scending, and  stopped  them  in  case  of  accident  to  the  rojie.  The 
credit  of  this  contrivance  was  due  to  Mr.  Wtdch,  principal  engineer. 
The  grubl)ing  and  clearing  of  the  road,  a  difficult  piece  of  workman- 
ship, cost  $30,524.  The  grading  of  the  road,  including  grul)bing,  and 
cleaning,  and  all  other  work  done  under  contracts    for   grading  cost 


$472,162.50^.  This  work  iuoludcd  337,220  culjic  yards  of  common 
excavation;  212,034  of  slate  or  detached  rock;  506,932  of  hard  pan 
or  indurated  clay  ;  210,724  of  solid  rock;  14,857  solid  rock  in  tunnel, 
at  $1.47  per  yard;  967,060  cubic  yards  of  embankment  carried  over 
100  feet ;  37,327  perches  of  slope  wall,  of  25  cubic  feet;  13,342  i)erches 
vertical  slope  wall  in  drains,  the  viaducts,  culverts  and  brid,i>'es  in- 
cluded. Plane  No.  6  contained  28,368  perches  of  masonry.  P'or  the 
first  track  there  were  delivered  50,911  stone  l)locks,  which  cost  $27,- 
072.15;  508,901  feet  lineal  of  6x8,  and  2,842  feet  12x12  inch  timber, 
which  cost  $17,184.50.  The  amount  done'  under  the  contracts  for 
"laying"  railway  amounted  to  $135,776.26.. 

All  of  the  iron  rails  were  imported  from  Great  Britain,  by  A.  & 
G.  Ralston,  Philadelphia,  and  also  part  of  the  chairs,  spikes  and 
wedges  for  the  first  track.  The  t(jtal  cost  of  British  iron  at  Phila- 
delphia, imported  for  the  first  track,  was  $118,888.36.  The  aggregate 
cost  of  all  work  done,  and  materials  furnished  under  contract,  for  the 
first  track  comi)lete,  Avas  $430,716.59i  For  the  second  track,  there 
were  imported  16,976  bars  of  edge  rails,  each  18  feet  long,  which 
weighed  1,803  tons  and  1,400  pounds  gross,  and  cost,  at  Philadelphia, 
$43.51  per  ton.  The  aggregate  cost  of  all  work  done  and  materials 
furnished,  under  contract,  for  the  second  track,  was  $3()3,937.05i. 
The  aggregate  cost  of  the  ten  stationary  engines,  houses,  sheds, 
dwellings,  water  pipes,  ropes,  etc.,  was  $151,923.30^  The  total  cost 
of  the  Portage  railroad  was  $1,634,357.69.  But  this  does  not  include 
office  expenses,  engineering,  or  the  extra  allowance  to  contractors  l)v 
the  Legislature  after  the  work  was  completed.  Four  locomotive  en- 
gines were  used  on  the  "long  level." 

Fifty  thousand  tons  of  freight  and  twenty  thousand  jjassengers 
passed  over  the  road  during  the  season  of  1835. 


In  his  History  of  Cam))ria  County,  pul)lished  nearly  half  a  cen- 
tury ago,  Mr.  Shernuin  Day  refers  to  the  first  l)oat  taken  over  the 
Allegheny  mountains,  in  October,  1834,  on  the  Portage  railroad. 
He  says:  "Jesse  Chrisman,  from  the  Lackawanna,  a  tributary  of  the 
north  branch  of  the  Suscpudianna,  loaded  his  boat,  'Hit  or  Miss,'  with 
his  wife,  children,  l)edsand  family  accommodations,  with  j)igeons  and 
otlu'r  live  stock,  and  started  for  Illinois.  At  Hollidaysl)urg,  where 
he  expected  to  sell  liis  boat,  it  was  suggested  by  John  Doughertv,  of 
the  Reliance  Transportation  line,  that  the  whole  concern  could  be 
safely   hoisted    over    the    mountain,  and  set  afioat  ay-ain  in  the  canal. 


JVIr.  DuiiylRTty  prepared  a  railroad  car  calculated  to  hear  the  novel 
Ijurden.  The  l)oat  was  taken  from  its  ]»roi)er  element,  ])laced  on 
wheels,  and,  under  the  superintendence  of  Major  ('.  Williains,  the 
"boat  and  cargo  at  noon  on  the  same  day  began  their  progress  over 
the  rugged  Allegheny.  All  this  was  done  without  disturbing  the 
family  arrangements  of  cooking,  sleejung,  etc.  They  rested  a  night 
•on  the  top  of  the  mountain,  like  Noah's  ark  on  Ararat,  and  descended 
next  morning  into  the  valley  of  the  Mississippi,  ami  sailed  for  St. 


The  road  commences  a  gradual  ascent  at  Ilarrisburg  where  it  is 
310  feet  above  tide,  and  rises  regularly.  At  Lewistown  it  is  480 
feet  above  tide;  at  Huntingdon,  G 10  feet;  at  Tyrone,  88(5  feet ;  at 
Altoona,  1,168  feet.  Up  to  this  point  the  heaviest  gradient  per  mile 
lias  not  exceeded  21  feet.  A  short  distance  west  of  Altoona  this 
gradient  is  increased  to  1)5  feet  per  mile  on  straight  lines,  and  82  feet 
per  mile  on  curves.  Thus,  ascending,  it  reaches  its  culminating  point 
at  the  west  end  of  the  great  tunnel,  where  its  altitude  above  tide  is 
2,lfil  feet.  The  highest  gradient  west  of  the  tunnel  is  52i*;,  feet  per 
mile,  and  the  average  gradient  on  that  end  is  2i'^g  feet  ])er  mile.  At 
Johnstown  the  elevation  above  tide  is  1,184  feet ;  at  Greensl)urg. 
1,090  feet,  and  at  Pittsburg  748  feet,  being  438  feet  higher  at  its 
western  terminus  than  at  Harrisburg,  where  it  commences  to  over- 
come the  barrier  presented  l)y  the  mountains. 


The  rise  and  progress  of  the  Pennsyhania  railroad  is  wonderful. 
At  first  but  a  link  in  the  chain  of  intercommunication  Ix-tween  Phil- 
adelphia and  Pittsburg,  it  has  become  the  greatest  highway  of  travel 
and  traffic  on  the  face  of  the  earth.  The  road  and  its  connections 
permeate  all  sections  of  the  country.  To  transact  its  extended  and 
diversified  ])usiness  the  company  now  owns  and  runs  upon  its  own 
lines  upwards  of  1,000  locomotives,  upwards  of  1,000  passenger  cars, 
and  about  20.000  freight  cars.  It  owns  2,000  miles  of  completed 
road,  and  controls  about  5,000  miles  more.  Its  workshops  cover  an 
area  of  more  than  500  acres.  It  employs  25,000  men,  many  of  whom 
are  mechanics  and  experts  of  the  highest  skill.  It  has  upwards  of 
200  foreign  ticket  offices  and  agents  (independent  of  those  at  its  own 
stations),  established  in  thirteen  different  States.  It  has  developed 
mines,  created  manufactories,  established  commerce,  etc. 








Best  Materials — Lowest  Prices., 




No.  1108  Eleventli  Avenue, 



Oil  F('l)niiirv  2,  iSn'i,  Mr.  .1.  Kduiir 'IMHUiisdii  was  elected  Pre>i- 
(leiitdf  the  Pennsylvania  llailroad  eonipany.  1  le  died  on  May  "27, 
18T4.  The  vacancy  was  tilled  Ity  the  (dection  of  Thomas  A.  Scott, 
who  had  been  actin<>-  in  the  cajiacity  of  Yice  Presiih'nt  since  March 
4,  1860.  It  is  trne,  however,  that  the  position  Mr.  Scott  Indd 
as  Yice  President  was,  for  a  time,  merely  nominal,  for,  on  Au<>-iist  1, 
1861,  he  was  appointed  Assistant  Secretary  of  War.  On  June  1, 
1802,  he  resi<>-ned  this  position,  and  resumed  his  duties  as  an  officer 
of  the  road.  But,  again,  in  1868,  he  was  recalled  to  the  War  depart- 
ment, by  Secretary  Stanton,  and  on  the  24th  S(>ptembcr  of  iliat 
vear  was  create(l  ('olon(d  and  Assistant  (Quartermaster.  After  ren- 
dering- efficient  service  to  the  (xON-crnment  for  a  short  time  he  again 
resumed  his  railroad  duties. 

The  prosperity  of  the  Pennsylvania  railroad,  is  uuiiiily  attributa- 
ble to  its  management  under  the  direction  of  J.  Edgai-  Thomson 
and  Thomas  A.  Scott,  the  latter  being  justly  recognized  as  the  most 
efficient  railroad  officer  in  the  United  States,  and,  probably,  in  the 

From  the  thirty-third  annual  report  of  the  lioard  of  directors  to 
the  stockholders,  presented  at  the  meeting  h(dd  March  9,  1880,  we 
learn  that  the  gross  earnings  of  the  Pennsylvania  railroad  division, 
between  Pittsburg  and  Philadelphia,  were  $21,743,628.31  ;  expenses, 
$11,751,620.55;  net  (varnings,  $«),;)92,007.t6  ;  add  interest  for  invest- 
ments, $2,513,198.21  ;  deduct  interest  on  bonded  debt,  etc.,  $5,022,- 
725.49— leaving  the  net  income  $7,482,480,48.  The  earnings  of  the 
United  railroads  of  New  Jersey  division  were  $9,784,843.05,  and  the 
expenses, $6, 500, 861. 53.  After  deducting  payments  on  account  of  in- 
terest, etc.,  there  is  a  loss  of  $939,889.00  for  the  year,  against  a  loss 
of  $,136,715.16  for  1878.  The  Philadelphia  and  Erie  division  shows 
earnings  of  $3,091,807.81,  and  exi)enses  of  $2,130,258.07.  In  order 
to  provide  for  the  cancellation  of  $4,970,000  of  lirst  mortgage  bonds, 
due  December  31,  1880,  the  Board  of  Directors  have  caused  to  lie 
issued  $5,000,000  of  5  per  cent,  bonds,  due  in  forty  years. 

Since  the  above  was  written  Thomas  A.  Scott  resigned  the  presi- 
dency of  the  company.  His  resignation  took  effect  on  the  1st  June, 
(1880).  George  B.  Roberts,  First  Yice  President,  was  elected  t(.  lill 
the  vacancy  at  a  special  meeting  of  the  Board  of  Directors  held  on 
the  5th  May.  This  gentleman  began  his  career  of  service  with  the 
Pennsylvania  Kailroad  company  in  the  spring  of  1851  as  a  rodman  in 
the  engineer  corps,  and  was,  during  the  following  summer,  promote(l 
to  the  position  of  assistant  engineer  in  charge  of  the  division  on  the 


suiniiiit  of  the  Allegheny  mountain,  which  division  included  the  great 
tunnel.  In  1869  hd  was  elected  Fourth  Vice  President,  in  1872 
Second  Vice  President,  and  in  1874  First  A'ice  President.  When 
Col.  Scott  was  made  President,  Mr.  Roberts  (as  First  A'ice  I'resident) 
had  charge  of  all  engineering  matters  connected  with  the  construc- 
tion or  extension  of  any  of  the  comiiany's  lines,  and  a  general  super- 
vision over  the  accounts  of  the  company  through  the  comi)troller.  He 
also  aided  the  President  in  all  matters  connected  with  other  roads 
leased  or  controlled  hy  the  Pennsylvania  Railroad  company.  On  Felv 
ruary  '.),  1ST5,  he  was  re-elected  Secretary  and  I'reasurer  of  the  West 
Jersey  railroad,  a  i)ositioii  he  had  held  for  nine  years,  and  in  187(i 
became  President.  Mr.  Roberts  is  distinguished  for  his  conscientious 
devotion  to  interests  intrusted  to  his  care.  With  him  railroad  engi- 
neering is  one  of  the  exact  sciences.  His  thorough  training  and 
great  <'xi)erience  have  rendered  him  perfectly  familiar  witli  every- 
thing connected  with  railway  l)usiness. 


Blair  County. 


Blair  county,  on  the  north,  is  hounded  l)y  Centre  and  Clearlield  ; 
on  the  east  Ijy  Huntinii'(h)n  ;  on  tlie  soutli  hy  IJedford ;  on  the  west 
b}^  Cambria.  It  is  composed  of  portions  of  Bedford  and  Jluntinj;-- 
dou  counties,  which  were  cut  off  and  assigned  ))y  an  act  of  tlie  Legis- 
lature of  February  2(5,  184G.  The  county  was  named  in  honor  of 
Mr.  John  Blair,  a  ix'ominent,  intelligent,  and  highly  esteemed  citizen. 

When  the  census  was  taken  in  1870  the  poi)ulation  of  tlie  county 
numbered  38,051.  At  this  time  of  writing  the  census  for  1880  has 
not  been  taken.  The  work  will  be  accomplished,  however,  Ijefore 
this  book  will  l)e  completed,  and  tlie  rt'sult  \\'ill  a])pear  on  a  subse- 
quent page. 


The  land  is  not  noted  for  its  fertility  so  far  as  agrieultural  products 
•are  concerned,  excepting  a  tract  of  country  called  "Morrison's  Cove," 
a  portion  of  which  lies  in  Blair,  which  is  noted  for  the  production  of 
grain  inferior  to  none  in  the  market;  the  land  lying  in  close  proxim- 
ity to  Hollidaysburg,  and  that  comprising  "Scotch"  and  "Canoe"  val- 
leys. But  the  mountains  produce  iron  ore  in  abundance.  At  the 
time  this  ore  was  converted  into  solid  metal  by  means  of  small  char- 
coal furnaces,  it  was  taken  to  Pittsburg  on  wagons,  at  a  cost  of  $30 
per  ton  for  transportation,  making  it  an  expensive  article  of  merchan- 

In  this  connection  we  feel  justitied  in  remarking  that  were  a  little 
more  energy  and  enterprise  exhil)ited,  the  nuirket  for  the  excellent 
'Ores  of  Blair  and  adjoining  counties  would  l)e  greatly  increased.  So 
far  as  the  Pittsburg  W(n-ks  are  concerned,  Western  Pennsylvania  iron 
enjoys  a  protective  tariff  in  the  shape  of  railroad  rates,  which  would 
give  it  virtual  control  of  the  market.  The  prices  for  pig-metal  in 
Cleveland  are:  Lake  Superior,  No.  1,  !!;12.50;  do.  Xo.  2,  $12;  brown 
hermatite,  $10.  This  is  al)out  the  same  quality  of  ore,  l)ut  contains 
more  phosphorus  than  the  ores  of  lilair  and  neighl)oring  counties- 
The  freight  to  Pittsburg  is  about  $1.90  per  short  ton,  or  $2.2;')  per 
long  ton.     At  this  rate  our  vOtj?  can  be  didivi'red  in  Pittsburu-  at  about 


If  you  want  Batigains,  here  is  the  place  ta 
get  tliem.  We  propose  to  offer  Extra  Induce- 
ments to  our  customers  for  the  year  1880,  and 
all  subsequent  years.  We  shall  exert  every 
means  to  spread  still  farther  the  name  of  the 
place  where  the  most  goods  can  be  bought  for  the 
money ;  where  the  clean  cash  tells  the  wonderful 
tale  of  its  powerful  influence. — Remember,  we 
talk  cash  to  all — the  rich  and  poor  alike.  We 
neither  ask  nor  give  credit,  the  interest  of  which 
is  always  added  to  your  bill  when  "I  TRUST" 
sells  the  goods.  We  claim  and  can  prove  that 
we  give  more  goods  for  the  money.  This  fact 
we  have  for  the  last  three  years  fully  demonstrated 
to   this  community. 



New  York  Office,  376  Broadway. 


$().T5  por  ton  ;  loss  than  the  Ix'st  ore  costs  in  (Mcxcland,  w  liidi. 
when  taken  to  I'ittsburg-,  has  the  additional  cost  of  fri'i^hts.  As  a 
cons('(|ucncc  of  this,  onr  home  ores  should  he  introduced  in  Pittsl)ur^', 
wlu're  a  ji'ood  market  could  be  secured.  It  would  be  well  for  IJiair 
county  minors  to  think  of  this  matter. 

At  pvosont  there  are  eleven  furnaces  in  the  county,  which,  when 
in  full  blast,  are  ca})able  of  producinji'  uj)war(ls  of  1,000  tons  of  iron 
per  week,  and  that,  too,  of  sujx'rior  (juality.     We  ai)i)eud 

A    LIST    OF    TlIK    FURNACES. 

"  Alle<»-hony,"  in  Alleghony  ;  "  Bonnin<>'ton,"  in  Allegheny;  "No. 
One,"  in  Hollidaysburg ;  "No.  Two,''  in  Hollidaysbnrg- ;  ".Etna," 
in  Catharine  townshii) ;  "  S])rin,<i'tield,"  in  AVoodberry  townshii)  ; 
"Martha,"  or  "  Oap,"  in  Freedom  township;  "  Kodnuin,"  in  Taylor 
township;  "  Frankstown,"  in  P'rankstown  townsiiip ;  "Juniata,"  in 
Juniata  township;   "  Elizabeth,"  at  Elizabeth  Furnace. 

The  last-mentioned  furnace  was  but  recently  re-started,  having 
lain  dormant  for  about  six  years. 

In  addition  to  the  aliove  iron  works  there  are  four  rolling  mills 
and  t\\o  nail  factories. 


The  valley  called  by  this  name  received  notoriety  at  an  early  pe- 
riod, on  account  of  furnishing  one  of  the  principal  articles  of  am- 
munition with  which  the  Indians,  after  getting  into  possession  of 
fire-arms,  were  in  the  habit  of  punishing  their  enemies,  vva\  or  su])- 
posod.  We  allude  to  lead,  which  was  ol)tained  from  mines  in  that 
locality.  But  the  mines  had  been  worked  more  especially  in  the  in- 
terest of  the  American  government  during  a  i)eriod  of  the  revolu- 
tionary war — that  is,  for  about  one  year  and  a  half  previous  to  the 
fall  of  1779,  when  the  government  turned  over  the  mines  to  private 
individuals,  relieved  of  all  apiirehensions  as  to  a  sufficiency  of  lead 
for  the  armv  from  large  receipts  al)road,  facilitated  by  an  alliance 
with  France.  While  operations  were  carried  on  at  the  mines  by  the 
Government,  a  garrison  was  regularly  maintained  at  the  fort  in  the 
neighborhood,  which  was  mounted  with  two  i»ieces  of  artillery.  The 
miners  who  received  the  works  from  the  Government  soon  aliandoned 
them,  and  they  have  never  been  successfully  operated  since.  At 
different  times  they  have  been  started,  and  in  1852  a  comi)any  was 
formed  in  New  York,  called  the  "Sinking  Talley  Lead  Mining  Com- 
panv,"  which  promised  great  things,  l)ut  in  a  short    time    its    l)ubble 

18    .  HISTORY    OF    ALTOONA    AND   BLAIR    COUNTY. 

of  pro^^perity  burst,  and  the  hoi)e.s  of  its  stockholders  vanished  into> 

One  hundred  years  a.s'o  (ItSO)  Sinking  or  Bald  Eagle  valley  con- 
tained about  forty  families,  who  lived  in  log  houses.  The  planta- 
tions were  two  or  three  miles  from  each  other,  so  that  when  disa- 
greements with  Indians  occurred  they  Avere  at  tht'ir  mercy,  unable 
to  concentrate  in  time  to  resist  their  attacks. 

Sinking  valley  is  some  three  miles  east  of  Tyrone.  For  beauty 
of  scener}',  historic  interest,  and  natural  curiosities,  it  deserves  to 
take  rank  among  the  most  interesting  places  in  the  United  States, 
It  is  formed  by  a  rugged  chain  of  mountains  on  the  east,  called  Ca- 
noe ridge,  and  by  Bald  Eagle  mountain  on  the  west.  It  is  extensive 
and  fertile,  containing  many  highly-improved  farms,  mills,  iron  works, 
and  an  intelligent  jxipulation. 


The  great  natural  curiosity  of  this  valley  is  Sinking  creek,  from 
whicli  it  takes  its  name.  This  creek  emerges  from  Arch  Spring,  and 
then  proceeds  to  lose  itself,  again  and  again,  as  it  flows  onward. 
Some  of  the  pits  through  which  the  creek  is  visible,  are  several  hun- 
dreds of  feet  in  depth.  Many  of  these  openings  are  seen  along  the 
sinking  stream,  which  at  length  appears  upon  the  surface  for  a  short 
distance.  It  then  enters  a  large  cave,  through  which  it  flows  in  a 
channel  about  20  feet  wide,  for  a  distance  of  more  than  300  yards, 
when  the  cave  widens,  the  creek  turns,  and  is  plunged  into  a  cavern 
where  the  waters  are  whirled  and  churned  with  terrific  force.  Sticks 
and  large  pieces  of  timber  are  immediately  carried  out  of  sight,  but 
where  they  go  has  never  lieen  ascertained,  no  outlet  for  the  waters 
having  been  discovered. 

A  stream  flowing  through  Tyrone  has  characteristics  somewhat 
similar  to  this  Sinking  creek — disappearing  and  again  reappearing  as 
it  flows  onward.  Doubtless  these  singularities  are  owing  to  some 
peculiar  geological  formation,  as  they  are  again  repeated  in  Fishing 
creek.  Centre  county,  some  40  miles  northeast  of  Tyrone. 

A  few  miles  from  Arch  Spring  is  a  narrow  pass,  in  Tussey's 
mountain,  which,  for  the  distance  of  a  mile,  is  cut  like  a  western 
gulch  or  ravine  through  huge  rocks  rising  almost  perpendicularly  on 
l)oth  sides  of  it  to  a  consideral)le  height.  The  early  settlers  named 
the  pass  "Water  Street,"  and  by  this  title  it  is  often  mentioned  in  the 
records  of  colonial  times. 



The  valley  exteudino:  from  Altoona  to  Tvroiic  dn-ivcs  its  iiaiao 
from  Lo«-an,  an  Indian  chief  of  the  Delaware  "i)ersuasion,"  whose 
identity  is  sometimes  ignorantly  merged  in  that  of  tiie  Min,s>-o  war- 
rior who  figured  so  prominently  during  an  early  ix'riod  of  our  na- 
tional history.  His  cabin  was  located  near  a  large  spring,  now  with- 
in the  limits  of  Tyrone.  In  an  engagement  with  a  hostile  tribe  on 
the  Susquehanna,  Logan,  unfortunately,,  had  an  eye  shot  out  by  an 
arrow.  This  disfigurement  was  considered  by  the  Indians  as  a  dis- 
grace, and  he  was  deposed  from  his  chieftainship.  He  then  came 
with  his  family  to  Juniata  valley.  His  friendship  for  the  whites  was 
sincere,  and  he  rendered  them  many  important  services.  After  the 
revolution  he  was  deprived  of  his  lands  (where  Tyrone  now  stands) 
by  some  white  men,  who  purchased  them  in  due  form,  a  proceeding- 
the  Indian,  in  his  ignorance,  had  omitted.  He  moved  to  the  Indian 
town  of  Chinklacamoose  (where  Clearfield  now  stands),  and  died 
there,  one  of  the  best  representatives  of  his  race  in  the  Juniata  valley. 


A  portion  of  Catharine  and  Frankstown  townships  constitute  the 
Scotch  and  Canoe  valleys,  to  the  fertility  of  soil  of  which  we  have 
already  referred.  The  elder  inhabitants  of  this  part  of  the  county — 
the  Moores,  Irwins,  Cra\vfords,  Fraziers,  Bells,  Stewarts  and  others 
— were  of  Scotch  descent. 


Allegheny  was,  prior  to  the  formation  of  Blair  county,  in  1S4(),  a 
township  of  Huntingdon  county.  As  it  then  existed  it  joined  Antis 
on  the  north.  In  1852  Logan  was  formed  out  of  Allegheny  and  An- 
tis ;  hence  Allegheny  is  now  bounded  on  the  north  by  Logan,  on  the 
west  by  Cambria  county,  on  the  south  Ijy  Blair  and  Juniata,  and  on 
the  east  by  Frankstown. 

Antis,  like  Allegheny,  was  a  part  of  Huntingdon  county.  It  is 
said  the  name  is  that  of  a  somewhat  noted  Tory,  who  resided  here 
during  the  revolutionary  war.  In  1852  the  southern  ])ortion  of  the 
township  was  taken  from  Logan.  As  Antis  now  stands  it  is  bounded 
on  the  north  by  Snyder,  on  the  east  by  Tyrone,  on  the  south  l)y  Lo- 
gan, and  on  the  west  by  Caml^ria  county. 

Blair  came  out  from  Huntingdon  county,  and  surrounds  Hollidays- 
burg,  the  county  seat.  It  was  originally  taken  from  Allegheny  and 
Frankstown,  and,  as  now  organized,  is  bounded  on  the  north  by  Al- 




-^\|  _J 




1311  Eleventh  Avenue,    Altoona. 

—    DKALEU    IN   — 





G.  E.  ORMES, 


Corner  8th  A\'enue  and  17th  Street. 





k'<j-li('iiy  and  Fraiikstown,  on  tlic  cast  by  Frankstown  and  Taylor,  on 
the  sonth  )»y  Freedom.,  and  on  tlie  west  ))y  Alle.ti'hony. 

Catharine  was  part  of  Morris  in  Hnntin.u'don  connty,  and  becanio 
t\  townslii})  in  1846  by  the  oriianization  of  IMair  connty.  It  is 
IxHinded  on  the  north  and  cast  l)y  Hunting-don  connty,  on  tlie  south 
})y  AVoodberry,  and  on  the  west  by  Frank.stown  and  Tyrone. 

Frankstown  was  a  township  of  Hunting-don  county  until  tlie  for- 
mation of  Blair  county  in  184().  Some  chang-es  have  since  l)een 
made  in  its  boundaries,  l)ut  none  of  any  imi)ortance.  As  it  now 
stands  it  is  ))oundcd  on  the  north  by  Tyrone  and  Catharine,  on  the  by  Woodberry  and  Huston,  on  the  soutli  liy  Tavlor,  and  on  the 
■west  by  Blair,  Allegheny  and  Logan. 

Freedom  orig-inally  belong-ed  to  Bedford  county,  and  as  part  of 
Greenfield  first  in  1847.  Juniata  was  fornu'd  out  of  Grcenlicld,  and, 
in  1857  Freedom  was  created  out  of  Juniata.  Freedom  has  Green- 
field on  the  south,  Juniata  on  the  west,  Blair  on  the  north,  and  Tav- 
lor on  the  east. 

Greenfield,  an  old  township  of  B(>dford  county,  became  part  of 
Blair  county  in  184G.  Since  then  both  Freedom  and  Juniata  have 
been  taken  from  it.  It  is  bounded  on  the  south  ))y  Bedford  county, 
on  the  west  I'y  Somerset  county,  on  the  north  b\-  Juniata  and  Free- 
dom, and  on  the  east  by  Taylor. 

Huston  was  orig-inally  a  township  of  Bedford  county.  It  is 
bounded  on  the  south  by  Bedford  county,  on  the  east  by  Hunting-don 
county,  on  the  north  ))y  Woodl)erry,  and  on  the  west  I)y  Fraid<stown. 

Juniata,  taki-n  from  Greenfield,  was  org-anized  as  a  to\vnship  in 
1847.  It  has  Cambria  county  on  the  west,  Allegheny  on  the  north. 
Freedom  on  the  east,  and  Greenfield  on  the  .south. 

Log-an  was  fornu-d  in  18.50  out  of  Alleg-heny  and  Antis,  and  lies 
around  Altoona.  It  is  ))ounded  on  the  north  l)y  Antis,  on  the  east 
by  Tyrone  and  Frankstown,  on  tlie  south  by  Alleg-heny  and  on  the 
west  by  Cambria  county. 

North  Woodlierry  orig-inally  l)elong-ed  to  Bedford  county.  It  has 
Bedford  county  on  the  south,  Taylor  on  the  west,  Huston  on  the 
north,  and  Hunting-don  county  on  the  east. 

Snyder  came  froiu  Hunting-don  county,  and  is  liounded  on  the 
north  liy  Centre  county,  on  the  east  by  Hunting-don  county,  on  the 
south  l)y  Antis,  and  on  the  west  by  Cambria  county.  It  has  within 
it  the  l)orouG'h  of  Tvrone. 


Taylor  was  formed  in  1855  out  of  Xorth  Woodljcrry  and  Huston, 
It  has  Bedford  county  on  the  south,  Greenfield,  Freedom  and  Blair 
on  the  west,  Frankstown  on  the  north,  and  Xorth  Woodl)erry  on  the 

Tyrone  was  an  old  township  of  Huntingdon  county,  until  incor- 
porated into  Blair  county  in  1846.  It  has  Logan  and  Antis  on  the 
west,  Snyder  on  the  north,  Catharine  on  the  east,  and  Frankstown 
on  the  south. 

Woodberry  came  from  Huntingdon  county,  and  has  within  it  the 
town  of  Williamsburg.  It  is  l)ounded  on  the  south  by  Huston,  west 
by  Frankstown,  north  l)y  Catharine  and  on  the  east  by  Huntingdon 

To  recapitulate — fifteen  townships  in  all — Allegheny,  Antis,  lilair 
Catharine,  Frankstown,  Snyder,  Tyrone  and  Woodberry  originally 
from  Huntingdon  cpunty ;  Greenfield,  Huston  and  Xorth  Woodberry 
from  Bedford  county;  and  Freedom,  Juniata,  Logan  and  Taylor  were 
formed  since  the  organizatidii  of  Blair  county  in  1840. 


We  now  give  an  epitome  of  the  educational  history  of  the  county,, 
derived  from  Mr.  John  H.  Stephens,  the  present  efficient  Superinten- 
dent of  public  schools  of  the  county.  The  educational  interests  of 
Altoona  are  specificalh^  treated  further  on. 

In  1809 — no  nuitter  what  nuiy  have  been  the  character  of  the 
schools  up  to  that  time — the  first  law  Avas  emicted  tending  toward  a 
general  system  of  public  free  schools,  for  the  "education  of  the  poor 
gratis."  In  1834  the  present  law  was  passed,  which  has  l)een  modi- 
fied at  various  times.  Two  schools  were  estaljlished  within  the  pres- 
ent limits  of  the  county  as  early  as  1190 — one  at  Williamsburg,  the 
other  lU'ar  "Red  Ore  Bank,"  on  Clover  creek.  Williamsburg  was 
formerly  called  Ak(>town,  and  Jacob  Ake  owned  the  land  upon  which 
it  was  l)uilt.  Believing  that  the  education  of  the  youth  in  his  vicin- 
ity was  a  matter  of  importance,  ^[r.  Ake  secured  teachers  and  paid 
all  the  expenses  out  of  his  own  purse.  The  system  of  instruction 
Mr.  Ake  established  lasted  fifteen  years,  when  subscription  schools 
began.  Mr.  James  Martin  taught  until  1825.  He  was  followed  l)y 
Messrs.  Cassel,  Irvin,  Opdyke  and  Spencer,  and  Miss  Xancy  Ander- 
clerson.  The  school  on  Clover  creek  was  taught  l)y  John  Bridenthal, 
in  a  house  which  stood  on  what  is  now  the  Hyle  farm.  John  Hiltz 
taught  a  school  in  a  private  house  in  the  vicinity  of  Leather  Cracker 


(now  Henrietta)  aliout  lt95.      William  Loose,  Georii-e  Glass  and 

Ketring,  were  among  the  other  teachers  who  taught  in  this  vicinity 
(luring  this  period.  Another  school  was  established  near  .Etna  Fur- 
nace, at  an  early  day,  which  was  in  o[)erati(tn  in  1T97.  Tn  ISOO  tlie 
house  was  destroyed  by  fire,  and  another  to  take  its  place  was  located 
near  Keller's  church.  James  Martin  is  the  only  teacher  of  this  school 
M'hose  name  has  been  handed  down  to  posterity.  About  1800  John 
Fisher  taught  a  school  in  a  private  house  near  Sharpsburg,  and  in 
1802  a  school  house  was  built  in  the  same  vicinity  known  as  the 
Hauscr  school.  Most  of  the  schools  were  German.  The  first  English 
school  taught  in  the  "Cove"  was  in  1800,  by  Mr.  Roach,  in  a  house 
which  stood  near  Roaring  Si)ring.  Thomas  Kinney  taught  a  school 
near  p]]izabeth  Furnace  in  1800.  Another  school  was  taught  near 
Bell's  Mills,  in  1809.  Alexander  Kerr  and  Dudley  Burnham  were 
the  leading  teachers  in  this  community.  Sixty-seven  years  ago  John 
Steele  taught  in  a  private  house  in  Gaysport.  Thomas  Stearns,  John 
Knox,  Joshua  Williamson,  William  Anderson,  John  Wcrtz,  Roliert 
McNamara,  Joseph  Cadwalder,  S.  P.  Henry  and  Ephrain  Galbraith 
are  among  the  teachers  who  taught  in  Frankstown.  (At  that  time 
Frankstown  included  the  present  territory  of  Allegheny  and  Blair 
townships.)  In  1812,  James  Langham  taught  a  school  near  Black's 
]\[ills,  Greenfield  township.  John  Dodson  also  taught  in  this  neigh- 
borhuod.  John  Swoveland  built  a  school  house  at  his  own  expense,, 
and  donated  it  for  school  purposes.  In  1815  a  school  house  was  built 
near  Allegheny  Furnace,  called  the  Beales'  school.     John  Gwin  and 

Summervillc  were  among  the  teachers  here.    Within  the  present 

limits  of  Allegheny  townshi[),  the  first  school  house  with  shingle  roof 
was  built  (in  Huncansville)  in  1815. 

Under  the  act  of  1854,  creating  the  office  of  County  Superinten- 
dent, Hugh  A.  Caldwell  was  the  fii'st  man  to  serve,  Avith  a  salary  of 
$400.  L.  H.  Williams  succeeded  him  in  LSoC),  and  Geo.  W.  English 
filled  the  office  in  185T.  John  Dean,  now  President  Judge  of  this 
Judicial  district,  was  elected  in  185T,  with  salary  raised  to  $(500.  His 
successor  was  John  Mitchell,  who  was  appointed  to  fill  the  unexpired 
term  of  Mr.  Dean.  In  18G0  Mr.  Mitchell  was  elected  for  the  ensuing 
term.  J.  Ginter  Counsman  was  elected  in  18(')3,  and  was  followed  I)y 
Elexis  Elder  in  1804.  In  18(55  the  salary  was  raised  to  $1,000.  Mr. 
Elder  served  until  18()0.  In  the  same  year  John  B.  Holland  was 
elected,  and  in  1875  John  H.  Stephens  was  made  Superintendent. 

More  strenuous  eft'orts  have  been  made  during  the  present  year 
(1880),  than  in  any  previous  one,  to  free  the  schools  from  incompetent 



GO     TO 



Cornel'  lltli  AA'enue  and  iHth  Street, 


—  FOR  — 

Pure  Drugs, 






«S=- Prescriptions  carefully  compouiuled  with  accuracy  ami  dispatch,  at  all 
liours  of  the  day  or  night.  Business  hours  from  (J  a.  m.  until  II  p.  m.  Open  on 
Sunday  for  ihe  sale  of  necessary  medicines. 


Moss  MOSER  &  Co.,  Proprs. 

Corner  Gtli  A\'eniie  cUid  Tth  Street. 


Tine  Teas, Coffees  and  Spices, 


Groceries,  Flour,  Feed  una. Notions. 

Corner  Sixth  Avenue  and  Seventh  Street. 


toaehin-s  aiul  to  keep  out  of  tlie  profession  young-  and  inexperienced 
ones  until  they  make  more  tlioroug-h  preparation  before  entering  upon 
so  important  a  work.  Tlie  standard  has  been  raised  so  as  to  exclude  a 
number  of  teachers  who  belong  to  that  class  which  serves  no  other 
liurpose  than  to  check  the  wheels  of  progress.  This,  in  connection 
with  what  directors  are  doing  in  exercising  from  year  to  year  greater 
care  in  selecting  teachers,  seems,  next  to  good  teachers  themselves,  to 
be  till'  most  efficient  means  for  the  improvement  of  the  schools. 

Three  new  houses  were  erected  during  the  year  in  Logan  and  one 
in  Antis.  All  are  substantial  buildings,  well  adapted  to  the  purpose 
for  which  they  were  intended.  The  directors  of  Tyrone  borough 
placed  in  their  building  ap])aratus  to  heat  the  rooms  by  steam,  which, 
in  connection  with  otlier  improvements  made,  delayed  the  opening  of 
the  schools  so  as  to  make  it  necessary  to  diminish  the  term. 

The  County  Institute  was  held  in  Hollidaysl)urg  commencing  De- 
cember 29  and  closing  January  2.  It  was  the  best  attended  institute 
ever  held  in  the  county,  and  in  point  of  interest  was  i)ronounced  fully 
equal  to  any  heretofore  held.  The  instructors  and  lecturers  besides 
teachers  of  our  own  county,  were  Professors  J.  H.  Shumaker  of  Cham- 
b<'rsl)urg;  Carothers,  of  Shippensburg  ;  J.  F.  Davis,  of  Altoona  ;  P. 
H.  Bridenbaugh,  of  Martins))urg,  and  Rev.  Dr.  B.  B.  Hamlin,  of 

The  oldest  academy  in  the  county  is  located  at  Williamsburg.  In 
184*7  the  house  was  built  by  a  joint  stock  company.  A  charter  was. 
granted  in  1851.     Rev.  John  White  was  the  first  teacher. 

The  Juniata  Collegiate  Institute,  (formerly  the  Franklin  High 
School,)  located  at  Martinsburg,  was  comi)leted  in  18(30.  It  was  built 
by  joint  stock  subscriptions,  at  a  cost  of  $8,000.  In  ISGT  the  Luth- 
eran Synod  bought  it  for  $3,000.  It  was  afterwards  sold  to  J.  G. 
Herbst,  who,  after  a  short  ownership,  sold  it  to  Prof.  Lucian  Cort  for 
$5,000.  While  owned  by  Mr.  Cort,  there  was  an  addition  built  to 
the  main  building,  which  cost  $8,000.  In  18V5  Henry  Bridenbaugh 
bought  it  for  $10,100.  It  is  now  in  'successful  operation  under  the 
])rincipalship  of  Prof.  S.  R.  Bridenbaugh.  Professors  Dickerson  and 
Osborne  were  the  first  teachers.  Their  successors  were  Messrs.  Wil- 
lard,  Hughes,  Hassler,  Schwartz,  Cort  and  S.  R.  Bridenbaugh. 

The  Hollidaysburg  Female  Seminary  (an  illustration  of  which  we 
print  elsewhere,)  was  chartered  in  18()().  The  building  was  completed 
in  18(i9.  It  cost  about  $15,000  and  was  erected  by  a  joint  stock  com- 
pany.    From  the  time  of  its  opening  in  1869  to  September  12,  1811, 


Rev.  Joseph  Waugh  was  the  principal.     From  the  latter  date  up  to 
the  present  time,  Prof.  W.  P.  Hussey  is  its  efficient  principal. 

Tipton  Seminary,  located  at  Bell's  Mills,  was  built  ))y  General  13- 
F.  Bell,  in  1866.  Prof.  Orr  Lossiny  first  took  charge  of  the  school; 
he  was  followed  by  Rol)ert  Fulton  and  J.  A,  Stewart.  The  Iniilding 
has  not  been  used  for  school  purposes  for  several  years. 

A  select  .school  has  l)een  in  successful  operation  in  Hollidaysl)uro- 
for  several  years,  under  the  principalship  of  Prof.  J.  A.  Stewart. 


On  April  29,  1875,  the  old  court  house  in  Hollidaysburg  was  pre- 
sented by  the  grand  inquest  of  the  county  in  the  following  language: 
"The  Grand  Inquest,  inquiring  in  and  for  the  County  of  Blair,  in 
April  session,  1875,  do  make  the  following  presentment:  That  we 
find  the  present  court  house  is  inadequate  and  unfit  for  the  accomo- 
dation of  the  courts  and  the  officers  of  said  county,  and  especially  for 
the  deliberations  of  the  grand  jury,  as  well  as  unsafe  for  the  keeping 
of  the  records  of  said  county ;  we,  therefore,  recommend  the  erection 
of  a  now  court  house  for  the  reception  and  safe-keeping  of  the  records, 
as  may  be  necessary  for  the  projier  use  of  said  county." 

After  this  presentment,  Messrs.  David  Aurandt,  John  Clark  and 
Ale.x.  Carothers,  who  at  that  time  constituted  the  board  of  county 
commissioners,  decided  to  erect  a  new  building,  and  entered  into  a 
contract  with  Andrew  Myers  to  superintend  the  removal  of  the  old 
court  house  and  jail  on  May  26,  1875.  The  contract  for  making  the 
excavations  for  the  foundation  walls  was  made  with  Michael  Walls, 
who  died  while  the  work  was  in  progress.  On  August  11,  1875,  the 
commissioners,  having  previously  adopted  a  plan,  designed  by  David 
S.  Gendell,  of  Philadelphia,  and  advertised  for  proposals,  received 
twenty-three  bids,  varying  from  $103,700  to  $168,000.  The  lowest 
bidder  was  John  Schreiner,  of  Pittsl)urg,  and  to  him  was  awarded 
the  contract.     He  did  the  work  well. 

The  building  is  erected  upon  a  nearly  level  terrace — terrace  sur- 
rounded ))y  low  stone  walls,  provided  with  Avrouglit  iron  railing — 
two  main  entrances  by  broad  flights  of  steps — terrace  has  broad 
landings  and  foot  walks  laid  with  large  flag  stones.  The  building  is 
in  the  modern  Gothic  style  of  arcliitecture,  with  the  Italian  treatment. 
The  exterior  walls  are  of  stone — facing,  cut  stone.  The  color  of  the 
main  ))ody  of  the  work  is  a  Avarm,  rich,  sunny  buff — arch  stones, 
string  courses,  cornices  and  otlier  ornamental  i>ortions  of  the  work,  are 

mSTOIlT    OF    ALTOONA    AND    15LA1R    COUNTY.  27 

f)f  a  1)c:iiit it'll!  deep,  peach  blouiii  color,  present iiiu'  a  stroii.u-  yet  at;Teea- 
l)le  contrast.  Inside  the  exterior  stone  walls  are  4?,-  inch  hrick  walls, 
erected  separately  from  the  stone  work,  to  wliich  they  are  tied  with 
wron^H'ht  iron  anchors.  Tliere  is  an  air  space  of  U  inches  between 
the  stone  walls  and  the  brick  lininii'  to  secure  freedom  from  dampness. 
Tlie  ]ilan  of  the  structure  Ixnirs  some  resemblance  to  the  letter  "T." 
In  width  it  is  70  feet  on  the  front ;  83^  feet  on  the  rear,  and  55-|  foot 
across  the  narrow  part — total  depth  132^  feet.  The  front  portion  of  the 
l)uilding-  is  two  stories  in  height,  surmounted  with  a  hisih,  slated  roof. 
The  rear  part  is  three  stories  high,  the  upper  story  being  contained 
within  a  Mansard  roof,  with  ornamontal  gabled  stone  dormers.  At 
<>ach  front  angle  of  the  l)uilding  is  a  large  s(piare  tower,  surmouiitod 
hx  an  ornamental  slate  covered  ruof,  the  total  height  from  the  ground 
to  the  top  of  the  roof  being  83  feet  without  the  iron  cresting.  On  the 
front,  between  the  two  towers,  are  three  entrance  doorways,  facing 
Allegheny  street.  These  are  approached  from  the  terrace  l)y  a  flight 
■of  steps  84  feet  long,  with  a  liroad  landing  at  the  top,  which  forms  the 
floor  of  an  arcade.  This  arcade  consists  of  three  arches  carri<>d  by 
-coupled  columns.  It  is  27^  feet  high  from  the  pavement  of  the  ter- 
race to  the  top  of  the  weathering  of  the  cornice.  Above  the  arcade 
are  three  traceried  windows  opening  into  the  court-room.  Over  these 
is  the  front  galile  of  the  main  roof.  The  height  of  this  gable  from  the 
terrace  to  the  to})  of  the  stone  finial  surmounting  it  is  77  feet.  lu 
this  gable  is  a  niche  in  which  is  placed  a  statue  of  Justice  8  feet 
high,  executed  in  Amherst  stone.  In  the  rear  liuilding  is  another 
large  entrance  or  doorway  facing  Union  street.  The  main  or  clock 
tower  is  at  the  intersection  of  the  front  and  rear  buildings,  a  massive 
structure  19  feet  square,  in  which  is  one  of  Meneely  k  Co.'s  best 
bells,  sweet  in  tone,  and  weighing  2,550  pounds.  Above  the  belfry 
is  the  clock,  the  dials  of  which  are  of  thick  heavy  ground  glass  99 
inches  in  diameter.  Above  the  gables  the  tower  is  surmounted  by  a 
short  spire  or  high  roof,  all  of  stone  to  the  finial,  and  this  spire  is 
surmounted  by  ornamental  iron  work.  On  the  rear  of  the  entire 
huilding  is  a  small  turret  6^  feet  square  and  80  feet  high,  intended  to 
carry  off  the  vitiated  air  from  the  rooms  of  the  building. 

The  four  entrance  doorways  are  provided  with  handsomely  pan- 
elled walnut  doors.  The  three  doors  facing  Union  street  open  into  a 
vestibule  12x38  feet.  At  each  end  of  this  vestibule  are  stairways  to 
•the  second  story.  The  tiling  for  \hv  floors  was  imported  and  furn- 
ished by  Sharpless  k  Watts,  of  Philadeli)liia. 

Opening  from  the  corridors  are  the  various  county  offices.     Com- 




Cor.  8tli  Avenue  and  lltli  Street, 



Please  Call  and  be  Convinced 



niissioiKTs'  room,  19  feet  5  inches  hy  24  fret,  witli  a  connecting-  iM'ivatc 
room  12  feet  liy  1:>  feet  4  inches;  TreasurerV  office,  25  feet  l)y  19 
feet  5  inches;  Sheriff's  ottice,  14  feet  by  19  feet  5  inches;  Protliono- 
tary's  office  (divided  into  two  parts),  is  inchuled  in  a  space  of  20  feet 
by  50  feet;  Recorder's  office,  20  feet  by  21  feet,  etc.  Tlie  last  two 
offices  mentioned  are  fire  proof,  so  that  the  records  he  safe.  All  offices 
are  neatly  fitted  up  with  necessary  furniture  and  conveniences.  In 
addition  to  the  offices  there  is  an  arbitration  room  on  the  first  floor 
19  by  35  feet.     The  stairways  an-  all  iron  except  the  hand  rail 

The  court  room  is  in  the  second  story,  approached  throujih  three 
vestibules,  two  front  and  one  rear.  Access  to  the  court  room  is  had 
l)y  four  i)airs  of  larue  foldin,i>-  doors.  The  Judg^es'  bench  is  placed  in 
a  recess  f(n-med  under  the  inain  tower.  This  recess  has  a  pannelled 
Gothic  arched  ceilin,u-  twenty-five  feet  high  and  finely  finished.  The 
ceiling  of  the  court  room  is  pannelled,  executed  in  ash  and  yellow 
pine.  The  benches  for  the  audience,  the  bar  railing,  the  Judges' 
chairs  and  bench.  Clerk's  desk,  the  jury  and  witness  boxes,  the  tables 
and  other  furniture  of  the  court  room,  also  the  fittings  of  the  various 
offices,  are  all  nuide  of  ash,  designed  to  correspond  with  the  architec- 
ture of  the  1)uilding.  The  acoustic  properties  of  the  courtroom  are 

In  the  rear  l)uilding  on  the  second  floor  are  a  conversation  room 
15^  by  29  feet;  a  retiring  room  for  the  Judges;  rooms  for  the  grand 
and  petit  juries;  and  separate  rooms  for  male  and  female  witnesses — 
all  of  good  size  and  fifteen  feet  high  in  the  clear.  The  third  story  is 
twelve  feet  high  in  the  clear  and  contains  several  large  rooms,  to  be 
used  for  storage,  etc.  Rooms  containing  water  closets  are  conveni- 
ently located  in  several  parts  of  the  building.  The  drainage  is  excel- 
lent. The  walls  of  all  the  halls  and  rooms  are  wainscotted.  The 
carpenter  work  was  well  executed  Idv  Mr.  George  A.  Cochran,  of 
Pittsburg.  Mr.  G.  A.  Gibson,  of  Philadelphia,  did  the  glazing  of  the 
windows  with  stained  glass  of  pleasing  design,  in  cathedral  tints,  and 
set  in  lead  work. 

The  walls  of  all  vestibules,  halls,  corridors  and  rooms,  and  all  plas- 
tered ceilings  throughout,  are  painted  in  colors.  Although  high 
colors  are  employed,  the  general  effect  is  that  of  a  (piiet  and  pcjrfect 
harmony.  Messrs.  Carlisle  <fc  Joy,  of  Philadelphia,  did  this  work, 
which  is  highly  creditable  to  these  artists. 

There  is  a  cellar  under  the  entire  building,  with  the  exception  of  the 
front  vestibules,  thoroughly  lighted  and  ventilated  by  large  windows. 

The  buildinff  is  heated  bv  steam.     As  the  heated  air  is  delivered 


into  the  rooniH  through  the  warm  ah'  registers,  the  cold  and  vitiated 
air  is  drawn  off  througli  ventihiting  registers  phieed  next  the  floor. 
These  open  into  flues,  which  connect  with  ducts,  passing  under  the 
cellar  floor,  all  of  which  discharge  into  a  ventilating  shaft.  Thus, 
while  fresh  air  is  admitted  through  the  warm  air  registers,  the  viti- 
ated air  is  carried  off  through  others. 

The  gas  fixtures  are  made  from  original  designs  by  Messrs.  Cor- 
nelius &  Co.,  of  Philadelphia,  and  are  in  character  with  the  building 
— very  rich  and  uni(pie  in  design. 

On  May  3,  1877,  the  following  order  of  court  was  issued: 
"  And  now.  May  3,  1877,  in  open  court,  on  the  second  Monday  of 
April  term,  it  appearing  to  the  Court  that  the  new  court  house,  the 
erection  of  which  was  commenced  at  April  term,  1875,  will  be  com- 
pleted and  ready  for  occupancy  on  July  2,  1877,  at  Argument  Court, 
and  that,  in  view  of  the  magnitude  of  the  undertaking,  the  character 
of  the  building,  its  importance  to  the  county  in  view  of  its  increasing 
population,  and  its  largely  increasing  judicial  business,  the  completion 
of  so  important  a  i)ublic  work  should  be  marked  by  proper  notice; 
therefore,  it  is  ordered  that  A.  S.  Landis,  Samuel  Calvin,  Thaddeus 
Banks,  B.  L.  Hewit,  D.  J.  Js\.ff,  H.  H.  Herr  and  A.  A.  Stephens, 
esqs.,be  a  committee  to  prepare  a  suitable  programme  of  ceremonies 
and  make  such  arrangements  for  dedicating  the  building  to  puljlic  use, 
on  the  day  aforesaid,  as  may  be  deemed  i)roper. 
"By  the  Court. 

"John  Dean,  President  Judge.'''' 

Agreeljly  to  this  order  the  committee  api^ointcd  ]»repared  the  fol- 
lowing order  of  exercises : 

Court  called  at  11  a.  m.  (adjourned  session.) 

Adjournment  of  court  on  motion  of  Hon.  S.  S.  Blair. 

Meeting  of  the  Bars  of  the  District,  organized  with  Hon.  Thad.  Banks, 


Prayer  by  Rev.  D.  H.  Barron. 


Historical  address  by  Hon.  John  Dean,  I'rosident  Judge. 


Address  by  Hon.  Samuel  Calvin. 

Address  by  Hon.  Jeremiah  S.  Black. 


Addresses  by  Col.  R.  A.  McMurtrie,  and  others. 

Court  convened  at  11  o'clock.  Hon.  S.  S.  Blair  moved  the  adjourn- 
ment of  court.  Immediately  after  its  adjournment,  Mr.  Landis,  chair- 
man of  till'  committee  of  arrangements,  stated  that  the  following 
officers  had  Ijcen  selected  for  the  occasion  : 

President,  Hon.  Thad.  Banks  ;  Vice  Presidents,  Gen.  John  A^'il- 
liamson,  of  Huntingdon,  and  John  Fenlon,  esq.,  of  Cambria. 

IIISTOHY    OV    ALTdONA    AND    ULAIR    (^OUN'TV.  31 

After  they  hiul  taken  tLrir  i.iaccs,  Mr.  Laiidi-  addro-cd  the  ann- 
iiiittee  of  arran.uvincuts,  coii.uTatulatiii.u'  lliriii  upon  tlir  happy  occa- 
.sion  \vlii(di  had  asscinhlcd  them  to^clhtT. 

Jlon.  Thiul.  IJaidvs,  the  rhainnaii,  then  made  a  few  remarks,  returu- 
iii.y  thanks  for  the  position  assi,i>-neil  luni.  and  niakin.u-  comiiiimentary 
alhisioiis  to  Judt-vs  Bhiek,  Tayhir  and  Dean. 

After  prayer  by  Rev.  D.  II.  Uarron,  pastor  of  the  Treslnteriau 
c'hureli,  and  music  by  the  l)and.  tlie  ehairmaii  introduced  Judg-o  Dean, 
whoso  remarks  we  would  like  to  publish  in  fidl.  Unal)le  to  do  so,  (»u 
•account  of  our  space  ))ein<;-  limited,  we  present  a  lirief  synopsis  of  its 
principal  historical  points,  consolin.u'  ourselves  with  the  reflection  that 
thousands  who  were  unal)le  to  hear  it  enjoyed  the  i)leasure  of  reading' 
it,  as  it  was  pul)lished  in  full  after  its  delivery. 

In  his  introductory  Judg-e  Dean  referr<"d  to  tlie  i)rog-ress  nuule 
toward  the  enforcement  of  the  perfect  law  :  "Do  unto  others  as  you 
would  have  others  do  unto  you," — so  marked  within  the  compara- 
tively short  period  of  the  last  fifty  years,  as  to  l)e  a  matter  of  exulta- 
tion to  every  true  lawyer. 

In  referring-  to  the  first  two  Judges  of  ]51air  county  (Black  and 
Taylor),  Judge  Dean  said:  "The  moral  sensil)ilities  of  these  two 
distinguished  Judg-es  were  in  no  wise  dull.  Keenly  alive  to  the 
wrong-s  of  suitors,  filled  with  a  perfect  hatred  of  all  unfairness,  over- 
reaching- and  all  unconscionable  conduct,  possessing  great  learning- 
and  ability,  under  their  eyes  the  judgments  of  the  Court  were  entered." 

"  At  the  time  of  the  erection  of  Blair  county,"  continued  the  speak- 
er, "Judg-e  Black  was  the  President  Judge  of  the  Sixteenth  Judicial 
District,  composed  of  the  counties  of  Franklin,  Bedford,  Somerset  and 
Fulton,  and  in  the  act  erecting-  the  county  it  was  provided  that  it 
.should  form  inirt  of  this  district.  Thus  Judg-e  Black  became  our  first 
Judg-e.  The  orig-inal  act  (see  P.  L.  1846,  p.  64)  provided  that  the 
first  court  should  be  held  on  the  fourth  Monday  of  J\dy,  1 846.  From 
tliat  tinu>  up  to  and  including  March  term,  1849,  Judge  Black  pre- 
•sided.  By  this  act  the  terms  of  the  com-ts  were  to  commence  on  the 
fourth  Mondays  of  March,  July,  October  and  Dec(Miil)er,  but  a  supple- 
ment (see  P.  L.  1846,  p.  398)  directed  that  after  the  first  court  the 
summer  session  should  commence  the  second  Monday  of  June.  Judg-e 
Black  held  twelve  terms  of  the  court,  when  the  I.egi.-lature,  by  the 
act  of  April  5,  1849,  making-  a  g-eneral  reorganization  of  the  judicial 
districts  of  the  State,  declared  the  counties  of  Huntingdon,  Blair  and 
Cambria  should  compose  the  Twenty-fourth  Jiulicial  District,  thus 
detachinu-  this  countv  from  the  Si.xteenth,    Judge    Black's    district. 




To  show  you  the  largest  stock  of  Dry  Gootls,  Carpets,  Notions  and  Fancy  Goods 
in  Blair  county.  We  are  constantly  receiving  new  goods  in  all  departments.  Our 
Dry  Goods  Department  is  complete  at  all  times  in  all  standard  makes  of  Muslins, 
Ginghams,  Calicoes,  Tickings,  antl  we  sell  them  all  at  the  lowest  possible  price, 


We  make  a  specialty  of  this  department  and  at  all  times  you  will  be  sure  to  tiud 
a  complete  assortment  of  fancy  and  plain  dress  fabrics.  We  would  call  special 
attention  to  our  Black  and  Colored  Cashmeres  and  would  invite  comparison  with 
samples  from  New  York  or  Philadelphia.  Our  silks  are  always  up  to  the  standard  : 
purchasers  will  find  it  to  their  advantage  to  examine  our  Silks.  Samples  sent  when 


We  would  ask  an  inspection  of  this  department.  We  are  contident  that  we  can 
show  you  the  largest  and  finest  stock  of  Black  and  Colored  Silk  Velvets,  Buttons. 
Braids,  and  all  the  latest  Novelties  in  Trimming.  We  are  always  up  to  the  times 
in  this  department. 


You  will  be  sure  to  find  a  large  stock  in  this  department.  We  make  a  specialty 
of  these  goods  ;  buying  in  large  quantities  we  can  sell  them  more  reasonably  than 
any  other  house  in  the  fancy  goods  business.  A  full  stock  of  Laces,  Ribbons,  Ties, 
Edgings,  Hamlmrg  Embroidery,  Nainsook  and  Swiss  Trimming. 


We  occupy  all  the  second  floor  of  our  building  tor  this  department  and  can  show 
you  the  largest  line  of  Carpets  in  Central  Pennsylvania.  We  buy  in  large  quanti- 
ties and  sell  them  raiDidly  at  a  slight  advance  for  cash.  Yovi  are  cordiallj-  invited 
to  call  and  examine  our  stock  and  learn  our  prices.  We  always  keep  up  to  the 
times  at  "No.  1317,"  and  we  shall  spare  no  pains  to  make  it  to  your  advantage  to 
deal  with  us  as  you  will  always  find  the  latest  goods  in  the  market  and  at  Eastern 

Wm.  Murray, 


Eleventh  Avenue,    Altoona,  Pa. 

HISTORY    OF    ALTOONA    AND    lU.AlR    ColNTV.  33 

iPIiTc  follows  ii  hi,ulily  coiiiidinu'iitary  allusion  to  Jiidiic  IMack.]  As 
we  have  seen,  oil  April  5,  1849,  the  I'wciit y-fourtli  District  was  cre- 
ated, (icoriic  'raylor,  tlicii  a  yoim.u',  '""t  able  lawyer  of  the  lliiiitinu'- 
(lon  har,  was  ai»i>oint('(l  l)y  ( Jovcriior  .lolmstoii  I'rcsidciit  -Iiid.iic.  He 
lu'ld  liis  first  court  in  this  c-ounty  on  the  second  Monday  of  July,  1849^ 
the  summer  term  lia\'in,<>-  been  ag-ain  ehanu'cil  back  from  June  to  July. 
Under  this  appointment  he  contiiitu'd  to  hohl  court  until  ()ct(jber 
term,  1851.  In  the  meantime  the  amendment  to  the  Constitution 
had  been  adopted  (callcMl  amendment  of  1850)  which  provichnl  for  the 
election  of  the  Jud^-es  of  all  the  courts  ;  that  their  terms  should  lie 
ten  years ;  that  the  terms  of  all  Judg'es  then  in  ottice  should  exi)ire 
on  the  first  Monday  of  December  followin,<;'  the  ado]ition  of  the  amend- 
ment, and  that  tlie  terms  of  those  elected  should  commence  at  the 
same  time.  The  lirst  election  after  the  a(h»i)tioii  of  the  amendment 
was  held  in  1851,  so  that  Judi>-e  Taylor's  commission  by  appointment 
expired  on  the  first  Monday  of  December,  1851  ;  but  at  the  election 
previous,  having-  been  nominated  by  the  Whi^u's,  \w  was  elected  for 
the  term  of  ten  years.  His  opponent  was  the  Democratic  candidate, 
Thomas  P.  Campbell,  of  Hunting-don.  Under  this^election  he  served 
his  term  of  ten  years,  and  at  the  end  of  it  was  re-elected  without  op- 
position. At  the  end  of  this  term  he  ran  as  an  Indeix'inh'Ut  candi- 
(hite  ))Ui  failed  of  an  election.  He  died  of  paralysis  in  November, 
18T1,  in  the  fifty-ninth  year  of  his  ag'e.  [Following-  a  eiilog-y  upon 
Judg-e  Taylor,  Judge  Dean  continues:]  I  was  elected  Judge  in  18*11. 
The  first  Associate  Judg-es  of  the  court  were  George  K.  McFarlane 
and  Daniel  McConnell,  Democrats,  appointed  by  Governor  Shunk, 
June  8,  184fi,  to  hold  until  the  next  session  of  the  Senate  of  Pennsyl- 
vania. Judge  McFarlane  was  re-appointed  and  confirmed  by  the 
Senate  on  March  11,  184T.  The  other  vacancy  was  filled  by  the  ap- 
pointment of  Davis  Prooke  on  January  28,  1848.  James  (iardner 
was  api)ointed  by  the  Governor  April  10,  18'51,  to  fill  the  vacancy 
occasioned  by  the  resig-nation  of  Judg-e  Geo.  R.  McFarlane  and  was 
elected  for  the  full  term  the  following-  Octolier,  with  Ijcvi  Slingluff,  of 
Martinslnirg.  l^oth  resigned  before  the  exi)iratioii  of  their  terms. 
These  are  about  the  only  examples  (»f  resignation  l)y  Judges  within 
my  knowledge.  James  D.  Rea,  Democi-at,  was  appointeil  to  fdl  the 
vacancv  occasioned  by  the  rt^signation  of  Judg-e  Gardner  on  July  25, 
1854,  and  James  L.  (Jwin  to  fill  that  occasioned  by  resig-nation  of 
Judg-e  Sling-luff  in  March,  1855.  Judg-es  Rea  and  (Jwin  held  office 
until  October,  1855,  when  David  Caldwell  and  John  Pi-nn  Jones 
were  elected  each  for  the  full  term  of  five  years;   in  1860  Adam  Moses 


and  Samuel  Dean  were  elected  ;  in  1865  Judge  Moses  was  re-electecJ 
with  B.  F.  Rose,  of  Altoona  ;  in  1870  George  W.  Patton  and  Joseph 
Irwin  were  eh^cted ;  and  in  18T5  the.  present  associates,  Charles  J. 
Mann  and  Samuel  Smith.  AVith  the  exceptions  of  Judges  McFarlane, 
McConnell  and  Brooke,  appointed  by  Governor  Shunk,  and  Judge 
Rea,  appointed  ]\v  Governor  Ijigler,  all  these  officers  have  been  Whigs 
or  Repul)licans.  "Whatever  may  have  been  their  politics,  it  has  been 
the  united  testimony  of  the  bar  that,  one  and  all,  they  performed 
faithfully  and  impartially  their  duty.  Of  those  dead,  honor  and  re- 
spect followed  them  during  life  ;  of  those  living,  no  blot  touches  their 
integrity.  They  have  the  respect  and  good  wishes  of  a  profession 
which  learns,  as  no  other  one  does,  to  appreciate  unblemished  official 

"  From  the  fourth  :Monday,  July  21,  1846,  until  April  30,  187T,  the 
last  term  of  court,  exactly  two  hundred  lawyers  have  been  sworn  to 
the  bar.  Of  these  only  seventy-two  have  l)een  resident  within  the 
county.  On  the  tirst  day  of  tlic  court,  July  27,  1846.  there  were 
forty-eight  admissions,  commniriug  with  Hon.  Moses  Canan,  of 
Cambria  countv,  and  endinu'  witli  Andrew  G.,  afterward  Governor 
Curtin,  of  Centr<'  county ;  and  during  that  term  of  the  court  there 
were  fifty-one  admissions.  Out  of  these,  however,  there  were  only 
twelve  resident  of  the  county  and  they  all  in  Hollidaysburg — Calvin,. 
Cline,  J.  M.  Bell,  Kemp,  Coffey,  Brotherline,  Lowrie,  T.  Banks,  Cress- 
well,  Blair,  McMurtrie  and  Hotius.  At  October  term  following,  Robt. 
Wallace,  father  of  the  present  United  States  Senator  Wallace,  was 
admitted  and  0])en('d  an  office.  ]Major  Williams  was  admitted  the 
Deci'mber  following.  Up  to  March  21,  1855,  when  I  was  admittcM.l, 
nearly  nine  years  after  the  organization  of  the  county,  only  twenty- 
two  resident  practicing  lawyers  had  been  sworn  to  tlie  bar,  and  of 
these  eight  had  retired,  from  practice  or  reuutved  from  the  county,, 
leaving  fourteen.  There  are  now  in  active  practice  forty-one.  Among 
the  names  of  those  admitted  from  other  counties  who  either  were,  or 
afterwards  l»ecame  promineiit  in  the  law  or  in  politics,  I  notice  Eph- 
raim  Banks,  father  of  our  chairman.  Auditor  General  of  the  State; 
Judge  Alexander  King,  Judge  Kimmell,  John  G.  Miles,  Senator 
Scott,  Judge  Hale,  Governor  Curtin,  Francis  Jordan,  Charles  Shaler, 
R.  L.  Johnson,  John  Cessna,  Ross  Forward,  Judge  Pershing,  Gen. 
John  Williamson,  Judge  Hall,  Jud<>'e  John  P.  Blair,  Harry  White, 
Samuel  T.  Brown,  Charles  J.  Faulkner  and  Randolph  Tucker,  of 
Virginia,  Thadeus  Stei)hens,  Judge  White,  Jiulge  J^ettis,  Hon.  R. 
M.  Speer,  Judge  Thatcher,  John   M.  Bailey,.  Thomas  M.  ^Marshall, 


Joshua.  F.  Cox,  and  a.  luunhcr  of  others.  Aiuoiii;'  tliciii  was  John 
Bhxlji'ctt,  of  Bt'dford,  noted  for  liis  acciuirenients  in  ^-eneral  literature, 
his  i)oeti('aI  tastes,  and  wit.  Tiiere  was  also  admitted  durin.ii-  the  first 
year  of  the  court  a  lawyer  noted  in  the  whole  ])rofession  aloui;-  the 
Juniuta  Valley,  Mr.  Isaac  Fisher,  of  Huntin^-don. 

"  Of  the  cases  tried  and  suits  entered  in  the  thirty  yeai's  since  the 
oru'anization  of  the  county,  when  compared  with  the  popidation,  the 
a^U'gre^n'ate  seems  enormous.  In  the  Common  Pleas,  includin,*;-  judg-- 
ment  hills,  appeals  and  certioraris,  there  have  ])een  entered  89,205 
eases;  in  the  (Quarter  Sessions,  2,(iI9  cases;  in  the  Oyer  and  Ter- 
miner, \)[)  cases,  making-  altog-ether  41,928.  In  this  are  not  included 
the  lai'g'e  nund)er  of  estates  partitioned  or  appraised  in  the  Orphans' 
Court,  nor  the  trust  accounts  of  assignees  and  other  trustees,  settled 
in  the  Common  Pleas.  There  have  passed  through  tlu^  Orpiians' 
Court,  for  confirmation  and  allowance,  l,*7tO  accounts  of  executors 
and  administrators,  many  of  them  involving  protracted  litigation  I)e- 
fove  auditors  and  on  exceptions  to  auditors'  reports. 

"Judge  Black  took  forty-four  verdicts.  Judge  Taylor  eight  hun- 
dred and  seventx'-eight ;  and  there  liave  been  taken  since  four  hundred 
and  ninety-five.  Of  course  this,  as  every  lawyer  knows,  does  not 
show"  the  extent  of  actual  work  done  in  the  trial  of  causes ;  for  many 
of  them,  after  hours,  and  sometimes  days  of  trial,  "go  off,"  either  hy 
non  suit  or  settlement  of  the  parties. 

"  Bv  the  act  of  Assembly  erecting  the  county,  all  uinh'termined 
issues  between  parties  resident  on  the  territory  out  of  which  it  was 
formed,  were  to  be  transferred  to  the  records  of  the  new  county. 

"The  first  suit  in  the  Common  Pleas  is  one  to  Xo.  43,  August 
term,  1826,  of  Huntingdon  county,  transferred.  It  is  an  action  of 
debt  by  John  Wilson  and  Rachael  Buchanan,  executors  of  Dr.  John 
E.  Buchanan,  deceased,  against  William  Smith,  executor  of  John 
Steel,  deceased.  Wiieii  it  was  brought,  in  1826,  Judges  Burnside, 
Adams  and  McCune  were  on  the  bench  in  Huntingdon  county.  Smith 
is  marked  attorney  for  plaintift"  and  Allison  and  Steel  for  defendant. 
As  a))penrs  from  tlie  record,  more  than  seventy  continuances  were 
marked  during  tlie  twenty  years  it  stood  on  the  Huntingdon  county 
docket,  and  five  after  its  transfer  to  Blair. 

"The  first  case  In'ought  originally  in  this  county,  is  a  libel  for 
divorce;  subpa-na  issued  June  23,  1840,  by  Mary  Armstrong  against 
her  husband,  John  Armstrong.  T.  J.  Coffey  is  attorney  for  libellant. 
John  Cox,  e.<q.,  was  appointe(I  f-»)uimissioner  to  take  testimony,  and 



—    DEALEU   IN 

Groceries,  Flou  Rand  Feed, 

Corner  Gth  A^'elllle  and  8tli  Street. 


E.  S.  MILLER,  M.  D, 

OFFICE :    Corner  Sixteenth  Street  and  Eleventh 
AA^enne,   Altoona,  Pa. 

OFFICE  IIOl'US  :  7  to  It  a.  m. 
1  to  .}  p.  ni. 
0  to  8  p.  111. 




—   AND   — 

District  Attorney, 

No.  lOlU  Twelfth  Street,  Altoona,  Pa. 

D.  F.  BEEGLE, 


12th  Street,  bet.  8th  and  Dth  Ax'enues. 


HISTORY    OI-"    ALTCONA    AM)    HLAIll    COl,\NTV.  37 

a  di\-on'c  was  (Iccrccd  tlicrcon  liy  Jiiduc  Bhick,  March  25,  1S47.     Tlic 
.entire  costs  were  $7. To.     Divorces  iiM\c  hccoinc  more  costly  since. 

"  In  the  lirst  year  of  the  court  (W;!  cases  were  entt.'red  in  the  Com- 
mon Picas,  includin,n-  orli)-inal  writs,  certioraris  and  appeals.  In  liS5(;, 
ten  years  later,  1, ()',)();  in  ISIW;,  ten  years  later,  1,1U();  in  ISTC,  ten 
years  later,  "2,717.  Many  of  the  cases  inclinled  in  this  last  nund)er  are 
judgments  on  Iniildinu'  association  honds;  hut  still,  the  natural  in- 
crease in  legal  business,  tlie  last  ten,  has  hecn  much  greater  than  in 
any  i)receding  ten  years. 

[We  cannot  find  room  for  tlie  cases  tried  in  the  Sui)rcme  Court,  to 
^vhich  Judge  Dean  makes  reference.] 

"There  have  licen  tried  in  the  Oyer  and  Tei'niiner  thirty  cases  of 
homicide.  Of  these  eleven  were  found  not  guilty;  three,  Alexander 
Hutchinson,  James  Siiirley  and  David  McKim,  were  found  guilty  of 
murder  in  the  first  degret-.  Tlie  lirst,  Hutchinson,  was  tried  in  1850. 
After  sentence  his  friends  induced  the  Legislature  to  interfere  l)y  at- 
tempting legislation  to  relieve  him  from  the  death  penalty.  Nothing 
<^flfective  was  done  ;  but  the  warrant  for  his  execution  was  witldield 
until  Governor  Johnston,  during  whose  administration  he  ^\•as  con- 
victed, was  out  of  office.  Governor  Bigler  declined  to  issue  it  Ix'cause, 
as  he  alleged,  it  was  a  duty  of  his  i)redecessor  which  he  was  not  ))Ound 
to  perform.  Hutchinson  remained  in  jail  until  185o,  when  he  escai)ed. 
*^  Shirley  was  tried  at  March  term,  1853,  for  the  murder  of  his  A\ife,  and 
executed  in  August  of  that  year.  McKim  was  tried  at  April  term, 
1857,  for  the  murder  of  Xorcross,  and  executed  in  July  following. 
The  other  convictions  in  the  Oyer  and  Terminer  wei-e  either  of  murder 
in  the  second  degree  or  manslaughter. 

"There  were  two  hearings  on  habeas  corpus  in  the  case  of  alleged 
fugitive  slaves;  one  l)efore  Judge  McFarlane,  in  1849,  and  one  before 
Judge  Moses,  in  March,  1862.  In  each  case  the  detained  persons 
were  discharged.  In  1855  a  man  named  Parsons,  from  Virginia,  who 
attempti'd  to  seize  a  colori'd  man  in  Ga}-sport,  on  the  claim  that  he  \\-as 
a  fugitive  slave,  was  indicted  for  abduction.  John  Randolph  Tucker 
and  Charles  J.  Faulkner  came  here  to  defend  him  ;  a  true  bill  was 
found,  l)ut  a  nolle  2^ros.  was  entered  by  the  district  attorney,  Mr. 

"There  are  quite  a  large  num))er  of  cases,  both  civil  and  crinunal. 
a  notice  of  which  would  be  interesting  to  the  lawyers,  and  many  non- 
professional people,  ])ut  I  cannot  undertake  to  refer  to  them  in  a  short 
address.  Those  mentioned  will  suggest  the  general  nature  and  amount 
of  litigation  carried  on  in  the  several  courts  since  its  organization. 


"The  first  district  attornov  -was  Col.  Cresswell,  appointed  b}'  Gov- 
ernor Shunk.  He  was  succeeded  1)\^  Mr.  Hofius,  appointed  by  Gov- 
ernor Jolinston,  who  filled  the;  office  until  1851,  when  the  office  was 
(ilective.  Mr.  Kemp  was  elected  Ijy  the  Whigs ;  but  his  health  failing 
soon  after,  George  A.  Coffey  performed  the  duties  of  the  office  until' 
1854,  when  Essington  Hammond  was  elected.  At  the  expiration  of 
his  term,  Mr.  Hewit  filled  the  office  two  terms ;  then  John  H.  Keatly 
almost  two  terms.  He  resigned  the  last  year  of  the  second  term,  and 
I  was  appointed  to  the  vacancy  until  next  election  ;  was  then  elected 
and  served  one  term.  Milton  Alexander  was  then  elected  and  served 
one  t(n"m  ;  then  James  F.  Milliken  was  elected.  [Then  the  present 
district  attorney,  Thomas  W.  Jackson. — Ed.] 

"  The  office  of  prothonotary  of  Common  Pleas,  clerk  of  the  Orphans' 
Court,  Quarter  Sessions  and  Oyer  and  Terminer,  filled  by  the  same 
officer,  has  not  had  many  incumbents.  First,  Jeremiah  Cunningham 
was  appointed  in  June,  184G,  to  serve  until  the  next  December.  At 
the  October  election  of  that  year  Joseph  Smith  was  elected  and  served 
a  term  of  three  years  ;  then  George  W.  Johnston  a  term  of  three  years; 
then  Hugh  McNeal  one  term  ;  then  Josejih  Baldrige  two  terms,  or 
six  years ;  then  A.  S.  Morrow  four  terms,  or  twelve  years  ;  then  James 
P.  Stewart,  })resent  officer,  was  elected. 

"  The  office  of  register  of  wills  and  recorder  of  deeds  was  first  filled 
by  appointment  of  John  M.  Gibbon}^  to  hold  until  December,  184(i, 
or  until  his  successor  be  qualified.  At  the  election  in  Octolier  of  that 
year,  Eph.  Galbraith  was  the  Whig  candidate  and  Samuel  Smith  the 
Democratic.  Galln-aith  died  the  day  of  the  election,  before  the  votes- 
were  nearly  all  polled.  Smith  claimed  the  office  on  the  grounds  that 
he  had  a  majority  of  the  votes  cast  for  a  living  man,  although  a  major- 
ity of  the  people  voted  for  Galbraith.  Judge  Black  declined  to  decide 
in  his  favor,  and  Gibbony  held  the  office  until  the  next  election,  when' 
L.  H.  Williams  was  elected.  He  held  the  office  nine  years ;  was  suc- 
ceeded by  H.  A.  Caldwell,  who  held  it  for  six  years;  and  he  by  D.  M. 
Jones,  who  held  the  office  for  nine  years,  when  A.  Lingenfelter  was. 

"  The  first  sheriff"  was  Jeremiah  Betts,  ap})ointed  by  Governor 
Shunk.  Then,  follow  him,  in  order,  Samuel  Royer,  Thomas  Reese,, 
William  Reed,  George  Port,  James  Funk,  Samuel  McCainant,  Martin 
Bechtel,  John  McKeage,  Henry  B.  Huff,  Alexander  Bol)l),  James  M. 

"  The  territory  in  the  original  act,  and  (jver  which  the  court  had 
jurisdiction,  emln-aced  Greenfit'ld  and  North  Woodlierry  townships,  of 


Bedford  ('(Minty  ;  Allc^i'hcny,  Antis,  Blair,  Huston,  Tvroiu'  aiid  Wood- 
berrv  towiisliips,  in  Iliintinii'don  county;  also,  that  part  of  Morris 
towushii),  in  Iluiitin.ii'don  county,  west  of  a  line  run  by  William  Reed, 
surveyor,  to  !)<■  called  Catharine  township.  IIollidaysl)ur<^-  and  Mar- 
tinshur.L;-  had  already  I)een  iucor])orated  as  boroug'hs.  The  townshi|)s 
formed  since  the  organization,  are  Juniata,  out  of  Greenfield,  in  184t  ; 
Log-an,  out  of  Allei>-heny  and  Antis,  in  1850;  Taylor,  out  of  North 
Woodberry  and  Huston,  in  1855;  Freedom,  out  of  Juniata,  in  185V. 
Altoona  was  incorporated  as  a  boroug-h  in  1854,  and  came  under  a  city 
charter  in  1871.  Tyrone  became  a  borough  in  1857;  East  Tyrone  in 
1873;  Newry  in  187().  Eleven  constables  made  returns  the  first  day 
of  the  court,  twenty-three  now. 

''The  original  act  refjuired  the  (lovernor  to  appoint  three  non-resi- 
dents of  the  county  commissioners  to  run  the  county  lines  and  fix  the 
county  seat.  He  ai)pointed  Henry  McBride,  of  Westmoreland,  Gen. 
Orr,  of  Armstrong,  and  Judge  Christy  of  Juniata  counties,  who  fixed 
upon  Hollidaysburg  as  the  county  seat. 

"The  first  court  was  held  in  an  old  Methodist  church,  which  stood 
where  the  present  Methodist  church  now  stands.  Mahonv's  stone 
house,  along  side,  was  rented  at  the  rate  of  fifty  dollars  per  year  and 
used  as  a  jail.  A  contract  was  made  in  1840,  with  Daniel  K.  Kearney, 
then  a  prominent  ])uilder,  for  the  erection  of  the  court  house  and  jail 
on  the  ground  covered  by  the  present  court  house.  The  contract  price 
for  l)oth  was  $11,998.50,  but  because  of  changes  and  extras,  the  amount 
l)aid  was  $14,576.18.  Both  were  finished  and  occupied  by  June  term, 
1 847.  As  you  are  all  aware,  both,  y(>ars  ago,  became  entirely  insufficient 
for  the  wants  of  the  county.  A  new  jail  was  erected  at  an  expense  of 
over  $100,000  in  1868  and  1869,  and  the  old  court  house  lasted  but  a  few 
years  longer.  And  although  twenty-five  or  thirty  years  is  not  an  old 
age  for  public  Iniildings,  yet  a  glance  at  the  growth  of  the  county  in 
population  and  wealth  in  that  period  reveals,  at  once,  the  causes  which 
demanded  their  destruction  and  the  erection  of  new  and  better.  The 
nu'n  who  designed  these  buildings  did  not  foresee  the  rapid  growth  of 
the  new  county  in  those  jiarticnlars  which  are  jji-olific  of  litigation. 

"In  1846  only  2,187  votes  were  polled,  indicating  (at  five  to  th(^ 
voter)  a  i)opulation  of  about  10,000.  In  1856  th(M-e  were  polled  3,520 
votes,  showing  a  population  of  18,000.  In  1866  there  were  polled 
6,288  votes,  pointing  to  a  i)opulation  of  32,000.  In  1876  there  were 
polled  8,720  votes,  indicating  a  population  of  44,000,  four  times  greater 
than  wheii  the  county  was  organized.  In  the  meantime  the  a.ssessed 
valuation  of  property  far  more  than  doubled;  its  cash  value  has  doubt- 
less ti-ebled. 



Seventeenth  Street,  Altooiia. 

AL.  BURG  O  ON,  Proprietor. 

iood  acc-oiiunodatioiis  for  giu'sts.      Aiiiiile  stabling  for  horses.      The  Bar  is 
supplied  with  tlie  liest  and  choicest  brands  of  liquors  m  the  market. 


—    IfEALEIl   IN 





Eighth  A\-eniie,  bet.  8tli  and  flth  Streets. 

Ooods  delivered  to  any  part  of  the  city  without  additional  cost. 

Orders  promptly  flllecl  and  courteous  treatment  extended  to  a'.b 



iMiTiiTioN  French  Cjilf  md  Kip  Skins, 

Moroccos,  Linings,  Roans.  Etc. 

All  kinds  of  Shoe  Manufacturin;;  (Joods,  to^'ether  with  all  other  articles  periainlng 

to  the  Shoe  Finding  Business.    ;e®"Cash  paid  lor  Hides.  Skins  and  Wool. 

Orders  by  mail  pi-oniptly  attended  to. 

HIT  Fittli  A^'eni.i.e,,  neai-  Twelfth  Street. 


"Tlio  cost  of  tilt'  i)ri'st'nt  Ituildinu-,  witli  all  its  surniimdinfi-s  uiid 
conveniences,  is  very  close  to  $131), 000.  It  cannot  exceed  $140,000. 
Onr  records,  whose  ]ireservatinn  is  wortli  millions  of  dollars  to  the 
people,  are  now  sectireil  in  lire-i)roof  ottiees  and  vaults.  For  the  ses- 
sions of  tlie  courts,  for  the  deliberation  of  juries  and  for  the  detention 
of  witnesses,  we  have  rooms  spacious,  comfortable  and  convenient. 
Lonu-  after  we  art*  g-one  this  buildin,i>-.  in  all  its  strength  and  l)eauty, 
will  stand  as  a  monument  to  tlie  ]>ublic  sjtirit  and  enterprise  of  the 
people  who  authorized  it,  as  well  as  an  intlisputable  evidence  of  the 
architectural  talents  of  him  who  designed  it,  antl  the  mechanical  skill 
of  those  who  carried  the  design  into  execution. 

"  We  have  met  to-day,  as  lawyers  and  citizens,  to  dedicate  it  to  its 
ai)i)i'opriate  uses — the  ailministration  of  justice  between  nuui  antl  man. 
What  we  noiv  say  or  do,  will  soon  pass  from  the  memory  ;  l)ut  what  we 
say  or  do  within  these  walls  hereafter,  will  nt)t  be  forgotten  ;  the  fruits 
of  our  words  antl  conduct  will  a])pear  in  ineflfaceable  lines  upon  the 
records  of  our  ctiurts ;  will  be  cut  deep  in  the  hearts  and  lives  of  those 
who  shall  here  appear  to  have  rights  determined  and  wrongs  redressed. 
May  we  so  perform  our  jiart  that  we  shall  reflect  liontjr  upon  an  hon- 
orable profession ;  and  so  perform  it,  too,  that,  when  called  to  appear 
in  a  Higher  Court,  there  to  be  inquired  of,  we  shall  be  ready  to  answer, 
although  with  awe,  A'et  not  with  fear:  'What  Thou  gavest  us  to  do, 
with  the  light  we  had,  we  did  as  best  we  could.'" 

[In  most  eloquent  terms  Jutlo-e  Dean  closed  his  address,  the 
])rincipal  historical  points  of  which  we  have  given,  omitting  matter 
which,  to  many,  would  prove  to  be  even  more  interesting.  Want  of 
space,  the  reason  previously  assigned,  is  our  exeuse  for  not  ]iublishing 
the  discourse  in  its  entirety.  We  will  take  this  oci^asion  to  say  that, 
however  ably  his  predecessors.  Judges  Black  and  Taylor,  may  have 
administered  justict>,  Judge  Dean  has  sustained,  and  still  sustains,  the 
reputation  of  the  Ixnich  of  Blair  county  for  profound  learning,  sound 
judgment,  legal  talent  and  executive  ability.] 

Hon.  Samuel  Calvin  was  next  introduced.  He  said  that  he  was 
assigned  a  place  on  the  programme  l)ecause  he  was  the  oldest  member 
of  the  bar,  but  he  wanted  the  latlit>s  to  bear  in  mind  the  difference 
bt^tween  the  oldest  member  of  tlic  liar  and  tdtlestman  practicing  at  the 
bar.  His  address  was  full  of  reminiscences,  many  of  them  of  a  highly 
humorous  character — concerning  Judges  Taylor,  Burn.side  and  M'Cune 
(associate),  and  the  older  members  of  the  bar. 

The  Hon.  Jeremiah  S.  Black  was  next  introduced,  who  stated  that 
he  came  there  upon  the  condition  that  he  Avas  not  to  make  a  speech, 


but  st-'cing-  his  luinu'  (»ii  the  pro<iranime  as  one  of  the  s[teakei's  without 
his  previous  kuo\vleilii'e  or  authority,  it  was  absohitely  necessary  that 
he  sliould  appear,  not  to  make  a  speech,  but  for  the  purpose  of  apolo- 
giziiiii,-  for  not  making  one!  The  reason  he  had  assigned  for  not  making 
a  speech  was  that  Blair  county  might  make  and  ought  to  make  orations 
for  herself.  [Here  Judge  Black  pointed  out  and  commented  upon  the 
fluency  of  Blair  county  lawyers.]  They  told  him  he  should  come  for- 
ward and  make  a  few  remarks.  Well,  he  said  he  would  do  that — 
"he  Vvould  take  his  position  on  the  outer  edge  of  created  space,  and 
crack  away  at  all  eternit}'."  But,  upon  second  thought,  he  couldn't 
do  that.  His  intellectual  running  gears  would  give  out  ))efore  he  could 
reacli  the  outer  edge  of  created  space,  and  he  thought  that  all  eternity 
would  be  too  much  for  him.  He  regarded  the  address  of  Judge  Dean 
as  the  most  perfect  that  he  could  have  conceived  of,  and  so  with  the 
■other  gentlemen  who  had  8})oken. 

"You  have  erected  a  court  house  which  is,  beyond  comparison,  the 
most  perfect  structure  of  its  kind  in  this  country.  It  reminds  me  of 
the  description  that  Horace  gave  of  the  woman  that  he  admired  more 
than  any  other — i^implex  munditiis — simi)le  in  the  aljuudant  wealth 
of  its  beauty."         *         *         *  "This  building  is  dedicated  to  the 

administration  of  justice,  which  is  the  greatest  of  human  concerns. 
The  most  important  part  of  the  machinery  of  justice  is  the  county 
courts — the  courts  of  Common  Pleas — these  courts  whose  function  it  is 
to  take  original  cognizance  of  all  cases  affecting  life,  liberty  and  property, 
and  to  do  justice  lietween  man  and  man.  All  the  other  machinery  of 
our  Government  is  made  for  the  purpose  of  bringing  a  competent  judge 
upon  that  bench,  and  twelve  honest  men  into  that  jury  box  in  order 
that  they  may  do  justice.  For  that  you  make  a  Legislature;  for  that 
you  have  a  Congress;  for  that  you  have  a  union  of  the  States;  an 
executive  department ;  an  army  and  navy.  The  ultimate  object  of  it 
all  is  that  justice  shall  be  administered  between  the  people  of  a  neigh- 
borhood. As  long  as  you  can  maintain  perfect  i)urity  in  the  judiciary 
and  have  justice  administered  promptly  and  speedily  at  home  it  does 
not  matter  very  much — that  is,  it  is  not  a  thing  of  vital  importance 
how  the  other  parts  of  your  political  machinery  go  on ;  and  Avhenever 
there  is  any  serious  corruption  or  wrong  by  A\'hich  the  scales  of  justice 
do  not  hang  Avith  an  even  balance  in  these  courts  of  original  jurisdic- 
tion, you  are  in  the  worst  possi))le  condition  in  which  you  can  l)e  placed. 

"  Now,  gentlemen,  liave  I  made  a  sufficient  apology  for  not  making 
a  speech  ?  If  I  have  not,  why,  I  will  have  to  apologize  for  that.  If 
there  was  anybody  here  who  would  speak  evil  of  the  Blair  county  court 



•  or  its  bar,  or  to  falsify  its  history,  or  to  say  that  the  luciuhcrs  of  this 
))ar  were  not  thi'  In'st  men  in  tlie  workl,  then  I  wonld  have  an  issue 
which  I  couhl  take  up  with  them,  and  I  tliink  I  could  keep  up  my  siih- 
im-tty  welh  But  I  liave  no1»ody  to  fiyht !  I  am,  tlierefore,  in  a  situa- 
tion somewhat  like  that  of  Jemima  Wickershani,  a  female  i)rophet,  who 
made  her  a})pearance  in  western  Xi'w  York.  She  said  she  was  ahle  to 
walk  upon  the  water  miraculously,  and  called  divei's  i)ersons  to  witness 
the  performance.  They  asseml)led  in  larfjc  numbers,  and  just  ))efore 
she  made  preparation  to  step  out  on  the  lake  she  asked  tlie  crowd 
there  assembled  if  they  believed  she  could  do  it.  They  told  her  that 
they  thoug'ht  she  could  not.  'Then,"  she  said,  'you  have  little  faith 
— a  generation  of  vipers,  who  seek  a  si,<i-n  and  shall  find  none.'  There- 
fore, she  would  not  walk  upon  the  water  that  day.  She  tried  them 
again,  however,  another  day,  and  she  put  the  same  tpiestion  to  them, 
and,  knowing  what  sort  of  an  answer  had  defeated  them  before,  they 
answered  affirmatively,  that  they  believed  she  conld.  'Very  well, 
then,'  said  she,  'there  is  no  use  to  work  miracles  in  your  i)resence,  you 
have  faith  enough!'  Now,  I  think  you  all  have  faith  enough  in  your 
■Judge,  and  faith  enough  in  your  l)ar,  and  faith  enough  in  yourselves 
to  get  on  very  well  without  any  exhortation  from  me,  and  therefore  I 
bid  you  an  aff"ectionate  farewell." 

At  the  conclusion  of  Judge  Black's  remarks,  various  persons  were 
called  on  for  speeches — Col.  R.  A.  McMurtrie,  Judges  Orvis  and 
Hall,  and  Messrs.  Orbison,  Williamson,  Johnston,  and  others.  The 
majority  of  those  called  out  refused  to  respond.  General  Williamson 
delivered  an  address,  sparkling  with  that  wit  for  which  he  is  so  famous, 
while  the  remarks  of  R.  L.  Johnston,  esq.,  of  Cambria,  were  intensely 
humorous  and  highly  enjoyed  l>y  the  audience.  The  meeting  then  ad- 
journed, and  the  formal  dedicatory  ceremonies  were  over. 


Alexander,  M  ilton 
Baltlrige,  H.  M. 
Banks,  CecU  R. 
Banks,  Tluukleus 
BeU,  Martin 
Blair,  Samuel  S. 
Brotlierline,  J.  Irvin 
Brumbaugh,  D.  S. 
Buckley,  M.  Edwaid 
Calvin,  Mattbew  B. 
Calvin.  Samuel 
Cress weU,  John.  jr. 
Cunningham,  Jerre 
Dively,  A.  V. 
Dohyiie,  Geo.  A. 
Doyle,  John  A. 
Flanlgan.  James,  jr. 
Greevy,  Thos.  H. 
Kerr,  H.  H. 
Hewit,  B.  L. 
Hicks,  J.I). 
-Jackson,  Thos.  W. 


Roaring  Spring 









Jaekel,  Fred. 
Johnson,  Robert 
Kyle,  J.  M. 
Landis,  Augustus  S. 
Leet,  John  D. 
Leisenring,  J.  S. 
Lvsinger,  Samuel  B. 
3IeMurtrie.  R.  A. 
Mervine.  X.  P. 
Xeff,  D.  J. 
Riddle,  J.  F. 
Riley,  A.J. 
Sha\v,  Edmund 
Smith,  I.  Horace 
Snyder,  H.  H. 
Stevens,  A.  A. 
Tierney,  F.  P. 
Woodcock,  S.  jM. 
Wookcoek,  W.  Loe, 
Woodcock.  W.  Irvin, 
llciiisling,  H.  T. 













—   DEALER   IN   — 

Goods,  Groceries, 

Provisions,  Moiir,  Feed, 
Queensware,  Canned  Fruits,  Notions,  Boots,  Shoes^ 

AiKl  all  suci)  articles  as  are  TiS'iially  kept  in  a  First-class  Dry  Goods,  (irocery  and 

Provision  Store. 


Brick!  Brick! 



Of  Every   Description  : 



(Foi-  Bay  Windows.) 

In  any  Quantity-at  any  Time-at  Lowest  Figures. 
J.  R.  VAUGHN, 

Corner  8th  Avenue  and  21st  Street,       Altoona. 



THi;    NEW   JAIL. 

The  new  juil  for  the  county  was  built  during  the  years  of  1SG8-9. 
Its  total  cost,  with  alterations,  was  about  $100,000.  It  was  erected 
by  Jonathan  Rhule,  of  this  county,  assisted  by  Ed.  Havelan,  architect, 
the  latter  now  deceased.  The  commissioners  appointed  to  supervise 
its  construction  were  Robert  Waring,  John  C.  Biddle,  R.  B.  Hamilton, 
Joshua  Roller  and  David  Henshey.  The  first  keeper  was  Sheriff 
Harry  Huff.  On  April  10,  1ST3,  the  Legislature  enacted  a  si)ecial 
law  authorizing  the  commissioners  of  the  county  to  appoint  a  keeper, 
subject  to  the  approval  of  the  Court  of  Quarter  Sessions.  This  ap- 
pointment is  made  annually.  The  first  keeper  under  this  law  was 
Aiden  Baird,  who  was  succeeded  the  next  year  by  John  McClure, 
whose  appointment  was  continued  until  his  decease.  The  present 
keeper,  J.  B.  Kephart,  took  charge  April  1,  1880. 

The  jail  is  built  in  the  most  approved  style  of  prison  architecture. 
The  corridors  and  cells  are  well  lighted  and  ventilated,  at  the  same 
time  perfectly  secure.  No  improvement  could  be  made  or  suggested. 
It  reflects  great  credit  upon  those  who  Avere  employed  in  its  erection. 


This  refuge  of  the  poor  of  the  county  is  situate  in  Allegheny 
township,  about  one  and  a  half  miles  north  of  Ilollidaysburg.  It  is 
a  well-constructed  brick  building,  two  stories  and  a  half  high,  contain- 
ing fifty-two  rooms.  In  addition  to  these  are  two  dining  rooms  and 
two  kitchens,  besides  a  number  of  halls  or  corridors.  Its  architec- 
ture is  of  modern  style.  It  was  planned  by  Mr.  Hayden  Smith,  arch- 
itect. Messrs.  Peter  Empfield  and  John  B.  Westley  were  the  con- 
tractors.     It  was  built  in  1849-50.      Its  entire  cost  was  $1,8(Ui.50. 

The  grounds  contain  267  acres  12  perches,  being  part  of  two  tracts 
of  land,  one  in  the  name  of  Joseph  Patton,  the  other  in  the  name  of 
John  Cochran.  Both  these  tracts  were  purchased  by  Samuel  Royer, 
and  by  him  sold  to  the  county  fur  $10,000.  The  land  or  farm  is  un- 
der a  high  state  of  cultivation,  owing  to  the  efficient  management  of 
the  present  steward,  Mr.  William  Shinefelt. 

The  house  was  first  occupied  in  April,  1850.  Its  first  steward 
w\as  Mr.  John  Lytic,  who  served  in  that  capacity  until  1852;  Mr. 
Edward  McGraw  from  1852  to  18(53;  Mr.  O.  E.  Crissman  from  1803 
to  1870  ;  Mr.  Joshua  Aurandt  from  1870  to  September  9,  1873,  when 
the  present  steward,  Mr.  William  Shinefelt,  assumed  the  duties  of  the 
position.  Its  first  physician  was  J.  A.  Landis,  M.  D.  The  present 
one  is  W.  C.  Roller,  M.  D. 


The  gTouiuls  immediately  surrounding  the  house,  adorned  with 
beautiful  plants  and  flowers,  convey  the  idea  that  the  building  is  a 
comfortable  abiding  place  for  the  poor.  Under  the  direct  supervision 
of  the  matron,  Mrs.  Shinefelt,  the  interior  of  the  house  is  kept  in  the 
))est  possi)>le  condition. 


For  clothing $     900  9:5 

Delivering  paupers 106  01 

Drugs 221  -'7 

Farm     1,225  So 

Food 1,905  m 

House 924  51 

Improvements  and  repairs 2.)4  74 

Miscellaneous V^OO  42 

Outdoor  relief 3,612  .52 

Outside  burial 21S  95 

Salaries 1.141  25 

Total  expenses $11,412  09 


In  addition  to  amount  paid  for 

house  expenses $(i,099  45 

3931  pounds  of  beef 235  8fi 

3307  pou  n  (Is  of  pork I.s5  18 

70  pounds  of  veal 4  20 

448  bushels  of  potatoes 224  00 

30059  pounds  of  flour 1,090  52 

780  pounds  of  butter 124  80 

Total  outlay $7,904  01 

Deduct  board  of  farm  hands 384  00 

$7,580  01 
Average  cost  of  inmates  per  week,  $1.55. 

The  products  raised  on  the  farm  were  :  1,275  bushels  wheat,  299 
))ushels  oats,  1,573  bushels  corn,  648  bushels  potatoes,  4  bushels  white 
l)eans,  22S  bushels  winter  apples,  29  four-horse  loads  hay,  10  loads 
cornfodder,  3,867  pounds  pork,  6,315  pounds  beef,  780  pounds  butter, 
20  bushels  turnips,  46  barrels  cider,  4,000  heads  cabbage,  10  bushels 
lieans  in  pod,  5  bushels  peas  in  pod,  17  bushels  onions,  20  bushels 
parsnips,  10  bushels  beets,  4  ))ushels  hops.  50  bushels  tomatoes,  1  bar- 
rel cucumbers  for  pickles.  Amount  realized  on  sale  of  products — 

Articles  manufactured  in  the  house  were:  119  straw  ticks,  119 
bolsters,  110  sheets,  40  haps,  160  pillow  cases,  6  sunbonnets,  8  night- 
caps, 61  women's  dresses,  38  children's  dresses,  98  men's  shirts,  20 
women's  flannel  skirts,  6  children's  skirts,  8  boys'  shirts,  16  pairs 
l)oys'  i)ants,  8  suits  women's  under  clothing,  10  suits  children's  under 
clothing,  25  chemises,  4  shrouds,  4  women's  sacques,  53  aprons,  40 
towels,  25  i)airs  men's  socks,  6  pairs  women's  stockings ;  200  pounds 
tallow  candles,  10  l)arrels  soft  soap,  6  barrels  saner  kraut,  280  gallons 
apple  butter. 

The  numljer  of  inmates  in  the  house  January  1,  1879,  88;  ad- 
mitted during  the  year,  138;  born  during  year,  7  ;  total,  233.  Dis- 
charged and  eloped  during  the  year,  153;  died  during  the  year,  12; 
total,  145.  Number  remaining  Junuary  1,  1880,  88.  Of  the  inmates 
remaining  January  1,  1880,  there  are  41  adult  males,  32  adult  white 
females,  1  adult  colored  female,  9  male  children,  5  female  children  (all 
white).  Of  these  there  are  two  blind  adult  males,  8  insane  males 
(adults),  13  females.     Natives,  62;  foreigners,  26. 


THE    county's    finances. 

To  exhibit  the  present  financial  condition  of  the  county,  \vc  sul)- 
mit  the  follo\ving'  receipts  and  ex[)enditures  from  January  G,  18*19,  to 
January  6,  1880: 


From  collectors ii!a"i,,'?()()  (K> 


Paid  to  attorneys i?rn(i  00 

Bridy:e.s  (repairs,  etc.) I,'vi5  4(i 

Bonus  and  interest li>.-J4r)  (;.") 

Commissioners'  office 2,'M>'.)  i-1 

Courts 7,071  o;5 

Court  house  (supplies,  insurance,  etc.)'.iK  52 

Poor  and  1  u natics 11,980  91 

•Jails  and  penitentiaries 4:,.ol0  96 

Printing-,  books  antl  stationery 1,'297  10 

Miscellaneous .5,154  3(> 

Treasury  balance  from  last  year 1,.5()2  M 

Balance  on  commission  on  $121,699.32  at  IX  percent 1,824  i;! 

Balance  ilue  county '. 5,298  87 

$65,366  06 


Court  house  bonds $124,100  00 

Prison  bonds 12,300  00 

Total  $136,400  00 



Jeremiah  S.  Black,  from  the  fourth  Monday  of  July,  1846  (when  first  court  was 
held),  up  to  and  including  March  term,  1849. 

George  Taylor,  from  April  5,  1849,  (his  tirst  court  held  on  the  second  Blondaj-  of 
July,  1849).  up  to  1871. 

John  Dean,  from  1871  to  the  present  time. 


■George  li.  McFarlane 1846  i  John  Penn  Jones 1855 

Daniel  McConnell 1847 

Davis  Brooke 184S 

James  Gardner 1851 

Levi  Slinglutr 1851 

James  I).  Rea 1854 

James  L.  Gwin 18.55 

David  Caldwell 1855 

Adam  Moses 1860 

Samuel  Dean 1860 

B.  F.  Rose 1865 

George  \Y.  Pattou 1870 

Joseph  Irwin 1870 

Charles  J.  IMann 1875 

Samuel  Smith 1875 

The  names  of  the  District  Attorneys,  since  the  formation  of  the 
county,  will  be  found  on  pagx'  38. 


Benj.  E.  Belts,  appointed  June  23 1846  '  Martin  L.  Bechtel 1864 

Samuel  J.  Royer 1846  i  John  McKeage 1867 

Thonuis  Rees 1849  I  Henry  B.  Hutf 1870 

George  Port  18.55  Alexander  Bobb 1873 

James  Funk 18.58  James  M.  Stiffler 1877 

Samuel  McCamant 1861  I  G.  T.  Bell l&SO 


J.  Cunningham,  appointed  June  10. ..1846  I  Joseph   Baldi'ige,  December  1 1855 

Joseph  Snnth.  December  1 1846     Anthony  S.  Morrow,  December  1 18<il 

Cxeorge  W.  Johnston,  December  1 1849     James  P.  Stewart  (present  prothono- 

Hugh  McNeal 1852  i        tary),  December  1 1873 










Arthurs  Establishment, 


Parlor,  Chamber  and  Kitchen  Furniture, 


liicliuling  Cbaiiiber  Sets,  Bureaus,  Lounges,  Tables,  Cliaiis,  Bedsteads,  Bed  Springs- 
and  everj'tlnng  you  can  tJiink  of  in  the  Furniture  line.     By  adhering  to  the 
Cash  System  we  have  no  losses  to  make  up.      Thus  we  can  sell  at  20 
per  cent,  less  than  those  who  sell  on  time.      4iS=VVe  manufac- 
ture as  well  as  sell  all  kinds  of  Furniture.      Orders  left 
will  receive  prompt  attention. 


LEWIS  TIPTON,  Salesman. 




,^.  M.  Gibbon V,  appointed  June  17 1840  David  M.  Jones,  DeciMabor  1 IMo 

l)ep\itv— H.  A.   Caldwell,    appointed  Deputy— JIugh  A.  Caldwell,    Deceni- 

,J uiu'  17 1*4(>  I        ber  1 1865 

l.ewis  il.  Williams,  Dceeniber  1 1847  Abraham  Ungeiifcltei-  (present  Keg- 

Jlimii  A.  Caldwell,  Doeember  1 185(!  isterand  Itceorder) 1875 

Deputy— .Jos.    lialdridui-,    appointed  Deputy— .lolin  C.  Lingenfelter  (prcs- 

September  3 18.)7  enl  'OeiJUty) 1S7:) 


It.  II.  Mccormick,  appointed  .Tune  il.lSKJ      ,Iohn  McKeaij-e 18«() 

Joseph  Morrow 184()      James  II.  Cramer lS(i2 

Jolm  I'enu  Jones ISt'.t      .John  W.  Klack 18H(; 

Joshua  W.  MeCord ls.'j4     John  M.  Clark 1868 

Samuel  Hoover 1857  ,  George  M.  Metz 187'2 

John  Lingat'elt 1858  ,  Alexander  Rutledge 1877 


Wui.  C.  MeCormieU,  appointetl  June. 1846 

William  Bell 184(; 

Valentine  Lingent'elter 1846 

Edward  McGraw 1847 

VVil liam  Bell 1847 

John  K  Nert" 1847 

Jacob  Hoover 18iS) 

David  Caldwell 1849 

Jacob  Burley 1849 

Samuel  Dean 18.')0 

John  Bennett ie.51 

John  Lowe 185'2 

John  Campbell 18.');i 

James  Roller 18,54 

.James  Hutchison 1855 

David  M.  Confer 1856 

[Jacob  Barnhart  tilled  Coufer's  unex- 
pireil  term.] 

John  R  McFarlane 1857 

Enos  M.Jones IS.58 

George  L.  Cowen 18.59 

George  Koon 1860 

James  M.  Kinkead 1861 

Daniel  Shock 186'2 

[Joseph   Irwin  tilled  Shock's   unex- 

pired term.  Shock  having  entered 

ihe  armv.] 

(ieorne  W  Hewitt 1863 

liobert  VVai  insi- 1864 

John  C.  Bi( l.lle l.><65 

R.  K.  Hamilton 18(i6 

Joshua  Roller 1867 

David  Henshev 1868 

Jacob  Walter.'. 1869 

David  S.  Longenecker 1870 

Samuel  Morrow 1871 

David  Aurandt 1872 

John  Clark 1873 

Alex.  Carnthers 1875 

John  Halfpenny 1876 

Jonathan  Slippy 1876 

John  Hileman ." 1876 

John  Halfpenny 1879 

Samuel  B.  Confer 1879 

James  Mcintosh 1879 

Clerk  from  1846  to  1856,  Lewis  II.  "Wil- 
liams. From  December  1.5,  18.56,  to  De- 
cember 23,  1862,  Hugh  A.Caldwell.  Jo- 
seph Baldrige.  present  clerk,  since  1862. 


,1  ames  Funk 1855 

William  Fox 1858 

Jacob  Wcidensall 1864 

John  W.  Humes  (present  coroner).  .1869 


Henry  C.  Nicodemus •. 1862  |  Francis  Cassiday. 

John  M.  Gibbony .1875  | 



William  IJell 1849 

Joseph  Fay 1849 

J.  A.  Land'is 1849 

Edward  McGraw , 1851 

Jacob  Igo 1851 

John  G.  McKee 1851 

John   Bennet 18.52 

George  Cowen 18.52 

C.  Stoner 1853 

David  Fleck 18.54 

C.  Guyer 1855 

M.  Wike 1856 

Samuel  Shryver 1857 

George  Weaver 18.58 

John"  B.  Riddle 1859 

Peter  Good 1860 

M'il liam  Burley 1861 

David  Aurandt lsi;2 

Jacob  Nicodemus 186;! 

Samuel  Jones 1864 

Samuel  Moore 1865 

Stephen  Hammoml 1866 

Samuel  Smith 1867 

1  )a\'itl  Craw foril 18(>8 

Jacob  Stifler 1869 

Abraham  Louden 1870 

Andrew  Biddle,  app.  to  till  vacancy. 
John  M.  Bush,  app  to  till,  vacancy... 

James  M.  Johnston " 1871 

F.  D.  Young 1S72 

Albert  Wilson 187;J 

Joseph  RidiUe 1874 

David  Bell  1875 

Edward  Bell 1876 

John  S.  Biddle 1877 

David  Bel  I 1878 

J  .  C.  Mattern 1879 



Clias.  E.  Kiiikoa.] 1847  !  Geo.  W.  Reed I*M 

Win.  P.  Dvsait 1847      M.  D.  Thatcher 1865 

-Tanips  Wilson 1847      Ahraham  Robi.son 1866" 

Willi;im  Hceil 1848     Jaines  McKiin Ism 

James  I..  Gwin 1850      D.  E.  McCahan 1867 

David  Tate 1850  :  S.  A.  Fulton 1868 

Jacob  Walter 185'   '  Geo.  W.  Hoover 186S 

(ieorge  W.  Smitli 1851      Wni.  H.  Canan 1869 

James   a,.  M.-iJuhan 18i5-2     J.  \).  Hicks l!*<50 

Siiniuel  Siiiiili 18.5;^     Wm.  H.  Calvert 1870 

Henry  Ein-en triicr 18.")4     John  C.  Robeson 1871 

John'  Ha"i-rt  V 18.55     J.  J.  Nottslier 1872 

John  W.  Tiiipery 18.56     Martin 1873 

Samuel  :\Iorr\v 1857     Alexander  Knox 1874 

A,  C.  MeCavtnev 18.58      Charles  E.  Butler 1875 

Joseph  i;.  Hewitt 18.59  ,  J.  Ross  Mateer 1876 

A.  y\.  I  lovd 1860      B.  F.  Custer l'*76 

R.  .Al.  Mcssini.'r 1861      J.  E.  Haf^ev l!^76 

E.  T.(Mvr\-  >Io,iie 1862     S.  C.  Baker 1879 

David  Heiislu'v   1863  ;  J.  H.  Isett 1879 

John  A.  Ci;i Av toid ISiiS     A.  C.  Clapper 1879 

Alex.  Knox 1864 

n.  K.  roLicE. 

The  I'oUowinj;-  is  a  list  of  Railroatl  Policemen,  appointed  by  theGovernor,  whose 
commissions  arc  on  tile  in  the  Register  and  Recorder's  office  at  Hollldaysburg : 

John  M.  Clark  1865 

Beniamin  Devine 1867 

Al fred  Thompson 1867 

John  JM.  Estep 1867 

Jolui    Ehringer 1867 

William  O'Reilly 1873 

W illiam  R.  Sinitli 187:{ 

Edwin  H.  Carr 1873 

Simon  B.  Barr 1873 

Xeal  Patton !><'>> 

Frankli n  Fox 1876 

James  H.  Cramer  (trainmaster) 1877 

Patrick  A.  Burns 1878 

Alex.  Mock 1878 

Isaac  fZ.  Rose 1873  \  L.  H.  Jones 1878 

Henry  McDade 1873  |  Wm.  W.  Corkle 1878 


For  a,  j)ortion  oi'  the  followin.ii'  we  arc  iii(lcl)te(l  to  "Prof.  Gu.'^s' 
History  of  the  Juniata  Valley,"  ])ublishe(l  in  several  papers  of  our 
county  in  18T9 : 

The  Aurora  was  started  at  HoUidaysburg,  August  9,  1833,  l)y  T. 
P.  Oani])bell,  and  was  afterward  conducted  by  Messrs.  Sample  Bros. 
It  was  suspended  after  a  year  or  "two  and  was  again  revived  in  the 
Register  in  183(;. 

The  Canal  and  Portage  Register  was  first  issued  by  John  Scott 
and  H.  C.  (Jray,  July  2,  183(5.  Mr.  Gray  sold  his  interest  to  John 
Pciiu  Jones,  OctolR'r  2(;,  183('..  Messrs.  Scott  and  Jones  continued 
until  April  11,  1838,  when  Mr.  Jones  became  sole  proprietor,  and 
he  enlarged  the  jiaper  to  live  columns,  and  changed  the  name  to 
Hollidayslmrg  Register  and  Huntingdon  County  Int(uircr.  From 
May  1,  183!),  to  Feliruary  24,  1840,  P.  B.  Williams  was  associated 
with  My.  Jones,  after  which  ]\[r.  Jones  eontiniied  again,  and  March 
4,  184(),  elianged  the  name  to  HoUidaysburg  Register  and  Blair 
County  Impiirer.  About  1854  or  1855  the  name  was  changed  to 
HoUidaysburg  Register  aiul  Blair  County  Weekly  Xews.  September 
25,  18«;i,  Mr.  Jones  took   in   H.  A.  Caldwell  as  a   partner,  and  they 


sold  the  paper  to  John  Dean,  now  Jud.ife  Dean,  Octoljer  21,  1S<)8, 
from  -whom  it  passed,  in  LSfio  or  1866,  to  Samuel  Hoover  &  Son. 
March  16,  1868,  it  was  purchased  by  David  Over  and  his  hrotlicr, 
Jacol)  Z.  Over.  January  7,  18T0,  the  name  was  changed  to  Holli- 
daysburg  Register.  November  27,  1872,  Jacob  Z.  Over  retired,  and 
David  Over  continues  its  publication.  On  Ai»ril  14,  1880,  the  paper 
was  enlarged  from  twenty-four  to  thirty-six  columns,  and  on  that  day 
appeared  in  a  dress  of  new  and  beautiful  type. 

The  Hollidaysburg  Standard,  five  columns,  was  started  with 
materials  of  the  old  Huntingdon  Ga/.ette  by  P.  L.  Joslin,  with  George 
R.  McFarlane  editor,  in  the  spring  of  1838,  and  was  owned  l)y  stock- 
holders. On  January  1,  1841,  0.  A.  Traugh  and  H.  A.  l>oggs  took 
charge,  and  on  January  1,  1848,  differences  occurring  between  the 
editors  and  stockholders  in  regard  to  the  Portage  railroad,  Messrs. 
Traugh  and  Boggs  started  a  new  paper,  with  new  material,  called 
the  Beacon  Light,  six  columns,  which  was  continued  until  June,  1845. 
In  the  meantime  John  Dougherty  purchased  a  lot  of  new  material 
and  resumed  the  Democratic  Standard  about  October  10,  1844. 
Alonzo  S.  Dougherty  purchased  the  Standard,  0.  A.  Traugh  pur- 
chased the  interest  of  Mr.  Boggs  in  the  Beacon  Light,  and  Messrs. 
Traugh  and  Dougherty  merged  the  papers  into  a  new  series  of  the 
Democratic  Standard,  May  1,  1845,  and  in  May  1,  1846,  Mr.  Traugh 
became  sole  proprietor,  and  has  continued  until  this  date,  now  thirty- 
five  years,  and  making  thirty-eight  years  in  all,  counting  both  papers. 
The  Standard  now  has  eight  columns  to  the  page,  and  is  all  that  a 
good  printer  can  make  it.  Among  the  assistants  on  this  paper,  form- 
erly well  known,  was  U.  J.  Jones.  William  H.  Schwartz  is  the 
present  assistant  editor. 

The  Blair  County  Whig  was  started  about  1845  or  1846  by  Jacob 
L.  Slentz.  After  about  three  years,  or  about  1850,  it  was  purchased 
by  George  T.  Raymond  and  William  S.  Wilson.  Subsequently  Mr. 
Raymond  alone  conducted  the  paper.  He  is  said  to  have  been  mur- 
dered at  Woodberry,  N.  J.  After  a  suspension  of  a  month  or  two  it 
was  purchased  l)v  John  Brothcrline,  recently  deceased.  During  ]iart 
of  the  time  (1861)  Mr.  Brothcrline  had  John  H.  Keatley  associated 
with  him,  and  he  also  changed  the  name  to  the  Radical  and  Blair 
County  Whig,  about  1866.  May  18,  1868,  it  was  purchased  ))y  M. 
p]dgar  King  and  James  H.  L'win,  and  the  name  changed  to  Blair 
County  Radical.  The  office  was  removed  to  Altoona.  On  May  6, 
1878,  the  interest  of  Jas.  H.  Irwin  was  purchased  by  Samuel  J.  Irwin, 
and  by  him   leased  to  M.  Edgar  King,  since  which  time  James  H. 








Keeps  the  Largest  Stock  of  Groceries  and  Pro- 
visions in  Altoona. 

W.   R.  VS^ARD, 




Kindling  Wood,  Lumber, 

Hay,  Straw,  Lime,  Cement,  Etc. 

Corner  9tli  Avenne  and  ITtli  Street. 

=  A11  orders  for  clean,  pure  Coal,  (hard  or  soft)  will  be  promptly  flUctl,  as  also  for 
Wood,  Hay,  Straw,  etc.      Orders  can  be  seut  from  the  Telephone  Exchange, 
over  F.  W.  Ohnes'  Meat  Market.  Eleventh  Avenne,  bet.  13th  and  14th 
Streets,  without  eost,  and  will  receive  Pkompt  attention. 


Irwiii  ro-associatcil  hiinsclf  witli  Mr.  Kiiiu-,  tlir  style  of  the  i>iil)lisiruii>- 
firm  beiiiii-  King'  it  Irwin.  It  i.s  R('i)iil)li('aii,  and  now  in  its  tliirty- 
fourth  volunio. 

Tlie  Shield  was  a  paper  pulilished  about  1841)  to  1.S50,  in  Holli- 
daysbur<i-,  in  the  interest  of  the  ('atholie  ehureli,  by  Hayden  Smith. 

The  first  newspaper  enterprise  undertaken  in  Altoona  was  by 
William  H.  and  J.  A.  Snyder,  who,  in  the  spring  of  1855,  i)ublished 
the  Altoona  Register  from  materials  of  the  Standing  Stone  Banner. 
After  fiv^e  or  six  months  it  was  discontinued,  and  the  materials  were 
purchased  by  Ephriam  B.  McCrum  and  William  M.  Allison,  wlio 
commenced  the  Altoona  Tribune  January  1,  185(!.  May  1,  1858, 
Mr.  Allison  disposed  of  his  interest  to  H.  C.  Dern.  July  19,  1875, 
the  interest  of  McCrum  passed  into  the  hands  of  Hugh  Pitcairn,  who, 
with  Mr.  Dern,  has  conducted  the  jtaper  to  this  day.  April  14,  1878, 
McCrum  &  Dern  began  the  Daily  Tril)une,  whicli,  after  two  years, 
on  April  14,  1875,  was  discontinued.  January  28,  1878,  Dern  it 
Pitcairn  resumed  the  daily  edition,  which,  with  the  weekly,  continues 
to  l)e  published.  Adam  J.  Greer  has  been  the  principal  editor  for  a 
number  of  years.  The  proprietors  recently  erected  a  neat  and  sul)- 
stantial  three-story  brick  building,  especially  designed  as  a  printing 
house,  on  Twelfth  street,  between  Eleventh  and  Twelfth  avenues.  It 
fronts  thirty-two  feet  on  Twelfth  street  and  has  a  depth  of  sixty  feet. 

The  American  Era,  started  by  a  stock  company  in  Tyrone  about 
185(^,  with  W.  S.  H.  Keys  as  editor,  afterwards  Benj.  Jones.  The 
material  then  went  into  the  Tyrone  Herald,  by  Robert  Stoddard, 
^vhich  susix'nded  in  about  a  year.  It  was  revived  again  and  called 
the  Tyrone  Star,  l)y  M.  H.  Jolly ;  afterwards  it  was  conducted  by 
Captain  James  Bell,  and  suspended.  It  was  again  revived  and  called 
the  Western  Hemisphere,  by  a  stock  company,  with  J.  W.  Scott  and 
Cyrus  Jeffries  as  editors.  The  paper  suspended  again,  and  then  re- 
vived in  August,  1867,  by  H.  R.  Holsinger,  under  the  old  name  of 
Tyrone  Herald,  and  August,  1867,  sold  to  J.  L.  Holmes  and  C.  S.  W. 
Jones  in  April,  18(58,  and  after  April,  1869,  Jones  alone  conducted  it. 
W.  H.  H.  Brainerd  was  a  partner  in  1871  and  1872,  and  Al.  Ty hurst 
in  1875  and  1876.  Mr.  Jones  continues  to  this  date.  On  the  morn- 
ing of  July  8,  1880,  the  fine,  new,  three-story  Herald  building  was 
<lestroyed  l)y  fire,  together  with  a  large  portion  of  Mr.  Jones'  printing 
material.  With  commendable  energy  and  enterprise  on  the  part  of 
its  pu))lisher,  the  paper  made  its  appearance  as  if  nothing  had  haj>- 


John  H.  Keatly  coinmenced  the  publication  of  The  Leader  in  186(3, 
in  Hollidaysburg.  but  after  a  little  over  a  year  it  ceased,  and  the 
materials  went  to  Dr.  J.  P.  Thompson,  Williamsljurg,  who  started^ 
the  Temperance  Vindicator  in  the  spring  of  18()8.  About  18*70  the 
paper  was  sold  to  Col.  George  F.  McFarland,  who  removed  the  office- 
to  Harrisburg,  but  the  press,  etc.,  went  to  the  Bedford  Press  office. 

The  Altoona  Vindicator  was  started  May  1,  1868,  by  James 
F.  (Campbell.  In  the  summer  of  1869  the  office  was  ni^arly  alll 
destroyed  by  fire.  New  niati-rial  was  secured  and  the  offic(!  sold;, 
Dec«Mnber  10,  18(59,  to  D.  W.  Moore,  who  changed  the  name  to  the 
Altooiui  Sun,  June  2,  1870,  and  it  was  conducted  by  Moon^  &  Son, 
Moori^  &  McKinney,  and  again  by  Mr.  Moori^  alone.  John  W.  Mc- 
Kinney  entered  the  firm  February  10,  18*71.  The  Daily  Sun  was 
started  May  2,  1870.  and  continued  seven  montiis.  On  May  10,  1874, 
the  office  was  purchased  by  N.  C.  Barclay,  and  his  broth*^',  Cyrus  N. 
Biuclay,  who  enlarged  it,  January  1,  1879.  In  November,  1879,  a 
joint  stock  company  was  organized,  composed  of  a  larg<'  nundx'r  of 
the  most  active  Democrats  of  Blair,  ('ambria,  Huntingdon  and  Som- 
erset counties,  for  the])ur}>ose  of  (\stablishing  a  daily  Democi'atic  paper 
in  Altoona  in  connection  with  the  Weekly  Sun.  The  organization, 
under  the  title  of  "The  Sun  Printing  and  Publishing  Company,"  was 
completed  November  25,  1879,  by  the  election  of  a  board  of  directors^ 
as  ibllows:  Andrew  J.  Riley,  John  P.  Levan,  (ieorge  W.  Good*,  N. 
i).  Barclay,  S.  M.  Woodcock,  M.  Fitzharris,  Albert  F.  Heess,  F.  I>. 
Casaiiiive  and  R.  W.  Guthrie.  The  board  of  directors,  at  a  subsecjuent 
meeting,  elected  A.  J.  Riley,  president;  N.  C.  Barclay,  treasurer  and- 
l)nsiiiess  manager,  and  R.  W.  (iuthrie,  clerk.  William  P.  P^irey  was 
elected  as  nuinaging  editor,  John  M.  Furey,  city  editor,  and  Cyrus  N. 
Barcliiy  sui)erintendent  of  the  |)rinting  dejcirtnient.  The  first  num-^ 
ber  of  the  Altoona  Daily  Siui  was  issued  Dcccnilier  11,  1S7'.). 

The  Tvrcuie  i>liide  was  established  l»y  J.  L.  Holmes,  June  1,  1870, 
Avho  sold  the  office  to  Geo.  Strou)*,  Noveml)er  22,  1S72,  who  changed' 
the  nanu'  to  Tyrone  Democrat,  iind  continued  its  ])ubIieation  untiK 
July  S,   18S(»,  when  tlie  office  was  (lestroye(l  by  fire. 

The  Altoona  Ba|»tist,  first  four  pages,  afterwards  eight  pages,  pub- 
lished in  the  interest  of  the  First  Ba}>tist  church  of  Altoona;  estab- 
lished November,  IS78;  Rev.  Wm.  Codville,  editor.  It  was  i»idilisliedi 
bv  Harry  Sle]),  for  about  one  y<'ar,  when  it  wa>^  discontinued. 

The  Evening  Mirror  was  started  in  Altooiui,  June  18,  ls74,  by 
Harry  Slep  and  (ieo.  J.  Akers.  It  was  a  i)enny  daily,  foui-  columns. 
S<'i)teniber  14  it  was  enlarged   to   live   columns.       W.  J.  Fleming  en- 


tcrcd  tile  firm  NovciuIxt  In,  1  S74.  Mny  oO,  I  S'Tn,  it  was  enlar^-cd  to  six 
('(iluiiiiis,  price  two  ct'iits,  and  forty  cents  per  month.  Novenilxn"  IG, 
1877,  Harry  Slcp  became  sole  pro|)rietor,  1)nt  his  health  faih'ri^-,  he 
sold  the  pajK-r,  on  Decembei-  1,  !S7s,  to  W.  K.  Bucking-ham  sind  W. 
S.  Xicoden;us,  who,  iif'ter  a  few  months,  chanued  it  from  sm  Indepon- 
dent  t(i  ii  Democratic  pajK'r,  and  mimed  it  th<'  Democnitic  Call. 
Shortly  after  it  resumed  its  independence  from  })arty  shackles  and 
bore  the  name  of  Kvenin.y  Tall.  It  pnssed  into  the  hands  of  Alex- 
ander it  Herr,  w  iio  conducted  it  ii  few  months,  and  on  Januarv  I, 
1880,  Edward  B.  Haines,  who,  for  six  years  ]»reviously  conducted 
the  Willianisi)ort  Banner,  ])urchased  the  controlling  interest  iind  in- 
augurated active  measures  for  the  imju-ovement  of  the  j»a])er.  He 
constructed  a  suitiiliie  building  iidjoining  the  one  previously  occupied, 
stocked  it  with  new  printing  materials,  introduced  steam,  etc.,  ai>d  at 
present  ])ublishes,  in  addition  to  th<'  daily  edition,  a  weekly  edition  of 
four  pages,  and  also  a  Sunday  edition  styled  the  Sunday  Call,  four 
])ages,  eight  columns  to  the  ])age. 

The  (^)ve  Echo  was  [(ublished  about  1x74  and  1875,  in  Martins- 
burg,  by  Ifenry  and  J(din  Brumbaugh,  and  subseijuently  by  B.  F. 
Lehnuui ;  but  the  Echo  soon  ceased  for  lack  of  support. 

In  1874  1).  B.  Ream  commenciMl  a  temperance  i)a])er  in  Altoona 
called  the  Living  Age.  but  the  :ig<'  of  its  living  soon  ended,  and  the 
nuiterials  were  purchased  by  (tco.  J.  Akers,  who  estal)lished  a  Sunday 
paper,  ciilled  the  (ilobe,  which,  after  a  coui)le  of  months,  he  c(»n- 
verted  into  a  daily,  in  the  beginning  of  1877,  which  I'an  for  sometime, 
but  for  lack  of  oil  on  the  gudgeons  the  (irlobe  ceased  to  revolve  daily, 
and  the  ottice  was  purchased  and  run  )>y.Tohn  Tondinson  as  a  (lin'cn- 
back  pap<'r;    but  this  enterprise  also  failed. 

The  Home  Base,  a  base  ball  weekly,  was  jtublished  during  the  base 
ball  season  of  187(5,  by  Frank  McCullough,  at  .Mirrcu'  Printing  House. 

Her  Heutsche  \'olksfuehrer  (the  (Jeruian  I'eoplc^'s  Leader),  was 
started  in  Altoona  by  Harry  Sle)*,  March  28,  1878.  Tt  has  eight 
columns,  four  pages,  and  is  the  only  (Jerman  paper  in  the  Juiiiata 
vallew     It  is  not  political.     Published  at  Harry  Slep's  I'rinting  H(Mise. 

The  Musical  A.dvocate;  Altoona;  monthly;  establish<'d  July,  18T7 ; 
]\.  B.  Mahaftev.  editor  and  ])ublisher;   fifty  cents  per  ye^ar. 

The  (xospel  Trumpet,  published  in  Altctoiia.  m(mthlv:  estalilisfi<'d 
1878;  gratuitous;  T.  B.  Pattoii,  editor.  Printed  at  }Tarr\-  Step's 
Mirror  Printing  House. 

The  Altoona  Advance,  we<'kly.  by  Mr.  and  Mrs.  T.  P.  iyvuder, 
was  issued   first   on   May   8,  1879.      It    is  principally  devoted  to  com- 



—   TAN    HE    FOUND   AT   — 

IsTo.  1318  Eleventh   A\'eiiue,        -        Altoona,  Pa. 


Groceries  and  Provisions, 

Sugars,  Syrups,   Canned  Fruits,  Tobacco  and  Seqars. 



Eleventh  A\'eniie  and  Sixteenth  8ti-eet, 



—    DEALER   IN    — 

Dry    Goods,    Groceries, 

Eighth  Avenue  and   Nineteenth  Street. 



TERMS  :  $1.50  per  year,  invariably  in  adviince  ;  othorwise,  $2.00  per  year.     All  kinds 
ot  .Job  Work  at  reasonable  rates.    Office  in  Sprankle's  Building, 

Corner  11th  Avenue  and   ITth   Sti'eet,   Altoona. 


mercial  i)uri)os('s.  It  is  di-livcivil  five  at  vvvvy  house  in  the  city,  but 
in  the  county  where  it  also  circuhites,  a  small  subscription  price  is 
charjjred.  Its  political  views  are  Greenback- Labor,  Mr.  T.  I*.  Ryndor 
having-  been  the  first  man  in  the  State  to  advocate  a  new  party  on 
the  financiaJ  and  labor  issues.  It  beli(>ves  in  hi,yh  tariff,  high  wages 
and  cash  payments.  It  is  also  a  temperance  paper.  Mrs.  Rynder 
contri1)utes  largely  to  its  columns.  It  is  printed  at  Harry  Slep's 
Printing  House. 

In  August,  1819,  Ed.  J.  Slep  commenced  the  publication  of  th<* 
Youth's  Mirror,  a  creditable  monthly  sheet,  devoted  exclusively  to  the 
rising  generation,  which  is  still  successfully  published. 

Our  Work;  Altoona;  monthly;  established  February,  1880; 
published  by  the  Young  People's  Christian  Association  of  the  Second 
Presbyterian  church.     Printed  at  the  Mirror  Printing  House. 

The  Tyrone  Times,  started  as  a  semi-weekly  paper  on  June  1, 
1880,  shortly  after  changed  to  a  weekly.  Messrs.  Holmes  &  Wooden, 

Tbe  Book-Keeper  and  Pensnan  ;  Altoona;  established  August,  1880; 
J.  F.  Davis,  editor  and  proprietor ;  monthly ;  one  dollar  per  year.  Elev- 
enth avenue  and  Thirteenth  street. 

The  Marriage  Advocate;  Altoona;  e.'^tal^lished  1880;  J.  F. Davis-, 
editor  and  proprietor;  monthly;  fifty  cents  per  year.  Eleventh  ave- 
nue and  Thirteenth  street. 

The  first  Altoona  City  Directory  of  any  consequence  was  pub- 
lished in  18T3,  l)y  Thomas  H.  Greevy,  present  City  Recorder.  The 
accuracy  and  extent  of  the  information  it  contained  made  it  extremely 
valuaV)]e.  This  was  followed  by  a  directory  for  1875-6  by  the  same 
author.  The  directory  for  1878-9  was  published  l)y  William  H. 
Renner,  of  Altoona,  which  constituted  a  complete  compendium  of 
such  information  as  is  sought  in  a  publication  of  that  kind.  The 
directory  for  1880-1,  Webb  Brothers  &  Co.,  of  New  York,  publishers, 
is  Iiefore  the  public. 

For  the  year  1875,  George  J.  Akers  compiled  "The  Mirror  Hancf- 
Book  and  Comi)endium  of  Facts,"  a  pamphlet  of  forty-seven  pages. 
It  contained  a  synopsis  of  the  local  occurrences  of  the  year  (1875), 
marriages  and  deaths;  interments  in  Fairview  Cemetery;  State,  county 
and  city  elections;  l)rief  history  of  Altoona;  list  of  city  and  county 
officers;  sketch  of  ])ublic  schools,  etc.;  making  it  a  valuable  book  of 
reference.     Harry  Slep,  publisher. 

In  the  early  part  of  1879,  "The  First  Venture,"  a  book  consisting 
of  one  hundred  and  eighty-seven  pieces  of  poetry  and  a  story  in  prose. 


entitled  "After  Many  Days,"  was  issued  from  the  press  of  Harry 
Slep.  It  contained  sixty  pages.  Harry  L.  Woods  was  the  author, 
and  was  also  the  author  of  a  book  of  Irish  tales,  entitled  "Pat.  Mul- 
doou's  Anecdotes."  Five  hundred  copies  were  issued,  which  com- 
manded a  ready  sale. 


Hi»]]idaysl)ury  Reg-ister,  weekly,  Hollidaysburg. 

Democratic  Standard,  weekly,  Hollidaysburg. 

Blair  County  Radical,  weekly,  Altoona. 

Altoona  Tril)une,  daily  and  weekly,  Altoona. 

Tyrone  Herald,  weekly,  Tyrone. 

Altoona  Sun,  daily  and  weekly,  Altoona 

Evening  Call,  daily,  weekly  and  Sunday,  Altoona. 

Musical  Advocate,  monthly,  Altoona. 

Der  Deutsche  Volksfuchrer  (German),  wt'ckly,  Altoona. 

Gospel  Trumjtet,  monthly,  Altoona. 

Altoona  Advance,  weekly,  Altoona. 

Youths'  Mirror,  monthly,  Altoona. 

Our  Work,  monthly,  Altoona. 

Tyrone  Times,  weekly,  Tyrone. 

Book-Keeper  and  Penman,  monthly,  Altoona. 

Marriage  Advocate,  monthly,  Altoona. 



Altoona  derived  its  name  from  tlie  Latin  word  "Altus,"  or  more 
directly  from  the  French  Avord  "Alto,"  signifying'  "high."  It  is 
situate  at  the  base  of  the  Allegheny  mountains,  1,168  feet  above  the 
level  of  the  sea.  Its  location  and  surroundings  are  rich  in  scenic 
beauty  and  atmospheric  purity,  so  much  so  that  it  has  become  a 
favorite  place  of  resort  for  tourists  during  the  summer  months.  The 
scenery  is  of  the  most  varied  description.  Within  a  radius  of  a  few 
miles  there  is  a  gradual  transition  from  the  graceful  and  picturesqu(> 
to  the  rugged  and  sublime.  A  short  distance  Avest  is  the  famous 
"Horseshoe  Bend."  [See  illustration.]  The  valley  here  separates 
into  tAvo  chasms,  but  by  a  grand  curve,  the  sides  of  Avhich  are  for 
some  distance  parallel  with  each  other,  the  road  crosses  both  ravines 
on  a  high  embankment,  cuts  aAvay  the  point  of  the  mountain  dividing 
them,  and  SAA^eeps  around  and  up  the  tremendous  Avestern  Avail. 
Looking  eastAvard  from  the  curve,  the  vieAv  is  peculiarly  impressive, 
while  at  Allegrippus,  Avhere  most  of  the  mountains  cluster,  the  vast 
hills  in  successive  ranges  roll  aAvay  in  billoAvy  saatHs  to  the  far  horizon. 
"During  the  summer,  tAvice  each  day,  an  open  "observation  car"  is 
attached  to  the  Day  Express  train  and  makes  the  round  trips  ))etAveen 
Altoona  and  Cresson  Springs — the  latter,  in  a  more  especial  sense, 
perhaps,  than  the  former,  possessing  a  reputation  as  one  of  the  most 
delightful  summer  resorts  in  the  country.     [See  engraving  of  Cresson.] 

Opportunity  is  afforded  for  another  pleasing  diversion  by  the 
vicinity  on  the  north  of  the  Wopsononoc  mountain,  easily  accessible 
to  carriages,  from  AA'^hose  summit  is  spread  before  the  eye  a  panoramic 
vicAV  Avhich,  in  the  opinion  of  experienced  travelers,  is  unsurpassed 
upon  either  continentin  all  those  features  Avhich  delight  and  inspire. 
It  comprises  the  .entire  valley  of  the  "Blue  Juniata,"  a  picture  of 
highly  cultivated  farms,  bounded  by  sAA'elling  ranges  of  hills,  Avhich 
gradually  fade  aAvay  in  the  azure  of  the  distant  horizon. 

The  celebrated  "Sinking  Spring  Valley,"  Avith  its  subterranean 
streams  and  immense  caverns,  lies  to  the  eastAA'ard,  Avhile  on  the 
south-east  is  the  Bell's  Gap  NarroAV  Gauge  railroad,  excursions  by 
Avhich  to  the  summits  of  the  mountains  are  among  the  most  satis- 
•factory  and  popular  diversions  of  life  in  Altoona. 




The  Best  Daily  Newspaper  published   in  Central  Pennsylvania. 


<»t"  any  paper  Ijetweeii  Pittsburg  and  Harrisburg. 

As  an  atlvertisiiiir  niedinin  it  is  nnexopllt^d.      It  also  contains  tbe  latest  telegrapliie 
and  local  news.    SUBSCBIPTION  PRICE,  40  Cents  per  Month. 

The  Weekly  Tribune, 

A  Thirty-two  cohnnn  paper,  devoted  entirely  to  news— miscellaneous  and  locail, 

and  is  considered  the  best  family  paper  in  the  State.    SUKSCRIPTION 

PRICE  :   $1. .10  per  year  in  advance. 

The  Tribune  Job  Priiitiiig  Rooms 

Have  the  tacilities  for  executing  all  kinds  of  BLANK  AND  BOOK  WORK,   at  the 
shortest  possible  notice,  at  the  most  reasonable  terms. 


Twelfth  Street,  bet.  Eleventh  and  Twelfth  Avenues,  Altoona. 



I.  W.  TOOMEY, 

Merchant  Tailor, 

Cornel'  11th  Avenue  and  ITtli  Sti'eet, 

Over  S])rankle's  Bee  Hive  Store,  Altoona. 

Fabrics  for  Clothing  of  the  latest  manufacture— Best  Materials— Most  approved) 
Figures  and  Styles  to  select  from— Best  Workmanship— Perfect  Fit. 




The  hotel  aecoiniiiochitioiis  l)otl»  of  Altoona  and  Cres^^oii,  as  sum- 
mer resorts,  are  not  only  sufficiently  ample,  hut  of  a  character  to 
please  the  most  fastidious.  The  Logan  has  long  enjoyed,  and 
richly  deserves  the  reputation  it  has  acquired  of  being  one  of  the  most 
completely  appointed  hotels  in  the  country,  and  since  its  erection  by 
the  Pennsylvania  Railroad  company  (1855)  has  served  as  a  mod(d 
for  similar  institutions.  The  system  of  electric  bells  has  recently 
been  introduced.  The  building  itself,  surrounded  by  Ijroad  piazzas, 
its  elegant  furnishing,  its  table  and  entire  management,  leave  nothing 
to  be  desired,  while  the  elevated  site  and  charming  surroundings 
combine  to  render  it  one  of  the  most  delightful  health  and  pleasure? 
resorts  in  the  country.  The  large  and  beautifully  shaded  lawn  affords 
a  fine  field  for  crocpiet  and  other  out-door  sport,  while  within  ten- 
pin  alleys,  liilliard  tables,  etc.,  provide  amjjle  facilities  for  recreation. 
In  addition  to  the  Logan  House,  Altoona  can  boast  of  other  hotels 
which  would  prove  creditable  to  cities  of  much  larger  growth. 

The  Mountain  House,  which  is  the  only  hotel  at  Cresson,  is  a 
very  extensive  frame  Iniilding,  and  stands  on  the  crest  of  a  hill  in 
the  midst  of  a  delightful  grove.  The  grounds  are  expansive  and  are 
handsomely  laid  out,  and  scattered  through  them  are  a  number  of 
cottages  designed  expressly  for  the  accommodation  of  families.  The 
liill  on  which  the  house  stands  is  always  fanned  by  a  delicious  breeze. 
Several  springs  of  medicinal  waters  flow  from  the  mountain  in  the 
vicinity,  and  pleasant  drives  lead  away  through  the  almost  unbroken 
forests.  The  Mountain  House  affords  accommodations  for  five  hun- 
dred guests.  Both  the  Mountain  House  at  Cres.son  and  the  Logan 
House  in  Altoona  are  under  the  general  management  of  the  Key- 
stone Hotel  company,  and  under  the  special  direction  oi'  that  truly 
efficient  and  polite  caterer,  Mr.  W.  D.  Tyler. 


We  have  already  adverted  to  the  fact  that,  in  1S49,  Altoona  wa;> 
conceived  by  the  Pennsylvania  Railroad.  The  site  of  the  city  in  that 
year  was  selected  by  the  officers  of  that  public  highway  as  the  most 
available  place  for  the  location  of  their  principal  workshops.  At  that 
time  this  portion  of  the  country  was  a  forest,  broken  only  here  and 
there  by  small  tracts  cleared  for  farming  purposes.  The  hills  and 
dales,  now  covered  with  the  most  striking  evidences  of  material 
prosperity  and  progress,  were  at  that  time  owned  by  William  Loudon,, 
David  Robison  and  Andrew  Green,  each  of  whom  had  a  farm. 



It  was  decided  ))y  tlie  officers  of  the  Pennsylvania  Railroad  that 
the  shops  shonld  be  located  on  the  farm  of  Mr.  Robison,  the  centre 
one  of  tlie  three,  and  arrang-ements  were  made  with  Mr.  Archibald 
Wright,  of  Philadelphia,  to  secure  it.  In  connection  with  the  pur- 
chase of  the  farm  the  following  story  is  told:  Mr.  Wright  sent  Mr. 
Cadwaladcr  to  make  the  purchase.  At  that  time  Mr.  Robison  lived 
in  an  old  log  liouse,  near  where  the  Logan  House  now  stands.  On 
his  arrival  he  found  Mr.  R.  engaged  in  l)utchering  hogs,  and  at  once 
made  known  his  errand,  as  it  had  been  previously  ascertained  that  he 
would  sell  for  $(),(»0().  Fortunately  for  Mr.  R.,  but  unfortunately  for 
Mr.  C,  the  latter  (h'opped  a  letter  from  his  jxx-ket,  which  was  picked 
up  and  read  by  Mrs.  Robison.  This  letter  authorized  Mr.  C.  to  i)ay 
$10,000  for  the  farm  rather  than  fail  in  the  iturchase.  Like  any  other 
good  Avife  she  immediately  communicated  this  information  to  her 
husband,  and  the  result  was  that  Mr.  C.  had  to  yield  to  the  demand 
of  $10,000  instead  of  $(),000. 

Mr.  Wright  located  the  original  plot  of  Altoona  upon  the  farm 
purchased  from  Mr.  Robison,  giving  to  the  Pennsylvania  Railroad 
company  some  fifteen  acres  u})on  which  to  erect  shops,  offices  and 
other  buildings.  At  the  time  the  plot  was  made  a  difficulty  sprung 
up  l)etween  Mr.  W.  and  the  farmers  on  either  side,  which  resulted  in 
disarrangement  of  the  streets  as  they  passed  from  one  farm  to  the 
other;  hence  the  unsightly  and  annoying  offsets  east  of  Eleventh 
street  and  west  of  Sixteenth  street.  As  soon  as  it  was  known  that  the 
Pennsylvania  Railroad  company  intended  locating  their  shops  at  this 
point,  Messrs.  (rreen  and  L(»udon  commenced  to  lay  out  and  sell  lots. 


The  plot  laid  out  on  the  R()))ison  farm  was  known  as  Altoona, 
while  that  portion  lying  east  of  Eleventh  street  was  known  as  Greens- 
burg,  and  that  west  of  Sixteenth  street  was  called  Loudonsville. 
Subsequently  another  addition  was  made  at  the  eastern  end  of  Greens- 
burg,  on  the  western  side  of  the  railroad,  ))eginning  near  or  at  Seventh 
.street.  This  part,  on  which  are  the  lower  Pennsylvania  Railroad 
.shops,  was  laid  out  by  George  R.  Mowry,  then  a  civil  engineer  of 
the  company,  and  E.  B.  McPike,  and  called  Logantown.  These  dis- 
tinctive names  were  retained  until  1868,  when  a  city  charter  was 
obtained,  and  these  farms,  together  Avith  land  lying  far  beyond  them, 
were  brought  within  the  city  limits,  when  ward  names  were  substi- 
tuted, and  the  old  names  dropped  out  of  use. 



Ill  the  siminicr  of  IS.tII  tlic  railroad  coiiipany  coininciiccd  the  erec- 
tion of  shoi)s.  At  that  time  the  cars  of  the  company  passed  over  the 
mountain  on  the  old  Portage  railroad,  the  mountain  division,  from 
this  i)laee  to  ('oneniau,yh,  not  l)ein<;'  eomi)leted.  One  passenger  train 
a  day,  hauling-  a  bagii-ag-e  ear  and  two  passeng-er  coaches,  carried  all 
the  people  traveling  east  and  wi'st  by  way  of  the  Juniata  valley.  A1 
that  time  the  road-bed  was  on  Ninth  avenue,  and  the  passeng-er  sta- 
tion was  located   near  where   the  locomotive  paint  shop  now  stands. 


In  the  spring  of  185fi  the  lot  upon  which  the  Brant  House  now 
stands  was  ofi'ered  for  $250,  and  refused.  Ten  years  after  it  was 
sold  for  $t,500.  This  will  convey  an  idea  of  the  rapid  advance  in  the 
price  of  property  when  it  was  ascertained  that  Altoona  was  to  1)0 
made  the  head-quarters  of  the  Pennsylvania  Railroad  company. 


The  tirst  banking-  house  was  opened  about  the  year  1853,  by 
•Messrs.  Bell,  Johnston,  Jack  &  Co.,  of  Hollidaysburg,  Wm.  M. 
Lloyd  being-  one  of  the  tirm.  About  the  year  1857  or  1858,  Messrs. 
Bell,  Johnston  and  Jack  retired,  and  the  name  of  the  firm  was  changed 
to  that  of  Wm.  M.  Lloyd  k  Co.  Mr.  Lloyd  continued  to  do  a  large 
banking  business  until  overtaken  by  the  panic  of  1873,  and  he  sub- 
.sequently  ceased  Inisiness.  Between  those  periods  the  First  National, 
Mechanics'  Savings  and  the  Altoona  banks  were  established,  and 
have  braved  all  di.sasters,  surmounted  all  ol)stacles,  and  are  now  doing 
a  fair  business,  and  regarded  as  solvent  as  any  in  the  country. 


In  1852  and  1853  the  first  churches  were  erected  in  Altoona. 
Previous  to  that  time  the  only  place  of  worship  was  the  old  L^nion 
school-house,  which,  for  a  long  time,  was  used  by  a  colored  family  as 
a  place  of  residence  and  the  African  M.  E.  congregation  as  a  place  of 
worship.  It  was  recently  torn  down,  and  a  neat  frame  superstructure 
erected  on  the  site,  near  the  corner  of  Eleventh  avenue  and  Sixteenth 
street,  for  worship  l)y  the  African  M.  E.  congregation.  [See  Churches 
on  subsequent  pages.] 


The  stream  of  water  first  introduced  by  the  Pennsylvania  Railroad 
company,  and  from  which  the  pul^lic  was  for  a  time  supplied  by  the  gas 

6  4 



V    H 

V^    X 


Tlie  DAILY  SL'Nisa  larire.  neatly  printed,  lively  Denioeiatie  newspaper,  issued 

everv  afternoon,  (exeept  Snn<iav)  ami   sei-v^ii  bv  carrieis  in  the  city  at  40 

Cents  per  Month.    By  Mail,  $5.00  per  Year,  or  ."lO  cents  ]ier  nioritli. 

TiK-   .">nn   contains  the   lejiniar  Associated   Press  Telegraphic 

Desitatchcs  up  to  lour  o'clock  p.  ni.  and  is  the 


Daily  Newspaper  in  Central  Pennsylvania. 

THE    ^^A^EEKLY    SUN 



Of  the  Sun  office  is  thoroughly  equipped,  and  all  orders  for  printing,  ruling  and 
binding,  will  he  promptly  tilled.     Aildress, 


N.  C.  Barclay,  Business  Manager. 

M.  J.  SMITH, 

(OF    NEW    YOUK,) 


Horses  shO(f  of  flat  feet,  split  hoof,  quarter  crack,  overreaching  and  interfering 

Every  other  kind  of  work,  including  Iron   ^Vork  for  Wagons,   Carriages, 

Fanning  Iinplements.  Machinery,  etc.,  at  the  Lowest  Prices. 


Eleventh  Street,  iDetAveen   Tenth  and   Eleventh 
AA^enues,  Altoona,  Pa. 


and  wiiter  company,  was  foinnl  insiiHifirnt.  tlu-  inen-asc  of  railroad 
shops  requiring,  at  least  in  the  sunnner,  all  the  water  of  the  stream. 
The  city  council  was  urged  to  sui)ply  the  town  from  some  other 
quarter,  and  finally  selected  Kittanning  and  Burgoon  runs,  altout  four 
miles  west  of  the  city.  A  twenty-inch  pipe  l)rings  the  water  frcnn  a 
dam  at  Kittanning  Point  to  a  reservoir  located  on  Prospect  Hill, 
which  has  a  capacity  of  3,275,000  gallons.  This  improvement  cost 
over  $200,000.  Besides  the  amount  exi)ended  for  water,  $150,000 
were  expended  for  i)utting  in  sewers  and  Macadamizing  the  principal 
streets.  Eighth  and  P^leventb  avenues,  the  principal  ones  on  eacii 
side  of  the  railroad,  with  the  streets  adjacent,  have  been  proi)erly 
sewered  and  Macadamized.     [More  on  this  subject  hereafter.] 


Among  the  notable  events  in  the  history  of  Altoona  was  the  cele- 
bration of  the  centennial  year.  In  a  communication,  written  by  our 
veneval)le  and  highly-esteemed  townsman,  H.  Fettinger,  sr.,  and  pub- 
lished in  the  Evening  Mirror,  December  27,  1875,  attention  Avas 
■called  to  the  propriety  and  importance  of  a  public  demonstration  on 
the  occasion  of  the  out-going  of  the  last  year  of  the  century  of 
our  national  independence.  The  suggestion  was  responded  to,  and 
in  a  few  days,  such  was  the  activity  displayed  by  our  leading  citizens, 
preparations  were  made  for  the  grandest  demonstration  that  had  ever 
"been  witnessed  in  our  Mountain  City.  We  append  a  truthful  and 
graphic  narrative  of  the  proceedings  as  they  appeared  in  the  Evening 
Mirror  of  January  1,  187G.  The  report  was  made  ))y  George  J. 
Akers,  one  of  the  editors  of  that  paper.     We  quote  : 

"  The  largest  and  grandest  demonstration  ever  witnessed  in  this 
city  took  place  last  night,  the  occasion  being  the  inauguration  of  the 
centennial  year.  The  outpouring  of  the  people  was  immense,  and 
not  an  accident  occurred  to  mar  the  enjoyment  of  the  people.  At  an 
early  hour  the  streets  were  thronged  with  an  immense  multitude,  and 
presented  a  brilliant  and  lively  spectacle. 

"  The  doors  of  the  Opera  House  were  thrown  open  at  eight  o'clock, 
and  in  less  than  twenty  minutes  it  was  im}>ossible  to  obtain  standing 
room,  and  hundreds  of  persons  were  compelled  to  forego  the  pleasure 
of  attending  the  exercises  there.  At  ten  minutes  before  nine  o'clock 
the  City  Band  marched  to  the  Opera  House,  playing  the  old  familiar 
air,  'Yankee  Doodle,'  shortly  after  which  the  curtain  slowly  rose. 
Arranged  in  appropriate  order  were  thirteen  little  girls  representing 
the  thirteen  original  States  of  the  Union,  as  follows; 

()(>  HISTORY    OF    AliTOONA    AND    BLAIR    COUNTY. 

Massachusetts— Miss  Mary  I'attoii.  Delaware— Miss  Ketta  Sniitli. 

New  Haiupslure— Miss  Jessie  Murray.  ,  Maryland— Miss  Eimiia  Ofleiiwalder. 

Khode  Island— Miss  Tillie  Smith.  |  Virginia— Miss  .lennic  Powel. 

Connecticut — Miss  Niiinic  Diiwiiian.  i  North  Carolina— .Miss  .Vnnie  Kerr. 

New  Jersey— Miss  Maictrie  Coont-v.  1  South  Carolina— Miss  Jennie  Smith. 

New  York— Miss  Katf  F.  F"ettin.i,'er.  Georgia— Miss  Clara  Wald. 

Pennsylvania— iMiss  Kllcu  Sliusttn-.  i 

"The  little  ^'ii'ls  were  dressed  in  white,  with  blue  sashes,  bearing- 
the  iiaiHcs  of  the  States  represented  by  them.  In  the  centre  of  the 
stage  stood  a  beautiful  (>veriiTeeii  pine  tree,  representing-  the  "Tree  of 
Liberty,"  deeorated  with  thirty-seven  small  flags,  representing  all  tho 
States  now  in  the  Union.  The  whole  arrangement  of  the  stage  was 
under  the  direct  supervision  of  H.  Fettinger,  sr.  The  overture  on 
the  grand  piano,  by  Professor  U.  S.  Tjutz,  was  ])erformed  at  al)out ' 
nine  o'clock,  but  it  was  sometime  afterwards  that  the  Altoona  City 
Band  took  their  position  on  the  stage,  immediately  in  the  rear  of  the 
'little  girls,' and  when  the  curtain  rose  a  second  time  the  band  played 
'Hail  Colilmliia.'  The  rising  of  the  curtain  was  the  signal  for  a 
tremendous  burst  of  applause.  After  a  slight  pause  the  audience  again 
'brought  down  the  house'  in  appreciation  of  their  delight  at  the  beautv 
of  the  tableau.  AVlieu  t  lie  curtain  was  again  raised,  the  (ilee  Club,  com- 
])ose<l  of  the  following  ladies  and  genth'Uien.  ap[)eared  and  sung  in 
elegant  style,  'My  Country  'Tis  of  Thee.'  So})rano,  Miss  Lizzie  Sny- 
der and  Miss  Libbie  Hindman;  alto.  Miss  Carrie  Bowman  and  Miss 
Maggie  Hindman;  tenor,  Wm.  Mills  and  T.  AV.  Wiley:  bass,  E.  M. 
Warren  and  E.  J.  Weston;    ]>ianist,  T'rof.  T^.  S.  IjUtz. 

"His  Honor  May(»r  (lilland,  then  appeared  and  said:  'We  have 
asseni1)le(l  here  to-night  to  celebrate  the  inauguraticdi  of  the  centen- 
nial year  of  our  indeix'udence  as  a  nation,  to  honor  the  memories  of 
those  who  laid  down  their  lives  for  the  blessings  of  freedom  w^hich  " 
we,  as  a  i»e(jj)le,  now  enjoy.  They  freely  jtourecl  out  their  blood  to 
cement  the  Union,  and  we  are  hei'e  to-night  to  do  them  and  their 
memories  the  honor  which  their  deeds  so  justly  merit.  There  are 
those  here  who  will  addr<'ss  you.  With  these  few  brief  remarks  I 
wish  you  oni^  and  all  a  Happy  New  Veai'.'  ' 

"The  (Jlee  Clul)  then  saug  the  'Red,  AVhite  and  Blue,"  in  excel- 
lent style,  after  which  I).  Oi'i'  Ah'.Xiinder  jimposed  three  cheers  for  the 
'l\e(|.  White  and  Blue."'  They  were  given  with  a  will.  Rev.  C.  T. 
Steck  then  read  'John  Adams  on  the  Declaration,'  a  most  appropriate 
selection,  and  most  c.xeellently  rendei'ed.  Koliert  A.  Clarke,  in  a 
clear  and  distinct  Noice,  then  read  the  Declaration  of  Independence. 
The  (xlee  Club  again  sang  ttie  'Red,  White  and  Blue."  th<'  audience 
joining  in  the  chorus.  A  poem  relating  to  the  ringing  of  the  memor- 
able Tiiberty    Bell  on  the  announcement  of  the  ])assag('  of  the  Declara- 


tion  of  Iml('|)cii(lfiicc  was  read  liv  Ilt-v.  C.  T.  St»;ck.  T\\('.  hand  tlicii 
vciulcivd  the  'Star  Si)aiij^lc(l  Banner'  and  tlic  '  Med,  Wliitc  and  Blue,'' 
after  wliicl)  Wni.  T^ee  Woodcock  addressed  the  audience  (»n  matters 
rolatinii'  to  the  past  and  present  of  our  i^'htrious  country.  Tlie  '  Ivock 
of  Tjihei-ty'  was  ne.\t  sunu'  l)y  the  Gh'e  Chil).  At  the  conchision  of 
the  sinuinu-  the  l)and  struck  uj*  '  Yankise  Doodle,' and  the  audience 
joined  with  hands  and  feet.  Kev.  Steck  tlien  read  the  stiri'in.n'  and 
ai)i)ropriate  poem  '  E  l*luril)us  Unum.'  Ilev.  II.  Baker  then  appeared 
on  the  St  a, ye  and  made  a  1)rief,  terse  and  eht(pn'nt  speech.  D.  H.  Wil- 
liams was  the  ne.xt  speaker  ;  h<'  acciuitted  himself  creditably.  The; 
'little  uirls'  were  auain  arran.ii-ed  alonsz- the  front  of  the  staj>-e ;  the 
(ilee  dull  took  a  jtosition  imme(liately  behind  them;  then  followed 
the  sino'iiio-  of  the  'Star  Sjyan.uled  Banner.'  J*.  S.  Ake  recited  the 
followin.ii'  original  ai)ostroi)he  to  t lie  American  eaj^le  :  '  The  Annn-ic^an 
eaule  is  the  lar<i'est  bii'd  in  the  world — with  his  riyht  foot  perched  on 
the  Rocky  A[ountains,  his  left  on  the  Alle.iiheines;  with  one  winj^- 
spi'ead  over  the  Pacilic,  the  other  over  the  Atlantic;  with  one  eye 
fixed  on  Mexico,  the  other  on  Cuba;  his  tail  spread  over  Canada,  and 
])ickin.a'  for  all  South  America;  is  destined  to  carry  the  Stars  and 
StrijK's  to  all  the  nations  of  the  earth,  and  freedom  to  all  the  iiihalt- 
itants  thereof;  he  can  s])read  his  winffs  wi(h'r  and  soar  hiirher  than 
any  other  bird  that  soars  in  the  heavens.  When  the  eati'le  squeals  the 
lion  trenddes  and  snakes  seek  their  hidin<i'  jilaces.'  This  concluded 
the  in-door  exercises.  The  band  struck  uj)  'Hail  ('olumbia,'  amid  the 
shouts  and  yells  of  the  \ast  multitude. 

"After  tlie  exercises  in  the  Opera  House  had  concluded,  the  dense 
crowd  therein  assembled  jxiured  out  int(t  the  streets  and  swelled  the 
immense  thrones  there  coni>-reg'ated.  Evei'v  door  step,  balconv,  door 
and  window  alonti'  Eleventh  avenue  was  occupied  bv  persons  anxious 
to  obtain  a  better  \iew  of  the  proceediniis  on  the  streets.  The  interval 
from  eleven  until  twelve  o'clock  was  consum<'d  in  illnminatini;'  the 
houses,  preparinti'  for  the  pai'ade  and  u'eneral  jollification. 

"About  tweh'e  o'clock  St.  .I(din"s  Literary  Societv.  nuniberinii' 
eighty  men,  attii'ed  in  re.u-alia,  with  torches  and  national  colors,  niar(di«;d 
down  the  east  side  of  Eleventh  avenue  an<l  hiiTted  in  front  of  Marsh's 
tailoring;-  estal)lishment.  The  Kmpii-e  Hook  an<l  T^adder  com|»anv, 
i'ully  ('(puiiped  and  carryiuii'  axes  and  torches,  simultaneously  inarched 
(htwii  the  west<-rn  side  of  the  avenue,  halted  opposite  Stcdilc's  hotel, 
and  opened  order  to  allow  the  (Jood  Will  En.iiine  company  to  pass 
thron.iih.  In  the  meantime  St.  John's  Society  mar«died  down  to 
Eleventh  street,  across  to  the  west    side    of   Eleventh    avenue,  and 




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of  any  paper  in  Altoona. 

JOB  PRINTING  H  S?mRnY-T^:^n^!^^^c^^^:i^:^^. 

in  IMair  County.    PIMCl-JS  LO\V. 

E.  B.  HAINES,  Proprietor, 



T    D 



H     N 




All  Work  Guaranteed  in  Material  and  Execution. 

Employing  a  large  number  of  flrst-class  mechanics,  he  is  prepared  to  fill  all  orders 
with  promptness  and  dispatch. 


Shop:  Corner   11th  Avenue  and   11th  Street, 

([N    B.\SKMEXT.) 


halted.  Thr  Latta  Guard,  headed  by  their  drum  eorps,  ne.\t  luarehed 
uj)  Eleventh  avenue  to  Eleventh  street  and  iialte(l  ;it  the  Opera  House. 
The  E.xcelsiur  Hose  company  apjK-ared  at  tliis  juncture  and  took  a 
position  on  the  avenue,  soon  after  which  the  Altoona  Eng-ine  company 
(P.  R.  R.)  marched  up  Twelfth  street  to  Twelfth  avenue,  down  Twelfth 
avenue  to  Eleventh  street,  along  Eleventh  street  to  Eleventh  avenue, 
and  halted ;  they  were  attired  in  full  equipments,  bearing  axes  and 
torches  and  headed  ])y  their  drum  corps.  Aids  Hamlin  and  Alexan- 
der having  arrived  on  prancing  steeds  some  time  before,  busied  them- 
selves in  forming  the  line,  in  which  labors  they  were  subsequently 
assisted  by  Messrs.  Cornman,  Fries,  Hurd,  Meyers  and  Crozier,  a.^sist- 
ant  aids.  During  the  formation  of  the  line  the  immense  throng  of 
|3eople  maintained  an  uninterrupted  cheering  from  one  end  of  the  avenue 
to  the  other.  Fire-works  were  set  oft"  in  profusion,  fire-arms  discharged, 
and  the  general  enthusiasm  was  deafening. 

"Precisely  at  twelve  o'clock,  midnight,  the  Vigilant  ))ell  gave  the 
signal,  and  from  every  church  steeple,  from  the  school  houses,  shops 
and  engine  bouses  the  glad  tidings  of  great  joy  went  forth  and  rever- 
berated through  the  atmosphere  unto  all  the  inhabitants  of  our  Moun- 
tain City,  reminding  us  that  the  grandest  new  year  of  the  closing 
century  was  being  l)orn.  Simultaneous  with  the  ringing  of  the  bells, 
the  locomotives  in  the  yards  of  the  Pennsylvania  Railroad  company 
sounded  their  shrill  whistles;  the  bon-fires  on  the  hills  were  lighted; 
the  cannons  on  Reservoir  and  Go.spel  hills  thundered;  various  colored 
lights  appeared  in  various  parts  of  the  city  ;  windows  were  brilliantly 
illuminated,  and  the  whole  city  was  aglow  with  many  colored  lights. 
Such  a  scene  was  never  before  seen  or  heard  in  the  city  of  Altoona. 
At  precisely  fifteen  minutes  past  twelve  o'clock,  Chief  Marshal  Stewart 
(dashed  up  Twelfth  street  on  his  'white  charger,'  and  assumed  command 
of  the  i>rocession.  In  a  moment  the  command  w^as  given,  and  the 
procession  of  over  a  thousand  men  were  in  motion.  The  uniforms, 
regalias,  axes  and  horns  of  those  composing  the  parade,  sparkled  amid 
the  glare  of  the  torches.  The  music  served  to  render  the  scene  more 
impressive.  The  following  was  the  order  of  the  procession:  (1)  The 
Chief  Marshal,  plumed,  and  wearing  a  jeweled  sash,  on  a  spirited  white 
charger,  accompanied  by  his  aids;  (2)  Latta  Guards,  in  full  uniform; 
(3)  Altoona  City  Cornet  Band;  (4)  Good  Will  Steam  Fire  Engine 
company;  (5)  Empire  Hook  and  Ladder  company;  ((>)  Mountain 
City  Cornet  Band;  (T)  Vigilant  Steam  Fire  Engine  company ;  (8) 
Excelsior  Hose  company;  (9)  Altoona  Steam  Fire  Engine  comi)any; 


(10)  St.  John's  Literary  and  Benevolent    Society;    (11)    Keystone 
Cornet  Band  ;  (12)  Cavalcade  of  citizens. 

Citizens  vied  with  each  other  in  decorating  their  resp(!etive  resi- 
dences and  places  of  business  with  bvmting,  flags,  ensigns,  arches,  etc., 
in  order  to  adorn  the  triumph  of  our  arms,  to  perpetuate  a  reniem- 
l)rance  of  our  national  independence,  as  well  as  to  exhiint  an  appi'ecia- 
tion  of  the  superior  blessings  we  enjoy  in  the  "land  of  the  free  and  the 
home  of  the  brave." 


On  the  following  Fourth  of  July  every  house  and  every  street  was 
decollated  with  flags,  etc.  The  ])rocession,  compcjsed  of  military,  patri- 
otic personations,  the  fire  department,  benevolent  and  civic  societies, 
the  employes  of  our  great  wm'k-shops,  our  tradesmen  and  artisans  at 
Avork,  each  at  his  particular  vocation,  mountcil  on  wagons  drawn  by 
richly  caparisoned  horses,  and  citizens  in  carriages  and  on  foot,  was 
one  that  was  scarcely  surpassed  anywhere.  Even  the  farmer  with  his 
hay  wagon  was  represented.  Th(^  ])roce8sion,  after  moving  through 
the  principal  streets  and  avenues,  halted  at  a  stand  (greeted-  in  a 
field  belonging  to  the  Pennsylvania  Railroad  company,  in  the  eastern 
])art  of  the  city,  where  the  immense  concourse  of  people  were  suitably 
and  patriotically  addressed  l)y  Judge  John  P.  Blair,  of  Indiana  county. 
A  violent  storm  at  three  o'clock  p.  m.,  }>ut  an  end  to  the  gorgeous 


The  next  interesting  event — mournfully  interesting,  we  are  justified 
in  saying,  and  in  striking  contrast  with  the  recital  immediately  pre- 
ceding— was  the  railroad  strike,  which  originated  with  the  disaffected 
♦■mployes  of  the  Baltimore  dz  Ohio  Kailroad,  and  extended  to  the 
])rineipal  railroads  of  the  country.  Without  exhausting  time  or  <)ccu- 
jtying  si»aee  in  explaining  the  eircunistanc-es  wliich  le(l  to  the  ince]»tion 
of  the  strike,  presuming  that  this  subject  is  familiar  to  our  readers,  we 
will  remark  that  on  July  17,  LStT,  seventy-five  or  eighty  engines  had 
))een  congregated  at  Martinsl)urg,  W.  Va.,  a  station  of  the  Baltimore 
&  Ohio  railroad,  none  of  which  were  allowecl  to  depart.  Col.  Faulk- 
ner, with  seventy-ti\-e  men  of  the  liglit  infantry  guards,  arrived  at  that 
])oint  with  loade(l  muskets  and  took  charge  of  one  of  tlie  westward- 
bound  freight  trains  which  liad  been  detained  l)y  the  strikers  there. 
He  was  confronted  by  the  strikers,  who  had  armed  themselves  with 
all  kinds  of  weapons.      On  the  day  mentioned  no  trains  left  Baltinnu'e. 


The  Governor  ordered  out  the  Matthews'  jrnards,  of  Wheeling-,  to 
assist  in  quelling  the  riot  which  had  l)roken  out  at  that  point.  Tlu; 
riot  having  quickly  assumed  gigantic  proportions,  on  account  of  i)re- 
concert  of  action  on  the  part  of  the  strikers,  on  the  ver}^  next  (hiy 
(July  18),  Governor  Matthews  called  upon  the  President  for  Unitxid 
States  troops,  which  were  promptly  furnished.  On  July  19  the  strike 
became  general,  extending  from  Martinsburg  to  Chicago — riotous  pro- 
ceedings being  enacted  at  Parkersburg,  W.  Va.;  Benwood,  Columbus 
and  New^ark,  Ohio;  Chicago,  etc.  The  temporary  success  of  the  Balti- 
more &  Ohio  brakemen  and  firemen  there — who  were  the  parties  who 
inaugurated  the  disturbances — encouraged  those  who  occupied  relative 
positions  in  the  employ  of  the  Pennsylvania  Bailroad  company,  and 
out  of  these  initiatory  i)roceedings  grew  our  own  troubles.  With  this 
preamble,  we  turn  (Uir  attention  to 


On  July  19,  1877,  our  city  was  thrown  into  a  furore  of  excitement 
by  the  announcement  that  the  freight  conductors  and  brakemen  on  the 
Pennsylvania  railroad  had  struck  at  Pittsburg — that  they  not  only 
refused  to  go  out  Avith  their  trains  when  the  latter  were  ready,  but 
that  they  would  not  let  the  trains  go  out.  When  the  strike  was. 
inaugurated  in  the  morning,  none  Init  freight  conductors  and  brake- 
men  were  concerned  in  it,  but  at  night  the  freight  engineers  and  tire- 
men  joined  them.  The  strikers  were  in  good  spirits,  and  confident 
that  all  their  dc^nauds  would  be  acceded  to — that  the  golden  opportu- 
nitv  had  arrived  to  lienefit  their  condition,  and  that  they  would  take 
advantage  of  it.  A  few  days  {irevious  the  following  order  had  been 
issued  liv  Superintendent  Pitcairn  : 

Pennsylvania  Railroad  Office  of  > 

(ienekal   \qent  .\nn  suterintendent  pittsburo  division,  ^ 

PiTTSni'RCi,  July  lb,  1877.  S 

NOTICE  TO   dispatchers. 

<)i»  aiKl  al'tor  Tluusday,  July  19,  1877.  two  tnilii.s  arc  to  bo  luu  on  Union  luul  twc/ 
train.s  on  National  Hne  tlirougli  between  Pittsburg  anU  Altoona,  thirty-six  cars  to  a 
train,  a  puslier  from  Conemavigh  to  Altoona.  No  passenger  engines  to  be  run  on. 
freight.  Balance  of  trains  to  divide  at  Derry,  rtrst  in  first  out.  Derry  to  be  head, 
quarters  eastward  where  engines  will  be  turned.  Between  Derry  and  Pittsburg 
all  double-headers,  thirty-six  cars  to  a  train,  or  as  many  as  they  eau  haul,  to  be  in- 
creased or  decreased,  in  the  judgment  of  dispatchers,  according  to  lading  in  cars. 

Hoi'.EUT  Pitcairn,  Sujierintendent. 

A  single  freight  train  is  a  locomotive  and  eighteen  cars.  The  crew 
comprises  an  engineer,  fireman,  conductor  and  three  brakemen.  What 
is  called  a  "double-header"  is  a  train  of  thirty-six  cars,  with  an  engine 
at  each  end.  Mr.  Pitcairn's  order  diil  not  provide  for  an  increase  in 
the  crew  in  proportion  to  the  increase  in  the  size  (^f  the  train.     The 




^  tlR 



650  Inches  of  Good  Reading  Matter  Eveiy  AYeek. 




HAERY  SLEP,  Proprietor, 

KO.    1122    EI^KVENTH    AVENUE,  ALTOONA,    PA. 




13tli  Avenue  and  IGtli  Street,  Altoona. 

(Ol'POSITE    FAUMEll.S'    HOTEL.) 

Pure  ^Vhite  Lead,  Linseed  Oil, 


A  tull  line  of  Fine  Colors  ground  in  Oil,  and  a  complete  stock  of  Painters'  and 

Grainers'  Brushes,  Putty,  Glas.s,  Nails,  etc.    Also,  Builders'  Hardware 






men  tliouy-ht  that  a  reduction  on  the  first  of  Juno  previous  of  ten  per 
cent,  and  tlien  an  increase  of  one  hundred  ])er  cent,  in  the  lal)or 
required  of  them  was  more  than  they  could  l)ear.  Previous  to  the 
issuance  of  tlie  order  the  custom  had  been  to  employ  four  men  besides 
the  en-rineer  and  fireman  in  moving  a  single  train  of  eighteen  cars. 
If  the  above  order  had  gone  into  effect  an  ordinary  crew  would  have 
had  to  take  charge  of  a  train  twice  the  usual  size.  This  would  have 
been  equivalent  to  the  discharge  of  every  other  man,  and  those  retained 
would  have  had  to  perform  double  work.  It  was  the  increase  in  the 
amount  of  labor,  the  uncertainty  as  to  who  would  be  discharged  and 
Avho  retained,  combined  with  the  dis.satisfaction  created  by  the  June 
reduction  in  pay  that  caused  the  strike.  From  the  Evening  Mirror 
of  this  city,  of  July  20,  Ave  extract  the  following  : 

"The  strike  has  not  reached  this  city  at  this  writing.  Groups  of 
persons,  engineers,  firemen,  brakemen,  shop  men  and  others  have  been 
discussing  the  affair  on  the  streets  since  morning.  Last  night  but 
three  coal  trains  arrived  from  the  west  in  this  city,  although  seventeen 
freight  trains  generally  arrive  during  the  night.  Messrs.  Robert  Pit- 
cairn  and  Frank  Thomson  were  in  the  city  last  night,  and  in  company 
with  G.  Clinton  Gardner,  left  for  Pittsburg  at  an  early  hour  this 
morning.  James  McCrea  was  in  the  city,  also,  but  left  for  Harrisburg 
on  Philadelphia  Express  last  night.  Lieutenant-Governor  John  Latta 
passed  through  the  city  last  night  to  Harrisburg  to  be  on  hand  in  case 
of  disturbance.  Governor  Hartranft  being  in  California.  Several 
freiu:ht  engineers,  firemen  and  crews  refused  to  take  their  trains  out 
of  the  city  last  night  and  this  morning.  Representatives  from  the 
western  division  are  in  the  city  and  are  in  consultation  with  train 
hands,  who  say  they  are  not  inciting  a  strike,  though  they  declare 
they  will  not  take  a  train  on  the  road  under  the  present  difficulties. 
Thomas  A.  Scott  passed  through  to  Pittsburg  this  forenoon. 


"At  an  early  period  of  the  morning  of  July  21,  three  train  loads  of 
soldiers,  en  route  to  Pittsburg,  passed  through  this  city.  As  they 
entered  the  depot  at  this  point  they  were  received  by  a  few  of  the 
railroad  employes  there  collected  with  expressions  of  disapproval. 
Thev  belonged  to  the  First  Division  of  Philadelphia,  and  were  com- 
posed of  the  First,  Second,  Third  and  Sixth  regiments,  one  thousand 
five  hundred  men,  under  the  command  of  Gen.  R.  M.  Brinton.  The 
German  Hussars  and  State  Fencibles  were  with  them.  Pismounted 
cavalry  and  artillery  were  noticeable  also.     At  this  point  four  large 


boxes  of  cartridges  were  put  on  board.  As  the  trains  left  the  depot 
here  the  coupling-  pins  of  the  engines  were  pulled  five  different  times. 
One  soldier  was  knocked  down  for  an  alleged  insult.  About  two 
hundred  railroaders  were  gathered  at  the  depot,  and  the  opinions  ex- 
pressed were  as  varied  as  the  characters  of  the  men.  A  stone  was 
thrown  just  as  the  last  train  went  out,  which  struck-  the  side  of  the 
last  engine,  and  a  link  was  thrown  which  struck  a  car. 


"About  10:35  same  morning  (July  21),  about  fifty  brakemen  assem- 
bled in  the  yard  of  the  railroad  company,  stopped  two  trains  laden 
with  stone,  and  refused  to  allow  the  other  engines  prepared  to  take 
the  trains  on  to  go  out  of  the  gate  at  the  round  house.  They  also 
sent  all  the  shifting  engines  in  but  one  for  passenger  use.  They 
allowed  all  passenger  trains  to  pass,  jjut  refused  passage  to  freights. 

"At  2:50  p.  m.,  as  the  Hollidaysburg  train  was  hauling  out  of  the 
depot,  with  some  freight  trains  attached,  the  strikers  cut  the  train  and 
would  not  allow  the  engine  to  proceed  until  the  freight  cars  were 
placed  on  a  siding.  At  5:20  p.  m.,  a  train  of  eight  cars,  containing 
about  four  hundred  soldiers,  under  command  of  Col.  H.  Kodgers, 
passed  through  the  city,  taking  supper  here.  Engineer  Philips  came 
out  on  engine  Xo.  924,  and  at  the  request  of  the  strikers  stepped  down, 
and  Jacob  Russell,  foreman  of  the  round  house,  took  the  engine. 
Engineer  James  Westfall  refused  to  come  down  from  engine  No.  136. 
One  striker  attempted  to  uncouple  the  engines  from  the  train  and  was 
pierced  through  the  arm  by  a  bayonet  in  the  hands  of  a  soldier.  A 
guard  was  thrown  out  around  the  engines,  and  when  the  trains  started 
several  of  the  guard  were  pulled  off  by  the  strikers.  One  man  Avas 
pulled  down  and  severely  beaten,  but  they  all  managed  to  get  on. 
After  this  the  train  was  fired  ui)on  and  stoned  by  the  strikers  around 
the  depot,  but  nevertheless  succeeded  in  threading  its  way  out  of  the 
city  en  route  for  Pittsljurg. 

"The  members  of  the  striking  body  disclaimed,  with  justice  to 
themselves,  that  the  stone  throwing,  etc.,  Avas  done  by  what  is  known 
in  the  city  as  the  'gut  gang,'  and  not  by  railroaders." 


In  the  afternoon,  i)revious  to  this  occurrence,  Sheriff  J.  M.  Stiffler 
issued  a  proclamation,  verbally,  in  the  depot,  requesting  the  assembled 
multitude  to  disperse  and  quietly  return  to  their  homes;  not  to  tres- 
pass on  any  of  the  railroad  company's  property;  preserve  the  peace; 


leave  all  trains  pass,  and  not  molest  or  stop  enjfineers  or  cnjrines  from 
work,  or  to  molest,  in  any  manner,  men  in  the  employ  of  the  Penn- 
sylvania Railroad  eompany. 

On  the  same  day  Mayor  (Jilland  issned  the  following- 


To  THE  Citizens  ok  Altoona:— As  tlu-  Cliief  Magistrate  of  this  city,  I  believe  it 
to  be  my  duty,  under  the  present  circumstances,  to  caution  the  citizens  and  others 
against  any  unlawful  assemblies  that  may  form  under  the  present  diftlcultles.  I 
trust  that  all  will  endeavor  to  prevent  any  disturbance  that  would  be  detrimental 
to  the  interests  of  our  city,  or  to  the  property  of  any  one  while  the  present  excite- 
ment lasts.  It  is  required  of  all  good  citizens  to  be  vigilant,  and  lend  their  personal 
influence  in  assisting  the  city  authoritii^s  in  carrying  out  that  which  seems  to  them 
best  for  the  safety  of  lives  and  property.  I  also  request  all  landlords  to  close  their 
bars  until  the  present  excitement  subsides.  This  request  I  expect  to  be  complied 
with,  and  if  not,  those  who  tlisregard  it  will  be  held  responsible  under  the  law.  Be- 
lieving that  our  citizens  are  law-abiding  and  that  we  have  no  occasion  to  chronicle 
riotous  conduct  on  the  part  of  any  one,  but  that  all  may  be  peace  and  quietness,  I 
remain,  very  truly,  «•  A.  Gilland,  Mayor. 

[The  above  had  the  desired  effect.] 


At  7  o'clock,  i>.  m..  a  large  number  of  citizens  assembled  at  the 
Brant  House.  Col.  David  Jones  introduced,  as  the  first  speaker, 
James  F.  Milliken,  who  had  been  colonel  of  the  Fifth  regiment,  N.  G. 
P.,  and  at  that  time  was  district  attorney  of  Blair  county.  Mr.  Mil- 
liken  said : 

"Gentlemen  and  Fellow-Citizens :— It  has  always  been  to  me  a 
great  pleasure  to  speak  to  and  for  the  workingmen,  and  to  defend  the 
oppressed  and  down-trodden.  A  strike  has  been  inaugurated  by  you 
against  the  Penn.sylvania  Railroad  company.  Let  me  ask  for  what 
purpose  you  strike  ?  Is  it  to  injure  the  railroad  company  ?  [Cries  of 
'No!'  'No!']  No!  You  strike  because  of  your  necessities;  be- 
cause your  wives  and  children  cry  to  you  for  bread — for  that  which 
you  are  unable  to  give.  Is  this  state  of  affairs  attributable  to  your 
indisposition  to  work  ?  This  needs  no  answer.  It  is  attributable  to 
the  inadetiuency  of  the  pay.  Every  man  not  controlled  by  the  Penn- 
sylvania railroad  is  with  you  heart  and  soul.  So  long  as  you  are  or- 
derly, interfering  in  no  man's  private  business,  you  will  have  the  sup- 
port of  Blair  county  and  Pennsylvania.  I  was  once  colonel  of  the 
Fifth  regiment,  and,  in  the  past,  have  encountered  a  good  deal  of  bad 
luck.  I  think  I  strike  a  good  streak  just  now.  And,  just  here,  I 
wish  to  add  one  thing.  Not  one  man  in  the  regiment  can  be  com- 
pelled to  turn  out.  If  any  one  turns  out  voluntarily,  you  can  mark 
him  as  one  who  wants  to  turn  out  against  you.  There  is  nothing  in 
the   militia  law   of  this  Commonwealth  which  can  be  construed  as 


J.  S.  BOOTJI. 

M.  H.  MACKEY. 


Planing  Mill. 




Rough  and  Dressed  Liimber, 

Flooring,   Weatherboarding,    Sash,   Window    Frames,    Doors,    Shutters, 

Blinds,  Mouldings,  &.C.      Scroll  Sawing,  Turning  and  Shaping 

in   all   its  branches. 

—   WE    MAKE    A    SPECIALTY    OF  — 



All  jobbing  promptly  atteinle.l  to  an<l  neatly  done.    Having  a  flist-class  Planing 
Will,  and  getting  all  qui-  material  from  first  liands,  we  are  prepared  to  con- 
tract (or  and  put  up  houses  as  cheap  and  as  quick  as  can  be  done  by 
any  other  linihlers.      All  work  done  under  the  supervision  of 
competent  foremen.    Plans  of  buildings  furnished  and 
estimates  made  on  short  notice. 

Mill  and  Office :  9th  Avenue,  between  lltli  and 
12tli  Streets,  Altoona,  Pa. 

-•S^For  the  convenience  of  those  who  are  employed  during  the  day,  the  office 
will  hf  open  in  the  evening,  from  7 :  30  to  9  o'clock,  where  you  will  find  Mr.  Mackey 
in  waiting.  Or  you  can  call  on  Mr.  Booth, at  his  residence,  6th  Avenue,  between  9th 
and  10th  Streets.  Being  practical  carpenters  themselves,  all  information  relative  to 
their  b\isiness  will  be  carefully  as  well  as  cheerfully  given. 


conii)iilsorv.  In  conclusion  I  would  onfVn'cc  the  axiom:  'United  we 
stand,  divided  we  fall.'  This  is  vour  time.  If  the  shop  men  turn 
out  now,  the  Pennsylvania  railroad  cannot  refuse  to  accede  to  the  de- 
mands of  the  workmen.  You  know  your  rights.  Stick  to  them,  and 
you  will  get  what  you  want,  and  what  you  are  entitled  to — a  fair 
day's  wages  for  a  fair  day's  work.  I  am  with  you  heart  and  soul. 
If  you  want  a  friend  you  will  find  one  in  Jim  Milliken  !     Good  night." 

Colonel  Jones  followed  Mr.  Milliken  in  a  sju'ech  which  substanti- 
ally covered  the  same  ground,  rendering  its  publication  or  even  an 
abstract  unnecessary. 

He  was  followed  in  turn  V)y  Frank  P.  Tierney,  whose  appear- 
ance was  greeted  with  cheers,  and  who  was  heard  with  respectful  at- 
tention. He  said  :  "  My  countrymen  !  You  have  refused  to  remain 
longer  in  the  employment  of  the  Pennsylvania  Railroad  company  at 
the  wages  you  have  Ijeen  receiving.  It  is,  undoubtedly,  your  right 
to  demand  from  your  employers  such  wages  as  would  justify  you  in 
remaining  in  its  employ.  Should  the  company  decline  to  accede  to 
your  demand,  you  are  justified  in  continuing  out  of  its  service  as  arti- 
sans or  workmen.  This  is  a  right  which,  under  the  law,  you  can  ex- 
ercise ;  but  in  doing  so,  3^ou  must  exercise  that  right  with  a  jealous 
regard  to  the  rights  of  others.  You  must  cast  your  eyes  upon  the 
written  and  well-recognized  law  which  governs  us  all  in  the  enjoy- 
ment of  our  rights,  and  by  it  be  governed.  Therefore,  gentlemen, 
you  had  better  reflect  well  what  you  are  doing  before  taking  any  rash 
step,  for  you  must  never  forget  that  those  Avho  disregard  the  law 
must,  in  the  end,  come  to  grief.  If  you  desire,  therefore,  to  succeed 
in  obtaining  your  object,  it  will  only  be  accomplished  by  legal  and 
proper  means — by  observing  and  respecting  the  rights  of  all  under 
the  law.  I  therefore  appeal  to  you  to  use  only  such  means  to  obtain 
the  end  you  seek.  I  also  appeal  to  our  citizens  who  are  not  in  the 
employ  of  the  railroad  company,  to  give  to  you  a  helping  hand  by 
the  use  of  legitimate  means.  And  I  further  appeal  to  the  railroad  of- 
ficials, if  there  be  any  present,  to  aid,  as  soon  as  possible,  in  securing 
an  increase  of  wages  for  the  workmen.  In  the  dark  hours  of  the 
panic  these  gentlemen  stood  faithfully  by  you,  and,  as  times  improve 
they  will  see,  as  far  as  they  can,  that  your  patience  will  be  rewarded. 
Their  interests  are  identical  Avith  yours.  Gentlemen,  I  thank  you 
for  this  mark  of  your  confidence  and  respect.     I  bid  you  good  night.'" 

In  response  to  urgent  and  repeated  calls,  Thomas  H.  Greevy, 
stepped  on  the  improvised  platform  (store  box)  and  addressed  his 
fellow-citizens.     The    following    is  a  synopsis  of  his  remarks:     "In 


an  assembly  like  this  it  is  impossible  for  me  to  say  thino:s  to  suit 
everybody.  Thus,  I  am  at  a  loss  to  know  what  to  say.  As  a  general 
thing  I  do  not  believe  in  strikes.  A  strike  is  a  means  which  should 
only  be  used  as  a  last  resort.  I  am  not  sufficiently  familiar  with  your 
demands  to  make  a  suitable  speech.  But  I  am  familiar  with  the  pre- 
carious condition  of  the  workingmen  all  over  the  country,  Avho  labor 
for  a  mere  pittance — scarcely  sufficient  to  keep  themselves  and  families 
from  starving.  I  know  that  you,  workingmen,  have  the  sympathy  of 
all  the  people  including  those  high  in  authority  in  this  city.  I  sym- 
pathize with  you,  but  you  must  preserve  the  peace ;  you  must  not  vi- 
olate the  law,  for  in  case  you  do  the  State  will  bring  all  its  machinery 
to  bear  upon  you.  There  is  one  other  point  to  which  I  will  direct 
your  attention.  No  strike  has  ever  succeeded  where  violence  was  re- 
sorted to.  Violence  was  invariably  met  by  violence,  and  ended  in 
the  discomfiture  of  the  strikers.  Let  me  warn  you — the  man  who 
advises  you  to  break  the  peace,  to  destroy  public  or  private  property, 
is  not  your  friend." 


During  the  evening  and  night  the  Latta  Guard  patrolled  the 
streets  for  the  protection  of  private  propert}'  and  the  maintenance  of 
law  and  order.  The  streets  were  thronged  with  an  excited  crowd. 
The  latter  portion  of  the  night  passed  quietly,  however,  no  freight 
trains  running  east  or  west  to  demand  the  attention  of  the  strikers. 


Next  day,  Sunday,  July  22,  was  characterized  by  the  shriek  of 
the  fife,  the  rattle  and  roll  of  the  drum,  the  marching  of  armed  troops 
through  our  heretofore  quiet  city,  the  rapid  movements  and  cheering 
of  men,  the  scream  of  the  locomotive  whistle,  all  strangely  intermingled 
with  the  solemn  tones  of  the  church  l)ells. 

About  9  o'clock  in  the  morning  ten  car  loads  of  troops,  aggregat- 
ing about  five  hundred,  compo.'ied  of  parts  of  the  First,  Second, 
Third,  Fifth,  Sixth  and  Twelfth  regiments,  under  the  command  f)f 
(Tcneral  Beaver,  arrived  in  this  city,  and  immediately  i)ulled  up  to  the 
upper  end  of  the  yard.  Here  breakfast  was  served  to  them,  and  their 
■engine  was  backed  into  the  upper  round  house.  The  strikers  then 
■closed  the  gates  of  the  round  house  yard  and  refused  to  allow  an  en- 
gine to  go  out  to  take  the  troops  to  rittsl)urg.  A  detachment  of 
Company  B,  Twelfth  regiment,  of  Williamsport,  Rolx'rt  M.  Fores- 
man,  captain,  under  the  conunand  of  Col.  Stead,  was  detailed  to  take 
■an   engine  from  the  round  house.     They  marched  up  to  the  round 


house  gate,  where  tliey  were  faced  and  surrounded  by  about  u  hun- 
dred cool  and  determined  strikers.  They  were  eoniiK>lli'd  to  halt 
within  six  feet  of  the  g'ate,  and  a))out  a  half  (U)zen  of  tiie  raih'oad 
men  stepped  into  the  ranks  and  laid  hold  of  muskets  in  the  hands  of 
the  soldiers  who  (piietly  and  not  unwillinji'ly  yielded  their  arms. 
Fearing  the  utter  demoralization  of  his  command,  Captain  Foresnum 
faced  the  crowd  and  attempted  to  (h-ive  back  the  more  venturesome^ 
at  the  point  of  his  sword,  when  a  huge  stone  was  thrown  which 
struck  him  back  of  the  right  ear,  i)rostrating  him.  The  gash  was  one 
inch  and  a  half  long  and  of  considerable  depth.  Sergeant  Osborne  (xif-- 
fonl  received  two  cuts  on  the  head  from  stones.  For  awhile  the  af- 
fair looked  serious.  The  strikers,  on  learning  that  more  troops  had 
l)een  detailed  to  })rocure  an  engine,  and  were  nuirching  towards  the 
round  house,  rushed  into  the  yard  and  "spiked"  engines  Nos.  50(5, 
123  and  20fi,  by  taking  off  driving  rods,  drawing  the  sand,  water  and 
tire,  letting  the  steaiu  escape  and  soaping  the  boxes.  The  troops 
started  to  march  to  the  gates,  but,  concluding  that  it  would  be  useless 
to  attempt  to  get  an  engine,  and  that  even  if  they  did,  no  engineer 
could  be  found  to  take  it  out,  marched  1)ack  to  their  train.  From 
the  train  the  entire  body  of  troops,  with  the  exception  of  a  guard  at 
the  train,  marched  to  the  Pennsylvania  railroad  depot  and  stacked 
arms.  The  soldiers  and  strikers  then  commingled  in  friendly  inter- 

Though  not  allowed  to  go  west,  the  soldiers  were  permitted  to  re- 
turn to  their  homes  in  the  east  if  they  chose.  Company  G,  of  Phil- 
adelphia, and  squads  of  other  companies,  took  advantage  of  that  and 
left  for  home  in  the  evening. 


On  the  morning  of  the  following  day  (Monday,  July  23,)  a  meet- 
ing of  the  railroad  men  was  held,  and  it  was  unanimously  agreed  to 
protect  both  private  and  public  property  at  all  hazards. 

A  committee  of  workingmen  also  waited  on  G.  W.  Strattau  in  the 
morning  and  requested  him  to  close  the  upper  shops,  which  he  did. 
The  lower  shops  were  also  closed. 

citizens'    MEETING. 

In  the  morning  also,  by  the  advice  of  prominent  citizens,  placards, 
signed  by  Mayor  Gilland,  were  posted  in  every  conspicuous  place  in 
the  city,  calling  a  meeting  of  all  the  citizens  at  the  Opera  House  to 
be  held  at  3  o'clock  p.  m.  Before  the  appointed  hour  arrived  the 
house  was  crowded-     The  Mayor  opened  the  meeting  by  announcing 




Groceries  and: Provisions, 




Country  Produce  Bought  and  Sold. 

ITth  Street,  between  lOtli  and  lltli  AA'ennes, 


J.  A.  CANAN  &  CO., 

Margaret  Avenue  and  lOtli  Sti'eet,  Altoona, 





EveroffereO  in  Altoona,  wliich  tliey  are  now  selling  at  greatly  reduced  prices.    Hav- 
ing their  own  Lime  Kilns  located  in  the  city,  tliey  are  always  prepared  to^ 
furnish  their  customers  with  fresh  lime.      They  have  also  on  hand, 
Cleveland  Lime,  White  Sand,  Duncansville  and  Hill  Sand,  Cal- 
cined Plaster,  Cements,  Plastering  Hair,  Shingles,  etc. 
Agents  for  Granite  Koofing. 

Also— Flour,  Feed,  Hay,  Straw,  Coal,  Wood,,  Salt. 



his  purpose  ia  calling-  it.  He  said  a  great  burden  Lad  l)eeii  laid  on 
his  shoulders,  and  that  he  wanted  to  do  right  by  all,  both  the  work- 
ingmen  and  the  company,  and  if  he  failed  it  would  not  ))e  his  fault. 
He  concluded:  "I  want  you  to  act  as  men  and  good  citi/.ens,  and 
not  as  roughs  and  rioters.  I  have  sworn  in  a  numl)er  of  policemen 
and  I  want  you  to  stand  l)y  them.  I  called  this  meeting  through  a 
pure  motive  and  trust  it  will  be  so  regarded." 

D.  K.  Ramey  was  made  President,  and  Samuel  S.  Goodnum  and 
Hon.  J.  W.  Curry,  Vice  Presidents.  A.  F.  Kerr,  G.  S.  Handin  and 
N.  C.  Barclay  were  elected  Secretaries. 

Xhe  President  made  a  few  remarks,  the  substance  of  which  was 
that  the  difficulty  would  soon  be  settled ;  that  he  had  no  hand  in 
bringing  it  about  and  hoped  the  workingmen  would  get  justice. 

H.  H.  Herr  stated  that  he  understood  that  some  railroad  men  had 
an  idea  that  this  meeting  had  been  called  to  oppose  the  strikers,  but 
it  was  not  so.  It  was  merely  to  organize  so  as  to  be  able  to  meet 
emergencies  and  protect  property  and  prevent  bloodshed.  He  thought 
that  the  troops  were  the  persons  to  be  feared  and  not  the  railroad 
men  whose  interests  lay  in  this  city,  both  in  public  and  private  prop- 

Hon.  J.  W.  Curry  was  called  upon,  who  said  that  the  laborer  was 
worthy  of  his  hire,  and  that  every  good  citizen  and  laborer  should 
protect  his  employer,  and  such  employer,  in  turn,  should  protect  the 
laborer.  Every  man  is  responsilile  to  God  for  his  own  acts  and  not 
for  the  acts  of  others.  We  are  called  on  as  individuals  to  protect 
ourselves,  not  from  any  man  in  this  house,  or  any  workman  what- 
ever, Init  from  outsiders  alone.  I  would  trust  any  man  in  this  house 
with  my  life  and  proi)erty.  It  is  the  tramps  we  have  to  fear ;  they 
are  the  ones  who  would  do  the  tiring,  stealing  and  murdering.  It  is 
your  right  and  my  right  to  protect  ourselves,  and  to  each  and  every 
man  it  becomes  a  duty  to  protect  the  others.  We  depend  upon  the 
railroad  company  for  what  we  get,  and  when  we  have  difficulties  to 
settle  let  us  do  so  at  the  proper  tribunal.  I  move,  Mr.  President, 
that  five  hundred  policemen  be  apitointed  and  sworn  in. 

George  J.  Akers  said  that  the  same  emergency  did  not  e.xist  in 
our  city  that  did  in  Pittsburg.  Xo  Philadelphia  soldiers  were  here 
to  shoot  down  our  wives  and  children  as  they  did  in  Pittsl)urg.  We 
are  law-abiding  citizens,  and  I  am  certain  that  with  five  hundred  po- 
licemen to  guard  us  we  can  go  to  our  beds  to-night  in  peace  and  there 
sleep  in  safety.     If  the  men  conduct  themselves  properly  they  will 


impel  the  company  to  accede  to  their  justifiable  and  rightful  demands. 
[Applause  and  cries  "That's  so  !"  etc.] 

Major  Richard  J.  Crozier  followed.  He  said  it  was  not  the  rail- 
road men  that  destroyed  the  company's  property  at  Pittsburg.  He 
thought  there  was  not  a  man  in  the  house  who  would  do  the  least 
harm  to  the  property  of  the  company  or  that  of  citizens. 

William  B.  Blake  desired  to  be  informed  whether  the  ])olicemen 
would  get  any  compensation  or  not.  The  Mayor  replied  that  he 
could  not  answer  the  (piestion,  as  the  city  was  deeply  in  debt  now, 
and  he  had  no  authority  nor  the  desire  to  lay  any  further  burthen 
upon  taxpayers.  He  could  not  say  whether  the  company  would  pay 
them  or  not.  H(^  further  stat^^l  that  n<'arly  all  those  appointed  five 
hundred  had  volunteered  their  services. 

Simon  Hawk,  an  enginetn'  on  the  Middle  division,  stated  that  he 
had  jn'esided  at  a  railroad  meeting  this  morning,  in  this  city,  and 
that  almost  one  hundred  men  were  present,  each  and  every  one  of 
whom  ex])ressed  themselves  as  going  to,  sworn  in  or  not,  protect  all 
property  at  any  hazard.  He  concluded:  "We  did  not  strike,  ))ut 
we  of  the  Middle  division  are  afraid  of  our  lives  and  dare  not  go  out 
on  an  engine,  l)ut  since  we  are  "out"  we  want  our  rights  and  are 
going  to  have  them."     [Ai)plause.] 

Mayor  Gilland  said  the  police  were  to  be  put  in  all  the  wards  of 
the  city,  those  in  the  lower  wards  to  be  under  the  control  of  Andrew 
Kipple,  and  those  in  the  upper  wards  under  Thomas  I.  McKiernan. 
The  nn'cting  then  adjourned. 

MEKTIN(J    OF    THE    SHOP     MEN. 

In  the  evening  of  th(^  same  day  a  meeting  of  the  shop  men  was 
held  in  the  Opera  House.  Some  three  hundred  persons  were  present. 
Capt.  J.  W.  Dougherty  was  elected  President,  and  Capt.  E.  M.  War- 
ren, Secretar\'.  The  following  named  gentlemen  were  appointed  a 
committee  to  draw  up  a  series  of  resolutions:  M.  J.  McCoy,  P.  O'Hare, 
W.  B.  Blake,  E.  M.  Warren  and  Robert  Hudson.  They  went  into 
session  and  soon  returned  with  th<»  following  resolutions: 

Resolved— That  we,  the  I't'iinsylvmiia  railroad  i-iiiployes  of  tli(^  sliops  .situated 
at  Altoona,  desire  and  claiiii  the  saiiu'  wafjers  we  receiv<Ht  prior  to  the  Ist  of  June, 
1S77.    And  he  it  further 

Kksolved— That  no  discharge  or  suspensions  occur  to  any  one  wlio  participated 
in  the  jn-esent  diflieuUy.    And  be  it  further 

Uesolved— That  tliis  action  ot  tlie  sliop  men  is  taken  on  account  of  recommen- 
dations of  liish  Pennsj'lvaTiia  railroad  otticials,  and  what  we  consider  good  and  counsel.  "" 


Kksolved— That  we  lioartlly  sympathize  with  all  persons  interested  in  the  pres- 
ent clitHculty,  and  deplore  the  loss  of  life  and  property  in  Pittsbiir;^,  and  will  do 
what  we  can  to  prevent  a  similar  occurrence  in  our  midst. 

fSigneil]  M.  J.  MeCOY,  I'res't, 

P.  O'HARE, 
W.  B,  BLAKE, 

The  above  resolutions  were  adopted. 

A  motion  was  made  that  the  cliairman  ai)point  a  committee  of 
three  to  present  the  resohitions  to  General  Superintendent  G.  Clin- 
ton Gardner,  which  was  carried,  and  M.  J.  McCoy,  W.  B.  Blake  and 
J.  B.  Harkins  were  ai)i>ointed  such  committee.  On  motion  ad- 
journed to  meet  in  the  ()i)era  House  ne.xt  morning  at  10:30  o'clock. 


In  pursuance  of  announcement  made,  an  adjourned  meeting'  was 
promptly  held  at  the  Opera  House  at  10:30  o'clock  on  the  2-ith  of 
July.  The  house  was  crowded  with  orderly  and  attentive  shop  men. 
The  meeting  was  called  to  order  by  Capt.  E.  M.  Warren,  Secretary, 
who  announced  the  ol)ject  of  thv.  meeting.  In  the  absence  of  some 
of  tlu!  officers  previously  elected,  Wm.  Fortenliaugh  was  called  to 
the  chair,  Thomas  Miller  elected  Vice  President,  and  Martin  Lewis, 
Assistant  Secretary.  Before  taking  his  seat  Mr.  Fortenbaugh  ad- 
dressed the  audience,  saying  that  Ik*  hoped  that  peace,  good  order 
and  harmony  would  prevail.  "There  will  be  uunnentous  (juestions," 
he  .^^aid,  "  for  your  decision,  and  it  is  (Essential  that  a,  calm  spirit  exist." 

M.  J.  McCoy,  chairman  of  the  committee  ap}»ointed  the  previous 
evening  to  wait  on  Mr.  Gardner,  presented  the  resolutions,  and 
w(n-e  rcH'cived  kindly.  Mr.  Gardner  expressed  himself  as  a  consist- 
ent friiaid  of  the  working  man,  which  he  had  shoAvn  all  through  the 
])anic  in  scouring  the  whole  country  to  get  work  to  be  done  here  in 
the  shops.  He  had  done  for  them  all  that  was  in  his  power.  He 
further  said  that  he  could  not,  at  this  short  notice,  give  the  men  a 
definite  answer  ;  he  eould  not  negotiate  between  the  workmen  and 
high  officers,  und  all  that  he  could  do  was  to  obey  orders.  Under 
sucli  circumstiUices  he  could  not  assure  the  men  anything.  He 
would  forward  their  resolutions,  with  remarks  of  his  own.  He  ex- 
pnsssed  solicitation  for  the  property  of  the  company,  and  the  commit- 
tee ass\ired  him  that  it  would  be  protected.  The  committee  further 
expressed  their  entire  confidence  in  Mr.  Gardner,  and  their  belief  that 
he  would  do  all  in  his  power  to  bring  al)out  a  satisfactory  solution. 

Capt.  E.  M.  Warren  advised  tiie  men  to  lie  careful.  He  knew  of 
some  dissatisfaction  among  the  iiien,  but  hoji-'d  tliey  would  ])ursue  a 


E.  H.  KEYES, 


GentsTurnishing  Goods, 

Eleventh  Avenue  and  Seventeenth  Street,  Altoona,  Pa. 









PROP.  R.  C.  WARD, 


Organ,  Piano,;Voice  Culture,  Harmony, 


Also,  Agent  for  Sheet  MusicJ(Music  Uooks,  etc.  Office  with  Prof.  R.  B.  MiihatTey, 

8th  Avenue^  and   12th  Street,   Altoona. 

K.  ORR, 

—    DEALER   IN 


/OOD,    ETC. 

itli,  ami  other  kind-*  ot  ] 
)ving  property,  will  do 

Corner    11th    Av    nue    and    4th    Street,    Altoona. 

Liine,  Sand,  Posts,  Shingles,     uth,  and  other  kind-*  ot  Lumber.    Those  who  contem- 
plate bnikling,  or  improving  property,  will  do  well  to  give  me  a  call. 

JAMES  STEWART  PrtKNc-LL.-     -r.r. 



\vir;e  course.  It  would  l)e  lU'itlicr  hravo  nor  iniuily  to  (Ifiuaiid  more 
than  they  demanded  two  months  previously,  nor  more  than  was  de- 
manded in  the  resolutions  of  the  })receding  meeting.  Now  that  the 
con^pany  was  in  trouble  was  no  reasijn  to  think  that  the  more  we  de- 
nuind  the  more  we  will  get.  There  is  a  probability  that  we  may  get 
what  we  denumd,  but  it  is  a  mere  probability.  If  we  demand  too 
iiiueh  the  prol)ability  is  that  the  company  will  either  close  the  shoj)s 
for  months  or  secure  the  services  of  other  men  to  run  them,  which 
could  be  done. 

On  motion  the  report  of  thr  committee  was  received,  and  the 
committee  discharged  with  the  thanks  of  thi-  workingmen. 

Mr.  Fields,  of  the  Seventh  ward,  moved  that  the  resolutions 
adopted  the  previous  evening  be  rescinded  and  the  resolutions  of  th<' 
Harrisburg  railroaders  be  adoi)ted.  The  motion  was  seconded,  but 
so,  also,  was  a  motion  to  adjourn,  which  latter  motion  was  put  and 
lost.  Mr.  Fields  then  renewed  his  motion  to  rescind  the  resolutions, 
remarking  that  they  had  ))een  passed  by  a  meeting  of  about  one  hun- 
dred boys  and  citizens  who  were  not  workmen  in  the  shops.  "Sup- 
pose," he  said,  "we  do  get  back  our  ten  jjcr  cent. — it  is  only  eight 
cents  a  day,  and  then  the  company  will  take  an  hour  off  the  day,  and 
we  will  lose  twice  eight  cents."  The  motion  was  seconded  by  John 
H.   Speece. 

Capt.  J.  W.  Dougherty,  chairman  of  the  former  meeting,  said  : 
"The  resolutions  of  last  night  are  now  in  the  hands  of  the  railway 
officials.  These  resolutions  represent  our  demands,  and  to  rescind 
them  is  manifestly  out  of  order.  We  cannot,  consistently,  at  this 
period  of  time,  frame  and  pass  another  series  of  resolutions.  I  deny 
that  the  meeting  referred  to  by  Mr.  Fields  had  been  composed  of 
boys  and  citizens  who  were  not  workmen.  On  the  other  hand,  I  as- 
sert that  the  meeting  consisted  of  a  house  full  of  the  most  responsible 
and. respectable  workingmen  of  this  city." 

Wilbur  B.  Blake  suggested  that  if  we  send  another  set  of  reso- 
lutions, which  cannot  be  otherwise  than  similar  to  those  already 
adoi)ted,  the  railroad  authorities  will  conclude  that  we  do  not  know 
what  we  do  want,  and,  consequently,  will  take  notice  of  neither. 
Then  we  will  get  nothing.  Mr.  Blake  also  denied  the  truth  of  the 
statement  that  the  previous  meeting  had  been  composed  of  boys  and 
citizens  who  were  not  workmen. 

Several  of  the  representative  workingmen  spoke  against  any 
change  in  the  character  or  wording  of  the  resolutions,  and  united  in 


denying'  tliat  the  previous  iiieeting-  was  composed  of  any  other  thaiK 

These  eahner  counsels  prevailed,  and  a  motion  to  adjourn  was. 
overwhelmingly  carried. 

[By  way  of  ])arentliesis  we  will  say  that  about  this  time  Presi- 
dent Haves  issued  a  proclamation  admonishing  all  good  citizens  of 
the  United  States  against  aiding,  countenancing,  abetting  or  taking, 
part  in  riotous  ])roceeding"S.] 


Governt)r  Hartranft,  accom])anied  by  Secretary  Quay,  arrived  in' 
this  city  on  the  morning  of  July  25.  Upon  the  arrival  of  the  train, 
an  hour  behind  time,  a  crowd  of  several  hundred  citizens  had  assem^ 
bled  in  front  of  the  Logan,  evidently  with  the  expectation  of 
hctarinii-  an  elaborate  speech.  After  partaking  of  breakfast  the  Gov- 
ernor ])roceeded  to  his  car,  from  the  rear  end  of  which  he  delivered' 
the  followintr : 

"  (tentlemen  ,\ni)  Fellow-Citizens:  You  have  called' upon  me- 
for  an  address.  T  shall  make  a  short  one.  I,  as  chief  executive  of 
the  State,  am  placed  in  a  very  unpleasant  position.  I  shall  endeavor 
to  render  exact  justice  to  all  so  far  as  lies  within  my  power.  I  shall 
execute  the  laws  of  the  State  actcording  to  the  laws.  I  shall  endeavor 
to  protect  all  citizens,  as  well  as  public  and  private  property,  and 
should  I  fail  it  will  be  because  I  am  ])owerless.     I  bid  you  good  day." 

Shortly  after,  the  train,  conv<'ying  the  Goviumor  and  Secretary 
to  Harrisburg,  moved  oft",  and  the  crowd  dispersed. 

In  this  connection,  whatever  bearing  or  su]i])os<'d  l)earing  it  may 
have  had  ujion  the  city  of  Altoona,  we  append  a  proclamation  from 
Governor  Hartranft  : 

PiTTSBURQ,  July  2.1,  1877. 

Wheheas,  There  exists  a  condition  of  turbulence  and  disorder  within  the  State^ 
extendinji;  to  many  interests,  and  threatening  all  eonnnunities.  under  the  impulse 
of  whioli  tlier<'  has  i^rown  nj)  a  spirit  of  lawlessness  requirinij;  that  all  law-obeying' 
citizens  shall  organize  themselves  into  armed  l)odies  for  the  p\irposes  of  self-pro- 
tection and  preserving  the  peace  : 

Therefore,  I,  John  F.  Hartranft,  Governor  of  the  State  of  Pennsylvania,  da 
hereby  recommend  that  all  citizens  shall  organize  themselves  into  associations- 
with  sncli  arms  as  they  i-nn  procure,  for  the  iiuriiose  of  maintaining  order  andi 
suppressing  violence.  And  all  good  citizens  are  warned  against  appearing  in 
company  with  any  mob  or  riotous  assembly,  and  thus  giving  encouragement  to 
violations  of  the  law. 

[Signed]  J.  F.  HARTRANFT,  Gove-unok. 


A    RUMOR    rAl.rULATEl)    FURTHER    TO    KXCITH     I'HK     PdPULAOK.       , 

Oil  July  2.")  a  riiiiKU'  was  current  that  a  hand  of  niincrs  from  th(! 
ii('ip,-hhorhood  of  Houtzdalo,  and  oth(T  luiuiuu'  t'owlTs,  thorou^-hly 
armed,  were  inarchin,a'  upon  Alloona,  in  eonscMHience  of  which  Sheriff 
Stiftier  immediately  swore  in  a  posse  of  nearly  one  hundred  men, 
and  placed  th(>ni  under  command  of  ('apt.  (inthrie.  The  miners, 
however,  failed  to  make  their  a])j)(!uranee. 


The  main  body  of  soldiers  were  encam])ed  near  Ha,irpM"ty's  woods, 
in  F.  K.  K.  passenger  cars,  tiieir  place  of  rendezvous  being  styled 
"  Cami)  Beaver,"  while  a  consideral)le  number  made  their  head(|inir- 
ters  in  cars  on  Tenth  avenue,  opj)osite  the  round  house. 


The  court  being  in  session  at  Ho!lidaysV)urg  on  this  day,  the  fol- 
lowing presentment  was  made  : 

'We,  the  granfl  .inty.  inqniring  in  iiiid  for  Blair  eouiity,  woiilil  respect  fuUy  rep- 
resent concerning  the  disorders  at  Altoona  within  the  last  few  days,  that  we  have 
no  personal  knowledge  of  per.sons  engaged  therein.  We  are  informed  and  l)elieve 
that  persons  of  tlie  nninher  of  three  or  four  have,  in  a  tuniultnou.s,  disorderly  and 
riotous  nnianer,  with  force,  stopped  the  trains  running  on  the  I'ennsylvania  rail- 
load,  and  have  Ijy  threats  and  violence  prevented  engineer.s,  firemen  and  brake- 
men  from  ojierating  trains.  But  this  information  is  not  from  per.sonal  obiservation 
of  any  one  of  ns  ;  noi'  is  it  from  witnesses  duly  sworn,  l)ut  only  from  rumor,  or 
from  statements  made  in  the  public  newsjiapers.  We  liave  not  tlie  names  of  tliose 
engaged  in  such  di'^tnrbance,  nor  is  it  in  our  power  this  sitting  (so  far  as  we  can 
jntlge)  to  obtain  precise  and  reliable  testimony  as  to  the  names  of  guilty  parties, 
and  to  the  extent  of  their  guilt,  which  wouhl  wai'rant  a  presentment.  While  anx- 
ious to  aid  in  preserving  the  peace  luid  good  name  of  our  county  by  promptly  tak- 
ing cognizance  of  violations  of  the  law  within  its  borders,  we  iire  of  the  opinion 
that  unless  our  sessions  be  indefinitely  postponed  by  adjournment  from  ilay  to 
day  to  allow  for  the  hunting  up  anci  subpfenaing  witnesses  and  execution  of  sum- 
mary process  for  their  attendance,  it  is  impossible  at  this  session  of  tlie  court  to 
make  that  proper  presentment  as  to  crimes  and  criminals,  and  dates,  whicli  would 
be  snfticieut  to  warrant  the  arrest  of  t)ie  ortenders.  At  present  there  is  (luiet  and 
order  at  Altoona,  and  as  we  believe  the  late  violations  of  law  will  not  be  repeated, 
therefore,  unless  the  court  is  of  the  oi)inion  that  our  services  in  session  should  be 
prolonged  after  the  conclusion  of  ordinary  business,  we  respectfully  request  that 
we  may  be  discliarged.'" 


About  fifty  tramps  were  driven  out  of  Haggerty's  woods,  in  the 
immediate  neighb(M'hood  of  Altoona,  on  the  morning  of  July  2fi,  in 
consequence  of  htiving,  it  is  alleged,  bri»ken  open  a  c^n*  containing  to- 
bacco, segars,  etc.,  wliich  they  ajjproju'iated  to  their  own  use,  and 
also  because  it  was  believed  that  they  were  inciting  to  riot  all  w  liom 
thev  could,  being  ready  thems<'Ives,  upon  any  pretext,  to  pounce  ui)on, 
burn  and  phnider  everything  in  their  way. 




—   DEALER   IN 


)r\  j[ 








Suits,  Sliirts  and  Hats 

Made  to  Order 





VETERAN    soldiers'    ORCi  ANIZATK  »N. 

Ill  pursuniicc  of  a  call  froiu  a  coniiiiittci'  of  veteran  soldiers,  a 
nioetiiiii-  of  v<»tei'ans  was  held  in  the  eouneil  chainber  in  the  cvniiiin-, 
F.  B.  Stewart,  chairman,  and  J.  D.  Davis  and  J.  (».  Ilirsli,  secre- 
taries. Capt.  E.  M.  Warren  was  elected  captain,  l)y  acclamation  ; 
Geor<i-e  H.  Gwin,  first  lieutenant,  and  B.  J.  Brown,  second  lieuten- 
ant.    The  followinii'  i)reamble  and  resolution  were  passed  : 

Whereas,  This  city  is  in  a  state  of  coiniiiotion,  aii<l,  as  wt-  think,  in  (laiif^ciol" 
violence,  an<l  as  it  becomes  tlie  duty  of  good  citizens  to  protect  life  and  proix^rty. 
thei-efoi-e,  be  it 

Resolved— That  we.  as  soldiers  of  the  late  war.  organize  ourselves  into  on«^  or 
two  companies  to  act  under  proper  oflicers  to  be  elected  by  ballot,  to  obey  s\u'li  or- 
ders as  may  be  given  by  proper  authorities. 

C.  J.  WOJ.F. 
K.  .1.  CKOZIEK, 
E.  M.  WAKREN, 
J.  W.  FRIES. 


On  the  morninj^-  of  the  27th  four  eniriiK's  were  fired  up  to  take 
frei,L>'ht  trains  out,  but  after  some  fort}'  en.ii'ineers  and  the  same  num- 
l)(-r  of  lii'cmen  had  been  asked  to  go  out  and  n^fuscd,  the  fires  were 
withdrawn  and  the  engines  returned  to  the  upper  round  house. 


This  morning  (2Tth),  on  Cincinnati  west,  1,000  soldiers  of  the  N. 
(t.  Pa.,  passed  through  Altoona  to  Pittsburg,  with  the  vi(>w  of  open- 
ing the  P.  R.  R.  freight  travel.  Three  sections  of  the  train  stojjpecl 
in  this  city  for  breakfast,  or  rather  for  coffee  and  sandwiches,  after 
which  they  started  for  the  west.  Among  the  party  was  Governor 
Hartranft  and  staif,  and  other  distinguished  gentlemen.  The  troops 
were  detained  at  the  upper  end  of  the  yard  by  a  report  that  a  s(]ua(i  of 
strikers  had  taken  engine  No.  524  up  the  mountain  with  the  avowed 
purpose  of  starting  it  down  the  mountain  to  eolfide  with  the  traiii. 
But  it  was  afterwards  ascertained  that  most  of  the  strikers  had 
jumped  off"  at  the  foot  of  the  mountain,  and  the  rest  took  the  engine 
up  as  far  as  Gallitzin  where  it  was  surrendered  to  Supervisor  (iilson. 

About  12:o0  two  trains  of  United  States  troops  arrived  in  the  des- 
pot under  the  command  of  Major  Hamilton,  about  six  hundred  in 

The  second  soldier  train  left  this  city  with  S.  Arthur  Hand,  of 
Philadelphia,  (a  soldier)  as  engineer  of  the  first  engine,  and  Captain 
Statler,  of  Bedford,  as  second  engineer.  Both  firemen  were  also  sol- 



Ten  soldiers,  uikUt  a  lieutenant,  marched  through  the  depot, 
clearing  everything  before  them,  allowing  nobody  to  remain.  All 
freight  trains  in  the  yard  were  moved  east  this  morning. 


At  11:50,  on  July  28,  a  section  of  five  cars,  followed  at  an  interval 
of  about  ten  minutes  by  another  section  of  six  cars,  arrived  in  Al- 
toona.  They  contained  detachments  of  the  First,  Second,  Third  and 
Si.xth  regiments  N.  G.  Pa.  They  were  on  their  Avay  to  join  their 
commands — the  Twentieth  n^giment,  under  comnumd  of  Col.  Bonna- 
fon.  The  men  numbered  si.x  hundred.  They  were  served  Avith  ra- 
tions, and  after  a  rest  of  an  hour  took  their  departure.  The  Twen- 
tieth regiment  was  composed  entirely  of  veterans  of  the  late  war,  who 
had  been  recruited  on  State  service  for  a  few  days  previous  to  their 
arrival  here  in  Philadelphia.  The  merchants  of  that  city  had  sub- 
scribed $10,000  to  equip  them. 


On  Monday,  July  30,  1877,  the  strike  ended  in  this  city.  Freight 
trains,  both  east  and  west,  including  Hollidaysburg  branch,  were  run- 
ning the  same  as  before.  Workmen  returned  to  their  places  in  the 
shops  that  morning.  The  curling  smoke  of  industry  again  wafted 
skyward,  and  the  l)uzz  of  the  machinery  was  again  heard  in  and  about 
the  shops  of  the  Pennsylvania  Railroad  comi)anv. 


At  a  meeting  held  by  the  engineers,  firemen  and  ))rakemen  of  thi; 
Tyrone  In-anch  roads,  on  the  evening  of  July  23,  a  committee  was 
appointed  to  confer  with  Superintendent  Blair,  and  to  lay  their  case 
before  him  in  the  form  of  resolutions  passed  ))y  them  which  set  forth 
certain  demands  made  upon  him.  To  these  Mr.  Blair  could  giv<'  no 
definite  reply  until  he  had  held  a  consultation  with  General  Superin- 
tendent G.  Clinton  Gardner,  of  Altoona,  and  that  he  (Blair)  under 
the  present  circumstances  was  in  no  condition  to  help  them.  Tlie 
committee  received  but  little  satisfaction. 

On  account  of  the  strike  in  Harrisburg  no  empty  cars  from  there 
could  be  run  into  Tyrone,  nor  from  any  other  points  ;  conse(piently 
work  was  suspended  as  though  a  strike  existed.  The  passenger  trains 
continued  to  run  as  usual  on  the  branches,  however,  but  no  freight. 
It  had  been  resolved  that  no  more  troops  would  be  allowed  to  pass 


oviT  thf  hriiiicli  road,  nor  to  remove  those  tliat  were  tliere,  con- 
sisting- of  two  eonipanies  of  the  Twelfth  reiiinient,  X.  G.  Pa.,  who 
were  kept  for  tlie  proteetion  of  the  town.  But  on  July  25  they 
were  joined  l)y  two  Other  eoiiipaiiies  of  the  Twelfth  retrinient  from 
Bradford  county,  who  came  hy  way  of  Lock  Haven,  and,  in  ohedienec 
to  order.-^,  they  all  eniharked  on  a  special  train  and  were  taken  to  Eliz- 
abeth Furnace,  from  which  place  they  marched  and  joined  their  <'om- 
rades  in  "canij)"  at  the  lower  shops,  arriving'  al)out  4  o'ckwk  the  fol- 
lowing niorniny. 


Beginning-  on  the  2yth  and  ending-  on  the  30tli  of  May,  1S78,  the 
Annual  Conclave  of  the  Grand  Commandery  of  Knights  Templar  of 
Pennsylvania,  convened  in  this  city.  Thirty-five  subordinate  coni- 
inanderies  were  in  attendance.  A  grand  parade  that  was  to  have  oc- 
4'urred  on  the  last  day  of  the  session,  was  i)revented  by  a  heavy  fail 
of  rain. 

The  Grand  Commandery  of  Knights  Templar  of  Pennsylvania, 
met  in  Altoona,  June  12,  1865,  a  detachment  of  which  received  Gen- 
.eral  Grant  on  his  visit  to  this  city. 

In  this  connection  we  remark  that  the  Twenty-first  Triennial  Con- 
, clave  of  the  Grand  Encampment  of  the  United  States,  met  in  the  city 
of  Chicago,  on  August  16,  1880.  The  Mountain  Commandery, 
No.  10,  of  Altoona,  sixty  Sir  Knights  and  twenty  ladies,  James  P. 
.Stewart,  Eminent  Commander,  were  in  attendance. 


On  the  evening  of  February  12,  1880,  in  the  Opera  House,  Jame.s 
iStewart  Parnell  (see  portrait)  a  member  of  the  English  Parliament, 
delivered  an  address  for  the  benefit  of  those  who  were  suffering  from 
the  famine  at  that  time  existing  in  Ireland.  He  was  accompanied 
by  Mr.  Murdoch,  editor  of  the  Inverness  (Scotland)  "Highlander." 
A  committee  of  our  citizens  had  been  appointed  to  meet  him  at 
Huntingdon  and  escort  him  to  Altoona.  The  committee  consisted  of 
the  following  gentlemen,  although  one-half  of  them,  on  account  of 
other  engagements,  failed  to  serve:  Charles  E.  Pugh,  John  Reilly, 
Thomas  W.Hurd,  Thomas  H.  Greevy,  S.  M.  Woodcock,  Milton 
Alexander,  T.  N.  Ely,  H.  C.  Dern,  William  P.  Furey,  T.  J.  Maitland, 
W.  D.  Tyler,  M.  Fitzharris,  Edmund  Shaw,  George  W.  Strattan,  F. 
P.  Tierney,  D.  A.  Gilland,  John  Hard,  A.  Y.  Dively,  Dennis  Sulli- 
van, T.  Blair  Patton,  Charles  J.  Mann,  Simon  Neuwahl,  H.  J.  Corn- 
jnan,    James    G.    Flanigan,    M.  Edgar  King,  Thomas  W.  Jackson, 



Planing  Mills, 

20th  Sti'eet,  on  Bi'ciiieh  Raili'oad, 


"  "  -  f 

WILLIAM  STOKE  &  CO.,    Proprietors. 

Tlio  f  xtonf^ive  cquiiimt'iit  of  tlie  nld  P.;<iplfs'  Pl!iiiin«  Mill,  piii-clmsod  by  us,  being: 
coinph-tc  in  cvt^ry  vt'spoft,  enables  n.s  to  furnisli 

Sashes,  Doors, 

Blinds,  Shutters, 

Flooring,  Siding, 

moulding,  brflgkets,  frsme  lumber, 

Shingles,  Pickets,  Etc., 



Htair  Building    and    Stoi'e   Fronts   a   Specialty, 


Christ.  Hauser,  Fred.  W.  Olmcs,  Henry  Fettinji-er,  sr.,  and  James- 
Kearney.  [The  last  named  o-entl(>man  was  the  first  to  suj>-o-("st  the 
idea  of  obtaining-  the  services  of  Mr.  rarnell..] 

On  the  arrival  of  the  train  a  larti'e  number  of  citizens  had  eongre- 
gated  to  take  the  first  look  at  the  "  Irish  a,u-itat(»r."  The  Altoona 
band  was  also  there  and  rendered  stirring-  music,  after  which  the  vis^ 
itors  were  loudly  cheered. 

On  the  night  of  the  meeting  Thomas  W.  Hurd;,  then  mayor  of  the 
city,  was  selected  as  president,  and  a  number  of  prominent  citizens^ 
as  vice-presidents  and  secretaries. 

William  P.  Furey,  having  been  selected  for  the  purpose,  intro- 
duced Mr.  Parnell  to  the  audicnct'.  In  doing  so  he  inade  a  neat  and! 
appropriate  extemi)oraneous  speech. 

Mr.  Parnell  review<'d  the  infamcjus  policy  of  the  English  govern- 
ment toward  Ireland,  as  illustrated  in  the  Irish  land  laws,  jjicturing 
the  absolute  degradation  which  fcjr  ages  had  been  the  lot  of  the  Irish 
tenantry  under  the  iniquitous  landlord  system.  In  clear  and  forcibh^ 
language  he  stated  the  causes  which  have  i-educed  the  i)easantry  to  a 
condition  of  pauperage  and  driven  the  native  ])opulation  from  the  fer- 
tile and  productive  lands  to  seek  a  miserable  subsistence  upon  l)arren 
and  unproductive  wastes.  His  utterances  throughout  were  those  of 
a  statesman  and  thinker,  and  th(^  audience  was  pleased  and  gratified.. 

When  Mr.  Parnell  concluded  his  address,  Mr.  Furey  introduced' 
Mr.  Murdoch,  who,  clad  in  the  costume  of  the  highlanders  of  Scotland,, 
delivered  a  humorous  but  none  the  less  effective  oration. 

A  considerable  amount  of  money  was  then  contriljuted,  one  per- 
son, Hon.  John  Rcilly,  donating  $100,  and  other  citizens  manifestec? 
their  interest  by  liberal  contril)utions.  Rev.  Father  Walsh,  now  de- 
ceased, contributed  $500  out  of  his  private  purse,  and  the  St.  John's 
Literary  Society  ai)propriated  $48.40,  (£10>all'  of  which  sum^  com- 
bined (expenses  of  renting  Opera  House,  etc.,  deducted)  aggregated 
$1,584.57.  This  amount  was  promptly  forwarded  to  the  sufferers  by 
Rev.  Father  Walsh,  receipts  of  which  were  duly  acknowledged.  Mr.. 
Parnell  and  Mr.  Murdoch  declined  compensation  for  their  labors  and 
would  have  even  paid  their  hotel  l)ills  had  the  management  of  their 
reception  allowed  them  to  do  so. 


The  twelfth  annual  session  of  this  body  of  Christian  ministers 
was  held  in  the  Opera  House,  commencing  on  the  10th  of  March^ 
1880.     Bishop  Gilbert  Haven,  whose  death  occurred;  previoii.-;  to  the- 


iiioeting  of  the  Conference,  was  to  have  presided.  His  place  was 
billed  l)y  Bishop  J(>sse  T.  Peck,  who  had  been  making  a  short  tour  of 
visitation  among  a  few  of  the  charges  along  the  Susquehanna  river. 

A  previous  annual  conference  had  been  held  in  Altoomi  in  March, 
18V4.     Bishop  Levi  Scott,  of  Delaware,  was  the  presiding  officer. 

The  Conference  represents  a  membership  of  35,000  full  members 
and  5,000  probationers.  The  church  property  is  estimated  at  $1,703,- 
185.  Number  of  Sunday-schools,  4(;2  ;  scholars,  42,638.  There  are 
:203  ministers  including  fourteen  superannuates. 

Altoona  Methodism — with  ninety-seven  members  and  tifty-five 
probationers — was  erected  into  a  separate  station  in  1854.  John  H. 
Ryland  was  the  first  preacher.  He  was  succeeded  by  Ale.\.  E.  Gib- 
son in  1855,  John  A.  Collins  being  presiding  elder.  In  185(i  came 
Wilfred  Downs.  When  the  East  Baltimore  Conference  was  formed 
in  1857,  Samuel  A.  Wil.^on  was  sent  to  serve  the  station  for  1857-8. 
In  18511-60  Samuel  Creighton  ;  1861-2,  W.  L.  Spottswood  ;  1863, 
1864-5,  W.  R.  Mills;  1866-7-8,  J.  S.  McMurray— W.  M.  Frysinger 
latter  year. 

The  remaining  ai)i>ointnu>nts  were  as  follows :  I8(;it — First  church, 
A.  W.  Guyer;  Second  church,  J.  Donahue;  1870 — S.  W.  Sears,  D. 
S.  Monroe;  1871— F.  B.  Riddh',  D.  S.  Monroe;  1872— F.  B.  Riddle, 
R.  E.  Wilson,  Daniel  Hartuian  (third  charge)  ;  1874— James  Curns, 
R.  E.  Wilson,  D.  Hartman;  1875-6 — James  Curns,  S.  C.  Swallow, 
J.  W.  Owens,  J.  W.  Leckie  ;  1877— W.  W.  Evans,  M.  K.  Foster,  J. 
W.  Leckie;  1878-9— B.  B.  Hamlin,  M.  K.  Foster,  Thomas  Sher- 
lock ;   1880-1— B.  B.  Hamlin,  Jesse  B.  Young,  and  Thomas  Sherlock. 


A  fire,  commencing  11:30  on  the  morning  of  the  14th  day  of  May, 
1880,  in  Milton,  Penn.^ylvania,  continued  its  ravages  until  si.x  hun- 
dred and  sixty-six  buildings  were  destroyed.  Indeed  nearly  the  en- 
tire town  fell  a  victim  to  the  flaiues.  In  response  to  a  call  made  by 
the  Governor  upon  the  mayors  of  the  cities  of  the  State,  our  own 
mayor,  Howard,  called  a  meeting  at  the  Opera  House  on  the  evening 
<of  the  15th,  of  which  he  was  constituted  the  j)residing  officer.  During 
its  progress  a  notice  to  the  pastors  of  the  various  churches,  request- 
ing them  to  l)ring  the  subject  before  tiieir  respective  congregations 
on  the  following  day  (Sunday)  was  prepared,  in  resjjonse  to  which 
'Collections  on  that  day  were  taken  up  in  the  various  churches,  with 
the  following  results  :  First  Methodist,  $201 ;  Second  Presbyterian, 
-$54.38;   Second  Methodist,  $23.47;    First  Lutheran,  $50;    St  James 


firniiiin  Lutheran,  $\2;  Third  Methodist,  %]~i.\)\  ;  Christ  Keforined, 
$11.71  ;  (Miurch  oflJod,  $().2r);  United  Bretlu'en,  $7.10;  Fir>t  P)ai»tist, 
$44.75.     Total,  $42S.();5. 

At  the  nieetinji-  in  the  Opera  House  a  eoniniittee  of  si-entlenieu 
from  tlie  different  wards  were  a[)i)ointed  to  solicit  and  receive  contri- 
butions, who  met  at  the  mayor's  oHice  on  Sunday  morning',  immedi- 
ately after  which  they  commenced  the  good  work,  which  they  con- 
tinued during  the  week,  collecting-  upwards  of  five  hundred  dollars  in 
money  and  upwards  of  one  thousand  dollars'  worth  of  provisions  and 
.such  other  g-oods  as  the  sufferers  of  Milton  were  supposed  to  stand  in 
need  of.  These  contrilnitions,  added  to  the  collections  taken  up  at  the 
churches,  ($42S.(i8)  constituted  a  respectable  total— about  $2,000. 



An  annual  meeting  was  held  in  the  Opera  House,  commencing  on 
May  19,  1880.  [Its  sixteenth  annual  session  had  been  held  in  Al- 
toona,  in  June,  18()5.  About  seventy  delegates,  representing  every 
county  in  the  State,  were  present  on  that  occasion.] 

At  the  recent  meeting.  Dr.  Andrew  Nebinger,  of  Philadelphia, 
took  the  chair.  Dr.  Rowan  Clarke,  of  Bell's  Mills,  delivered  an  ad- 
dress of  welcome  to  the  delegates.      Ajtpended  is  an  abstract: 

"  Our  county  occujiies  a  central  position  in  the  State.  It  has  rich 
and  i»roductive  valleys  to  feed  our  people,  and  high  mountains  and 
hills  tilled  with  rich  minerals  that  centuries  will  not  exhaust. 

"We  have  the  i)rincipal  shoi)s  of  the  best  constructed  and  nian- 
ag(>d  railroad  of  the  country.  These  shops  make  anything  that  is 
used  on  a  railroad,  from  the  smallest  bolt  to  the  finest  Pullman  coach, 
or  the  most  powerful  locomotive.  Their  fires  never  go  out.  As  the 
JeW'S  of  old  turned  their  eyes  each  morning  and  evening  to  the  tem- 
ple to  see  that  th(^  daily  sacrifice  was  offered,  and  w'ere  happy  and 
contented  when  they  saw  smoke  arise,  so  do  our  people  rejoice  each 
day  when  they  see  the  cloud  of  smoke  arise  from  the  work  shops,  sat- 
isfied that  our  county  is  safe  and  prosperous. 

"  The  main  line  of  the  Pennsylvania  railroad  passes  through  this 
county.  Branches  are  .sent  forth  from  Altoona  to  Hollidaysburg ; 
there  again  dividing  to  different  portions  of  the  county,  to  collect  the 
rich  ores  and  other  minerals  which  nature  has  so  abundantly  stored 
away  in  the  hills  and  valleys.  From  Tyrone,  in  the  northern  end  of 
the  county,  the  Tyrone  and  Clearfield  road,  which  also  sends  numer- 
ous branches  to  bring  forth  the  products  of  the  immense  coal  and 
lumber  fields  of  Clearfield ;    also  the  Tyrone  and  Lock  Haven,  to  the 


-  THE  - 




[Awail^i'd  the   First   I'rciiunin    ut   nearly   every  public  exhibition    in    which  their 

niiiehines  have  been  e.\liibitC(l,  inchnling  our  late  Centennial,  where  they 

receiveil  two  awartl.s,  one  for  the  machine,  and  one  for  the  work  done 

on  the  inacliiiie.] 


HECAISK    OF    IT^i 


I'.einy:  iiarticiilarly  free  from   all  combinations,  always  ready  to  work,  and  easily 
understood  by  every  one,  even  the  most  Inexijerienced. 


Shuttle  Machine  in  the  woi'.d,  requiring;  little  outlay  of  strength,  and  sews  witli 
great  speeil,  and  never  skips  stitches. 


And  requires  no  adjusting  of  the  tension  every  time  a  new  bobbin  is  placed  in  it. 

\o  time  wasted  in  vexatious  delays  in  getting  the  shuttle  ready  to  work. 



That  ever  claimed  public  attention,  owing  to  its  simple  arrangement  and  the  care- 
ful selection  of  the  best  material. 

For  further  particulars  call  on  or  address 

E.  C.  REESE, 

Agent  for  Blair  County. 

Office:— 5tli  Avenue  unci  12tli  Sti'eet,  Altoona,  Pa. 


top  of  the  Susquehanna  region,  and  soon  the  Tyrone  and  Lewishursi- 
will  be  running-  through  one  of  the  finest  iron  ore  and  limestone  re- 
gions of  the  State.  From  BellV  Mills  the  Bell's  Gap,  a  narrow  guagc 
road,  climbs  around  the  spurs  of  the  Allegheny  and  shows  deep  ra- 
vines, over  a  route  unsurpassed  in  beauty  and  grandeur,  giving  i)!cas- 
ure  to  the  lover  of  nature  and  collecting  the  jjroducts  of  Cam})ria  and 
Clearfield.  Whilst  we  do  not  dispute  the  claim  that  Boston  is  the 
hul)  of  the  universe,  we  do  claim  that  Blair  county  is  the  hub  of  Cen- 
tral Pennsylvania.  For  here  w^e  have  the  heart  of  the  great  road 
that  largely  controls  the  traffic  of  the  whole  country  ;  and  we  draw 
the  resources  of  the  surrounding  counties  into,  our  own.  Our  county 
is  growing — a  little  more  than  a  generation  old — and  this  city  is  only 
a  stripling.  Many  who  are  here  present  were  in  the  full  vigor  of 
manhood  Avhen  the  site  of  this  town  was  covered  with  forest,  with 
here  and  there  a  swampy  meadow.  Although  its  growth  has  l)een 
rapid,  greater  things  are  hoped  for  in  the  future." 

The  annual  address  was  delivered  by  Dr.  A.  Nebinger,  president 
of  the  Society.  In  his  introductory  he  referred  to  their  meeting  (the 
thirty-first)  as  an  occasion  of  friendly  greeting;  also,  to  note  the 
changes  of  the  past  for  our  future  improvement,  and  to  make  hcHior- 
alile  mention  of  those  who  have  finished  their  work  and  gone  to  the 
grave  like  "one  who  wraps  the  draperies  of  his  couch  around  him 
and  lies  down  to  pleasant  dreams."  He  feelingly  referred  to  those 
members  of  the  Society  who  were  yielding  to  the  weight  of  years ; 
alluded  to  the  bright  and  cheering  aspect  of  the  country  in  a  commer- 
cial point  of  view ;  denounced  jobbery  and  dishonesty  in  public  af- 
fairs, and  made  feeling  allusions  to  the  distress  existing  in  Ireland. 

The  addresses  delivered,  and  previously  prepared  i>apers  on  medi- 
cine, surgery,  etc.,  which  were  read  during  the  session,  exhibited  the 
progress  medical  science  had  made,  and  reflected  credit  upon  the  med- 
ical profession. 

During  their  stay  the  physicians,  in  response  to  invitations  ex- 
tended by  Charles  E.  Pugh,  General  Superintendent  Pennsylvania 
railroad;  Superintendent  B.  G.  Ford,  of  the  Boll's  Gap  railroad,  and 
W.  D.  Tyler,  of  the  Keystone  Hotel  company,  made  excursions  to 
Lloydsville  and  Cresson.  They  also  visited  the  upper  and  lower 
shops  of  the  Pennsylvania  railroad  located  here,  accompanied  l)y 
Theodore  N.  Ely,  Superintendent  Motive  Power,  and  before  leaving 
passed  a  vote  of  thanks  to  the  gentlemen  named,  as  well  as  to  the 
Blair  County  Medical  Society,  who  gave  to  them  a  banquet  at  the 
Logan  House. 


In  Lancaster,  on  the  second  day  of  May,  1881,  the  next  meeting- 
of  the  Society  will  occur.  Dr.  S.  M.,  of  Altoona,  who,  at  the 
late  session  held  in  this  city,  delivered  an  address  on  "Conservative 
Surg-ery,"  was  selected  to  deliver  an  address  on  "Surgery,"  at  the 
next  annual  convention. 


The  State  Convention  of  radical  temperance,  oi^  total  abstineneo 
nien,  assembled  in  this  city  on  May  20,  1880,  and  placed  a  ticket  in 
nomination.  On  May  29,  18T8,  simultaneously  with  the  Annual! 
Conclave  of  Knights  Templar,  of  Pennsylvania,  a  similar  convoca- 
tion held  its  session  here. 


The  29th  day  of  May,  1880,  (the  80th,  the  usual  day  for  the  cer- 
monies,  occurring  on  Sunday)  was  observed  in  this  city  as  Memorial 
Day.  The  old  flag  was  rev(>rently  drooped  over  those  who  died  so 
that  it  might  still  wave,  the  unsullied  emlilem  of  a  nation  united  and 
free;  and  the  fairest  flowers  of  spring  were  scatterecl  ui)on  their  graves. 
A  much  larger  number  of  citizens  and  strangers  joined  in  the  ceremo- 
nies than  on  any  ])revious  occasion,  crowding  our  public  thoroughfares 
at  an  early  hour. 

The  principal  streets  and  avenues  were  ornamented  with  flags. 
and  other  national  devices.  The  i)rocession  formed  on  Eleventh  av- 
t'liue,  right  resting  on  Twelfth  street,  and  commenced  to  move  about 
9  o'clock  a.  m.  It  was  led  by  a  carriage  containing  Junior  Vice  De- 
partment Commander  Burchfield,  of  the  Grand  Army  of  the  Repub- 
lic;  Rev.  Jesse  B.  Young,  the  orator  of  the  day,  and  Rev.  J.  Green 
Mil«>s,  of  the  First  Baptist  church.  Chief  Marshall  Fitzharris  and 
his  aids — Messrs.  Amheiser,  Valentine  and  Stroh — came  next,  fol- 
lowed l>y  the  Junior  Greys'  band.  The  order  of  marching  of  the  bal- 
ance of  the  organizations  was:  Junior  and  Senior  order  of  United 
American  Mechanics,  J.  A.  Parker  and  L.  S.  McGlathery,  marshals; 
Citizens'  band;  Bethany  and  Rising  Sun  Circles,  Brotherhood  of  the- 
Union,  Wm.  Fortenbaugh  and  Edward  W.  Cavend'er,  marshals;  So- 
cial band  ;  Good  Will  Steam  Fire  company.  Gust.  Klemmert,  mar- 
shal; Altoona  City  band;  Vigilant  Steam  Fire  company,  Williani 
H.  Johnson,  marshal  ;  Excelsior  Hose  company,  J.  B.  Stahl,  marshal; 
Company  D,  Fifth  r<'giment,  N.  G.  Pa.,  commanded  by  E.  M.  Amies; 
Mountain  City  band ;  carriage  containing  representatives  of  PottSs 
Post;  Lieutenant  Stephen  C.  Potts  Post,  No.  62,  G.  A.  R. 


When  the  line  reached  the  eiitraiiee  to  the  eeuuitery  the  Junior 
Greys'  l)and  and  all  the  org-anizations  followinn'  stood  in  open  order 
to  permit  the  passage  of  the  Post,  which  advanced  to  the  lead,  suc- 
ceeded by  the  Mountain  City  hand  and  Conij>any  D.  The  mandi  t(» 
the  monument  was  then  resumed,  during-  which  the  Mountain  City 
band  i)layed  a  solemn  dirge.  A  platform  had  ])een  erected  to  the- 
north  of  the  soldiers'  monument  and  the  procession  filed  to  the  right 
and  marched  around  the  shaft,  encircling  it.  The  first  thing  in  the  or- 
der of  exercises  at  that  point  was  the  rendering  of  "Remember  Me,'- 
the  well  known  air  from  the  opera  of  "Bohemian  Girl,"  which  waK 
beautifully  played  by  the  Mountain  City  band.  Rev.  J.  G.  Miles  of- 
fered a  prayer;  then  a  dirge  was  rendered  by  the  Altoona  City  band, 
when  the  ceremony  of  decorating  the  graves  of  the  dead  soldiers  was 
performed.  Chief  Marshal  Fitzharris  then  introduced  the  orator  of 
the  occasian.  Rev.  Jesse  B.  Young.  At  the  conclusion  of  the  oration 
a  selection  was  given  by  the  Junior  Greys'  band,  and  the  procession 
moved  out  of  the  cemetery  to  the  place  of  assembling,  where  it  wafr 


Sinc(^  the  Centennial  year  no  especial  demonstration  had  beeu' 
made  in  the  observance  of  the  anniversary  of  American  independence.* 
As  early  as  May,  the  present  year,  the  subject  of  a  firemen's  parade 
was  freely  discussed  by  our  citizens.  Meetings  were  held,  and  the- 
various  wards  of  the  city  canvassed  for  contributions  to  defray  the 
expenses  of  the  firemen  to  whom,  when  the  fact  was  established  that 
a  sufficient  amount  of  money  could  l)e  raised,  invitations  had  been 
extended  to  visit  our  city.  The  sum  realized  was  $1,191.30,  which 
after  deducting  or  reserving  $10  for  printing  and  $r)0.oO  for  the  pur- 
chase of  fireworks,  Avas  divided  among  the  Altoona  companies  for  the 
entertainment  of  their  expected  guests  in  the  following  sums  :  Vigi- 
lant Steam  Fire  Engine  company,  $328  ;  Empire  Hook  and  Ladder 
company,  $313  ;  Altoona  Steam  Fire  Engine  company,  $332.50;  Ex- 
celsior Hose  company,  $157.50.  [The  Good  Will  company  declined 
to  participate  in  the  celebration  and  consequently  received  no  contri- 

The  visiting  firemen,  were:  (1)  The  Mount  Vernon  Hook  aiul 
Ladder  company  of  Harrisburg,  guests  of  the  Empire;  (2)  Hope 
Steam  Fire  Engine  company,  of  Harrisburg,  guests  of  the  Altoona; 
(3)  Logan  Hose  company,  of  Bellefonte,  guests  of  -the  Vigilant,;  (4)). 

•The  Fourth  of  July,  1880,  occurring  on  Sunday,  Monday,  the  5tb  was  celebrated. 





AND    DEALER   IN    — 

Fresh,   Salt  and  Smoked  Meats, 



1224  Ninth   Street,    between   Green  and  Chest- 
nut Avenues,  Altoona,  Pa. 



R.  A.  BONINE, 



14th   Street,    between   11th    and    12th   A\'enues, 
Altoona,  Pa. 


'Among    the  Alleghenies,"   "Horse-shoe    Bend,"   and   other  important 

points  along  the  Penn'a  and  Bell's  Gap  Railroads;  also,   250 

different  views  of  Scenes  in  Florida. 





Phaniix  Fiiv  Eiiiiiiic  t'oinpany,  of  Ilollidayslmrjj:,  g'uosts  of  tlu-  Vifji- 
lant ;  (5)  Hiiiitiiitidoii  Steam  Fire  Eiiii-inc  cornpaiiy,  g-ucsts  of  tlu; 
Vig-llant;  (6)  Uood  Will  Honie  company,  of  irollidaysburg,  fjucsts  of 
the  Altoona;  (7)  Alleorheny  Hook  and  Ladder  company,  of  Holli- 
daysburjo:,  guests  of  the  Empire  ;  (S)  Fame  Hose  com])any,  of  Tjcw- 
istown,  g'uests  of  the  Excelsior. 

Thus,  with  eig-ht  visitin<i-  companies  and  four  of  our  own,  twelve 
in  all,  fully  ecpiipped  with  the  apjiaratus  of  each,  steamers,  trucks  and 
hose  carriag-es,  material  was  furnished  for  producing- a  spectacle  rarely 
witnessed  in  cities  of  corresponding  size.  But  tlie  weather  proved  in- 
auspicious. Xo  sooner  had  the  firenu'U  assembled  and  th<'ir  orderly 
arrang-enient  been  effected  than  the  rain  descended,  and,  with  sliyht 
intermissions,  continued  throughout  the  entire  day.  Nevertheless,  the 
column  mored  and  passed  over  the  route  previously  planned.  There 
Mere,  probably,  one  thousand  men  in  line. 

The  city  contained  thousands  of  visitors  from  neighboring  cities 
and  towns,  many  of  whom  had  arrived  on  Saturday.  The  trains  of 
Monday  morning  were  filled  to  their  utmost  capacity. 

As  usual  on  such  occasions  the  streets  and  houses  were  profusely 
decorated  Mith  arches,  flags,  etc. 

On  the  following  morning,  in  response  to  an  invitation  extended 
by  the  Holliday.sburg  companies,  several  hundred  of  our  visiting  fire- 
men, accompanied  by  several  brass  bands,  as  well  as  a  large  delega- 
tion of  our  citizens,  visited  the  county  capital  and  picniced  in  the 
neighVjorhood  during  the  day. 


The  Sixteenth  annual  meeting  of  this  organization  was  held  in 
the  Opera  House,  its  si-ssion  commencing  on  the  17th  day  of  August, 
1880.  Its  first  meeting  was  held  in  Harrisburg  in  1864.  Rev.  John 
Peck  was  the  first  president.  William  Nesbit,  an  old  resident  of  Al- 
toona, succeeded  him  and  has  been  the  presiding  officer  ever  since.  The 
ol)jects  of  the  League  (to  (juote  from  their  printed  constitution)  "  ar<e 
to  unite  the  entire  colored  people  of  our  State  in  a  common  brother- 
hood ;  for  the  promotion  of  morality,  education,  temperance,  indus- 
try, and  the  encouragement  of  everything  that  pertains  to  a  well-or- 
dered and  dignified  life,  and  to  obtain,  by  appeals  to  the  consciences 
of  the  American  people,  or  l)y  legal  process,  a  recognition  of  the 
rights  of  the  colored  people  of  the  United  States."  The  attendance 
was  large  and  the  sessions  harmonious. 




From  tlic  eourtoous  and  (efficient  City  Superintondent  of  Puljlie 
Schools,  Prof.  D.  S.  Keith,  \v\'  leara  that  as  early  as  1815  the  first 
school  house  was  erected  within  the  boundaries  of  the  territory  now 
occupied  by  Altoona.  The  south-east  corner  of  Fourth  avenue  and 
Twenty-fourth  street  is  the  site  where  it  stood.  It  was  a  log  build- 
ing, chinked  and  daubed,  not  ])lastered,  and  furnished  with  slab 
benehes.  This  h(juse,  surrounded  by  primitive  forest,  was  used  both 
for  school  i)urj>oses  and  for  church  services.  Children,  as  far  distant 
as  two  or  three  miles,  attended  school  here,  and  often  in  winter,  when 
the  ground  was  covered  with  snow,  there  being  but  few  roads,  a 
traek  was  made  to  the  school  house  by  dragging  a  log  through  the 
snow.  The  building  served  for  school  purposes  until  1838.  During 
this  period,  spelling,  rending,-  writing,  and  "ciphering"  were  the 
branches  taught.  Corporal  ]iunishnient  was  in  full  force.  The  meth- 
ods of  instruction  diftert'd  widely  from  those  of  the  ])resent.  The  ])u- 
pil's  course  of  study  Ix'gaii  with  the  alphabet,  and  it  was  customary 
to  introduce  the  whole  number  of  lett(M-s  to  the  abecedarian  at  the 
first  lesson.  Spellin.g  was  pursued  for  some  time  before  the  pupil 
was  advanced  sufficiently  to  take  uj)  the  Bible,  which  was  the  text- 
book used  in  teaching  reading.  In  |)enmanship  the  teacher  wrote 
the  copies  for  each  pupil  who  Avas  ready  for  this  branch,  and  manu- 
factured p<'ns  out  of  goose  (piills.  Arithmetic  was  the  last  study  in 
the  course,  and  one  who  could  scjlve  "  single  rule  of  three  "  was  con- 
sidered (piite  an  arithmetician.  This  .school  was  at  first  known  as  the 
Beales'  school,  but  lat(^r  a.s  the  Black  Oak  Ridge  school.  Henry  Acl- 
ams  and  John  Gwin  wer<'  among  the  first  te,achers. 

*  i'ASSA(iE  Of  the  co.mmon  SrtlOOL  LAW. 

The  law,  entitled  "An  act  to  provide  for  the  education  of  the  poor 
gratis,"  was  in  force  until  1834,  when^the  (!ommon  school  law  was 
passed.  The  passage  of  this  law  aroused  the  people  somewhat  in 
regard  to  education.  It  had  bitter  opponents,  but  having  been  agi- 
tated and  discussed,  some  of  its  opponents  became  its  strong  sujiport- 
(u-s,  and  an  effort  was  made  to  have  better  school  accommodations  and 
better  schools. 



Tif  1S3S  the  trustees  of  the  Presbytcriaii,  TiUthoran,  and  Metho- 
dist clmrches  purchased  a  lot  of  ground  from  Eli  Hastings,  on  which 
to  (M'eet  a  union  church.  Shortly  afterwards,  the  school  directors, 
having  determineil  to  erect  a  school  house,  ])urchased  a  lot  adjoining 
for  ten  dollars,  and  agreed  with  the  church  committee  that  the  church 
and  school  house  should  be  eriM'ted  as  one  l)uildiiig,  the  school  part 
being  on  one  lot  and  the  church  pai't  on  the  other.  The  school  room 
and  the  church  were  separated  by  a  swinging  partition,  which,  when 
it  was  necessary  to  enlarge  the  church  room,  was  swung  up  to  the 
ceiling  and  made  secure  by  m<^ans  of  hooks.  After  the  house  was 
conijileted,  which  was  late  in  1838,  a  committee  was  appointed  by  the 
scliool  directors  to  secure  a  teaidier.  Barton  Hastings  was  elected 
first  teacher,  and  the  following  is  the  agreement  between  him  and  tlu; 
committee : 

"Articles  of  iifjfreenient.  made  this  5th  (hiy  of  .lanvuu'v.  18:i9,  hetwei-n  Barton 
Hasting.s,  schoolinastei-,  of  the  one  part,  and  we.  the  nucku-signed,  connuittee  of 
school  Xo.  0,  in  Allegheny  township,  Hunthigdon  county.  Pa.,  of  the  other  part: 
Witnesseth  that  the  said  Barton  Hastings  does  bargain  and  agree  with  said  com- 
mittee, to  teach  in  their  primarj'  school  for  a  term  not  exceeding  three  months, 
from  tlie  first  of  the  present  month,  during  which  time  strict  subordination  ac- 
cording to  law  and  fornnu-  custom  shall  Ije  observed.  Spelling,  reading,  writing 
and  arithmetic  will  be  taught  with  lidelity.  In  consideration  whereof,  the  said 
committee  doth  bind  themselves,  their  heiisand  executors,  to  pay,  or  cause  to  be 
paid,  unto  the  said  Barton  Hastings,  the  sum  of  twenty  dollars  per  month  for  each 
and  every  month  of  said  services.     Witness  our  hands,"  etc. 

It  will  Ite  s(>en  from  the  above  that  this  district  was  embraced  in 
Huntingdon  county  at  tlie  time  referred  to. 

The  T'nion  school  house,  the  name  by  which  it  was  known,  re- 
cently remodeled,  and  now  occupied  Ity  the  congregation  of  the  A> 
M.  E.  church,  stands  on  the  corner  of  Union  avenue  and  Si.xteenth 
street.      It  s(n'ved  for  school  purjxises  until  1854. 


During  this  period,  geography  and  grammar  were  taught,  and  a 
degree  of  advancement  somewhat  higher  than  that  during  the  former- 
period  was  attained.  However,  but  little  improvement  was  made  in 
meth(»ds  of  instruction.  Recitations  were  conducted  in  spelling  and' 
reading,  but  it  can  hardly  be  said  that  any  were  conducted  in  arith- 
metic. As  long  as  the  pupils  were  able  to  obtain  the  answers  to 
questions,  no  assistance,  in  the  way  of  explanation  nor  recitation, 
Avas  thought  necessary.  When  a  pupil  could  not  "do  a  sum,"  he- 
w^ent  to  till*  teacher,  who,  if  conducting  a  recitation,  allowed  the  class 
to  proceed,  or  permitted  the  })upil,  who  could  not  "do  his  siun,"  to 


WM.  M.  FINDLEY,  M.  D, 

802  Twelfth  Street,  Altoona. 


HOUSE:  1126  Eighth  A^venue. 

J.  D.  HUGHES, 

—  DEALER    IN 


Ninth  Aveiuie  imd  Nineteenth  Street,  Altoona. 



Monuments,  Head  Stones 

IaiI  Kiulosures,  and  all  kinds  of  (Ji^nietfi-y  \V(n  k  in  Foreign  mid  DoiMcslic  .Maibie- 
Design.^  and  I'riees  to  suit  all.     All  work  ilonf  iii  an  artistic  niaiuu  r  and  sat- 
isfaction guaranteed.     Orders  resjiecttully  soliciteil. 


( Atljoining  .Jcsiah  Artlun'.s  Furniture  Store.) 


NKW    Mir.I.INKllY    AND 

Dress  Making  Store, 

Twelttli  Strtel,  tKlween  Eigltli  ail  Niitl  kmm.  Altoona,  Pa, 

Ilespectfully  solicits  a  share  of  i)atronage  from  tlie  ladies  of  Altoona  and  vicinity. 

The  Dress  Making  is  under  the  supeivision  of  an  exi)erienced  lady,  and  we 

guarantee  idl  our  work.    The  stock  of  aiillinery  Gootls  is  always  licsli 

and  of  the  l^atest  Styles.     New  styles  constantly  received,     ilats 

and  Hounets  bleached,  cok>reil  and  remodeled. 


hoar  the  das-;  while  he  solved  tlie  (|uestii)n  ;  hut,  iiKtre  jiTiierally,  the 
assistance  was  j^iveii  hetween  recitations,  and  often  some  pujiils  went 
u])  and  stood  near  tlie  tea(dier,  or  took  a  seat  near  him,  1)efore  the  reci- 
tation was  linishe(|,  so  tliat  Ijcinu'  foi'emost,  they  nii,2:ht  Iiave  their 
(|U<'stioiis  solved  lirst.  It  sometimes  lia])|)t'ned,  when  the  teacher  had 
his  attention  drawn  from  his  pupils,  and  his  mind  concentratecl  upon 
some  (piestion,  not  heinii'  very  apt  in  li.u-ures,  that  pupils,  waitin>i'  for 
their  turns,  had  an  oi)portunity  to  take  a  little   recreation. 


James  Hntcdiison,  who  was  elected  school  director  shortly  after 
the  passa.uH'  of  tlie  common  school  law,  of  which  he  was  an  ardent 
su])])orter,  served  twelve  or  fifteen  years,  and  took  an  active  part  in 
education.  Altoona's  first  board  of  school  directors,  after  beina-  incor- 
porated as  a  borouuh,  in  1854,  was  presided  over  by  Thos.  K.  liurch- 


In  1X54,  tlie  county  superintendency  was  established.  This 
chan<i-e  did  not  affect  some  teachers  very  agreeably.  Additional 
branches  were  to  be  tauo-ht,  and  a  more  thorougdi  examination  was  to 
be  passed.  The  first  examination  under  this  law,  to  be  held  in  the 
Fnion  school  house,  was  advertised  for  several  weeks,  but,  on  exami- 
nation dav  only  one  apj)iicant,  John  Rutherford,  \vas  present.  To 
be  examined  before  the  public,  by  t'  ■  superintendent,  was  an  ordeal 
throug-h  which  many  had  no  desire  to  pass  ;  and  private  examination 
l)ein<>:  allowiMl,  th(\v  preferred  it  to  the  pulilic  examination. 


The  erection  of  a  one-story  frame  building,  containing  two  rooms, 
in  the  Fonvth  ward,  was  commenced  late  in  the  y(!ar.  and  was  com- 
pleted February,  1855,  at  wdiich  time  two  schools  w^ere  opened.  The 
house  was  fitted  witli  imi)roved  furniture.  The  desks  with  seats  wen^ 
made  each  to  accommodate  two  ]inpils,  but  owing  to  the  crowded  con- 
dition of  tlie  schools,  three  or  more  pujiils  were  ])ut  to  one  desk. 
This  kind  of  furniture,  which  is  now  rapidly  disappearing  from  the 
stdiool  rooms,  "  patent  "  furniture  taking  the  i)lace  of  it,  w^as  consid- 
ered a  gTeat  improvement  at  that  time.  The  sexes  were  taught  sep- 
arately. John  Rutherford  was  elected  teacher  of  the  boys'  school, 
and  Miss  Cordelia  White  of  the  girls'  school.  Some  time  after  the 
schools  were  opened,  a  large  number  of  pupils  having  been  enrolled,  an 
assistant  was  employed,   who  taught  the  primary  pupils,  both  boys 


and  <rirl.-<,  occupyinji-  ])art  of  the  room  in  which  'Miss  White  tang-ht. 
A  term  of  four  months  was  taug-ht,  with  an  enrolhnent  of  one  hun- 
dred and  fifty-eig'ht  pu])ils.  The  sahiry  of  the  male  teacher  was  thir- 
ty-Hve  dollars  per  month.  The  common  school  branches  were  taught. 
During-  the  summer  of  1855,  a  one-story  frame  l)ijilding,  with  two 
rooms,  was  erected  in  the  Third  ward,  and  was  supi)li('d  with  furni- 
ture similar  to  that  in  the  Fourth  ward.  Mucli  the  same  kind  of  fur- 
niture was  used  in  most  of  the  rooms  until  1870.  The  railroad  di- 
vided the  town  into  two  districts,  East  and  West  Altoona.  Mr. 
Jvutherford,  who  was  "put  on  his  muscle,"  taught  the  hoys'  school  in 
West  Altoona,  and  served  as  a  teacher  for  a  number  of  years,  lu 
1856,  another  builduig,  with  one  room,  was  erected  in  the  Fourth 
ward,  to  which  were  assigned  tiie  more  advanced  i>upils,  l)oth  l>oys 
and  girls.  The  elements  of  one  or  two  of  the  iiighi-r  branches  were 
taught.  The  numl)er  of  teachers  was  six,  and  tiie  length  of  the  school 
term  was  increased  to  six  months.  As  there  were  only  live  rooms, 
one  of  them  was  occupied  by  two  teachers.  Some  schools  wei'e  com- 
])Osed  of  both  boys  and  girls,  others  of  l)oys  or  girls  only.  This  "un- 
4systematic  "  arrangement,  \\liicli,  for  the  most  of  the  time,  was  not 
restricted  to  any  i)articular  grade,  was  continued  until  1875,  except 
from  ISGO  to  1869,  when  the  sexes  were  taught  together.  In  1857, 
jx  l)uilding  similar  to  the  one  last  mentioned  was  erected  in  the  Third 
Avard.  Th«'  borough  was  enlarged  the  sanu^  year,  and  made  to  include 
j)art  of  what  was  known  as  (Treensbiirg.  About  1855,  some  of  the 
citizens  residing  in  (Irei'usburg  found  it  inconvenient  to  send  their 
children  so  far  out  in  the  townshi})  to  school,  and  therefore  dt'termined 
to  build  a  school  house  for  themselves  where  it  would  be  convenient. 
The  house  was  built  on  Howard  avenue,  l)etween  Tenth  and  Fleventh 
.streets,  and  now  serves  as  a  dwelling.  Robert  McCormick  gave  the 
ground,  and  with  his  subscri})tion  and  that  of  other  citizens,  a  sutti- 
cient  amount  was  .secured  to  erect  the  building.  It  was  used  for  pri- 
vate school  until  it  came  within  the  limits  of  the  borough,  when  the 
sn'hool  directoi's  of  the  ixirough  got  control  of  it,  and  used  it  abcuit 
one  year  for  ])ublic  school  ;  ()eing  distant  from  the  other  .school  houses, 
it  was  afterwards  left  vacant,  (wcept  when  used  for  seh-ct  school. 
[Professor  John  Miller  taught  a  select  school  here  alxnit  1862,  shortly 
after  which  the  house  was  sold.]  In  1857,  there  were  seven  .school 
rooms;  nine  teachei's  wei'e  employed,  and  five  lumdred  and  fifty  pu- 
pils were  enrolled.  The  schools  were  divided  into  three  grades — 
primary,  intermediate,  and  grammar.  J.  Ginter  Counsman,  who 
was  sometime  afterwards  elected  suiH'rintendent  of  Blair  county,  was 

HISTOHV    OK    AI/roONA    AND    1!I,AIR    TOUNTY.  lOT 

l4';i<'licr  (if  one  ol'tlH'  two  uriiiii iiiiif  sclmols.  Only  ciuht  tcjiclirrs  wcn^ 
iMuplovcd  tlic  iKwt  year.  No  more  buildinti's  wvvv  vvvcivd  until  18(i4 
and  no  incrcasv  in  the  nunilxT  of  tciichiM's  was  made.  The  school 
))()j»ulati()ii  increased,  and  in  some  VDonis  (Voni  one  liiindi-ed  and  tif'ty 
to  two  hundred  jjupils,  under  the  care  of  two  teachers,  \v«'re  enrolled. 

About  ISC.I,  a  district  institute  was  oreanized  l)y  the  teachers  fur 
their  ini|trovenient  in  nielhods  of  instriiction  and  school  nianaiicnient, 
and  in  ii'cneral  culture.  These  institutes  were  kept  up  until  18Y5, 
when,  the  school  directors  refusinjr  to  remunerate  the  teachers  for  the 
time  spent  at  th<'se  meetiiiiis,  they  wci'e  discontinued. 

No  other  than  frame  huildin<;-s  were  erected  until  llSlO.  The  pop- 
ulation increasiuii- so  rajtidly,' the  erection  of  buildinji's  re(|uii"ed  con- 
siderable attention  In  18(>4,  a  house  with  one  room  wa>  built  in  the 
Third  ward,  at  a  cost  of  $1,500.  A  fourth  .yrade,  called  the  hiuh 
.-^•hool,  was  made,  and  E.  H.  Brunner  was  elected  teacher.  A  few  of 
the  higher  ))ranches  were  tau<^-ht  in  addition  to  the  common  school 
branches.  The  next  year  Professor  J(din  Miller  was  chosen  teacher 
of  the  hifi'h  school,  for  which  a  room  \\  as  renteil,  all  the  school  ro(»nis 
being  occupied  by  the  other  grades.  Professor  Miller  held  this  posi- 
tion until  he  was  elected  city  superintendent.  In  18()(),  a  two-story 
building,  with  two  rooms,  was  assigned  to  the  high  school,  and  was 
occu])ied  by  it  until  a  building  w^as  erected  in  the  First  ward. 

When  the  l)Oundaries  of  Altoona  were  extended  and  it  was  incor- 
porated as  a  city,  what  was  known  as  Loudonsville  came  within  the 
limits.  Here  were  two  school  houses,  each  with  one  room.  One  of 
them  was  built  about  1859,  and  served  for  school  purposes  until  1876, 
when  it  was  destroyed  by  tire.  The  other  was  erected  in  18»;(;,  when 
two  grades  were  established.  Another  house,  with  one  room,  in  the 
Eighth  ward,  which  was  erected  about  1867,  came  within  the  limits 
of  the  city  also.  The  enrollment  of  {»upils  was  greatly  increased, 
and  it  was  necessary  to  rent  several  rooms  until  more  buildings  could 
foe  erected.  In  a  short  time  three  houses  were  built — one  with  one 
room  in  the  Fifth  ward  ;  and  one  with  one,  and  one  with  two  rooms 
in  the  Eighth  ward. 


The  office  of  city  superintendent  was  instituted  in  1869,  to  which 
Professor  John  Miller  was  called.  He  served  until  October,  1874, 
Avhen  the  present  incumbent.  Prof.  D.  S.  Keith,  was  elected. 

John  S.  Alexander  was  assigned  to  the  high  school ;  howi-ver 
Professor   Miller  continued    to   teach  a  few  Ijranches  for  one  year. 






New  Furniture,  Bedroom  Suits,  Jewelry,  Notions,  Dry  Goods,  Boots  and 

Shoes,   Queensware,   and   Bedding  of  every  description,  both 

Old  and  New. 

All  sort.s  o(  good.'-;  lukeii  aiitl  soM  on  coimnis.sion  at  reasonable  rates.     Sales  in  and 

ontside  the  city  promptly  attended  to  by  himself.    Speaks  both  English  and 

German.    Old  Household  Goods  taken  in  exehan<<e  for  New. 

CALL    AND    SKE    HUM. 

[A  piece  of  po(!tiy  written  as  an  impromptn,  and  Itjft  unceremonionsly,  surrep- 
titiously and  clanilestinel\-  on  the  jflass  ease  of  Philip  Teats'  Auction  House,  SOS 
Twelfth  Street,  near  Eighth  Avenue,  without  signature: 

Those  fond  of  fine  sofas  and  very  good  seats, 
Invariably  call  on  our  friend  Philip  Teats; 
Tliose  wishing  good  tables  at  which  to  dine. 
Can  there  linil  a  stock  especially  flue  ; 
And  all  kinds  of  furniture  both  new  and  old, 
Which  at  prices  quite  low  is  invariably  sold. 

That  Teats  is  a  "brick,"  as  all  people  know. 

Who  Forepaugh  tried  liard  to  add  to  his  show 

As  one  of  his  spejikers  to  do  the  "polite," 

But  Teats  failed  to  join  liini,  because  'twas  not  right 

To  pull  up  his  stakes.  Mountain  City  to  leave. 

For  full  well  he  knew  how  the  people  would  grieve; 

His  musical  voice  would  no  longer  be  heard. 

And  we'rt^  glfid  that  friend  Teats  is  a  man  of  his  woi-d. 

"His  musical  voice  would  no  longer  resound." 

For  he's  classe<l  'inongst  the  best  that  lives  above  ground. 

At  the  favorite  number — 8(X) 

Twelfth  Street,  you'll  find  him  in  very  good  fix  : 

His  auctions  at  liight  are  the  best  of  tiie  kind 

i  )f  ain  where  on  the  green  earth  you  will  find. 

Those  sales  (which  are  i>nvate)  all  through  the  long  day, 

Attending  of  which  yon  can  liave  your  own  way. 

Result  to  the  good  of  the  people  at  large— 

For  attending  his  sales  there's  really  no  charge. 

So  go  to  the  place,  and  all  take  your  seats. 

If  you  see  nothing  more,  you  will  see  our  friend  Teats. 


OFFICE:  Twelfth  Street,  near  Eighth  Avenue, 



Ncvin  H.  Fisher  was  next  elected,  and  was  followed  by  A.  V.  Hos- 
totter,  D.  S.  Keith,  X.  P.  Ci'onse,  and  L.  L.  Book,  the  ])resent 

(iRAItlNCi    OF    SCHOOLS. 

In  1869,  the  schools  helow  the  high  school  were  divided  into  five 
grades,  and  a  revised  conrse  of  study  was  pre]>ared.  The  course;  for 
the  hifjh  school  included  the  conuuon  school  branches,  with  algelira, 
geometry,  natural  philosophy,  Latin,  Greek  and  German.  However, 
but  fpw  pupils  advanced  much  beyond  the  common  school  studies. 
The  course  was  not  followed  closely,  every  teacher  chanu'ing  it  as  he 
thought  it  best  adapted  to  the  wants  of  his  i)ui)ils. 


When  Altoona  became  a  borough  and  a  separate  sediool  district, 
little  idea  did  the  .school  directors  have  of  the  dimensions  the  place 
would  assume  in  a  few  years.  Frame  liuildings  seemed  to  answer 
every  purpose ;  and  it  was  thought,  too,  that  there  should  be  only 
one  story,  for  when  the  first  two-story  school  house  was  built,  some 
avowed  that  educational  interest  was  getting  up  too  high.  But  when: 
a  city  charter  was  obtained,  and  the  ]iopulation  continued  to  increase, 
the  directors  began  to  think  it  was  necessary  to  erect  morc^  perman- 
ent and  larger  buildings.  In  1S70,  a  brick  building,  with  eight  rooms, 
was  erected  in  the  First  M'ard.  Six  rooms  were  supplied  with  pat- 
ent furniture  ;  and  all  the  l)ui!dings  erected  afterwards  were  fitted 
Avith  such  furniture,  except  a  small  addition  i)ut  to  one  of  the  build- 
ings in  the  Third  ward  in  \H1\.  There  was  still  not  sufficient  school 
room  for  all  the  pupils,  and,  in  1S72,  a  brick  house,  with  four  rooms, 
was  built  in  the  Eighth  ward.  Tn  1S78,  the  frame  building  in  th(>^ 
Fourth  ward,  which  was  erected  in  185(i,  was  removed,  and  a  brick 
house,  with  four  rooms  was  built.  The  same  year,  two  other  brick 
houses,  each  with  two  rooms,  were  built — one  in  the  Sixth  ward  and 
one  in  the  Seventh  Avard.  In  1875,  an  addition,  with  two  rooms, 
was  built  to  the  Sixth  ward  house,  making  the  total  number  of  rooms 
thirty -eight ;  and  thirty-eight  teachers  were  elected.  In  1879,  four 
additional  rooms  were  added  to  the  Sixth  ward  building.  Owing  to 
the  rapid  increase  in  school  ])opulation,  it  was  difficult  to  keep  pace 
with  the  demand  for  new  school  ])uildings;  and  when  the  number  of 
rooms  became  equal  to  the  number  of  teachers  employed,  which  had 
not  been  the  case  since  1854,  a  very  desirable  end  was  accomplished. 



In  18*75,  a  new  <i-radation  of  the  scliools  was  made,  a  revised 
■course  of  instrueti(jn  was  prei)ared,  the  sexes  were  taught  together  in 
all  the  schools,  and  improvements  were  made  in  the  plans  for  heating 
and  ventilation.  Eight  grades  below  the  high  school  were  made — 
four  constituting  the  primary,  two  the  intermediate,  and  two  the 
grammer  de])artment.  The  course  for  these  three  divisions  included 
the  common  school  l»ranches,  with  drawing,  simple  ecjuations  in  alge- 
))ra  and  the  elements  of  physiology.  Two  courses,  an  elementary 
and  a  .scientific,  w<'re  prepared  for  the  high  .<chool.  The  elementary 
■course  includes  English  grammar,  orthography,  etymologv,  reading, 
comi)osition,  rhetoric.  Ijatin,  aritlimetic,  algebra,  geometry,  physiol- 
ogy, mitural  philosophy,  history  and  Constitution  of  the  United 
States,  penmanship,  drawing,  Ixitany  or  book-keeping.  The  .scien- 
tific course  includes  English  literature,  composition,  rhetoric,  Latin, 
higher  alge])ra,  chemistry,  gent-ral  history,  geology,  trig(Uiometrv  and 
.surveying,  astronomy  and  mental  )>hil().sophy.  (ierman,  French  and 
(Ireek  are  voluntary  studies.  An  e(piivalent  amount  of  language 
nuiy  be  substituted  for  some  of  the  mathematical  studies. 

teachers'  institute. 

In  1872,  a  law  was  })assed  in  regard  to  annual  institutes,-  "author- 
izing the  city  of  Altoona  to  organize  a  teachers'  institnte  independ- 
ently of  the  county  of  Blair." 


Professor  Jcdin  Miller,  who  was  widely  known  throughout  Blair 
county,  died  in  Altoona,  8ei)teml)er  3,  1875.  He  was  l)orn  in  the 
city  of  Paris  about  1800,  and  was  taught  to  speak  and  read  French 
by  his  mother.  When  he  was  aliout  three  years  of  age  liis  father 
moved  to  Strasburg.  He  was  sent  to  school  at  Leipsic,  when'  he  re- 
mained until  he  graduated.  Leaving  Leipsic  he  came  to  this  country 
about  1825.  After  being  some  time  in  New  Vork  and  Philadelphia, 
he  went  to  the  western  part  of  this  State,  where  he  commenced  teach- 
ing school.  Being  a  tine  scholar  his  services  were  soon  sought.  The 
most  prominent  ))laces  where  he  taught  are  Martinsburg,  Williams- 
])urg,  Butler,  Hollidayslnirg,  and  Altoona.  He  tilled  the  office  of  city 
.superintendent  until  1S74,  when  lie  resigned,  l)eing  so  feeble  that  he 
was  unal)le  to  disehiirge  the  duties  of  his  office. 

p]lexis  Elder,  W.  W.  Osltornc  and  J.  B.  Bowles  are  among  the 
teachers  who  have  taught  longest  in  Altoona.     Mr.   Elder    was  ap- 

lilSTdRV    OK    ALT(X:»NA    AND    HI, AIR    COUNTY'. 

I  I  1 

])(iiiit('(l  su)»i'riiit(Mi(lciit  of  IMair  county  in  18()4,  and  <'lcct4'(i   in    18()(), 
sci'vinu'  in  all  Iinc  vcars. 

(iUOWi'il    Oh'    THK    TCHMC    SCIIOOI.    SYSTEM. 

The  annexed  tabular  statement  w  ill  >.li()\v   the   urowth   of  the  s}'.- 
tcni  since  1854  : 



185.5 ,  1 

X■K^^^ 1  2 

1^07 1  a 

18oS I  3 

1S5H 4 

IStiO 4 

isfii :  4 

i862 1  4 

]8()3 1  4 

1864 1  4 

ISa'i I  5 

186<i i  5 

18K7 5 

1868 '  I 

18(59 li 

1870 o 

1871 '  7 

1872 7 

1873 1  7 

1874 10 

1875 11 

187(> !  11 

1877 1  8 

1878 1  (1 

187i> t> 

1880 8 












































































3  S 






01    1 






.2   i 




if35  00 

$25  (M) 

;i5  00 

.■«)  (Ml 

40  00 

30  00 

40  00 

25  00 

.■'.7  50 

27  .50 

37  50 

27  50 

37  .50 

27  ,50 

37  50 

27  ,50  , 

37  50 

27  50  ' 

39  72 

29  72 

48  .52 

;i5  39 

54  37 

;«  64 

55  00 

39  ;« 

62  .50 

40  42 

57  .50 

45  00  , 

60  00 

44  33  1 

60  00 

45  00  1 

71  43 

44  4(i  1 

78  33 

44  80 

ti7  75 

44  70  ' 

61  82 

40  96 

57  05 

41  98 

,56  69 

40  95 

.55  51 

36  15 

54  (K) 

36  87 

50  62 

35  36 

_2  a 

d  — 

.$1,400  00 


2,400  (H) 


.■i,S57  ,36 


3,969  16 


3,4.54  .il 


f..;i58  30 

2,744  04 

2.776  .87 

2,800  (JO 

3,112  00 

4,445  .55 

4,414  78 


6,:340  54 


9,107  85 

17,260  00 


18,000  00 


28,000  00 


27,228  93 


37,9114  ;!3 


43,873  00 


29,032  (iO 


25,377  63 


25,515  .53 


23,19!)  95 


25,616  ,55 


25,244  30 


Ever  since  Altoona  was  inc()r})orated  as  a  borough  it  has  been 
xlifficult  to  kec})  pace  with  the  demand  for  school  buildings  sufficient 
to  accommodate  the  num))er  of  children  attending;  school.  In  addi- 
tion to  the  other  buildings  at  that  time  existing,  a  brick  house — one 
of  the  most  substantial  and  best  arranged  of  the  school  buildings  in 
the  city — containing  four  rooms,  was  erected  in  the  Fifth  ward  in 
187T.  It  was  supplied  with  first-class  furniture.  The  scho(d  direc- 
tors deserve  great  credit  for  the  attention  and  care  they  gave  in  its 
-erection.  Several  years  ago  a  brick  building  of  about  the  same  size 
was  erected  in  the  Fourth  ward  at  a  less  cost,  but  on  account  of  the 
inferior  material  used,  and  the  careless  manner  in  which  it  was  built, 




Mountain  City 


Howard  Aveiuie,  bet.  9tli  and  10th  Streets, 




Cut  Flowers  and  Designs  of  all  kinds,  at  all  seasons  of  the  year. 







Groceries,  Flour,  Feed, 

Teas,  Coffees,  Sugars,  Syrups, 

Canned   Fruits,  Dried   Fruits,  Mackerel   in     Kits   and    other   packages, 
Fish,  Baeon  and  Hann.     Glass,  Wood,  Willow  and  Queensware, 

Tbfietlier  with  every  article  wliicli  is  usually  t<i  be  found  in  a  well-appoiiitefl.  well- 

arraiiii;eil,  tirist-elass  Grocei-;^-  and  Provision  Store.     i^^Don't  mistake  the 

name  and  the  place,  as  I  don't  wish  others  to  trade  on  my  cai)ital. 


No.   1018 

C'hestnut  Aveniie,    Altoona,  Pa. 


HISTORY    OF    ALT'OONA    AND    BfiAIR   COUNTY.  118 

it  Wiis  nn-ciitly  condciiiiicd,  and  altlioii^-li  tlic  original  cost,  tu^u'i'tlu'r 
with  repairs,  aniouiitrd  to,  say  $1,3(10,  it  was  sold  for  the  tritlin<i,- 
.sum  of  $855. 

[$5,700  was  the  amount  oriiiiually  roiitraeted  for  the  t-reclioii  of 
this  huildin,y.  The  contractor  found  th(>  amount  too  small,  when 
$1,000  additional  was  added,  making  $0,700.  Afterwards  a  heater 
was  placed  in  the  building  at  a  cost  of  about  $400;  then  a  new  roof 
and  other  repairs  amounting  to  about  $200— making  $7, 300. J 

In  September,  1878,  the  term  commenced  with  forty-two  t(uichers, 
and  during  the  month  two  thousand  four  hundred  and  twenty-two 
pupils  were  enrolled,  with  one  hundred  and  twenty-three  of  them  in 
charge  of  one  (»f  the  primary  teachers.  This  crowded  condition  of 
the  schools  made  it  necessary  to  establish  another  school.  A  church 
room,  which  was  not  at  all  suitable  for  a  school  room,  was  rented  and 
occupied  the  remainder  of  the  term.  It  became  evident  from  the  in- 
<-rease  of  the  school  poi)u]alion  that  |»ro\'ision  must  be  made  for  more 
school  rooms.  Karly  in  the  summer  an  addition  of  ftiur  rooms  to 
the  Sixth  war<l  building  was  commenced  and  completed  in  Se]>tember. 
The  ))uildin^,  which  is  of  lirick,  now  contains  eight  rooms,  supplied 
with  good  furniture. 

In  Sei)tend)er,  187V),  the  schools  openi'd  with  forty-tive  teachers 
and  an  enrollment  of  two  thousand  six  hundred  and  nim'  pupils. 
Before  the  o])ening  of  the  schools,  it  was  thought  that  there  would 
he  sutiicient  school  room  to  accommodate  the  increase  in  tlie  number 
of  pu|»ils,  but  it  became  necessary  again  to  resort  to  the  renting  of 
rooms.  Two  additional  rooms  were  secured  and  two  teachers  elected, 
making  the  total  number  of  teachers  forty  seven.  The  erection  of  a 
building  containing  eight  rooms,  in  the  Second  ward,  is  now  in  pro- 
gress, and  will  l)e  quite  a  relief  to  the  crowded  condition  of  the 
schools.  The  building,  with  furniture  and  heating  a})paratus,  will 
cost  about  $18,000;  two  lots  and  a  half,  upon  which  to  erect  the 
building,  were  purchased  at  the  cost  of  about  $4,800.  When  the 
grounds  are  suitably  improved,  the  total  value  of  the  public  school 
])roi)erty,  in  the  Second  ward,  will  be  about  $23,000,  and  will  be 
more  valual)le  than  that  in  any  other  ward. 

NtJMBER    OF    SCHOOL     BriLI)l.\(JS. 

To  sumnuirize  the  statistics  of  i)ublic  school  buildings  scattered 
through  preceding  i)ages  we  state  that  in  the  First  ward  is  one  ))uild- 
ing  with  eight  rooms;  Second  ward,  one  building  with  eight  rooms; 
Third  ward,  one  building  with  three  rooms,  and  two  buildings  with 



one  room  each — total,  five  rooms;  Fourth  ward,*  two  l)ui](lin<>-s  with 
two  room.s  each — total,  four  rooms  ;  Fifth  ward,  one  building-  with 
four  rooms ;  Sixth  ward,  one  building-  with  eii^ht  rooms ;  Seventh 
ward,  one  building  with  two  rooms;  Eighth  ward,  one  building  with 

four  rooms,  one  with  two  rooms  and  two  with  on(>  room  each total,. 

eight  rooms.      Grand  total,  forty-seven  rooms. 


The  total  number  of  pupils  enrolled  in  the  ])ublic  schools  for 
1879-80  was  2,698.  The  names  of  teachers,  grade,  and  the  enroll^ 
ment  and  average  attendance  of  puj^ils  of  each  school  for  that  ])eriod 
are  given  in  the  tables  annexed; 

Naiiif's  of  TeiK'hert 



L.  L.  Hook 

Liiidav  Hooper 

A.  1'.  liUlH'lt 

J.  B.  Bowles 

]Mai>   10.  Foster, 

.Vniia  M.  .Johnston  . . 
N'etlie  Durborrow. . . 
Emilia  K.  Woi'ley...., 
Mrs.  Lettie  Wilson  .. 
Mrs.  Ella  C.  Bee.ifle. ., 

Kate  Alleman i 

Anna  C.  Bailey i 

Nannie  Russell j 

Kate  K.  Moser 

Sadie  E.  Ingram 

INIrs.  Kinina  Peake... 

Ella  Lewis 

■  .Mrs.  Eiz/.ie  Redding-. 

I.,oiiisa  O'Neill 

Mrs.  .\iiiiieE.  Moore 

Marv  .1.  stoulTer 

Mrs.  Sal  lie  .I.Steele..; 

Sadie  Reagan i 

Alice  V.  sliew | 

W.  W.  Osborne | 

.\nieliaC  Snyder t 

rjllie  M.  Bowers ; 

Lizzie  McCiiuipsey . .  | 

.Jessie  Custer .".. . 

Lizzii'  \.  (_  olo 

Maggie  M.  Ross i 

Ilarni.  L.  Brennecke, 

ISIaddie  Keiidig > 

Charles  Geesey I 

Mattie  Neville 

U.  Gialiaui  Anrtersoiij 

li i-i'triide  Roiishe [ 

W.  C.  Reeni 

K.  Elder I 

Mary  Wallace i 

Raeliael  .\ .  Coweu . . .  i 

Marv  E.  Clark.'^oii ; 

Sallie  II   Mc(;iatliery  [ 

Maggie  I'arke 

Jennie  Swartz 

Rebecca  M.Patterson 
E:ninia  F.  Trattord...! 

First.  ...  ...  ... 

...,do.  ...  ... 
•>d  and  3. 
....<lo.  ..,  ...  ...  ...  ... 
Third....  ...  ... 
Fonrth..  ...  .., 

do.  . . . 

Fifth  ... 
do.  ... 
Sixtii....  ...  ...  ... 
....tlo.  ... 

do.  .. .  ... 
Seventh . 
,  ... 

High  School   

.\ssistant  High  School.. 

Seconi  I  ( i  raniiiiar 

Fii-st  Grammar 

1st  ,S  -iud  Intermediate. 

Fourth  Pi-iniary 

'I'lnrd  Primary 

Second  Primary 

First  Piiniarj' 

First  Grammar 

.\<U'ance  Second  Inter. 
Second  Intermediate...! 

First  Iiilt  iniediate.. ! 

Fourth   Priniary 

Third   Primary 

Second  Primary 

First  Primary 

F'irst  Piimary ' 

First  Primary 

First  Grammar 

1st  iV  -211(1  Intermediate.: 

Foiiilh  I'riiiiary 

•2nd  and  :!d  Piimary 

First  Primary " 

Second  COaniiiiar 

f'irst  (irammar  . , 

Second  Intermediate.. . 

First  Inteiiiicdiatc 

F'ourth  Piimary 

Third  Piimary. 

Second  Primary 

First  Piimary ; 

First  Primary 

1st  &  2nd  Intermediate. 

Fourth  I'riiiiary 

Thiril  Priniary. 

1st  &  2nd  Priniary- 

Si'coiid  (Oainmar 

First  (iratiimar , 

Second  Intermediate... 

First  Intermediate |, 

Fonrth  Primary ,. 

Third  Primary.' 

Second  Primarv j . 

First  Priniary.  .* i . 

1st  &  '2d  Inter.  &4thPri.|. 
1st.  2ri  &  3d  Primary....!. 

Normal  Dip 
Permanent . 





Permanent. , 




Permanent. . 
Provisional  . 











Permanent .. 


Prcjvi.sional  . 




....  do 




Periiianent . . 


Provisional  . 





































*Priiicipal  building  of  this  ward  condemned  and  sold. 


1 1:5. 

Names  of  teaclicrs  for   ISSO-Sl.  witli   tlicir  firadc  of  school  :\wl 
certificate  :* 

Niuue,-<  of  Teachers. 


A.  P.  Uiipert First  . . 

Xannic  Knssell <lo.  . 

Lillie  M.  Bowers do.  . 

Mary  K.  Foster «io.  . 

AniiaJNI.  Johnston do.. 

Nellie  Dui-horrow   do.  . 

Dora  Kearney do.  . 

Mrs.  Lettie  Wilson do. 

L.  L.  Book Second. 

Linda  Hooper do. 

W.  W.  Osborne do. 

J.  B.  Bowles tlo. 

Charles  Geesey do 

Jessie  Custer — do 

Emma  K.  Worley 

Libbie  Heir ". do 

Louisa  O'Neill  do 

Mrs.  Annie  E.  Moore Third 

Anna  C.  BaileV do 

Mrs.  Sallie  J.  Steele <lo 

Sadie  Reagan ilo 

Allie  V.  Shew <lo 

Ivizzie  McCnini>sey Fourth 

John  B.  Harmon.." <lo 

Maggie  M.  Ross do 

Maddie  Kendiii do 

S.  e;.  Rupert...' Fifth 

Mattie  Neville do 

A.  M.  Crosthwaite do 

Ella  K  em  merlin  fj do 

AV.  C.  Reem Sixth 

E lexis  Elder <lo 

jMary  Wallace ". .  .do 

Kaehel  A.  Cowen do 

Lizzie  A.  Cole do.  ; 

Maggie  Park <lo 

Emma  Davis do 

Blanche  Miller do 

Kebecca  Jl.  Patterson Seventh.  . 

Emma  F.  Trafford do 

Mrs.  Ella  C.  J'.eegle Eighth.... 

Mary  J.  Stouft'er do 

jMary  E.  Clarkson , do 

G.  G.  Anderson do 

Kate  L.  Moser do 

Sadie  E .  Ingram do 

Sadie  Row do 

Harmenia  Brennecke do 

Lettie  D.  Johnston do 



Second  Grammar  

Fii-st  (irammar i 

Second  Intermediate. . .! 

First  Iiitc!-mediate 

Fourth  Primary I 

Third  Primary [ 

Second  Primary 

First  Primary 

Principal  High  School.. 
Assistant      "  " 

Second  (;  ram  mar 

First  (iraniinar 

First  and  Second  Inter.j 

Fourth  Primary \ 

Third  Primary 

Second  Primary 

First  Primary 

First   Grammar 

First  an<l  Second  Inter. 

Fourth  Primary 

Second  an<l  Third  Pri.. 

Fiist  Primary 

Fouitli  Primary 

Thiril  Primary 

Second  Primary 

First  Primary." 

First  and  Second  Inter. 

Fourth  I'l'iiiiary 

Second  and  Third  Pri.. 

First  Primary 

Second  Grammar 

First  tirammar 

Seconrl  Inlcrnicdiate.. . 

First  Inti'iiui'diate 

Fouith  Primary 

Third  Primary." 

Second  Prinuiry 

First  I'limarv 

1st  .V:  '2d  Inter.  .^  4th  I'ri. 
1st.  ■2t\  and  .id  Primary.. 

First  (Oamniar  

•2d  Inter.  .Vdvanced 

Second  Intermediate. . . 

First  I ntcrmediate 

Fourth  Primary 

Third  Prinniry.' 

St'cond  Primary 

First  Primary  ." 



Normal  Diplonuti 






Normal  DiploniiU 


Normal  Diploma 

*  As  the  schools,  for  which  teachers  have  been  appointed,  do  not  commence  un- 
til September.  1S80,  we  are  imable  to  give  the  number  of  pupils  and  average  at- 


The  value  of  property  used  for  .school  i)iiri)osos  amounts  to  $!><;,- 
500,  divided  as  follows:  (Jrounds,  $24,200  ;  buildings,  $64,800;  fur- 
niture, $7,500.  Twenty-five  years  ap-o  there  was  hut  one  school 
house,  worth  less  than  $300.  [The  valui'  of  tlie  school,  property  of 
the  entire  county  is  $200,850.] 


D.  &  C.  MOORE, 





Canned  Goods, 

Sugars,  Coffees, 

Spices,  Syrups, 

And  an  endless  variety  of  Heavy  and  Faney  Groceries  usually  found  in  a  well-reg- 
ulated store.      They  also  receive,  in  season, 


From  the  East  every  day,  which  they  sell  at  a  very  small  nuufjins.    They  ofler 
bargains  to  everybody  in 


All  goods  guaranteed  to  be  of  the  best  quality  and  warranted  to  give  satisfaction 
in  every  case.    Give  theui  a  call  and  become  convlnce<l. 

D.  &  C.  MOORE, 

Corner  lltli  AA^eniie  and   15th   Street,   Altoona. 



The  board  of  school  divectors  consists  of  six  mcnilHTs,  as  follows: 
John  P.  Levan,  A.  F.  Hce.'^s,  J.  F.  Kainey,  W.  S.  Douglass,  H.  C. 
Dcni,  and  C.  N.  Pimlott.  Two  directors  arc  elected  each  year,  the 
term  of  office  being  three  years.  At  the  election  of  Fclu'nary  17,  18S0, 
J.  P.  Levan  (whose  term  expired  on  June  1  following)  was  re-elected, 
and  A.  F.  Heess  was  elected  in  i)lacc  of  W.  E.  Craine,  whose  term  ex- 
pired also  on  June  1.  The  terms  of  J.  F.  Rainey  and  W.  S.  Douglass 
Avill  expire  June  1,  1881,  and  those  of  H.  C.  D(>rn  and  C.  X.  Pimlott 
on  June  1,  1882. 

Prof.  D.  S.  Keith,  city  superintendent  of  sclmols,  is  elected  bv  the 
directors  and  commissioned  by  the  State  superintendent.  His  term 
expires  on  June  1,  1881. 

The  present  visiting  directors  arc:  First  ward,  H.  C.  Deni ;  Third 
ward,  J.  F.  Rainey;  Fourth  ward,  A.  F.  Heess;  Fifth  and  Sixth 
wards,  W.  S.  Douglass;  Seventh  ward,  John  P.  licvan;  Eighth  and 
Second  wards,  C.  N.  Pimlott. 

Officers  of  the  board:  President,  John  1'.  Levan;  secretarv,  W. 
S.  Douglass ;  treasurer,  T.  H.  Wigton. 


A))out  1855  a  private  school  was  established  with  twenty-five  pu- 
pils, by  Right  Reverend  J.  Tuigg,  and  Mary  Levi  was  a})p( tinted  as 
teacher.     The  school  grew  rapidly  in  numbers  and  influence. 

The  large  and  imposing  structure,  adjacent  to  St.  John's  church, 
on  Thirteenth  avenue,  l)etween  Thirteenth  and  Fourteenth  streets,  is 
now  the  residence  and  school  ])uilding  of  the  Sisters  of  Charity  at- 
tached to  the  church.  Its  corner-stone  was  laid  l)y  Rt.  Rev.  Bisho[) 
Domenec,  under  the  })astorship  of  Rev.  Father  Tuigg,  Mav  12,  1807. 
On  August  19,  1870,  the  building  was  ready  to  receive  the  Sisters. 
It  was  furnished  with  all  tlie  modern  improvements.  There  are  eight 
large  and  well-ventilated  rooms  for  the  children  ;  a  comfortable  and 
handsome  oratory,  where  the  Sisters  assemble  to  perform  the  religious 
exercises  of  their  order ;  large  and  spacious  parlors,  and  a  grand  re- 
ception room ;  three  or  four  music  halls,  together  with  a  large  dormi- 
torj  divided  into  cells,  where  the  members  of  the  community  slec}). 
The  Sisters,  originally  only  four  in  number,  came  from  Cincinnati,  and 
under  the  Superior  Mother  Aloysia,  took  i)ossession  of  the  building  in 
1870,  and  commenced  at  once  the  duties  of  imparting  to  the  young 
people  of  the  congregation,  and  to  others  who  were  willing  to  eml)race 
the  opportunity,  a  sound  religious  and  secular  education.  The  com- 


muiiity  rapidly  grew  and  spread,  and  now  from  this  honse  alone  many 
others  have  been  established  in  the  diocese — at  Johnstown,  East  Lib- 
erty, South-Side  (Pittsburg),  Sharpsburg  and  Blairsville.  The  atten- 
dance at  the  Convent  schools  is  large,  averaging  daily  between  six 
and  seven  hundred  children.  There  is  an  academy  or  high  school  at- 
tached, from  which  the  more  advanced  pupils  graduate  with  honors. 
Mother  Aloysia  superintends  the  schools,  and  the  whole  is  under  the 
supervision  of  the  pastor  of  the  church. 

The  German  Catholic  schools,  conducted  by  the  Sisters  of  St. 
Agnes,  were  started  in  1877,  and  since  that  time  have  been  very  suc- 
cessful in  providing  the  necessary  religious  and  secular  training  to  up- 
wards of  three  hundred  German  Catholic  children. 

In  September,  1878,  the  Franciscan  Brothers  from  Loretto,  Cam- 
bria county,  tijok  charge  (if  the  boys'  schools,  one  on  the  eastern  side 
and  one  on  the  western  side  of  the  city.  The  superintendance  of  the 
schools  is  committed  to  Brother  Angelus,  who  is  assisted  by  Brothers 
Vincent,  Athanasius,  and  two  others.  Some  time  ago  they  gave  a 
public  entertainment  at  tlie  Opera  House,  which  was  very  successful 
and  gave  proof  of  the  brothers'  efficiency. 

Eight  or  ten  3-ears  ago  a  parochial  school  was  estaljlished  by  the 
German  Lutheran  church,  in  order  tliat  their  children  might  receive 
instruction  in  their  own  language.  Recently  these  children  have 
come  into  the  public  schools,  but,  during  the  vacation  of  the  puldie 
schools,  they  receive  instructions  in  reading  and  writing  German.  By 
this  method  they  receive  the  benefits  of  a  system  of  graded  schools, 
and  advance  as  rapidly  in  learning  their  own  language. 

A  "Kindergarten"  school,  the  central  idea  of  which  is  to  mingle 
work  and  play  so  adroitly  that  the  child's  mind  unfolds  through  its 
play,  so  that  mental  and  Ijodily  development  go  hand  in  hand,  was 
recently  estalilished  by  Miss  Joanna  Steiehele,  a  young  German  lady, 
with  prospects  of  ultimate  success. 

In  the  year  18(52  an  effort  was  made  l)y  Dr.  Wni.  R.  Findley,  and 
severdl  other  prominent  citizens,  to  establish  an  academy  at  which  a 
higher  grade  of  education  might  be  obtainable  than,  at  that  time,  the 
public  schools  ottered.  A  charter  of  incorporation  was  obtained,  and 
although  the  i)1an  of  organization  proposed  was  considered  practicable^ 
yet  petty  sectional  jealousy  brought  the  enterprise  to  a  speedy  death. 
Dr.  Findley  had  secured  the  refusal  of  a  lot  of  ground  adjoining  the 
reservoir,  on  the  east  side,  for  $1,500,  with  $300  subscribed,  and  it  is 
to  be  regretted  that  the  academy  w\as  not  built  at  that  time. 




Tl'.c  orig'in  of  the  First  church  goes  back  to  May,  1842,  then  or- 
ganized under  the  name  of  "The  Pleasant  Valley  Baptist  Church," 
with  seventeen  inenibcrs,  in  the  Union  school  house.  Up  to  1852  the 
church  had  no  settled  pastor,  but  was  regularly  supplied  with  preach- 
ing by  Rev.  Wni.  B.  Bingham,  Rev.  Mr.  Fisher,  Rev.  J.  B.  Morris 
and  Rev.  J.  B.  Williams,  all  of  whom  did  pastoral  Avork.  With  the 
laying  out  of  Altoona,  lots  were  secured  principally  through  the  kind- 
ness of  Martin  Bell,  deceased.  In  1853  the  small  brick  building,  now 
occupied  by  the  Catholics  as  a  reading  room,  was  built  and  used  by 
the  congregation  until  the  present  edifice,  at  the  corner  of  Eleventh 
avenue  and  Fifteenth  street,  close  to  the  old  building,  was  erected. 
Rev.  A.  J.  Hay  was  pastor  of  the  church  from  1852  to  1854.  He 
was  followed  by  Rev.  W.  B.  Harris.  In  1859  Rev.  A.  H.  Sembower 
became  pastor  and  remained  with  the  church  until  1865,  when  Rev. 
A.  F.  Shanafelt  succeeded  him.  Rev.  Wm.  Shadrach,  D.  D.,  took  the 
partorate  in  1808  and  remained  until  1813.  During  Dr.  Shath-ach's 
pastorate  the  present  church  building  was  completed,  he  having  faith- 
fully served  the  church  for  five  years.  Rev.  Dr.  Shadrack  leaving,  Rev. 
Wm.  Codville  Ijccame  pastor,  remaining  until  April,  1876.  During 
the  summer  of  the  latter  year  the  church  was  without  a  pastor.  In 
the  fall  of  the  same  year  Rev.  A.  K.  Bell,  D.  D.,  assumed  the  pastoral 
charge,  and  has  ever  since  been,  more  or  less,  identified  with  the  church. 
During  Dr.  Bell's  absence  at  Lewisburg,  Rev.  C.  A.  Hare  filled  the 
pastor's  chair  from  July,  1878,  to  October,  1879,  when  he  left  to  re- 
sume his  studies  at  Crozer.  Dr.  Bell  filled  the  pulpit  from  October, 
1879  to  January,  1880,  when  the  church  again  released  him  in  the  in- 
terests of  the  University  at  Lewisburg  until  June,  1880,  his  place  be- 
ing filled  by  Rev.  J.  Creen  Miles. 

N.  J.  Mervine,  W.  B.  Ketler,  Benj.  M.  Bunker,  H.  B.  Keudig,  C. 
C.  Lyon,  Stephen  Aiken  and  Samuel  Colclesser  constitute  the  pres- 
ent board  of  deacons ;  W.  S.  Douglass,  church  clerk,  and  Dr.  S.  M. 
Sellers,  treasurer.  The  board  of  trustees  for  1880-1  consists  of  Dr. 
S.  M.  Sellers,  J.  H.  Oves,  H.  B.  Kendig,  J.  W.  Cherry,  N.  J.  Mer- 
vine, C.  C.  Lyon,  G.  S.  Eby,  W.  S.  Elder,  and  W.  S.  Douglass. 
As  a  corporate  body  the  church  is  entirely  free  from  debt,  owning 



Alive  to  the  Wants  of  the  People. 

Wc  buy  at  the  vorj-  lowest  tignres  anfl  are  thus  enabled  to  sell  at  what  some  mohUI 

term  starvation  prices.    AVe  mean  what  Ave  say  and  say  what  we  mean.    Trj- 

us  and  proAo  us.     We  carry  at  all  times  an  ample  stock  of 

Dry  Goods,  Notions, 

Groceries,  Flour,  Feed, 

Provisions,  Boots  and  Shoes, 

And  other  articles  of  general  merchantlise  too  numerous  to  mention. 


The  most  favorite  brand  of  flour,  and  can  be  obtained  only  of  us. 

WM.  McDowell  &  son, 

Corner  Ttli   Avenue   and  13th   Street,  Altoona. 



Lindsey's  World-Renowned  Panacea 

<4narantced  to  cure  all  diseases  arising  from  imi)urities  of  the  blooil,  of  wliich  the 

following  IS  a  part : 

Scrofula,  Cancer,  Salt-Bheum,  Fever-Sores, 

Secondary  Syphilis,  Tetter,  Erysipelas,  Itch, 

Catarrh,  Liver  Complaint,  Scald  Head, 

Pimples  and  Blotches  on  the  Face, 

And  at  the  same  time  is  one  of  the  greatest  beantitiers,  as  it  removes  all  eruptions 
and  sallowuess  liom  the  skin,  and  lea^■es  it  a  cleur  and  natural  color.      All  per- 
sons in  need  of  a  lilooil  puriller  are  recincsted  to  try  the  Panacea,  as  it  is  guar- 
anteed to  cure  if  taki'u  according  to  directions.    The  I'anacea  is  prepared 
by  Dv.  J.  M.  Lindsey  in  person,  at  the  Laboratory  of  the  sole  projirie- 
tors.    Sold  by  all  druggists  and  dealers  everywhere. 



11th  Avenue,  bet.  14th  and  15th  Streets,  Altoona, 

(Four  I)oor.s  East  of  Uaptist  Church.) 

llI.-^TOltY    OF    ALTOONA    AND    BLAIII   COUNTY.  121 

a  jH'Dpcrty  wortlraliout  $25,000.      Mi'iiilxTsliip,  2i)2,  with  an  averaii-c 
Sunday-school  attciulancc  of  225;  voluni08  in  lihrarv,  400. 

Till'  Second  Bapti^^t  church  was  org'anizod  in  1873,  under  tlie  au.s- 
pice,<  of  the  Ijaptist  churcli.  The  congregation  lirst  worshipped 
in  a  building  on  Eighth  avenue,  between  Twenty-tirst  and  Twenty- 
second  streets.  'JMie  lirst  pastor  was  Kev.  Jacob  Ro1)inson,  who  was 
succeeded  by  Kevs.  Richardson,  Khue  and  others.  In  18t()  a  new 
building  was  erected  on  Seventeenth  street,  between  Tenth  and  Elev- 
(jnth  av(>nues,  at  a  cost  of  aljout  $1,000,  Avhere  the  congregation  now 
Avorship,  altliough  for  some  time  they  have  liad  no  pastor. 


The  present  flourisliing  congregation  of  St.  Jolui's  started  witli  a 
church  organization  in  the  year  1852.  Rev.  John  Walsh,  decea.sed, 
then  in  charge  of  St.  Mary's  church,  Hollidaysburg,  purchased  on  the 
above  date  two  lots,  upon  which  was  erected  a  frame  building,  suffi- 
cient to  accommodate  the  congregation,  at  that  time  not  vcn-y  large. 
This  frame  church  w-as  dedicated  the  following  year  (1853).  The  ven- 
erable^ Father  Bradley,  pastor  at  Xewry,  attended  regularly  to  the 
spiritual  wants  of  the;  people  for  the  greater  part  of  1853,  as  yet  there 
being  no  duly  appointed  resident  pastor.  In  the  following  year,  Rev. 
John  Tuigg,  the  present  Bishop  of  the  Diocese  of  Pittsburg,  was  for- 
mally installed  as  pastor  of  St.  John's  congregation.  The  member- 
ship u})  to  this  date,  and  for  eight  years  afterwards,  eml:)raced  botli 
English  and  German  spealving  Catholics;  the  German  portion  of  the 
congregation  had  the  ministrations,  at  regular  intervals,  of  Fathers 
Clemens,  Manus,  Wendelin  and  others.  In  the  year  1800  the  German 
Catholics  formed  tliemselves  into  a  separate  congregation,  having  a 
resident  priest.  In  the  same  year,  under  the  very  able,  energetic  and 
efficient  pastorate  of  Rev.  J.  Tuigg,  the  present  capacious  and  beauti- 
ful church  building  was  commenced.  The  work  was  pushed  through 
rapidly,  and  was  dedicated  on  the  24th  of  June,  1875,  the  feast  of  St. 
John,  after  whom  the  church  is  nanu'd,  by  the  Rt.  Rev.  M.  Domenec, 
the  late  Catholic  Bishop  of  the  Diocese.  There  w^as  a  large  gather- 
ing on  the  occasion,  and  the  Catholic  population  must  have  felt  justly 
proud  of  the  success  that  crowned  their  efforts  in  securing  for  th(Mu- 
selves  such  an  imposing  church  edifice.  The  early  members  of  the 
church  wei*e  chiefly  composed  of  those  engaged  in  the  building  of  the 
Pennsylvania  railroad,  and  belonged  to  that  faith.  A  large  nund)er 
also  came  from  the  neighboring  counties,  especially  from  Cambria, 
where  there  is  a  large  Catholic  population,  the  fruits  of  the  faithful 


laljors  of  the  Pi-ince  Priest,  Dr.  Gallitzin.  The  present  pastor  of  St. 
John's  church  is  Rev.  Thomas  Ryan,  who  for  a  nunil)er  of  years  had 
been  pastor  of  the  Gallitzin  church.  On  July  18,  1880,  Bishop  Tuig-g 
administered  the  sacrament  of  confirmation  at  St.  John's,  at  the  close 
of  which  he  appointed  Father  Rj^an  to  succeed  the  lamented  Rev.  John 
Walsh,  who  had  been  })astor  since  March,  1876,  and  since  the  eleva- 
tion of  Rev.  John  Tuigg-,  his  predecessor,  to  the  episcopate.  Father 
Ryan  is  efficiently  assisted  in  ministering  to  the  congregation  by  the 
Rev.  Morgan  M.  Sheedy  and  Rev.  Jas.  A.  I*^ash.  The  present  mem- 
bership of  St.  John's  is  between  four  and  five  thousand,    s 

St.  Mary's  (German)  church  was  organized  in  1860.  The  first 
resident  priest  was  Father  Schuller,  who  was  succeeded  in  order  l)y 
Fathers  Bierl,  Kircher,  Rosswog,  and  others.  The  present  pastor, 
Rev.  John  Schell,  took  charge  in  1871.  In  1874  Father  Schell  got 
the  church  Iniilding  to  its  present  shape.  It  is,  however,  unfinished, 
l)ut  it  is  intended  to  complete  it  at  an  early  date.  This  congregation 
also  is  in  a  very  flourishing  condition,  and  has  a  membership  of  nearly 
two  thousand. 


This  church  is  located  on  the  corner  of  Twelfth  avenue  and  Fif- 
teenth street.  It  is  a  fine,  imposing  edifice,  built  of  sandstone,  in  the 
Gothic  style  of  architecture.  A  neat,  commodious,  frame  parsonage 
stands  adjoining  it.  The  congregation  worshipping  in  this  church, 
and  whose  property  it  is,  is  connected  with  the  Reformed  Church  in 
the  United  States,  and  was  organized  in  January,  1863,  as  a  Mission 
under  the  care  of  the  Westmoreland  Classis.  In  November  of  the 
same  year  it  was  received  under  the  care  of  the  Mercersburg  Classis, 
with  which  it  is  still  connected.  It  received  missionary  support  until 
1872,  since  which  time  it  has  been  self-sustaining,  and  by  its  benevo- 
lent contributions  has  already,  in  a  great  measure,  returned  to  the 
Church  at  large  what  was  given  to  it  in  its  infancy.  At  the  time  of 
organization  only  about  a  dozen  communicant  mem))ers  were  con- 
nected with  the  mission.  The  actual  organization  was  effected  Jan- 
uary 29,  1863,  by  the  adoption  of  a  constitution  and  the  election  of 
the  following  officers:  Elders,  J.  L.  Reifsneider  and  C.  B.  Sink;  dea- 
cons, J.  H.  Fritchey  and  Daniel  Bohler.  The  first  pastor  was  Rev. 
Cyrus  Cort,  who  took  charge  of  the  mission  January  1,  1863,  and, 
after  a  very  successful  i)astorate,  resigned  in  March,  1867.  The  mis- 
sion was  then  vacant  for  about  fifteen  months,  Avhen  Rev.  A.  C.  Whit- 
mer  was  called  as  pastor.     He  was  installed  June  14,  1868,  and  closed 


liis  labors  hove  Aitril  1,  1S7".).  Duriii.u-  liis  Imiu' pastorate  the  iiiciiihcr- 
ship  \vas  oToatly  increased,  and  the  cinircli  hecanie  self-supporting-.  In 
October,  1810,  a  call  \vas  extended  to  the  present  ])astor,  llev.  J.  M. 
Titzel.  He  was  installed  Deeemlier  \\),  lStl»,  and  re.u'ularly  l»eu'an  his 
labors  as  pastor  January  1,  1880. 

The  corner-stone  of  the  church  edilice  was  laid  July  31,  18(U,and 
the  building- was  finished,  excejjting  the  spire,  in  June,  1868,  and  con- 
secrated on  the  14th  of  that  month.  In  1873  the  spire  was  built  and 
the  structure  finally  completed  through  the  efforts  of  J.  P.  Levan,  then 
a  deacon  of  the  church,  and  one  of  its  most  lib(>ral  supporters.  The 
cost  of  the  building-  was  about  $15,000.  It  was  erected  under  tlu;  su- 
pervision of  a  building-  committee  consisting-  of  J.  L.  Reifsneider,  J. 
P.  Levan,  Daniel  Bolder,  and  C.  B.  Sink.  The  architect  was  Fred. 
Thorn.  The  parsonage  was  built  in  the  fall  of  1868  and  the  spring-  of 
1869,  at  a  cost  of  $3,000.  Several  hundred  dollars  have  since  been 
spent  on  it  in  repairs  and  improvements.  The  congregation  at  present 
numbers  about  three  hundred  communicant  members.  The  officers  at 
this  time  are:  Elders,  J.  P.  Boult,  J.  L.  Reifsneider  and  Peter  L. 
Stouch;  deacons,  H.  A.  Folk,  Y.  H.  Freet,  Georg-e  S.  Thomas,  A.  C. 
Hammaker,  E.  Lingenfelter  and  C.  E.  Morse;  trustees,  J.  P.  Boult, 
J.  L.  Reifsneider  and  P.  L.  Stouch.  A  flourishing-  Sunday-school  is 
connected  with  the  congreg-ation,  numbering  thirty  officers  and  teach- 
ers, and  over  two  hundred  scholars.  Geo.  S.  Thomas  is  the  present 
superintendent  of  the  sc-hool. 


In  the  fall  of  1862  Elder  S.  S.  Richmond,  assisted  by  a  number  of 
families  in  Altoona,  among  wdiom  may  be  mentioned  the  Alio  ways, 
Fishers,  Cavenders,  Pools,  Ottos  and  Weights,  laid  the  foundation  of 
the  Church  of  God  in  Altoona.  At  first  Elder  Richmond  conducted 
services  in  private  houses.  In  January,  1863,  Elder  Jacob  Boyer, 
who  was  in  charge  of  the  Martinsburg  circuit,  held  a  protracted  meet- 
ing in  the  "  Armory  building,"  the  result  of  which  was  the  more  defi- 
nite organization  of  the  church.  Charles  Pool  was  elected  elder,  and 
Abraham  Alloway  deacon.  A  lot  of  ground,  corner  of  Fifth  avenue 
and  Thirteenth  street,  was  purchased  from  Mr.  Jaggard,  and  a  build- 
ing committee  was  appointed,  consisting  of  Elder  S.  S.  Richmond, 
Charles  Pool,  Al)raham  Alloway,  and  Samuel  Weight.  Mr.  Alloway 
shortly  afterwards  died,  and  John  Mateer,  of  Martinsburg,  was  se- 
lected to  fill  the  vacancy  In  the  fall  of  1863  the  building  was  under 
roof,  and,  although  unfinished,  services  were  held  therein.     Later  in 


D.  A.  BARR, 




No.  1807  Eighth  Avenue,  -  Altoona,  Pa. 

H.  H.  SNYDER, 

Attorney  and  Counselor  at  Law, 

Hollidaysbiirg,  Pa. 

Collections  in  any  part  of  the  County  pronnptly  attended  to. 

J.  C.  INNES, 


—    AND   DEALER  IN 

Fine   Phsrmaceuticbl   PREPJiRflTioNS, 

Ninth  Street,  below  Sixth    Avenue,  Altoona,  Pa. 
>e®=TAKE  NOTICE.— Highest  Cash  Prices  paid  for  Ginseng,  Seneka  Root,  etc. 

J.  W.  ISENBERG,  D.  D.  S. 


Corner  8th  Avenue  and  12th  Sti'eet,  Altoona,  Pa, 

OFFICE  HOURS:   9  A.  M.  TO  G  P.  M. 


the  fall  Elder  Richnioiul  eiitci-cd  the  sirmy  as  chaplain.  In  the  spring 
of  1864  Elder  John  iriekernell  and  Mrs.  Martha  Beecher  conducted 
services,  and  remained  until  the  summer  of  18(;5,  when  Elder  Rich- 
mond returned  and  i-esumed  the  duties  of  the  jjastorate.  The  buildins^ 
was  finished  in  tiie  fall  of  that  year.  Tn  180()  Elder  I\ichmond  was 
succeeded  1)y  Elder  P.  I).  Collins,  who  remained  until  tli(!  spring  of 
1868,  when  Elder  C.  Tj.  Arny  assumed  charge.  In  the  spring  of  1809' 
Elder  J.  M.  Dugan,  succeeded.  He  remained  one  year.  Bt^tween 
April  1,  1870  and  March  31,  18T1,  the  church  was  without  a  regular 
pastor.  On  April  1  of  the  latter  year,  Elder  J.  C.  Owens  took  charge, 
who,  in  the  fall,  was  followed  by  I]lder  F.  L.  Nicodemus,  and  in  the 
si)ring  of  1874  Elder  J.  M.  Carvell  occupied  the  pulpit.  He  renuiined 
two  years.  Elder  John  Hunter  was  the  ne.xt  pastor,  under  whose  ad- 
ministration the  building  was  enlarged  (December,  1876,)  to  its  pres- 
ent dimensions.  The  building  committee  consisted  of  Levi  Fisher, 
John  Bartley,  Jeremiah  Hoerner  and  A.  Y.  Price.  The  new  or  en- 
larged house,  free  of  debt,  was  dedicated  March  17,  1877.  Elder  John 
Hunter  resigned  the  pastorate  in  the  winter  of  1878,  and  Elder  G.  L. 
Cowen  took  charge.  On  April  1,  1879,  Elder  J.  W.  Miller,  the  pres- 
ent pastor,  commenced  his  labors  here.  The  membership  at  first  wa& 
twenty-five ;  it  has  grown  to  upwards  of  two  hundred.  During  the 
past  year  a  parsonage  has  been  erected  at  a  cost  of  about  $1,000. 


With  al)out  twent}'-three  mendx-rs,  a  Hebrew  congregation,  under 
the  title  of  "Ahabath  Achim,"  was  organized  in  Altoona  in  May, 
1873.  The  first  president  was  Joseph  Berkowitz  ;  treasurer,  A.  Shee- 
line;  secretary,  S.  Neuwahl.  The  first  rabbi  was  Rev.  Mr.  (roldman; 
then  followed  in  order  Revs.  Grossman,  Block  and  Leasker.  Rev.  S. 
Altman,  the  present  rabbi,  was  engaged  in  June,  1879.  The  officers 
now  serving  are  :  President,  Max  Mayer  ;  treasurer,  Joseph  Berko- 
witz; secretary,  A.  Sheeline.  Present  membership,  twenty-five.  The 
congregation  has  never  had  any  regular  stated  place  of  worship  for 
any  protracted  period  of  time.  At  present  its  meetings  are  held  once  a 
week,  and  on  the  holidays,  in  a  hall  on  the  corner  of  Eleventh  avenue 
and  Fourteenth  street.  The  congregation  has  a  cemetery,  or  burying 
ground,  located  on  the  Dry  Gap  road,  in  tin;  immediate  vicinity  of 
the  city. 


The  First  Lutheran  church  was  organized  about  the  year  1834,  in 
a  loir  school  house,  then  located  in  a  wood  in   the  now  called  Sixth 


Avard.  Subsequently,  in  a))out  1838,  tlie  congTegation  moved  its  place 
of  worship  to  the  Union  school  house,  now  greatly  improved  and  oc- 
cupied by  the  Colored  Methodist  Episcopal  church.  In  the  spring  of 
1846  Rev.  Henry  Baker  received  and  accepted  a  call  to  this  congrega- 
tion. During  the  same  summer  this  congregation  built  a  church  edi- 
fice in  Collinsville,  now  in  the  sul>urbs  of  the  city,  where  they  wor- 
shipped for  eight  years.  After  Altoona  was  laid  out,  it  became  neces- 
sary for  the  congregation  again  to  change  itsl)ase  of  operations.  Two 
lots  were  selected  on  Eleventh  avenue,  where  the  present  church  and 
parsonage  were  built  in  1853.  The  church  edifice  was  dedicated  in 
1854.  The  princijial  contril)utors  to  this  enterprise  were  Michael 
Hileman,  William  Bell,  J.  B.  Hileman,  John  Loudon,  Peter  Empfield, 
Harry  Sellers,  Henry  Fleck,  J.  L.  Keifsneider,  Jacob  Good,  Benjamin 
Figart,  William  Rolnnson,  Rudolph  Lotz,  George  W.  Patton,  George 
Cowen.  The  contractors  were  Peter  Empfield  and  David  Brubaker. 
Cost  of  church  and  parsonage  about  $8,000.  In  18*70  the  church  was 
enlarged  and  greatly  improved  at  a  of  about  $12,000.  The  pas- 
tors Avho  served  this  church  from  time  to  time  are  as  follows:  Revs. 
Jacob  Martin,  John  H.  Huffman,  C.  C.  Guenther,  Jacob  Simons,  Wil- 
liam Weaver,  Henry  Baker,  S.  Curtis,  Jacob  Steck,  C.  C.  Ehrenfeld, 
S.  Holman  and  Henry  Baker.  The  latter  pastor  served  the  congre- 
gation for  eleven  and  a  half  years — from  1846  to  1851.  He  returned 
in  1867  and  has  been  pastor  ever  since.  Membership,  seven  hundred. 
Sabbath-school  numbers  five  hundred.  It  is  due  to  say  that  out  of 
this  churcli  the  German  church  in  part  originated,  and  also  the  Second 
cluirch.  There  are  now  id)out  twelve  hundred  communing  members 
of  the  Lutheran  cliurehes  in  Altoona.  The  church  council  at  present 
is  composed  of  three  elders — Henry  Yon,  Daniel  Stoner,  J.  B.  Hile- 
man— and  six  deacons:  C.  C.  Mason,  L.  B.  Patton,  S.  S.  Taylor,  J. 
K.  Roush,  George  F.  Jones  (now  deceased),  Thomas  Bushman.  Rev. 
Henry  Baker  has  faithfully  and  efficiently  served  the  First  church  for 
thirty-four  years.  The  congregation  is  free  of  debt,  is  vigorous  and 
active,  always  ready  to  unite  in  any  enterprise  which  has  the  glory  of 
God  and  the  good  of  man  in  view.  The  Fairview  cemetery  originated 
with  Mr.  Baker,  and  the  organization  of  an  association  took  place  in 
the  lecture  room  of  this  church,  Mr.  Baker  becoming  the  first  presi- 

For  some  time  previous  to  the  organizatioii  of  the  Second  church 
a  numlK'r  of  the  members  of  the  First  church,  as  well  as  the  pastor, 
felt  that  there  was  a  necessity  for  a  second  organization,  the  First 
church  having  attained  a  membership  equal  to  its  seating  capacity. 


Conscciucntly,  <»u  July  11,  18tl,  the  followin.L;' persons  iiu-t  ut  the  ivsi- 
doiice  of  William  licll  for  the  imrpose  of  taking  some  measures  look- 
insi'  to  the  org-anizatiou  of  the  Second  church:   Rev.  J.  R.  Crist,  Wm. 
Bell  and  wife,  D.  K.  Uam(-y,  J.  B.  Westley,  Louis  Walton   and  wife, 
Mrs.  Sue  Patton,  and  A.  J.  Riley.     Rev.  J.  R.  Crist  was  elected  chair- 
man, and  A.  J.  Riley  secretary.    After  prayer  by  the  venerable  Father 
Crist,  Mr.  Ramey  stated  the  object  of  the  meeting,  after  which  a  com- 
mittee, consisting-  of  D.  K.  Ramey,  Wm.  Bell  and  A.  J.  Riley,  was 
appointed  to  procure  a  suitable  place  for  public  worship.     This  com- 
mittee secured  the  room  known  as  Bell's  hall,  corner  Seventh  avenue 
and  Twelfth  street,  and  on  the  13th  of  August,  1871,  the  congrega- 
tion was  regularly  organized.     The  officers  elected  at  this  meeting 
were:  Elders,  Wm.  Bell  and  J.  B.  Westley;  deacons,  D.  K.  Ramey 
and  L.  F.  Stahl;  treasurer,  A.  J.  Riley.     Rev.  S.  Domer,  of  Reading, 
preached  in  the  morning,  and  Rev.  Henry  Baker  in  the  evening,  at 
which  time  the  above-named  officers  were  installed.     In  the  afternoon 
of  the  same  day  the   Sunday-school  was  organized.     D.  K.  Ramey 
was  elected  superintendent,  A.  J.  Riley  secretary,  Louis  Walton  lib- 
rarian, and  L.  F.  Stahl  assistant  librarian.     The  school,  including  offi- 
cers and  teachers,  numbered  tAventy  at  its  organization.    At  a  congre- 
gational meeting,  held  December  31,  18U,  the  ground  ujion  which  the 
church  edifice  is  erected  was  chosen,  and  the  following  building  com- 
mittee w^as  appointed:  William  Bell,  George  W.  Heinsling,  D.  K.  Ra- 
mey, D.  C.  Earhart  and  John  B.  Westley.     On  February  22,  1874, 
the  church  was  occupied  by  the  congregation  for  the  first  time,  wor- 
shiping in  the  basement,  or  lecture-room,  the  audience  chamber  being 
yet  unfinished.     The  entire  cost  of  the  church  property,  including  the 
parsonage,  is  over  twenty  thousand  dollars.    With  the  exception  of  a 
few  hundred  dollars,  the  entire  amount  has  been  raised  and  paid,  and 
is  a  standing  testimony  of  the  self-sacrificing  spirit  of  many  of  its  mem- 
bers.    Membership  of  church  numbers  two  hundred  and  eighty.    The 
present  officers  are:  Elders,  J.  B.  Westley,  John  Cole,  D.  K.  Ramey 
and  James  Hileman;  deacons,  F.  W.  Gearheart,  Charles  Geesey,  J.  B. 
Herring  and  Henry  Otto.     The  Sal)])ath-sehool  numbers  three  hun- 
dred and  fiTty.    Its  officers  are :  Charles  Geesey,  superintendent ;  D.  K. 
Ramey,  assistant  superintendent ;  John  Alexander,  secretary  ;  Wm. 
Stahl,  treasurer;  Samuel  Dougherty,  Harry  Hooper  and  Joshua  Ear- 
hart,  librarians ;  Miss  Linda  Hooper,  organist.     The  congregation  had 
the  following  pastors  since  its  organization :  Rev.  Geo.  Scholl,  from 
November,  18T1,  to  July,  1874  ;  Rev.  Charles  Steck,  from  Xovemlx^r, 
1874,  to  January,  1876  ;  Rev.  J.  F.  Shearer,  the  present  pastor,  from 







Repairing  and  Refinishing-  Promptly  Attended 
to  in  the  Best  Mannei'. 

rourtli  Avenue  and  Tenth  Street, 


HISTORY    OK    ALTOUNA    ANM)    I5LAIH    COUNTY.  1:21) 

Miircli  1,  ISTC).  'IMif  {•()imT(',u;iti()ii  is  lookiiiii'  lioiicriilly  to  the  time 
\\iH'n  the  niidiciicc  rociin  sliiill  he  liiiislicil  iiiid  (ipciicd  for  worslii]). 

St.  JiUiK's  (Icrniiiii  Kviiiiii'clical  Liitlicraii  cliiirch,  Eig'lith  avruiu! 
•and  Fourteenth  street.  Dedicated  lS(i2;  rebuilt,  1873.  Numl)or  of 
families,  one  hundred  and  forty;  Sunday-school  scholars,  one  hundred 
and  tifty;   teachers,  ei,u-hte(Mi ;    lilirary  contains  two  hundred  V(dunies. 


For  the  names  of  thos(>  who  have  been  ])astors  of  the  Methodist 
churches  see  <)4.      The   First  Metluxlist  (diurch   was  erec-ted   in 

1853,  at  a  cost  of  alH)ut  $25,000.  It  was  remodeled  in  iSTi.  Tiie 
membership,   which,   as    previously   stated,   (\n\;j:v  1)4)    lunnbered,   in 

1854,  ninety-seven,  and  lifty-five  i)robationers,  now  iinndK'rs  three  hun- 
dred and  seve)ity-two  in  full  connection  and  forty-ei<j;-ht  probationers, 
over  and  above  deaths  and  removals  by  certificates.  There  are  two 
hundred  and  twenty  scholars  in  the  Sunday-school  attache(l  to  the 
church,  and  five  hundred  volumes  in  the  library.  The  churcli  liuild- 
ini>'  is  located  at  the  corner  of  Tw(dfth  avenue  and  Thirteenth  street. 

The  Second  Methodist  church,  located  on  the  corner  of  Eig-hth 
a\  enue  and  Thirteenth  street,  \vas  erected  in  1861  at  an  estimated 
cost  of  $24,000,  and  the  parsonage  at  $3,000.  The  number  of  Sun- 
day-school scholars  is  six  hundred  aiul  ninety-eiii-ht  ;  number  of  vol- 
umes in  the  library,  six  hundred.  Conn(!cted  with  this  church  is  the 
Asl)ury  Chai)el,  a  Methodist  ^Mission  church,  corner  Twenty-fourth 
street  and  Seventh  avenue;  organized,  1871;  number  of  meml)ers, 
seventy-five;  Sunday-school  scholars,  two  hundred.  Estimated  value 
of  building,  $2,000. 

The  Third  Methodist  church,  corner  of  Chestnut  avenue  and 
Tenth  street,  was  organized  in  1872  and  churcli  l)uilding  erected  in 
1874;  estimated  value,  $20,000  ;  two  hundred  and  ten  scholars  con- 
nected with  the  Sunday-school. 

The  Allen  Chapel  African  Methodist  Episcopal  church,  Sixteenth 
street,  near  Eleventh  avenue,  was  organized  in  1858,  and  dedicated 
Ijy  Bishop  Payne.  Among  the  earliest  pastors  we  may  mention 
Revs.  William  H.  Grimes  and  Alexander  Johnson.  Last  year  (1879) 
the  church  building  was  remodeled  and  improved,  at  an  expense  of 
about  $1,000,  and  in  November  it  was  re-dedicated  by  Bishop  Alex- 
ander Wayman.  The  present  pastor  is  Rev.  Nathaniel  W.  Evans. 
This  church  was  at  first  under  the  jurisdiction  of  the  Baltimore  Con- 
ference of  the  M.  E.  church,  but  for  some  time  has  ))een  under  the 
general  ecclesiastical  control  of  the  Pittsburg  Conferenc<'.     The  Sun- 


day-8chool,  nuiuljering  forty  scholars,  was  under  the  superintendeney 
of  John  Alexander  for  twenty -one  years,  a  period,  (up  to  May  of  the 
present  year)  co-extensive  with  its  existence.  In  May  he  resig-ned, 
and  was  succeeded  by  Thaddeus  Ormes,  the  present  incumbent. 


Originally  the  church  was  formed  from  that  in  Hollidaysburg. 
On  the  settlement  of  Rev.  David  McKinney,  D.  D.,  at  the  latter 
place  in  1841,  he  instituted  an  afternoon  service  in  the  old  Union 
school  house  in  Altoona,  afterwards  occupied  by  the  African  Metho- 
dist church,  once  every  four  weeks.  In  1850  measures  were  taken 
by  the  Presbyterians  of  Altoona  to  provide  themselves  with  a  suit- 
able church  edifice.  Two  lots  were  secured,  and  on  these  they  erected, 
at  a  cost  of  about  $3,000,  a  neat  and  commodious  house  of  worship. 
On  November  3,  1851,  the  congregation  of  Hollidaysburg  agreed 
that  their  i)astor,  Rev.  Dr.  McKinney,  should  preach  in  Altoona  on 
alternate  Sabbaths  in  the  afternoon,  which  he  did  for  nearly  a  year, 
when  he  resigned  his  charges  and  moved  to  Philadelphia.  At  this 
time  there  were  fifty  Presbyterian  families  and  seventy  communi- 
cants, with  their  ecclesia.stieal  connection  in  Hollidaysliurg.  In  Oc- 
tober, 1852,  a  petition  to  the  Presbytery  of  Huntingdon,  asking  for 
a  separate  organization  was  granted,  and  on  November  8,  following, 
the  First  Presljyterian  church  was  duly  organized.  Jonathan  Ham- 
ilton and  John  McCartney,  elders  in  the  parent  church,  were  contin- 
ued in  the  .same  relation  in  the  new  organization,  and  John  Hutchi- 
son, G.  D.  Thomas  and  James  L.  Gwin  were  elected  and  ordained  to 
the  eldership.  In  1853  William  C.  McCormick  having  been  an  elder 
l)()th  in  the  churches  of  Hollidaysl)urg  and  Johnstown,  settled  in  Al- 
toona and  was  elected  an  elder  in  the  new  church.  The  church  thus 
organized  was  served  by  supplies  until  November  14,  1854,  when 
Rev.  A.  B.  Clarke  was  called  to  the  pastorate.  Nine  years  after,  in 
May,  1863,  on  account  of  ill-health  he  resigned,  and  died  on  July  4, 
following.  On  January  26,  1864,  Rev.  R.  M.  Wallace  was  called  to 
the  vacant  pulpit.  During  the  pastorate  of  Mr.  Clarke,  Mes.srs.  Her- 
man J.  Loml)aert,  Thomas  P.  Sargeant,  John  M.  Campbell,  James 
Hutchison,  Jnmes  H.  Dysart  and  Dr.  Wm.  R.  Findley  Avere  chosen 
ruling  elders.  The  original  church  edifice  was  disposed  of  l)y  sale  in 
the  year  1854,  and  the  present  edifice  erected  in  1855.  In  1865  the 
communicants  numbered  about  two  hundred  and  thirty.  Mr.  Wal- 
lace continued  to  serve  the  congregation  until  18*14,  when  he  .severed 
his  connection  with  the  First  church  and  assumed  the  care  of  a  con- 


gTcg-ation  at  Stroiidshiirg',  Moiiroi'  county,  Pa.  During-  his  pastorate 
the  church  so  increased  in  numbers  that  a  new  org-anization  was  ))ro- 
jected  and  tiujilly  culminated  in  the  Second  Presbyterian  church  on 
the  east  side  of  the  city.  Col.  Tliomas  A.  Scott  was  among-  the 
worshippers  of  the  First  church  during  his  residence  here.  Rev.  M. 
jST.  Cornelius,  the  present  pastor,  was  called  to  be  the  successor  of 
Mr.  Wallace,  and  began  his  pastoral  labors  January  1,  1870.  Its 
present  membership  is  four  hundred  and  thirty.  In  1S63  the  school 
numbered  ninety-eight,  and  in  1880  three  hundred  and  twenty-two. 
The  following-  are  the  present  officers  of  the  school :  Thcnnas  H. 
Wig-gins,  superintendent ;  Professor  D.  S.  Keith,  assistant ;  Mrs.  N. 
C.  Barclay,  superintendent  of  infant  school ;  W.  C.  Galbraith,  secre- 
tary and  treasurer;  B.  J.  Lockard,  lilirarian. 

On  account  of  the  rapid  growth  of  the  membership  another  church 
l)uilding  was  found  necessary.  The  matter  was  seriously  discussed 
early  in  1869,  when  a  meeting-  was  held  at  the  house  of  Wm.  M.  Lloyd. 
James  Hutchison,  Joseph  Dysart,  Thos.  McCauley,  Wm.  M.  Lloyd, 
Pr.  J.  M.  Gemmill,  Dan'l  Laughman,  Chas.  J.  Mann  and  S.  C.  Baker 
were  present  on  the  occasion.  In  addition  to  these  were  James  H. 
Dysart,  John  M.  Camp1)ell  and  John  H.  Converse  who  gave  the  en- 
terprise the  benefit  oi'  their  counsel  and  efforts.  A  petition  to  Hunt- 
ingdon presbytery  for  a  new  organization  was  presented,  and  in  an- 
swer thereto  presbytery  appointed  a  committee  to  organize  the  Second 
church,  which  the  committee  did  on  th(?  evening  of  June  21,  1869. 
Forty-seven  persons  were  enrolled  as  members,  all  of  whom  except  one 
were  from  the  First  church.  The  first  officers  of  the  church  were : 
Elders,  James  Hutchison,  John  M.  Campbell  and  James  H.  Dysart; 
deacons,  Charles  J.  Mann  and  Daniel  Laughman  ;  trustees,  Wm.  M. 
Lloyd,  S.  C.  Baker,  Thomas  McCauley,  Joseph  Dysart,  John  H.  Con- 
verse and  Dr.  J.  M.  Gemmill.  The  congregation  rented  Bell's  hall, 
corner  Seventh  avenue  and  Twelfth  street,  and  on  Sabbath  morning, 
July  11,  1869,  the  first  public  service  was  held,  conducted  by  Rev.  C. 
L.  Kitchell,  after  which  meetings  were  kei)t  up  regularly.  The  Sal)- 
bath-school  was  organized  July  18,  1869;  James  H.  Dysart,  superin- 
tendent, and  Max.  Kinkead,  treasurer,  were  its  first  officers.  Thirty- 
nine  names  were  on  the  school  roll.  A  year  afterwards  the  roll  con- 
tained four  hundred  and  seventy-two,  officers  included.  In  1880  live 
hundred  and  seven  names  were  reported.  At  a  congregational  meet- 
ing held  August  21,  1869,  Rev.  David  Hall,  of  Mansfield,  Ohio,  was 
elected  pastor,  but  he  declined  to  accept.  April  5,  18*10,  a  call  was 
extended  to  W.  J.  Chichester,  a  licentiate  of  the  Baltimore  presbytery. 






Corner  Fourth  Street  and  Eighth  Avenue,  Altoona,  Pa. 

p.  O.  BOX  20. 

G.  A.  Mccormick, 


j^NTHRlClTETN'D    BrruMTNous    QmE 


All  orders  for  clean,  pure  coal,  (hard  or  soft)  lilled  promptly.  We  do  not  ask 
our  customers  to  puy  for  slate  and  rubbish,  but  plelc  every  ton"  of  our  coal  clean 
before  we  sell  it.  Honest  and  j ust  weights  guaranteed,  a  eertllicate  of  which  is  sent 
with  each  load. 

1^  ^S^Sl"''**  "^'^'^  ^^  given  for  coaU  without  cost,  from  the  Telephone  Exchange,  over 
t .  W.  Glmes'  Meat  Market,  11th  Avenue,  between  13tli  and  14th  Streets. 



HAVE   IX   STOCK    A    FlILL    LINE   OF 

Glass,   Earthen,   China,   Tin,    Bohemian,    Terra  Cotta,    Decorated    and 

Pla-ted  Ware, 


Satcliels,  TaWe  aufl  Poctet  Cutlery,  CtiiMos,  Chromo  Frames, 

Together  with  all  other  articles  usually  found  in  a  First-class  99  cent  store.    Fram- 
ing to  order. 

will  sell  any  article  in  my  line  as  clieap  as  any  one  in  the  State,  consider- 
ing its  intrinsic  or  real  val  ue.  Goods  called  for  which  I  may  not  happen  to  have  on 
hand  at  the  time,  will  be  ordered  immediately  and  furnished  at  the  lowest  prices. 



who  at  that  time  was  pursuiiiii-  his  studii's  at  the  Western  Theokjg-ieal 
Seminary.  The  call  was  accepted  on  condition  that  Mr.  Chichester 
l)e  permitted  to  spend  one  year  at  Princeton  Seminary  before  enterin.ii- 
iiI)on  his  duties  as  pastor.  Rev.  Stuart  Mitchell  was  engag-ed  to  min- 
ister to  the  congregation  until  the  pastor-elect  had  completed  his  stud- 
ies. On  the  second  Tuesday  of  June,  1811,  W.  J.  Chichester  was  or- 
dained a  minister  of  the  gospel  and  installed  as  the  first  pastor  of  the 
Second  church.  Mr.  Chichester  officiated  as  pastor  of  the  church  un- 
til June,  1878,  when  Rev.  Samuel  W.  Duffield  was  unanimously 
c-alled  to  fill  the  vacancy  occasioned  l)y  the  resignation  of  the  former 
pastor.  On  July  1  he  entered  upon  the  work,  being  installed  Octo- 
ber 7,  1878.  He  is  the  present  efficient  pastor.  Early  in  1870  the 
present  site  was  selected  and  secured  for  the  church  buildings,  being 
purchased  from  C.  Jaggard,  for  $4,500.  The  erection  of  the  chapel 
began  in  1870.  It  was  finished  and  occupied  in  April,  1871,  Rev. 
David  Hall,  of  Mansfield,  Ohio,  preaching  the  dedication  sermon. 
The  chapel  cost  $20,000.  A  congregational  meeting  was  held  in  the 
'Chapel  on  November  22,  1871,. when  Messrs.  J.  M.  Gemmill,  M.  D.; 
Will.  M.  Lloyd  and  Robert  L.  Gamble  were  elected  elders,  and  John 
M.  Bowman  and  Maxwell  Kinkead,  deacons.  On  February  11,  1874, 
Alex.  T.  Findley  and  Chas.  J.  Mann  were  elected  elders,  and  John  A. 
•Castor,  C.  B.  Bowles,  Theodore  H.  Wigton  and  William  A.  Magee 
were  elected  deacons.  March  28,  1877,  James  D.  Irwin,  William  J. 
Allen,  Joseph  Dysart  and  Dr.  S.  M.  Ross  were  elected  elders,  and  J. 
N.  Barr,  Harry  Slep,  J.  Chester  Wilson,  J.  W.  Martin  and  Thomas 
Cam])bell  were  elected  deacons.  The  erection  of  the  church  building- 
was  commenced  in  August,  1875,  and  was  finished  and  opened  for 
public  worship  on  Sabbath,  December  17,  1876,  when  Rev.  George 
P.  Hayes,  D.  D.,  preached  the  opening  sermon.  The  cost  of  the  church 
building,  including  heaters  and  gas  fixtures,  $31,240.99;  cushions, 
-carpets  and  pulpit  furniture,  $1, 218.07  ;  organ,  2,500.00;  total  cost  of 
lot  and  all  buildings,  $62,965.60. 


This  church  is  located  at' the  corner  of  Eighth  avenue  and  Thir- 
teenth street,  and  was  erected  in  1858.  The  present  rector  is  Rev. 
Allen  Sheldon  Woodle,  B.  D.;  rector's  warden,  Theodore  N.  Ely; 
junior  warden,  Joseph  Wood  ;  treasurer,  A.  H.  Maxwell ;  secretary, 
James  Mallett ;  sexton,  William  Jarvis. 




This  dt'iiomination  is  called  "German  Baptist,"  "Tunkers,"  and, 
by  the  ignorant,  "Dunkards,"  and  is  frequently  classed  with  the 
"Mennonite,"  "Ornish,"  and  other  branches  of  faith.  It  was  organ- 
ized in  Pennsylvania  in  1V24,  and  was  better  known  at  that  time,  and 
ever  since,  by  the  appellation  of  "Tunkers."  We  are  in  doubt  as 
to  whether  the  latter  name  was  adopted  by  The  Brethren,  or  any 
portion  of  them,  or  given  to  them  by  outside  parties.  Be  this  as  it 
may,  the  word  "Tunker,"  derived  from  the  German  "  Junfen,"  signi- 
fies to  dip,  and  in  this  manner  the  converts  to  their  faith  are  baptized. 
The  Brethren  generall}^  wear  a  peculiar  dress,  and  do  not  shave  the 
beiard.  [That  the  men  and  women  lived  in  separate  habitations,  and 
discarded  marriage,  is  an  allegation  devoid  of  any  foundation.]  They 
are  much  less  rigid  than  formerly  in  some  particulars.  Like  the  Bap- 
tists they  believe  in  immersion,  but  unlike  them  practice  feet-washing 
and  differ  on  several  other  points  of  doctrine  and  practice.  Like  the 
Church  of  God,  they  practice  both  immersion  and  feet-washing,  but 
difi'cr  in  the  manner  of  the  former.  In  the  Church  of  God  baptism 
is  accomplished  by  a  single  plunge  backward,  whilst  in  The  Breth- 
ren church  three  forward  dips  are  required,  the  first  "in  the  name 
of  the  Father,"  the  second  "in  the  name  of  the  Son,"  and  the  third 
"in  the  name  of  the  Holy  Ghost."  The  position  in  the  water  of  the 
candidate  for  baptism  in  the  Church  of  God  is  upon  the  feet ;  in  The 
Brethren  church  upon  the  knees.  Once  in  the  spring  and  once  in  the 
fall  feet-washing,  partaking  of  a  supper,  saluting  each  other  with  a 
kiss,  are  rites  practiced  precedent  to  partaking  of  the  communion,  all 
of  which  are  participated  in  on  a  single  occasion  in  the  order  stated. 
With  such  mark(Kl  peculiarities  of  practice  and  doctrine;  notwithstand- 
ing the  similarity  of  name,  Th(^  Brethren  are  easily  distinguishable 
from  the  United  Brethren  by  those  who  are  conversant  with  the  doc- 
trines and  mode  of  conducting  services  by  each.  The  polity  of  the 
church,  or  the  recognized  i)rinciples  upon  which  it  is  l)ased,  forbids  its 
members  to  go  to  law  with  each  other,  as  well  as  discountenance  ac- 
tions in  law  against  those  beyond  the  jurisdiction  of  their  church. 
When  called  as  witnesses  in  courts  the  rule  is  to  affirm  instead  of  tak- 
ing the  usual  oath.  Bearing  arms  is  prohibited.  No  member  is  al- 
lowed to  become  a  beneficiary  of  the  public,  or  be  provided  for  at  the 
public  expense.  They  make  provision  for  the  extremely  poor  and 
otherwise  unfortunate  members  of  their  religious  society. 

The  chief  dignitary  of  the  church  is  the  Archbishop,  there  being- 
only  one  in  the  United  States.     He  presides  at  the  General  Confer- 


once  held  annually,  which  is  coinposed  of  deleg-ates  from  every  district 
in  the  country.  Next  in  dignity  and  importance  is  the  elder  or  bisho]> 
(by  The  Brethren  used  as  synonymous  titles)  who  has  the  power  of 
administering  the  communion,  perform  the  rites  of  baptism  and  matri- 
mony and  all  other  ceremonies  of  the  clnirch.  Next  are  ministers  who, 
whilst  they  can  baptize  and  perform  the  marriage  ceremony,  cannot 
administer  the  sacrament  of  the  Lord's  Supper.  And,  finally  the 
novitiate,  Avho,  until  advanced  to  a  higher  degree,  by  knowledge,  age 
and  experience,  can  neitiier  i)erform  the  marriage  ceremony  nor  bap- 
tize, and,  of  course,  is  unauthorized  to  conduct  the  communion. 

Formerly  each  State  constituted  a  separate  ecclesiastical  district. 
The  membership  of  the  churches  has  increased  with  the  increase  of 
population.  Hence,  now.  States  are  subdivided.  Pennsylvania  has 
three  districts,  eastern,  middle  and  western.  An  annual  meeting  of 
delegates  from  the  respective  districts  is  held  in  each  State  to  deliber- 
ate for  the  spiritual  and  temporal  good  of  the  church.  It  is  here  that 
differences  are  reconciled  and  difficulties  removed.  In  cases  of  failure,, 
however,  appeals  are  taken  or  the  matters  are  relegated  to  the  General 
Conference,  which  constitutes  an  appellate  ecclesiastical  court  of  final 
resort.  The  Brethren  ministers  receive  no  stated  or  regular  salary. 
When  poor  their  traveling  and  other  necessary  expenses  are  cheer- 
fully paid  by  the  laity  ;  when  well  off  in  this  world's  goods  they  asfc 
no  compensation. 

The  amplitude  of  this  prelude  to  what  we  are  about  to  say  of  the- 
church  in  Altoona,  grows  out  of  a  desire  to  correct  wrong  impressions 
in  regard  to  a  peojjle  who  are  truly  "peculiar  and  zealous  in  good' 
works,"  and  at  the  same  time  to  acquaint  the  puljlic  with  the  distinc- 
tive characteristics  of  their  church  polity,  doctrines  and  practices. 

About  1869  or  18*70,  eight  or  ten  members  of  the  church,  residing 
in  Altoona,  composed  the  congregation  of  The  Brethren  here.  Ser- 
vices were  held  in  a  chapel,  now  torn  down,  on  Eighth  avenue,  be- 
tween Twenty-first  and  Twenty-second  streets.  September  4,  18T4,, 
the  congregation  having  increased  in  numbers,  it  purchased  from  II. 
D.  Witmer  a  lot  and  building,  on  the  corner  of  Sixth  avenue  and  Fifth 
street,  for  fifteen  hundred  dollars.  This  building  was  first  constructed! 
as  a  chapel  and  used  by  a  mission  school  of  the  Second  Methodists,, 
afterwards  converted  into  a  dwelling  and  when  bought  by  The  Breth- 
ren remodeled  into  a  church,  in  which  they  now  worship  every  alter- 
nate Sunday,  services  being  generally  conducted  by  Elders  James  A. 
Sell,  Graybill  Myers,  Brice  Sell  and  David  E.  Sell,  in  rotation.  The 
membership  now  is  sixty-five.     A  Sunday-school,  of  which  George  W. 



D.  W.  COLYER, 

House  \  Sign  Painter 


Twelfth  Sti-eet,  between  8th  and  9th  Aveiuies, 



W.  B.  REESE, 



Ko.  712  Mnth  Street,  -  Altoona,  Pa. 

[Between  Seventh  and  Eighth  Avenues.] 




C'oiistaiitlv  on  linnd  jind  tor  sulo  at  Lowest  Prices. 

Kepairiiig  of  all  kinds  promptly  attended  to.    Before  purchasing  goods  in  lay  line, 
or  entering  into  contract  for  rooting  or  spouting,  give  me  a  call. 

inSTORY    OF    ALTOONA    AND    IJLAIR    COUNTY.  137 

K('i)liart,  a  deacon,  is  siiprvintciidciit,  iiuiidM-riii^-  about  one  luiiulrcd 
scholars,  is  attached  to  the  church.  The  lJil)h'  is  the  only  l)ook  used 
by  the  teachers  and  scholars,  with  the  exce))tion  of  a  l)0ok  of  sacred 
song-.s_" Precious  Jewels,"  by  Trof.  R.  B.  :Mahaney  of  our  city. 


The  church  of  tiie  United  lirethren  in  Christ  was  established  in 
Altoona  with  the  early  growth  of  the  town.  Tlu;  circumstances  that 
led  to  the  organization  were  principally  brought  about  by  a  largi;  num- 
ber of  its  members  coming  from  other  sections  of  the  country  where 
they  stood  identified  with  this  branch  of  the  church,  and  having  a 
natural  desire  for  the  church  of  their  choice  they  were  ])rompted  to 
form  themselves  into  a  congregation.  They  were  served  for  several 
years  by  ministers  from  adjacent  charges.  The  annual  conference,  re- 
cognizing the  growth  of  th(>  new  town  and  the  consecpient  demand 
for  a  more  concentrated  effort,  made  it  a  station,  assigning  Rev.  D. 
Speck  as  pastor.  The  first  thing  demanding  the  attention  of  the  pas- 
tor was  a  church  building,  and  in  this  enterprise  he  was  ably  seconded 
by  Samuel  McGlathcry,  Jacob  Bottenberg,  Thomas  Stackhouse,  Wil- 
liam Fox,  M.  T.  Dill,  George  Earhart,  Cornelius  McLaughlin,  and 
manv  others  that  space  will  not  permit  to  name. 

A  si)lendid  location  was  secured,  on  the  corner  of  Eighth  avenue 
and  Twelfth  street.  In  due  time,  by  earnest  effort  and  noV)le  sacrifice 
on  the  part  of  this  little  congregation,  a  commodious  church  })uilding 
was  erected,  and  set  apart  to  the  service  of  God.  From  this  time 
the  church  has  had  a  permanent  growth,  and  its  future  prosperity  is- 

In  the  following  order  the  congregation  has  been  served  by  the 
various  pastors  up  to  the  present  date:  Rev.  D.  Speck,  from  January, 
1857,  to  January,  1859.  [Mr.  Speck  was  afterwards  presiding  el- 
der of  the  district  in  which  this  congregation  is  embraced.]  Rev.  W. 
B.  Dick,  from  January,  1859,  to  January,  1860.  [Mr.  Dick  died  a  few 
years  ago,  much  lamented,  and  rests  in  the  Tyrone  cemetery.]  Rev. 
b.  Sheerer,  from  January,  1860,  to  January,  1861.  Rev.  E.  B.  Kep- 
hart,  from  January,  1861,  to  January,  1863.  [Mr.  Kephart  is  serv- 
ing as  president  of  Western  College,  Iowa;  he  also  served  two  term.s 
in  the  Iowa  senate.]  Rev.  T.  H.  Hallo  well,  from  January,  1863  to 
January,  1865.  Rev.  M.  P.  Doyle,  from  1865  to  1869,  during  whose 
pastorate  the  church  was  enlarged.  Rev.  W.  Wragg,  from  1869  to 
1872.  Rev.  J.  Walker,  from  1872  to  1876.  [Mr.  Walker  also  served 
as  presiding  elder  of  this  district.     He  died  at  Conemaugh,  Cambria 


county,  in  the  early  part  of  1880.]  Rev.  M.  Spangler,  from  187(5 
to  the  time  of  his  appointment  as  presiding  elder  of  this  district, 
September,  1880.  Eev.  J.  Medsger  was  api)ointed  pastor  to  fill  Mr. 
Spangler's  place  at  the  same  time. 

Owing  to  the  rapid  growth  of  the  congregation,  more  room  and 
better  accommodations  were  required;  in  consequence  the  building- 
was  enlarged  and  re-modeled  in  187t,  at  a  cost  approximating  $5,000. 
This  work  was  consummated  under  the  supervision  of  Rev.  M.  Spang- 
ler and  the  board  of  trustees,  consisting  of  J.  Peight,  H.  Schum,  A. 
Eberl}',  J.  Carl  and  J.  Bush.  The  church  and  parsonage  are  valued 
at  $15,000.  The  membership  numbers  four  hundred  ;  Sabbath-school 
three  hundred  scholars.  The  officers  are:  Officiary — Pastor,  Rev.  J. 
Medsger  ;  leaders,  S.  Hawk,  P.  M.  Smith  and  J.  M.  Barwis  ;  stewards, 
S.  Beecher,  D.  Bolinger,  J.  W.  Parson,  Geo.  Blackburn,  J.  Claybaugh, 
Geo.  Cruse  and  J.  C.  Shirk.  Superintendent  of  Sabbath-school,  P. 
M.  Smith;  leader  of  choir,  R.  C.  Ward;  trustees,  J.  Peight,  H.  Schum, 
A.  Eberly,  J.  Carl,  J.  Bush,  J.  Barwis  and  George  Blackburn. 

The  whole  amount  collected  for  various  benevolent  purposes  dur- 
ing the  last  four  years  has  averaged  $2,750  for  each  year. 

[The  reader  will  observe  an  inequality  or  disproportion  of  histori- 
cal data  in  the  preceding  sketches  of  the  churches,  relatively  consid- 
ered, and  may  feel  inclined  to  charge  us  with  partiality.  In  explana- 
tion we  say,  that  invitations  were  extended  to  all  the  ministers  in  the 
city,  and  county,  to  furnish  us  with  such  facts  and  figures  as  would 
enable  us  to  give  a  full  and  correct  history  of  their  respective  churches. 
Some  complied  with  our  request,  and  others  paid  no  attention  to  it. 
As  we  had  no  access  to  church  records,  we  publish  what  facts  we  could 
gather  from  other  sources,  and  we  believe  them  correct  as  far  as  they 
go,  though  not  as  full  as  we  desired  to  have  them.] 



YOUNG    men's   christian    ASSOCIATION   OF    ALTOONA. 

The  earliest  organization  of  this  association  was  effected  in  1863 
or  1864,  with  quite  a  large  membership.  After  various  interferences 
the  association  located  in  a  room  over  the  Mechanics'  Savings  bank, 
corner  Twelfth  street  and  Eighth  avenue,  where  regular  and  special 
religious  and  business  meetings  were  held  from  1870  to  1874,  when 
the  association  moved  to  rooms  over  John  Hurd's  book  store,  Twelfth 
street,  near  Eleventh  avenue,  where  it  was  domiciled  for  about  three 
years.  During  this  time,  after  the  holding  of  the  State  convention  of 
the  Young  Men's  Christian  Associations  of  Pennsylvania,  the  move- 
ment Avhich  resulted  in  the  Railroad  Men's  Christian  Association  was 
inaugurated,  and  quite  a  number  of  the  efficient  members  of  the  asso- 
ciation deemed  it  their  duty  to  enter  that  organization,  after  which, 
for  about  three  years,  in  order  not  to  incur  expenses  unprovided  for, 
the  association's  business  meetings  were  held  at  the  house  of  L.  F. 
Stahl.  In  January,  1880,  it  was  deemed  expedient  again  to  venture 
on  the  procuring  of  a  room,  which  resulted  in  the  occupancy  of  the 
present  very  suitable  room  on  Eleventh  avenue,  near  Thirteenth  street. 
The  association  has  always  numbered  among  its  warmest  friends  many 
of  our  leading  business  men,  who  now  are  supporting  it  by  voluntary 
monthly  contributions,  and  the  members  have  full  time  to  spend  in 
the  immediate  work  of  teaching  God's  word  to  the  best  of  their  abil- 
it}^,  without  troubling  themselves  about  the  finances.  The  work  is 
largely  done  by  committees  appointed  by  the  president  for  special  defi- 
nite work — a  devotional  committee  to  arrange  for  all  religious  ser- 
vices ;  a  sick  visiting  committee  to  visit  not  only  association  members 
who  may  be  sick,  but  all  others  who  may  desire  to  have  a  band  of 
young  men  visit  them,  to  counsel  them,  pray  with  them  or  sing  for 
them;  a  finance  committee  to  attend  to  all  pecuniary  aff'airs  ;  a  church 
committee,  a  membership  committee  and  other  needed  committees. 
The  membership  is  now  about  eighty.  There  is  a  nucleus  for  a  lib- 
rary, and  a  devoted  band  of  workers.  The  present  officers  are  as  fol- 
low :  President,  Dr.  W.  M.  Findley ;  vice  presidents,  J.  B.  Herring  and 
Samuel  G.  Hall;  treasurer,  T.  H.  Wiggins;  recording  secretary,  A. 
Swope ;  corresponding  secretary.  Will  H.  Slep. 



J.  B.  Smith's 



1321  Eleventh  Avenue,   Altoona,  Pa. 

If  you  want  a  Fashionable  Pair  of  Boots,  go  to  J.  B.  Smith's, 
1S21  Eleventh  Avenue^  Altoona,  Pa. 

If  you   want  a   Neat-Fitting  Boot,  go  to   J.   B.   Smith's, 
1321  Eleventh  Avenue,  Altoona,  Pa, 

J.  B.  Smith's  Place  of  Business: 


H.  B.  MILLER. 


1410  Eleventli  Avenue,  Altoona. 

Teeth  Inserted  Cheaper  than   anywhei'e  else  hi 
the  county,  for  Cash. 

JS"All  work  waruanted. 



This  as.socMation  was  tlic  outgrowth  of  the  raih'oad  men's  Sunday 
afternoon  prayer  nieetin<i-s,  which  were  conimeneefl  in  0('t(tl)er,  18Y5. 
The  great  religious  interest  wliieh  manifested  itself  throughout  the 
country  during  the  fall  and  winter  of  that  year  resulted  in  the  spirit- 
ual ingathering  of  many  of  those  emi)loyed  in  the  service  of  the  Penn- 
sylvania Railroad  company  in  Altoona.  With  a  view  of  exerting  a 
greater  influence  over  their  companions,  as  well  as  to  provide  for  their 
social,  moral  and  spiritual  improvement,  those  engaged  in  carrying  on 
the  meetings  referred  to  deemed  it  expedient  that  an  organization 
should  be  effected  into  which  the  men  might  be  brought.  Accordingly,, 
on  February  24,  1876,  a  permanent  organization  was  formed  by  the 
selection  of  the  following  officers :  President,  George  F.  Jones ;  vice 
presidents,  Flemen  Trout  and  S.  Hawk ;  recording  secretary,  John  L. 
Williams;  corresponding  secretary,  T.  B.  Patton  ;  treasurer,  W.  A. 
Adams.  A  reading  room  was  opened  at  the  corner  of  Eleventh  ave- 
nue and  Thirteenth  street,  and  on  the  16th  day  of  the  folloAving  month 
it  was  dedicated  with  appropriate  services.  The  room  is  supplied  with 
quite  a  selection  of  daily  and  weekly,  religious  and  secular,  papers, 
magazines,  books,  etc.,  which  are  largely  made  use  of  by  its  many 
visitors.  The  association  has  its  regular  committees  to  look  after  the 
various  departments  of  its  work,  who  report  monthly  and  receive  all 
needed  instructions  from  the  association.  The  prayer  meeting  organ- 
ized in  October,  1875,  is  still  being  regularly  held  every  Sunday  after- 
noon at  four  o'clock,  as  well  as  devotional  or  cottage  meetings  through 
the  Aveek.  The  present  officers  are  :  President,  Wm.  Burbank  ;  vice 
presidents,  H.  J.  Aukerman,  W.  W.  Gardner  and  W.  P.  Moore  ;  re- 
cording secretary,  Taylor  Grant;  corresponding  secretary,  T.  B.  Pat- 
ton;  treasurer,  C.  S.  Nicodemus. 




This  solemn  city  of  tlie  dead  covers  an  area  of  eighteen  or  twenty 
acres  of  elevated  ground,  on  the  northern  suburbs  of  Altoona.  The 
land  was  purchased  from  John  Kough  and  James  Trees.  On  March 
3,  1857,  an  association  was  formed,  which  on  October  28,  same  year, 
procured  a  charter.  Rev.  Henry  Balder  was  made  the  first  president; 
Rev.  A.  B.  Clarke  and  George  R.  Everson,  vice  presidents  ;  Theodore 
A.  Stecker,  secretary ;  J.  B.  Hileman,  treasurer ;  G.  W.  Patton,  M. 
Clabaugh,  C.  C.  Mason,  A.  A.  Smith,  M.  T.  Dill,  A.  C.  Vauclain, 
Austin  McGraw  and  John  Hamilton,  trustees.  Changes  in  its  man- 
agement, of  course,  have  occurred  from  time  to  time.  At  the  meeting 
of  the  stockholders  on  April  1,  1880,  (elections  occur  annually,  on  the 
first  Monday  of  April,)  A.  F.  Heess  was  elected  president;  Harry  C. 
Dern  and  A.  H.  Maxwell,  vice  presidents;  A.  Clabaugh,  secretary; 
A.  Kipple,  treasurer;  A.  C.  Devlan,  John  P.  Levan,  J.  Wagner,  J. 
Loudon,  S.  F.  Ramey,  G.  W.  Kessler,  George  W.  Hawks  worth,  sr., 
and  J.  W.  Smith,  trustees. 

Since  the  cemetery  was  laid  out  improvements  have  been  con- 
stantly made.  The  money  derived  from  the  sale  of  lots  instead  of 
being  applied  as  dividends  to  stockholders,  or  projectors,  has  been  ex- 
pended in  rendering  the  grounds  attractive.  About  five  years  ago 
water  pipes  were  laid  for  conveying  water  to  the  premises  at  no  little 
expense  and  labor  to  the  association,  for  the  benefit  of  lot-holders. 
Up  to  this  time  al)Out  eight  hundred  family  lots  (the  entire  tract  con- 
tains 1,373  lots)  have  been  disposed  of  at  prices  ranging  from  ten  to 
twenty-five  dollars.  Upwards  of  2,500  burial  permits  have  been  issued. 
The  grounds  and  improvements  have  been  fully  paid  for,  and,  conse- 
quently, no  incumbrances  exist  on  the  property. 

A  receiving  vault  has  been  constructed  on  the  grounds  to  supply 
the  urgent  necessities  of  those  who  may  not  be  prepared  for  perma- 
nent interment,  but  no  corpse  will  be  allowed  to  remain  in  the  vault 
over  two  months,  unless  absolutely  necessitated  by  unavoidable  cir- 
cumstances, and  hermetically  closed  cases  must  be  used. 

Andrew  M'Farran,  an  elderly  gentleman,  became  the  first  inhabit- 
ant of  this  city  of  the  dead.  He  was  hurried  on  March  17,  1857, 
since  which  time  over  twenty-five  hundred  have  follo^^'ed  him  to  that 


"bourne  from  whoiicc  no  traveler  returns.''  At  first  the  graves  were 
dug  by  Mr.  Russel,  afterwards  l)y  James  Shellenbergcr,  but,  since 
August,  18*70,  Robert  Cox  has  been  acting'  as  superintendent.  He  re- 
sides on  the  grounds  and  is  Avell  known  for  his  effieieney  and  politeness. 

Our  city  having  no  parks  or  pleasure  grounds,  Fairview  cemetery 
has  become  a  popular  place  of  resort,  during  spring  and  summer,  not 
only  for  those  who  throng  thither  to  view  the  graves  of  their  friends, 
and  to  meditate  upon  the  brevity  and  uncertainty  of  life,  but  for  those 
who  seek  tempoi'ary  relief  from  the  harassing  cares  and  vexations  of 
business.  Until  the  trees  and  shrubbery  already  planted,  and  such  as 
will  be  i)lanted,  mature  fully,  the  eye  of  the  visitor  will  more  particu- 
larly dwell  upon  the  works  of  art  exhibited  there.  The  soldiers'  monu- 
ment, erected  upon  the  apex  of  the  mound,  is  the  chief  object  of  at- 
traction, more  on  account  of  the  patriotic  memories  which  cluster 
around  it  and  its  prominent  location,  than  any  intrinsic  merit  exhibited 
in  the  emblazonment  of  its  shaft.  Exhibitions  of  sculpture,  at  least 
equally  meritorious,  are  visible  on  every  hand,  no  inconsiderable  por- 
tion of  which  was  executed  by  our  townsman,  D.  A.  Bradley.  To 
James  Simpson,  of  Huntingdon,  belongs  the  credit  of  furnishing  the 
majority  of  neat  iron  railings  which  surround  the  various  lots. 

N.  W.  Cunningham,  formerly  of  Altoona,  now  of  Chicago,  recently 
presented  his  vault  or  mausoleum  to  the  Altoona  Fairview  Cemetery 
association,  the  erection  of  which  cost  a  considerable  sum  of  money. 


In  1878  a  number  of  citizens  of  Altoona,  believing  that  a  necessity 
existed  for  the  establishment  of  another  cemetery,  determined  to  form 
themselves  into  an  association  for  that  purpose.  There  were  several 
reasons  which  led  to  this,  one  of  the  principal  ones  of  which  Avas  that 
a  general  desire  existed  to  have,  for  convenience,  a  cemetery  on  the 
east  side  of  the  city.  The  best  location  and  the  most  suitable  ground 
was  found  to  be  on  the  farm  of  G.  T.  Bell,  of  whom  nine  acres  were 
bought  and  enclosed  with  a  substantial  picket  fence.  The  ground 
is  beautifully  situated,  with  a  south-eastern  exposure,  overlooking 
Pleasant  Valley,  and  presenting  romantic  views  of  mountain  scenery. 
The  soil  is  of  a  fertile  sandy  loam,  perfectly  dry,  sloping  gently  to  the 
south-east,  making  the  drainage  perfect,  and  being  well  adapted  to  the 
rapid  growth  of  trees,  shrubbery  and  flowers. 

The  association  Avas  incori)orated  on  December  16,  1878,  under  the 
name  and  title  of  "Oak  Ridge  Cenu'tery  Association,"  and  is  con- 
ducted by  a  board  of  managers,  who  are  not  allowed  any  compensa- 
tion for  their  services.     Bv  the  terms  of  the  charter  we  notice  that  all 



Olmes  &  Bro. 

11th  Avenue,  bet.  13th  and  Uth  Streets, 

13th  Street,   between  Tth  and  8th  Avenues, 


Beef,    Mutton,  Veal   and  Pork, 


We  now  claim  not  only  to  have  the  Finest  Meat  Markets,  but  sell  the  best  meats, 
at  prices  to  suit  everybody.  When  it  is  considered  tliat  we  buy  all  of  the  be&t 
AVestern  stock,  it  is  as  cheap  as  it  can  be  sold. 



11th  Avenue,  bet    12th  and   13th  Streets, 


Only  souiKl  and  reliable  companies  represented.    All  losses  promptly  adjusted  and 

paid  at  this  office.      Agent  for  Steamship  Lines  and  dealer  in  Foreign 

Exchange  and  Drafts. 


Homeopathic  Physician  and  Surgeon, 

1330i  Eleventh   Avenue,  Altoona,  Pa. 

i    S  to  I)  a.  m. 
Office  Hours:   ■    1  tori  p.m.  CONSULTATIONS  IN  ENGLISH  AND  GERMAN. 

(   7  to  8  p.  m. 


iiionoys  derived  froiii  the  sale  of  lots  must  he  w^^vd  in  payiii.ti'  for  the 
gTouiid.  and  in  ini proving'  and  heantifyiii,i>-  it.  After  this  has  been 
done  the  moneys  received  shall  lie  in\csted  in  uood  securities,  and  the 
interest  accruing-  shall  constitute  a  iH'rpetual  fund  for  keeping-  the  cent- 
etcry  in  g-ood  order.  The  sale  of  lots  up  to  the  ]tr(>sent  time  has  been 
so  encouraf>'in<>-  that  the  uianag'ers  think  they  will  bealile  to  make  con- 
siderable improvements  during-  this  year.  The  success  of  the  associ- 
ation is,  therefore,  an  assured  fact.  The  fertility  of  the  soil  and  the 
beanty  of  location  must  in  a  few  years  make  this  cemetery  one  of  the 
most  popular  burial  grounds  in  this  }»ortion  of  the  State.  The  officers 
are:  Josei)h  Dysart,  i)resident;  Theo.  H.  Wiyton,  treasurer;  H.  B. 
Kendig,  secretary.  Joseph  Dysart,  George  S.  Eaby,  Jolm  W.  Cherry, 
Jonathan  Foreman,  John  Boynes,  G.  T.  Bell  and  Richard  J.  Crozier 
are  the  managers.     The  election  for  otficers  is  held  annuallv. 

ST.  John's  ckmetehy. 
The  first  purchase  for  a  Catholic  cemetery  yvas  made  in  1851,  be- 
ing a  lot  of  ground  lying  in  the  Second  ward.  Before  the  second 
body  was  laid  to  rest  in  the  new  cemetery  it  was  discovered  that  the 
location  was  not  desirable,  and  also  that  the  grounds  were  too  limited 
to  meet  the  wants  of  a  large  Catholic  community.  It  was  concluded, 
therefore,  to  make  a  second  purchase.  In  1858  the  present  cemetery, 
situated  on  the  east  side  of  the  city,  near  the  reservoir,  was  secured 
at  a  cost  of  about  four  thousand  dollars. 

ST.  Joseph's  cemetery. 
In  18T1>  the  German  Catholic  congregation  bought  ground  Ivlng 
close  by  St.  John's  cemetery,  for  about  two  thousand  dollars,  where 
they  intend  to  lay  their  dead  to  rest.  The  location  of  both  St.  John's 
and  St.  Joseph's  cemeteries  is  excellent;  they  look  to  the  east,  and 
with  a  continuance  of  the  care  and  attention  bestowed  on  improving 
and  beautifying  them,  in  a  short  time  they  will  become  picturesque 
and  solemn  "cities  of  the  dead." 


About  the  year  I8(i5,  John  Ferguson,  George  Hooper  and  John 
Alexander  purchased  a  lot  of  ground,  fronting  on  Tenth  street,  east 
side,  now  adjoining  Oak  Ridge  cemetery,  for  ninety-four  dollars  and 
sixty  cents,  to  be  used  as  a  burial  place  for  the  colored  people  of  this 
city,  regardless  of  religious  sect.  Added  to  the  cost  of  the  uround, 
the  improvements  swelled  the  amount  to  alxmt  three  hundred  dollars. 
The  first  stockholders  consisted  (»f  the  projectors  alreadv  named  and 
Geo.  M.   .Tackson,  Heiirv   Johnson,  (ieorye  Pavne  and  Allan  Hurlev. 



To  Hon.  B.  F.  Rose,  the  thoroughly  competent  and  energ-etie 
chief  engineer  of  the  city  fire  department,  we  are  indebted  for  the  fol- 
lowing sketches  of  the  fire  companies  of  Altoona : 

December  15,  1859,  was  an  eventful  day  in  the  history  of  Al- 
toona, on  account  of  the  introduction  of  gas  and  water.  Previous' 
to  that  date  there  was  no  organized  fire  company.  If  there  had  been, 
apparatus  would  have  been  useless.  During  the  summer  of  1858, 
those  old  fire  veterans,  A.  H.  Maxwell  and  A.  C.  Yauclain,  conceived 
the  idea  of  organizing  a  fire  company  ;  l)ut  what,  the  question  may  be 
asked,  would  a  company  be  without  an  engine  ?  To  secure  one  a  sub- 
scription was  taken  up  and  sufficient  money  secured  to  purchase  the 
hand  engine  of  the  Good  Will  Fire  company  of  Philadelphia.  The 
organization  hert'  adopted  the  same  name,  "Good  Will,"  and  housed 
their  engine  on  October  22,  1859.  At  the  grand  i)arade  of  December 
15,  1859,  the  Good  Will  nuxde  their  first  appearance,  equipped  in  dark 
pants,  white  shirts,  black  belts  and  glazed  caps. 

In  September,  18G(),  the  Empire  Hook  and  Ladder  com])any  was 
instituted,  and  equipped  with  a  good,  substantial  truck,  ladders,  etc.,, 
purchased  from  the  Empire  com))any  of  Lancaster. 

In  1867  the  borough  council  created  the  offices  of  chief  and  assist- 
ant engineers.  Alex.  A.  Smyth  was  chosen  chief,  and  A.  H.  Max- 
well and  B.  F.  Rose  assistant  engineers.  Mr.  Smyth  served  as  chief 
about  one  year,  when  he  resigned,  and  A.  H.  Maxwell  was  elected. 

The  two  companies  forming  the  department,  at  that  time,  were 
deemed  sufficient  for  the  protection  of  property,  but  the  numerous  in- 
cendiary fires  soon  convinced  the  authorities  that  additional  apparatus 
was  needed. 

The  Pennsylvania  Railroad  conqjany,  early  in  18G7,  ordered  from 
the  Amoskeag  Manufacturing  company  of  Manchester,  N.  H.,  one  of 
their  fine  second-class  steamers.  On  the  4th  of  June  of  the  same  year, 
the  engine  arrived  and  was  immediately  placed  in  service,  under  the 
charge  of  AV.  A.  Adams  and  Adam  Moss,  members  of  the  "Altoona 
Steam  Fire  Engine  company." 

On  the  12th  of  February,  1868,  the  legislature  passed  an  act  im- 
powering  the  burgess  and  council  of  the  Ijorough  of  Altoona  to  levy 
and  collect  a  special  tax  of  twelve  mills  on  the  dollar,  for  three  years, 
for  the  purpose  of  purchasing  steam  fire  engines,  etc. 


Council  having-  diH-ided  to  piiirhase  two  Amoslvoag  nteamers,  one 
for  the  Good  Will  company,  on  the  east  side,  and  the  other  for  the 
west  side  of  town,  it  was  deemed  necessary  to  org-anize  another  fire 
company.  Accordingly  a  number  of  prominent  young  men  formed 
themselves  into  a  company,  March  20,  1868,  under  the  name  of  the 
"Vigilant  Steam  Fire  Engine  company." 

The  two  steamers  Avere  contracted  for  by  A.  H.  Maxwell,  chief  en- 
gineer and  chairman  of  Fire  committee  of  council.  On  the  fourth  of 
July,  1868,  the  engines  were  placed  in  charge  of  the  Good  Will  and 
Vigilant  companies. 

In  1869  a  number  of  young  men  organized  the  Excelsior  Hose 

At  this  time,  October,  1880,  Altoona  has  five  efficient  fire  compa- 
nies, forming  as  complete  a  five  department  as  can  be  found  anywhere 
in  the  State.  [Although  the  Altoona  Steam  Fire  Engine  company 
does  not  belong  to  the  fire  department  of  the  city,  it  cheerfully  co- 
operates with  it  at  all  times  in  extinguishing  fires.] 


In  1859  the  Pennsylvania  Railroad  company  erected  a  building 
on  their  land,  corner  Ninth  avenue  and  Twelfth  street,  for  the  occu- 
pancy of  the  Good  Will  until  that  company  could  secure  other  quar- 
ters. Since  the  removal  of  the  Good  Will  the  railroad  company  has 
occupied  the  house  with  one  of  their  two  hose  carriages,  their  steamer 
and  the  other  carriage  being  kept  in  a  building  at  the  lower  shops. 

The  Vigilant  building,  on  the  corner  of  Thirteenth  avenue  and 
Twelfth  street,  was  built  in  18T0-1,  and  cost  $17,423. 

The  Empire  building,  on  Tenth  avenue,  between  Fourteenth  and 
Fifteenth  streets,  was  built  in  1871-2,  and  cost  $10,500. 

The  Excelsior  Hose  company  put  up  a  building,  on  Tenth  street, 
between  Chestnut  and  Lexington  avenues,  in  1880,  which  cost  about 

A  building  for  the  Good  Will  Engine  company,  Fifth  avenue  and 
Thirteenth  street,  is  now  under  contract,  to  cost  $7,500. 


The  board  of  fire  department  consists  of  the  following  gentlemen  : 
B.  F.  Rose,  Vigilant,  chief  engineer ;  Gust.  Klemmert,  Good  Will, 
assistant  engineer,  eastern  district ;  John  B.  Stahl,  Excelsior,  assist- 
ant engineer,  western  district.  Directors:  A.  C.  Vauclain,  sr.,  Good 
Will ;  George  B.  Bennett,  Vigilant ;  W.  R.  Gamble,  Empire ;  Elmer 
Hackett,  Excelsior. 




Watchmaker  -°  JE^VELER, 

—  AND   DEALER  IN  — 



DR.  J.  F.  PULTON, 

OFFICE:   Over  Randolph's  Drug  Store, 


(     8  to  10  a.  in. 

Office  Hours  :   ^   12  to   -2  p.  lu. 

(     6  to   S  p.  111. 


ianufac'Turer  of  and  dealer  in 



WM.  B.  MILLER,  D.  D.  S. 




(   s  to  Via.  m 
Office  Hours  :    ;    1  to  p.  m. 
(   ():;i()  to'.t  p.  111. 





The  following  is  a  list  of  the  chief  engineers  since  the  organiza- 
tion of  the  department : 

Alexamler  A.  Smyth 1807 

A.  H.  Maxwen 18f58 

B.  F.  Rose 1869 

T.  B.  Pattou 1871 

E.  Mountney 1873 

T.  B.  Patton 1875 

J.  K.  Garden 1877 

B.  F.  Rose 1879 


A.  C.  Vauclain,  sr.,  prest. 
J.  T.  Dougherty,  vice  pres. 
John  Malady,  secretary. 
James  E.  Gardner,  asst.  sec. 
John  R.  Garden,  treas. 
Wm.  F.  Enney,  engineer. 


George  Bowman, 

J . Sapp, 

D.  LatTerty, 

J.  McCnllough, 

F.  Endress, 

J.  Carney, 

N.  Criim, 

W.  Alleman, 

A.  Gamble, 

€.  Filer, 

D.  Shultzherger, 

J.  Kelly, 

R.  Lowther, 

AY.  L.  Faisick, 

J.  Kimmell, 

•J.  P.  Faisick, 

W.  Young, 

K.  Kearns, 

VVm.  F.  Enney, 

J.  Leng, 

J.  T.  Pendergast, 

J.  Ford, 

I.  Price, 

C.  C.  Smith, 
C.  E.  Renner, 
J.  E.  Gardner, 
G.  T.  Plumnier, 
W.  McBride, 
M.  Weakland, 
M.  Fagan, 
T.  Rilev. 
F.  J.  O'Kain, 
L.  Wichum, 
Theo.  Reis, 
J.  Carney, 
C.  W.  Smith, 
W.  Isett, 
R.  IMcGi-aw, 
1).  Donahue, 
F.  Hammers, 

B.  Higgins, 
S.  Renner, 

C.  Cornelius, 

D.  Robertson, 
W.  Hutlson, 
T.  Tierney, 
H.  Smith, 

F.  Clabaugh, 

G.  Treeee, 


A.  H.  Maxwell, 
A.  C.  Vauclain,  sr.. 

W.  A.  Adams, 

W.  Riches. 

J.  A.  Hindman, 

G.  S.  Debray, 

II.  Bowers, 

A.  C.  ^'auclain,  jr. 

I),  (^lav, 

A.  A.  Sinvth, 

I).  Mccioskey, 

J.  T.  Doughe'rty, 

J.  Bulger, 

D.  Love. 

J.  Galceran, 

P.  Logue. 

C.  S.  Cordes, 
A.  R.  Moss, 
A.  H.  O'Neil, 

F.  Custer, 
J.  Klink, 
T.  Heacock, 

D.  Stackhouse, 

G.  Klemmert, 
J.  Malady, 
W.  Rice,  ■ 

J.  Bra<ll('y. 
H.  Stackliouse, 
T.  McKee, 
.1.  R.  Garden, 
P.  Drumgold. 


W.  W.  Smith,  president. 
Jas.  McMurray,  vice  pres. 
Charles  Gern,  secretary. 
•C.  Gardner,  assistant  sec. 
J.  A.  Weidensall,  treas. 


M.  Alexander, 

S.  W.  Arble, 

J.  W.  Anderson, 

J.  H.  Burley, 

li.  Burley, 

A.  Behm, 

R.  Black, 

M.  A.  Condriu, 

W.  D.  Couch, 

T.  D.  Crawford, 

P.  Clare, 

H.  Dougherty, 

A.  Engle, 

J.  Fraley. 

P.  Flynn, 

J.  Fu'ltz. 

W.  R.  Gamble, 

C,  E.  Gardner, 

M.  Gardner, 

H.  Gardner, 

1).  A.  Ginand, 


J.  J.  Gehrdes, 
Charles  Gern 
George  Houck, 
C.  Houck, 
E.  B.  Haines, 
V.  Hudson, 
Levi  Knott, 
W.  Knejiper, 
H.  McCormick. 
J.  McMurray, 
T.  B.  Patton, 
C.  Petschelt, 
George  Reeves, 
J.  Raymond, 
J.  Rahip, 
S.  S.  stains, 
J.  N.  Stevens, 
W.  W.  Smith, 
W.  Vanglin, 
J.  A.  Weidensall, 
M.  Yeager. 


B.  Berkowitz, 

C.  L.  Fettinger, 
S.  M.  Griffltli, 
R.  McMahan, 

L.  B.  Pancake, 
VV.  J.  Allen, 
H.  C.  Dern, 
S.  I.  Fries, 
A.  F.  Heess, 
J.  Lutz, 

E.  B.  McCrum, 
L.  Plack, 

C.  Wahl, 

D.  K.  Ramey. 
W.  Alexander, 
S.  C.  Baker, 

D.  F.  Beegle, 

F.  Blumhardt, 
H.  Fettinger,  sr., 
S.  Smith, 

E.  M.  Jones, 

G.  Kessler, 
W.  M.  Lloyd, 

J.  L.  Reifsnj'der, 
E.  F.  Lytle, 
John  Loudon, 
R.  A.  O.  Kerr, 
S.  M.  Woodcock, 
M.  R.  Jones, 
C.  Yeager, 
S.  Christ. 
W.  Keller. 




Irank  Molloy,  president. 
W.  M.  Rose,  secretary. 
B.  W.  Story,  assistant  sec. 
Jolin  Schenlr,  treasurer. 
E.  Lippett,  engineer. 
G.  H.  Maxwell,  iireman. 


B.  F.  Rose, 

C.  M.  Ilackett, 
C.  S.  Taylor, 
Samnel  Black, 
H.  C.  Dern, 

G.  T.  Bell, 
K.  Mountney, 
W.  L.  Hallack, 
G.  M.  Metz, 
Theo..  Burchfield, 
W.  M.  Rose, 

F.  Duniphy, 
H.  Barr, 

W.  H.  .Johnson, 

J.  B.  Gray, 

■T.  L.  Rickabauffli, 

T.  B.  Story, 

•T.  .Johnston, 

J.  Adams, 

W.  H.  Bennett, 

A.  H.  Graham, 

•I.  Paisley, 

C.  A.  Sziiik, 
H.  Beam, 
H.  Bitter, 
W.  SimiJson, 

G.  B.  Bennett, 

D.  McElilownoy, 
W.  C.  Alexander, 
B.  W.  Siory, 
•T.  E.  Winn, 
W.  Pimloit, 

E.  Folk. 
C  Esterline, 
G.  H.  Maxwell, 
I.  VYard, 

F.  Copley, 
J.  S.  Smitli, 

E.  Lippett, 
-T.  \V.  Arnsberaer, 
T.  Winn, 

J.  P.  Montgomery, 
C.  Iiei)liart, 

B.  W.  Coyle, 

F.  Story, 

C.  Herr, 
C.  Adams, 
W.  Davis, 
M.  Zimmerman, 
J.  Espenlanb, 
X.  Davis, 

M.  Vetter, 
S.  W.  Beegle, 

D.  Condrin, 
W.  Gundecker, 
W.  H.  Eynon, 
H.  Butler, 

E.  Cassidav, 
J.  W.  Leslie, 
G.  P.  Levan, 
C.  Cassiday, 
Jacob  Stier, 
C.  Flinn, 

R.  Stelile, 
H.  Parsons, 
C.  Ranch, 
R.  L.  McCartney. 
W.  Ake, 
H.  K.  Story, 
G.  W.  Kelly, 
•T.   V.  Smith, 

B.  Bennett, 

J.  Hopkinson, 
P.  Smith, 
H.  Brogan, 
J.  Stehle, 
J.  Dixen, 

C.  Ensljrenner, 
J.  H.  Schenk, 
L.  R.  Lev'an, 

G.  F.  Fresli, 
A.  M.  Stewart, 
M.  McCartney, 
I).  KiltUiy, 
II.  Kimnierling, 
L.  Smitli, 
J.  Goldman, 
T. W.  Jackson. 


E.  L.  Taylor, 

Fred  Raiuey, 

W.  A.  McCormick, 

G.  Brunner, 

John  F.  Bowman, 

John  Stehle. 

William  Murray, 
I  Godfrey  Wolf, 

G.  VY.  Sparks, 
AY.  H.  Durborrow, 

Adam  Behm, 

C.  C.  Shannon, 

John  M.  Bowman, 
IE.  H.  Williams, 
R.  A.  O.  Kerr, 
Jacob  Snyder, 
C.  Behm, 
Wm.  Myers, 
Dr.J.  T.  Christy, 
W.  Rodamore, 
James  S.  Mann, 

IF.  W.  Olmes, 
Christ  Wahl, 
L.  P.  Work, 
W.  S.  Bittner, 
M.  Clabaugh, 
James  Kearney, 
G.  W.  Kessler, 
S.  C.  Baker, 
D.  K.  Ramev, 

C.  C.  Mason", 
Hon.  B.  L.  Hewitt, 
Hon.  D.  J.  Morrell, 
A.  S.  Morrow, 
Hon.  Samuel  Calvin, 

D.  Koch,  ' 
Henry  El  way. 
George  Rosen  berger, 
Rt.  Rev.  Bishop  J.  Tuif 
John  A.  Sprankle, 
John  P.  Levtin, 
James  H.  Dysart, 

D.  Laughman, 
John  L.  Ickes, 
G.  L.  Myers, 
D.  J.  Netr, 
George  Dixon, 
P.  Vetter, 
H.  Fettinger,  sr., 

C.  Guyer, 

Hon.  Jolm  A.  Lemon. 
Wm.  Kemp, 

D.  T.  Cahlwell, 
I.  Farabaugli, 
John  O'Neil, 
Wm.  H.  Renner, 
Daniel  Price, 
Jacob  Rink, 
Win.  Conroy, 
W.  A.  Adams, 

J.  M.  Stonebraker, 
Dr.  Walter  Bell, 

F.  X.  Endress, 
Samuel  Smith, 
Steijlien  Bewley, 

E.  Powell, 

r.  V.  Mazurie, 
D.  P.  Ray. 
Louis  Plack, 
John  H.  Friedley, 
John  Trout, 
J.  Carland, 

G.  W.  Stewart, 
S.  A.  Christ, 
John  A.  Smith, 
J.  E.  (iintner, 
A.  F.  Heess, 
Joseph  Watson, 
John  Loudon, 
Frank  Molloy, 
X.  F.  Mervine, 




Ennnett  P.  Davis,  president 
J.  W.  Elway,  1st  vice  pres. 
G.  JI.  Atkinson, '2(1      " 
William  O.  Ronsh,  treas. 
II.  1).  Alexander,  sec'y. 
T.  W .  Allenian,  asst.  sec'y. 


R.  E.  Stontfer, 
H.  E.  Ferguson, 
Joseph  ^\';^tts, 
H. M.  Ferguson, 
James  McCormick, 
H.  D.  Alexantler, 
H.  M.  Parker. 
William  Heller, 
J.  R.  Runyeon, 

EniuH'tt  1*.  Davis, 
Will  ,).  Ferguson, 
William  Roush, 
J.  W.  Elway, 
William  Copley, 
Derbin  Trout, 
Robert  Goodwin, 
George  Wigand, 
Clay  Cherry, 
'•Jeorge  I'uliiier, 
James  Stitzel, 
Elmer  Hackett, 
.John  Espenlaub,  jr. 

F.  J.  Stehle, 
J.  li.  Stahl, 

T.  W.  Alleman, 

G.  M.  Atkinson, 
George  Leslie, 

Charles  Klink, 
.Tohn  Tj.  Yeatts, 
L.  15.  Weisgarver, 
N.  J.  Ehrlnger, 
Thomas  Clabaugh, 
Charles  Loreman, 
James  Miller. 
William  Weisenberg, 
Charles  Garrettson, 
George  Inlew, 
George  Fultz, 
Harry  Smith, 
William  Clark, 
George  i\  Krick, 
John  Irvine, 
P.  McDonongh, 
Herman  J.  L.  Piper. 


Andrew  Kipple.  loreman. 
G.  F.  McNoIdy,  1st  asst. 
M.  Valentine,  '2d  asst. 
M.  D.  Carrolus,  3d  asst. 
J.  D.  StoutTer,  secretary. 
W.  A.  Adams,  engineer. 
Harry  Geesey,  lireman. 


A.  Kipple, 

G.  R.  Waggoner, 

G.  W.  Sands, 

W.  Shultzberger, 

J.  Irwin, 

S.  Bumgardner, 

L.  K.  Y'oung, 

G.  Filer, 

C.  Patterson, 

W.  Ferguson, 

W.  Irwin, 

Harry  Geesy, 

M.  B.  Stouch, 

W.  W.  Green, 

C.  C.  Wilson, 

D.  Miller, 
M.  Fichtner, 

F.  Richter, 

J.  A.  Walters, 
H.  Swanger, 
C.  W.  Kerlin, 
C.  Salsburg, 

G.  Davis, 

M.  D.  Carrolus, 
G.  C.  Detrow, 
G.  L.  Adams, 
J.  ITllery, 

E.  Clegg, 

J.  H.  White, 

G.  W.  Blackburn, 

E.  A.  Grindle, 

A.  E.  Rickabaugh, 

R.  W.  Ttiylor, 

S.  Groves, 

G.  Carrolus, 

W.  Green, 

C.  Mel  lor, 

M.  Valentine, 

I.  Wyant, 

C.  S.  Nicodeiiius, 

H.  Rettburg, 

G.  Slater, 

J.  I>.  Stouffer, 

Christ  (iern. 

T.  Blackburn, 

J.  McNoldv,ir., 

C.  W.  Smitli, 
W.  H.  Sliaw, 
H.  Kriner, 
A.  Cretin, 
M.  Wilkins, 
S.  Gaily, 

0.  L.  Forrister, 
M.  H.  Foose, 
G.  B.  Smith, 

D.  S.  Markey, 
W.  B.  Hershey, 
G.  Tompkins, 

1.  Kelly, 
L.  Statler, 
J.  Roberts. 

E.  K.  Hamilton, 
C.  A.  Weidman, 
G.  Moore, 

R.  Woods, 
P  McGarvey, 

E.  v..  Johnson 

L.  W.  Vaughn, 

.1.  Smithhammer, 

J.  Foster, 

E.  L.  Price, 

H.  Stover, 

W.  Brinkman, 

C.  L.  Hiltner, 
W.  Grindle, 

P.  F.  Barkdoll, 
E.  N.  Moore, 
J.  Filer, 
J.  Eagle, 

D.  F.  Mauk, 
J.  L.  Smelser, 
J.  Wertsberger, 
C.  Rath, 

C.  Labe, 

J.  Lantz, 

W.  Moore, 

A.  Pietsch, 

J.  C.  Palmer, 

C.  W.  Armstrong, 

J.  R.  Fraser, 

R.  Wilson, 

C.  H.  Bragonier, 
A.  C.  Lytle, 

G.  Rupert, 

E.  S.  Hall, 
T.  P.  Clegg. 
J.  Foust, 

D.  M.  Keckler, 
R.  A.  Isenberg. 
L.  G.  Flemming, 
G.  Curtis. 

G.  F.  McNoldy, 

W.  A.  Adams, 

N.  P.  Cunningham. 

152  .     HISTORY   OF    ALTOONA    AND   BLAIR    COUNTY. 




iGHT  i  Hemy  Spring  ¥iigons, 



WITH  Dispatch. 

Eighth  Street,  bet.  Sixth  and  Seventh  A\'enues, 





"The  Gas  and  Water  Company  of  Altoona,"  was  incorporated 
April  9,  1859,  upon  whicli  the  city  was  dependent  for  both  water  and 
gas.  [See  pages  63  and  65.]  Its  first  officers  were:  Tresident, 
William  H.  Wilson;  treasurer,  Wm.  M.  Lloyd;  secretary,  B.  F. 
Rose;  managers,  John  Shoemaker,  Enos  M.  Jones,  Charles  J.  Mann, 
Albert  B.  Clark  and  George  B.  Cramer ;  superintendent,  Thomas  S. 
Francis.  The  name  of  the  company,  on  May  9,  ISU,  was  changed 
to  "Altoona  Gas  Company,"  and  on  September  10,  1812,  the  water 
pipes  were  sold  to  the  city  authorities.  The  reservoirs  at  Pottsgrove, 
with  the  company's  interest  in  water  power  of  Pottsgrove  mill  and  in 
the  twelve-inch  main  from  there  to  Twelfth  street  reservoir,  were 
sold  to  the  Pennsylvania  Railroad  company. 

Without  repeating  what  is  said  on  page  65  in  regard  to  increasing 
the  water  supply  at  the  time  referred  to,  and  the  means  by  which  it 
was  effected,  we  are  confidant  in  saying  that  no  one  supposed  that  in 
so  short  a  period  it  would  prove  inadequate  to  the  requirements  of 
the  population,  which  has  nearly  doubled,  within  the  last  ten  years. 

At  an  early  period  of  the  present  year  (1880)  the  subject  of  in- 
creasing the  supply  of  water,  which  had  been  agitating  the  commun- 
ity for  several  years,  began  to  be  regarded  as  one  of  prime  import- 
ance, requiring  prompt  attention.  Such  was  the  scarcity  of  water 
during  the  previous  summer  (1879)  that  nearly  all  the  Pennsylvania 
Railroad  company's  engines  were  directed  to  stop  and  take  water  at 
other  points ;  thus  entailing,  at  the  same  time  and  by  the  same  cause, 
serious  loss  and  forced  idleness  to  workmen  in  the  shops,  loss  to  the 
railroad  company  in  having  to  stop  work  and  in  being  compelled  to 
take  water  supplies  at  inconvenient  points,  and  loss  and  great  incon- 
venience to  every  consumer  in  the  city. 

About  three  hundred  houses  had  been  erected  during  that  season, 
rendering  an  additional  quantity  essential,  to  say  nothing  of  the  pre- 
dicament the  city  would  have  been  in  had  an  extensive  conflagration 
occurred.  At  a  meeting  of  the  city  council,  held  on  the  evening  of 
June  14,  1880,  the  following  was  offered  by  A.  F.  Kerr,  which  was 
adopted  by  the  council : 

Whereas,  The  city  is  poorly  supplieil  witli  water  pipes,  and  the  reservoirs  are 
too  smaU  to  retain  an  adequate  supply  during  dry  seasons ; 


And  Whereas,  The  reservoir  of  the  city  cannot  \>e  relied  on  to  meet  the  defl- 
cieney  in  this  direction  :    No-\v,  tlierefore,  may  it  be  ordained,  etc., 

That  in  order  to  extend  the  water  pipes  tlirougli  the  city,  and  increase  the  sup- 
ply of  water,  this  council  negotiate  a  loan  of  $60,000,  in  accordance  with  the  author- 
ity given  them  by  Act  of  Assembly  of  1874,  and  supplements  thereto,  and  the 
Mayor  is  hereby  instructed  to  give  the  proper  notice,  as  provided  by  law,  and  to 
direct  an  election  to  be  lield  on  the  20th  day  of  July,  1880,  to  the  end  that  the  quali- 
fied voters  of  this  city  may  have  the  opportunity  to  approve  or  disapprove  of  said 

In  accordance  with  the  above,  on  the  23d  of  June,  Mayor  How- 
ard issued  a  prockmiation  appointing-  an  election  to  be  held  on  the 
23d  day  of  the  following-  month,  but  in  consequence  of  the  inability 
of  a  committee  which  had  been  appointed  by  council  to  make  esti- 
mates of  the  cost  of  constructing-  a  dam  at  Kittanning-  Point,*  the 
election  was  postponed  until  August  2,  when  a  majority  of  seven 
hundred  and  thirty -nine  citizens  voted  in  favor  of  the  loan. 

At  a  special  meeting  of  the  city  council,  held  on  the  evening  of 
August  11,  the  following  resolution  was  offered  by  Mr.  Kerr  and 
passed  by  that  body  by  a  vote  of  seven  to  five: 

Resolved,  That  the  Committee  on  Water  be  and  they  are  hereby  instructed  to 
purchase  water  pipes,  hydrants  and  material  neede<l  for  laying  of  the  same  in  such 
quantities  and  at  such  times  as  they  may  deem  proper,  such  purchase  not  to  exceed 
in  the  aggregate  $15,000.  The  laj'ing  of  the  pipe  shall  commence  as  quickly  as  a 
supply  can  be  obtained,  and  the  digging  of  the  trenches  for  said  pipe  shall  be  let  to 
the  lowest  bidder  ;  and  the  committee  may,  if  they  lind  it  needful,  let  tlie  laying  of 
the  water  pipe  to  the  lowest  responsible  bidder,  the  successful  bidder  to  furnish 
bonds  to  be  approved  by  the  committee  and  city  solicitor. 

Shortly  after  the  contract  of  laying  the  pipe  was  awarded  to  Da- 
vid Wylie,  plumber  and  gas  fitter,  who,  on  the  7th  of  September  com- 
menced the  work. 


On  April  9,  1850,  the  "Gas  and  Water  Company  of  Altoona" 
was  incorporated.     [For  names  of  first  officers  see  page  153.] 

On  December  15,  1859,  gas  was  first  introduced  into  the  pipes. 

On  May  9,  1871,  having  previously  disposed  of  their  water  prop- 
erty to  the  Pennsylvania  Railroad  and  Altoona,  the  name  was  changed 
to  "Altoona  Gas  Company,"  and  retains  that  name  to  the  present 

*In  compliance  with  a  request  by  the  city  council  a  corps  of  Pennsyi^■ania 
Railroad  company  engineers  made  a  complete  map  of  the  proposed  reservoir  or 
dam  on  the  city  property  at  Kittanning  Point,  and  gave  the  following  estimate  of 
the  cost  of  its  construction  :  For  grubbing  and  cleaning,  $792 ;  moving  9,640  yards 
of  earth,  $2,838;  moving  2,8.50  yards  of  muck,  $997..'J0  ;  moving  .5,840  yards  of  puddle 
earth,  $4,380;  moving  1,(M)3  yards  of  riprap,  $  moving  1..500  yards  of  overflow, 
$450;  masonry  and  paving  outlet,  $4,000;   contingencies,  $1,000;  total,  $14,908.85. 

They  also  made  a  map  of  a  proposed  reservoir  on  Loudon 's  Hill,  and  also  of  two 
places  to  the  right  (coming  into  Altoona)  of  the  Wopsonnonock  road,  but  have  at 
this  time  of  writing  made  no  report. 


Tlu'  capacity  of  the  gas  works,  when  first  started,  was  30,000 
feet  pen-  day;  present  capacity,  150,000  feet  per  day.  The  first  price 
of  gas  was  three  dollars  ])er  1,000  feet,  and  ten  per  cent,  added  when 
not  paid  in  ten  days  after  |>resentation  of  bills;  present  [)rice  two 
dollars  per  1,000  feet. 

Improvements  have  recently  Ijeen  made.  An  addition  of  fifteen 
feet  has  been  made  to  the  purifying-  room.  The  present  purifiers,  six 
by  eight  feet,  will  be  replaced  by  a  new  set  ten  by  fourteen  feet,  and 
with  three  times  the  power  of  the  old  ones. 

The  eastern  side  of  the  city,  especially  be3^ond  Sixth  avenue,  has 
often  been  poorly  lighted  when  the  shops  Avere  running.  This  was 
not  caused  by  inferior  gas,  but  by  the  light  pressure.  That  part  of 
the  city  was  sui)plied  by  a  four  inch  main  from  which  the  shops  also 
tapped.  In  order  to  remedy  it  there  was  laid  a  six  inch  main  across 
Twelfth  street,  and  since  that  time  no  complaint  has  been  made. 

The  average  consumption  of  gas  per  day,  in  summer  time,  is  fifty 
thousand  feet,  five  tons  of  coal  being  required  to  make  it.  The  coal 
produces  from  four  and  one-half  to  five  cubic  feet  of  gas  for  every 
pound  used.  During  the  summer  and  winter  the  supply  varies 
greatly.  One  month  the  amount  of  gas  used  was  over  3,300,000  feet, 
"but  this  fluctuates  and  depends  largely  on  the  work  in  the  company's 

There  is  now  in  use  a  plan  by  which  all  the  gas  tar,  or  the  greater 
part  of  it,  is  burnt,  and  used  in  place  of  coke  under  the  gas  retorts.  It 
makes  an  intensely  hot  fire  and  thrown  into  the  furnace  in  a  small 
stream  answers  very  satisfactorily.  By  this  means  nearly  all  the 
•coke  remains  for  sale  and  finds  a  ready  market  among  city  consumers. 

At  the  election  of  officers,  May  2, 1880,  the  following  were  chosen  : 
President,  J.  B.  Collin ;  secretary,  W.  S.  Humes ;  treasurer,  W.  D. 
•Couch  ;  superintendent  and  engineer,  T.  W.  Cole  ;  assistant  engineer, 
D.  T.  Kantner ;  managers,  W.  H.  Wilson,  Enoch  Lewis,  H.  C.  Dern, 
'Clement  Jaggard  and  George  W.  Patton. 

The  works  are  located  on  Eleventh  avenue  near  Ninth  street. 









Dollar  Store, 



Mnest  Goods  for  the  Least  Money. 

EVJiRYBODY  WELCOME.      Xo  one  urged  to  buy.      Courteous  salesladies  always 
in  attendance.    CASH  AND  ONE  PRICE. 

Small  Dealers',   Pedlars'  and   Merchants'  Supplies  at  Wholesale  Prices. 

Wapljfactlifer3'  ilgept?  for  JlioW  Ca3e?  apd  Baby  Carriage?. 

Curtis'  Great  Variety  Store, 





One  hundred  and  twenty-two  acres  of  ground  are  occupied  for 
business  purposes  by  the  Pennsylvania  Raih-oad  company  in  this 
city.  On  this  are  erected  the  passenger  station  and  the  Logan 
House ;  freight  warehouse ;  offices  of  the  general  superintendent ; 
the  superintendent  of  motive  power ;  the  superintendent  of  transpor- 
tation, with  their  appurtenances,  and  the  following  additional  build- 
ings: Three  engine  or  round  houses;  iron  and  brass  foundries;  ma- 
chine shops;  paint  shops;  blacksmith  shops;  coaling  platform;  freight 
car  works;  passenger  car  shop;  planing  mill;  tin  and  cabinet  shops; 
upholstery  shop ;  store  houses;  fire  engine  room ;  lumber  dryer ;  car 
shed,  etc.,  having  an  aggregate  frontage  of  fully  two  miles.  All  the 
buildings,  excepting  the  paint  shop,  car  shed  and  the  temporary  wheel 
foundry,  are  composed  of  brick  or  stone,  substantially  constructed  on 
the  most  approved  plans,  and  the  tools  and  machinery  used  in  them 
are  the  best  that  can  be  procured.  As  a  consequence  the  work  is  of 
the  highest  standard,  and  at  the  minimum  cost. 

It  is  difficult  to  analyze  the  impressions  left  by  a  visit  to  the  shops 
of  the  Pennsylvania  Railroad.  The  progress  that  is  silently  yet 
surely  underway  is  difficult  to  grasp,  for  the  work  that  the  company 
is  doing,  a  work  of  national  importance,  comes  upon  you  with  the 
sharp  force  of  a  revelation.  There  is,  indeed,  a  revolution  in  pro- 
gress here.  You  feel  it ;  you  recognize  the  tremendous  influence 
that  is  emanating  and  must  emanate  from  the  metropolitan  city  of 
the  Alleghenies,  spreading  like  ripples  upon  the  surface  of  a  pond, 
until  our  whole  country  feels  the  force  of  railroad  science  carried  to 
its  conclusion.  It  is  a  fact  universally  conceded  that  the  Pennsyl- 
vania railroad  company  is  the  leader  of  the  van  of  progress.  Every 
month,  every  year  it  institutes  the  most  exact  scientific  researches, 
tests,  experiments  and  observations  governed  by  the  sole  idea  of  ob- 
taining railroad  perfection  ;  and  the  benefit  of  each  year's  crystallized 
experience  forms  the  basis  of  the  oi>erations,  constantly  progressive, 
of  the  following  twelve  months.  A  corps  of  scientists,  regularly  in 
the  employ  of  the  company,  devotes  its  entire  time,  intelligence,  acu- 
men and  energy  in  determining  what  is  best  in  everything,  and  the 
result  is  not  only  to  furnish  the  road   with  what  is  wanted  but  to 


gradually  raise  and  purify  the  products  of  manufacturers  of  railroad 
supplies.  A  single  instance  will  illustrate  the  subject.  By  other 
railroad  companies,  generally  speaking,  a  car  spring  is  ordered  with 
due  reference  to  its  dimensions  only,  the  name  of  a  good  maker  be- 
ing considered  a  sufficient  guarantee  of  its  quality.  The  spring  ar- 
rives, is  put  in  position,  and  after  serving  its  time  it  is  condemned, 
taken  out  and  disposed  of,  and  that  is  the  end  of  it.  At  the  shops  of 
the  Pennsylvania  Railroad  no  spring  is  received  from  the  manufac- 
turer that  does  not  rigidly  conform  to  a  prepared  specification,  a  speci- 
fication that  calls  not  only  for  absolutely  correct  dimensions,  but  in- 
sists upon  a  soft,  slow  movement,  regularity  of  action,  certain  qual- 
ity of  steel,  and  a  hundred  requirements  which  cause  the  spring  to  be 
as  near  perfection  as  possible.  Such  springs,  also,  are  not  only  tested 
before  being  placed  to  determine  their  probable  performance,  but  are 
tested  again  after  condemnation,  to  better  ascertain  the  cause  of  failure, 
or,  in  other  words,  to  learn  just  how  new  springs  must  be  made  to 
obviate  what  proved  weakness  in  the  old.  Everything  is  therefore 
based  on  a  system  of  betterments  ;  on  the  theory  of  always  improv- 
ing by  correcting  each  discovered  fault ;  a  system  of  thorough  eman- 
cipation from  blunder,  with  the  always  sought  result  of  perfection. 


We  have  premised  this  much  to  give  to  the  reader  a  faint  idea  of 
the  spirit  which  pervades  the  "upper"  machine  shop  to  which  we  are 
al)out  to  introduce  him.  And  it  must  be  always  borne  in  mind  that 
it  is  entirely  on  the  initiati\-e  of  the  Tennsylvania  Railroad  that  the 
experiments  to  which  we  shall  call  attention  have  been  instituted  and 
carried  to  their  present  conclusion  ;  experiments  that,  while  every 
railroad  would  readily  acknowledge  to  be  of  inestimable  value,  would 
yet  leave  to  the  manufacturers  to  carry  out.  And  they,  for  want  of 
better  facilities,  never  could  carry  them  out.     Bearing  this  in  mind. 


we  will  (Mitor  the  iniieliiiie  sh()i)s  and  learn  aljout  the  l)h'th,  life  and 
death  of  a  railroad  loeoinotiv<'.  As  we  pass  over  Twelfth  street 
hridg-e  that  arches  the  main  line,  sonui  idea  of  the  extent  of  the  shops 
is  gathered,  though  the  actual  fact  that  the  area  of  the  yard  is  24.33 
acres  is  hardly  patent.  The  area  of  the  first  floor  of  the  shops  is 
6.409  acres,  and  of  tlie  second  floor  is  .933.  There  are  also  in  this 
yard  thret'  round  houses  covering-  an  area  of  nearly  three  and  one- 
fourth  acres  !  Where  everything  is  usually  so  sombre,  overlaid  as  a 
machine  shoj)  must  naturally  be  with  coaldust,  it  is  indeed  a  hajjpy 
thought  to  notice  here  and  there  in  the  grounds,  during  the  spring, 
summer  and  fall  months,  flower  beds  filled  with  the  gorgeous  bloom 
of  scarlet  geraniums  and  other  brightly-dressed  plants.  It  indicates, 
also,  a  softer  side  to  the  life  of  these  grimy  men  ;  it  argues  well  for 
the  liberality  of  the  employers.  And  it  must  be  mainly  this  that  has 
induced  such  a  vital  spirit  of  cleanliness  all  through  the  yard.  Pass- 
ing by  one  of  these  l)eds,  we  enter  the 


Avhere  the  i)reliminary  process  of  engine  making  begins — the  heavy 
forging  of  the  locomotive  frames  and  the  making  of  a  great  many 
forgings  by  means  of  dies.  Just  here  Ave  will  mention  that,  in  noting 
the  various  shops  in  which  a  locomotive  is  made,  only  such  points  as 
are  remarkable  and  such  processes  as  are  novel  will  be  dwelt  upon. 
This  shop  has  a  floor  area  of  23,280  feet,  and  contains  twenty -five 
double  brick  forges  and  seven  steam  hammers,  the  two  largest  of 
which  are  of  5,000  pounds.  Heavier  pieces  than  those  formed  by 
the  dies  referred  to  are  fashioned  under  the  hammer  on  cast  iron 
blocks  and  shaped  to  the  desired  form.  The  work  turned  out  of 
these  dies,  which  is  always  at  one  heat,  include  ends  of  valve  rods, 
links,  etc.  After  the  frame  is  begun  and  begins  to  take  recognizable 
shape,  the  frame  passes  out,  passing  by  a  large  shearing  machine  cap- 
able of  cutting  the  heaviest  sections  of  steel  rails  as  if  they  were  pa- 
per, and  into 


a  l)uilding  42G  feet  long,  where  it  is  laid  first  on  a  planer  and  then  on 
a  slotting  machine.  This  machine  takes  the  right  and  left  of  a  frame 
at  the  same  time.  Another  noticeable  machine  in  this  shop  is  a  ver- 
tical milling  machine,  in  which  the  table  revolves  and  moves  at  right 
angles.  Almost  any  shape  can  be  finished  on  this  machine  at  one  op- 
eration.    A  horizontal  milling  machine  near  bv  saves  many  hours  in 


C.  A.  DIMOND  &  CO., 




MoTintain  Building  Stone. 

Brick,  Sand,  Lime  §  Hair. 


Our  rule  is  to  sell  the  best  goods  at  the  lowest  prices,  iuid  extend  courteous  treat- 
ment to  all. 

9tli  Avenue,  between  ITth  and  ISth  Streets, 



—   DEALER  IN   — 

Groceries,  Flour,   Feed, 


Canned  Fruits,  Provisions  of  all   kinds,   Notions,  Etc. 
Corner  14th  Street  and  12th  Avenue,  ALTOONA,  PA. 



1310  Eleventh  Avenue,  Altoona,  Pa. 

Sole  agents  for  the  Kockfoud  Railroad  Watch  ;  also,  sole  agents  for  the  celebrated 

Lemare's  Rock  Crystal  Spectacles.    Particular  attention  given  to  repairing 

line  watches  and  jewelry. 


surfacing  accurate!}-  all  kinds  of  work,  such  as  steam  chest  joints,  the 
machine  traveling-  all  around  the  olyect.  Catching  your  eye  in  a  cor- 
ner of  this  room  is  a  small  enclosure  slatted  off".  It  is  the  tool  and 
standard  sample  shop.  And  here,  again,  you  notice  how  thoroughly 
every  part  of  this  great  .system  has  been  thought  out.  All  gauges, 
templates,  etc.,  are  furnished  on  standard  measurements.  No  work- 
man is  allowed  to  set  a  pair  of  callipers  for  himself ;  they  are  made 
rigid.  The  motive  of  this  is  at  once  obvious.  It  insures  against  er- 
ror ;  error  that  the  most  skilled  labor  could  not  but  commit,  for  no 
man  can  repeat  absolutely  accurately  any  delicate  mechanical  opera- 
tion ;  it  allows  the  employment  of  men  less  highly  skilled  than  used 
to  be  the  case  in  fine  work,  and  it  insures  also  absolute  interchangea- 
bility  of  parts  in  engines  of  the  same  class.  All  parts,  tools,  etc.,  are 
numbered  in  a  printed  catalogue,  and  everything  is  requisitioned 
from  such  catalogue.  The  tools  themselves  are  in  the  care  of  men 
who  furnish  a  certain  numljer  of  the  commoner  tools  to  each  me- 
chanic, and  when  he  brings  a  broken  one  it  is  repaired  here,  saving 
in  this  way  both  the  time  and  confusion  that  usually  is  noted  at  the 
forge.  For  other  than  common  tools,  obtained  ffoni  the  storeroom, 
each  workman  is  furnished  with  a  brass  check  upon  which  is  his  num- 
ber. He  takes  out  a  tool,  and  his  num))er  is  hung  in  its  stead.  The 
planing  machines  in  this  shop  arc  arranged  in  pairs,  so  that  two  of 
them  can  be  operated  by  one  man.  It  is  the  system  also  to  place  as 
large  a  number  of  similar  pieces  at  one  operation  as  possible,  and  this 
principle  rules  through  all  the  shops.  It  is  also  noticeable  here  that 
in  turning  up  cast  iron,  chilled  cast  iron  tools  are  used  instead  of 
steel,  which  would  dull  more  easily. 


■  Passing  into  the  vise  shop,  an  interesting  machine  is  finishing  the 
coupling  rods  on  a  grindstone  with  an  emery  wheel,  a  machine  that 
saves  a  great  deal  in  "trueing  up"  of  old  guides  formerly  done  on  a 
planer.  By  this  means  only  the  smallest  amount  of  metal  is  removed 
and  time  saved.  The  emery  wheel  has  entirely  replaced  the  file  for 
such  work.  But  there  is  plenty  of  other  work  that  the  wheels  cannot 
"smooth  up,"  and  which  gives  employment  to  about  fifty  men.  As 
you  cross  the  yard  to  where  the  c}iinders  are  being  bored  you  notice 
a  pile  of  steel  tires  being  heated  so  as  to  be  placed  upon  the  driving- 
wheels,  it  having  been  found  that  the  contraction  of  the  metal  is  suf- 
ficient to  keep  them  always  in  place.  The  cylinders  are  bored  two  at 
a  time.     While  all  this  has  been  going  on,  over  in  the  boiler  shop  the 


boiler  of  our  locomotive  is  in  process  of  construction  from  entirely 
steel  plates,  iron  having  been  long  ago  discarded. 


is  divided  into  the  erecting,  the  flanging  and  the  tank  departments, 
this  last  named  including  the  manufacture  of  tender  and  engine  tanks, 
ash  pans,  water  troughs  for  track  tanks,  etc.  All  of  these  are  also 
made  of  steel,  sheet-iron  having  been  abandoned.  In  the  flanging  de- 
partment are  three  flanging  forges  on  Nixon's  patent,  by  which  any 
desired  form  can  be  given  to  the  fire.  This  obviates  all  danger  of 
straining  and  cracking,  which  was  inseparable  from  the  old  method. 
In  the  erecting  room  of  the  boiler  shop  are  placed  the  punches,  bend- 
ing rolls  and  shears  required,  as  well  as  a  large  steel  riveting  ma- 
chine, which  rivets  each  bolt  in  two  blows.  To  handle  the  work  there 
are  here  two  ten-ton  jib  cranes  and  the  Stowe  flexible  shaft.  Simul- 
taneously with  the  preparation  of  the  boiler  for  our  locomotive, 
over  in 


all  sorts  of  castings  for  its  construction  are  in  progress.  This  foun- 
dry you  find  is  250  feet  long  and  100  feet  wide,  with  thirty-four  feet 
and  ten  inches  to  the  roof  ties.  The  roof  is  surmounted  by  a  venti- 
lator 213  feet  long  and  twenty-eight  feet  nine  inches  span.  About 
thirty-five  tons  of  iron  a  day  are  consumed  in  the  castings,  Avhich  are 
made  mainly  on  the  snap  flask  and  match  card  systems.  The  mould, 
for  cylinders,  as  well  as  many  small  things,  is  made  of  sharp  sand 
mixed  with  flour  and  molasses,  covered  with  l)l;ick  lead  and  leaked  in 
huge  ovens.  The  moulding  machines  are  marvels  of  ingenuity,  parts 
of  the  pattern  moving  before  the  whole  of  it,  thus  pr(^serving  the 
sharp  edges.  A  second  wing  of  the  main  foundry  contains  the  brass 
foundry,  which  has  eighteen  melting  furnaces  ranged  round  a  chim- 
ney stack  seventy  feet  high.  Phosi)hor-bronze  is  used  for  all  journal 
bearings  made  here.  Zincs  cast  in  chilled  moulds  are  manufactured 
for  use  in  electric  batteries,  and  the  whole  foundry  has  an  admirable 
ventilation.     From  the  foundry  you  go  to 


where  the  frames  and  the  boiler  of  our  locomotive  are  fitted  together 
and  made  one.  The  various  parts  are  bolted  and  riveted  here,  and 
then  the  locomotive,  now  approaching  form,  is  run  out  ujion  a  trans- 
fer table  by  means  of  a  windlass,  and  carried  nlong  to  the  door  of 

HISTORY   or    ALTOONA    ANT)   BLATR    COUNTY.  163 


This  shop  is  one  of  the  most  complete  and  best  arranged  in  the  col- 
lection. It  is  350x57  feet,  and  there  are  three  lines  of  rails  running 
the  full  length  of  it.  There  is  ample  room  for  seven  engines  on  each 
track,  and,  in  cases  of  emergency,  nine.  For  facility  in  handling  the 
work  there  are  two  overhead  traveling  cranes,  each  of  twenty-five 
tons  capacity.  They  run  upon  rails  placed  along  each  side  of  the 
building,  at  a  sufficient  height  fibove  the  ground,  and  fifty-nine  feet 
apart.  Each  crane  con.sists  of  two  plate-iron  girders,  weighing  to- 
gether eighteen  tons,  and  carrying  at  their  ends  the  frame  and  wheels 
with  which  they  run  upon  the  rails.  Upon  rails  laid  upon  these 
girders  traveling  crabs  run  to  and  fro.  The  cranes  are  driven  by  a 
cotton  rope,  traveling  at  the  rate  of  5,074  feet  \)vv  minute,  and  the 
power  is  applied  by  the  friction  of  this  running  rope  upon  grooved 
wheels,  on  the  shaft  of  which  are  worms  working  into  worm  Avheels, 
and  thence  to  reducing  gear.  The  crane  travels  longitudinally  at  the 
rate  of  forty-eight  feet  a  minute,  carrying  the  heaviest  locomotive  as 
if  it  were  a  ginger  snap  at  the  end  of  a  string  ;  the  crabs  travel  thirty 
feet  a  minute.  There  are  two  hoisting  speeds — the  quick,  eight  feet 
one  inch  a  minute,  the  slow,  eighteen  inches  in  the  same  time.  Be- 
low the  door  of  this  shop,  on  each  side  of  the  centre  track,  are  deep 
paved  pits  extending  the  whole  length  of  the  building,  in  which  are 
stored  the  machinery  or  other  parts  of  engines,  the  boilers  of  which 
are  sent  for  repair.  Wheels  five  feet  six  inches  in  diameter  can  be 
stored  in  these  pits.  Within  the  pits  a  system  of  pipes  is  laid  in  con- 
nection with  a  Worthington  pressure  and  force  pump  and  with  two 
steam  boilers.  This  arrangement  is  employed  for  testing  the  boilers 
by  hydraulic  pressure  before  they  leave  the  shop,  the  test  rising  to 
one  hundred  and  fifty  pounds  per  square  inch,  and  also  for  testing  by 
steam  at  one  hundred  and  twenty-five  pounds  per  square  inch.  This 
does  away  with  all  the  old  annoying  system  of  smoky  fires  and  un- 
satisfactory tests,  and  is  a  big  step  forward.  Our  engine  is  thus 
ready,  as  far  as  metal  work  is  concerned.  She  is  almost  complete, 
and  has  answered  in  construction  every  test. 


It  is  now  sent  to  the  paint  shop,  345x32  feet,  and  here  it  must  re- 
main twelve  days  according  to  schedule.  Painting  iron  is  always  a 
slow  process;  it  requires  so  much  careful  preparing  with  white  lead. 
The  paints  u.sed  in  decoration  have  all  been  tested  as  to  their  wear- 
ing qualities,  and  these,  chemical  analyses  have  demonstrated  how 








Boss  Store  Still  Ahead. 

Best  Goods  at  Popular  Prices. 

On  our  first  and  second  floors  will  be  found  a  large  and  complete  stock  of  such 

goods  as  are  kept  In  a  First-class  Dry  Goods,  Notion  and  Fancy  Gooils  Store, 

at  prices  as  low,  and  oftentimes  lower  than  any  other  store  in  Blair 

county.    A  trial  purchase  will  convince  you  of  our  bargains. 




Beaver  Cloths,  Waterproofs,  Cashmeres,  CaHcoes, 
Flannels,  Muslins,  &c. 


Blankets  and  Haps. 




Always  on  liand  and  sold  at  the  very  lowest  prices.    Also,  Agent  for  the  "  GREAT 

J.  M.  Bowman, 


lltli  Avenue  and  12th  Street,  Altoona,  Pa. 


they  shall  be  mixed.  When  finished  the  tender  is  eoated  just  as 
smoothly  as  any  Japanese  lacquer,  and  shines  like  a  looking^-glass. 
The  lettering  and  striping  have  all  been  done  in  accord  with  speci- 
iieation,  and  the  locomotive  is  taken  to  the  round  house,  where  the 
few  remaining  connections  are  made,  and  it  stands  completely  born. 
Though  it  possesses  no  brass  bands  and  ornamental  metal  work,  the 
tender  and  wheels  are  painted  a  mixture  of  Brunswick  green  and 
black,  but  so  dark  that  the  green  can  only  be  seen  in  certain  lights 
— still  it  is  a  very  handsome  locomotive.  The  connections  necessary 
are  made  in  the  round  house,  by  a  trial  engineer,  who  then  takes  it 
out  for  a  preliminary  spin  up  the  mountain.  This  satisfactory,  it 
goes  into  service,  and  its  real  life  begins. 


On  a  grand  average  the  life  of  a  lucomotixe  may  be  set  down  as 
fourteen  or  fifteen  years,  with  varying  results  as  to  mileage.  The 
earliest  collated  statistics  as  to  the  life  of  engines  were  made  with 
some  Baldwin  locomotives  built  during  the  war,  when  both  good  ma- 
terial and  good  men  were  practically  unattainable.  These  give  vary- 
ing results  of  from  two  to  six  years,  and  up  to  1*75,000  miles.  Such 
u  record  is  nothing,  nowadays.  On  the  Pennsylvania  Railroad  there 
fire  a  couple  of  engines  in  active  service  that  have  reached  the  unpre- 
cedented record  of  over  250,000  miles,  without  receiving  other  than 
round  house  repairs.  These  are  the  standard  engines  used  on  the 
road.  Supposing  that  the  engine  we  have  seen  built  to  have  been 
one  of  these,  it  will  make  its  annual  30,000  miles  in  the  grand  total 
of  6,680,122  miles  run  by  all  engines.  (This  was  in  18T8.)  Per- 
haps it  will  run  more — one  engine,  in  1878,  on  a  passenger  train, 
made  75,570  miles — perhaps  less,  as  circumstances  decide.  At  all 
events,  the  railroad  will  get  out  of  the  engine  all  it  is  worth.  For 
an  engine,  in  England,  the  best  practice  does  not  exceed  18,000  miles; 
but  experience  shows  the  American  engine  is  good  for  much  more. 


A  new  class  of  engines  (K)  has  been  adopted  by  the  company, 
ten  of  which  have  recently  been  ordered  to  be  built  at  these  shops. 
One  is  now-  upon  the  road  and  has,  after  a  number  of  test  trials,  proven 
satisfactory  in  every  respect.  It  weighs  90,200  pounds,  (about  45 
tons)  with  driving  wheels,  68  inches  in  diameter  and  19x24  inch 
cylinders.  The  others  are  to  be  of  corresponding  weight  and  power. 
This  class  of  locomotives  is  capable  of  hauling  seven  or  more  cars  upon 


the  various  grades  of  25  feet  per  mile,  while  with  ordinary  engines  five 
cars  is  a  sufficient  load.  Class  K  locomotives  are  built  with  a  view  to 
combine  rapid  transit  with  perfect  safety. 


Our  engine,  once  in  service,  is  by  no  means  lost  sight  of.  It?^ 
movements  are  as  thoroughly  noted  as  are  those  of  an  ocean  steamer. 
In  Mr.  Ely's  office,  in  this  city,  there  is  an  immense  board  covered 
with  little  pins,  upon  which  hang  small  round  colored  discs,  from  the 
under  part  of  which  has  been  cut  a  small  portion.  These  pegs  and 
discs  are  numbered  from  1  to  1,250.  Each  number  correspond* 
with  an  engine.  On  one  part  of  the  board  the  pegs  are  numbered 
consecutively.  Looking  at  this  part  for  any  particular  engine  that 
may  be  desired,  on  the  disc  will  be  found  "Ptgh,"  "N.  Y,"  or  "P," 
etc.  This  refers  you  to  the  division  where  the  engine  is.  Looking- 
to  that  division  on  the  board,  and  finding  the  number  of  the  engine, 
another  little  disc,  by  means  of  its  color,  will  tell  you  just  what  con- 
dition the  engine  is  in.  If  the  disc  is  pure  white  the  engine  is  in 
])erfect  order.  If  the  disc  is  bordered  by  a  red  line  the  engine  needs 
only  such  slight  repairs  as  may  be  made  without  withdrawing  it  from 
the  service.  If  the  disc  is  covered  one-half  with  red,  repairs  are  re- 
(piired  of  a  very  slight  nature,  but  for  which  the  engine  must  ])roceed 
to  the  shop.  If  the  entire  disc  is  pale  gray,  repairs  of  a  more  import- 
ant character  are  needed,  though  still  deemed  slight.  A  disc  entirely 
blue  denotes  a  machine  that  needs  very  substantial  repairs.  One-half 
black  and  half  white  indicates  the  machine  is  being  l)uilt  over.  A 
disc  all  black  denotes  an  engine  unfit,  save  to  be  cut  up  or  sold. 
This  record  is  changed  every  week,  and  is  so  complete  as  to  eiuil>le 
any  one  to  see  at  a  glance  just  the  condition  of  the  motive  power. 
Repairs  are  never  undertaken  if  they  will  cost  over  $3,000.  For  that 
a  new  standard  boiler  can  be  built,  and,  unless  an  engine  is  of  the 
standard  pattern,  she  is  never  built  over,  for  the  company  does  not 
wish  to  perpetuate  odd  engin(^s,  and  to  pay  more  than  $3,000  would 
not  be  so  economical  as  to  pay  interest  on  the  value  of  n  new  ma- 
chine. Here,  again,  true  economy  steps  in  to  change  the  ])i'actie<'  of 
blind  conservatism. 

An  engine  on  the  road  is  always  ver}^  carefully  used.  After  our 
locomotive  is  placed  in  the  hands  of  an  engineer  it  is  cared  for  with 
the  watchfulness  of  a  parent's  affection.  An  accurate  record  of  its 
])erformances  is  made  and  compared  with  that  of  other  engines.  As 
ireight   is   paid    for   per   ton  per  mile,  so  the  cost  of  an  en.>ine  is 


reckoned.  The  amount  of  coal  consumed  per  car  per  eng-ini;  mile 
being-  calculated,  it  is  easy  to  see,  by  dividing  this  by  the  tonnage, 
just  how  much  coal  it  takes  to  move  a  ton  of  freig:ht  one  engine  mile. 
And  the  engine  that  does  this  most  successfully  is  the  cheapest  and 

Finally,  after  having  traveled  many  thousands  of  miles,  having 
speedily  and  safely  hauled  millions  of  human  beings,  our  locomotive  is 
sent  to  the  shop  condemned.  It  is  ignominiously  bundled  off  into 
a  corner  to  stand  with  a  lot  of  others  until  cut  up  or  sold.  Its  im- 
mediate neighl)ors  may  be  like  itself,  worn  out ;  perhaps  "  died  in 
the  harness."  The  little  disc  that  records  in  the  superintendent's  of- 
fice its  physical  condition  has  turned  to  black.  There  is  no  hope. 
To-morrow  a  committee  of  inspection  will  condemn  it  to  be  cut  to 
pieces.  Into  the  furnace  the  parts  will  go,  to  emerge,  like  the  mill 
where  old  men  were  ground  out  into  new,  rejuvenated,  read}^  to  take 
a  place  in  some  new  monster  with  steel  heart  and  transmigrated  soul. 
And  so  the  story  will  be  told  again  ;  the  theory  of  the  survival  of  the 
fittest  alwa3'S  having  prominence ;  until  in  years  to  come  perfection 
will  be  reached,  or  the  hurrying  mortal  shall  travel  in  some  other 
fashion,  looking  down  with  strong  contempt  on  what  arc  the  marvels 
of  to-day. 

[In  the  Boston  (Mass.)  Herald,  of  August  2,  1819,  was  published 
an  able  and  elaborate  article  descriptive  of  the  motive  power  shops  of 
the  Pennsylvania  Railroad,  and  although  we  had  made  ourselves  fa- 
miliar with  their  extent  and  operations  we  have  interwoven  a  portion 
of  the  Herald's  description  with  our  own.] 


A  correct  knowledge  of  the  sciences  of  mechanics  and  natural  phil- 
osophy, as  well  as  a  practical  and  experimental  application  of  the 
principles  of  these  sciences  are  essential  to  one  who  would  wish  to 
act  as  foreman  of  a  machine  shop.  Were  he  deficient  in  such  knowl- 
edge we  cannot  see  how  he  could  give  intelligent  directions  to  the 
men  in  his  employ,  for  the  principles  of  these  sciences  underlie 
all  mechanical  operations.  True,  with  but  little  instruction,  a  man 
may  learn  how  to  control  the  operations  of  a  machine,  and  thus  make 
like  machines  without  the  knowledge  we  speak  of,  upon  the  same 
principle  that  a  parrot  may  learn  how  to  talk.  He  is  no  machinist, 
in  the  full  acceptation  of  the  term,  unless  he  be  in  full  possession  of 
the  knowledge  referred  to.  To  this  knowledge  must  be  added  a  con- 
sideral)le  admixture  of  inventive  genius,  for  we  never  yet  saw  a  good 



E.  M.  KENNEDY  &  CO., 


Groceries,  Flour,  Feed, 



Altoona  Laundry, 

Misses  SUTTON,  BEOTHEES  &  McMULLEN,  Prop'rs. 

Cor.  lltli  Avenue  and  IGtli  Sti'eet,  Altoona,  Pa. 

ALL  Kinds  of  Laundry  Work, 

For  Gentlemen  iiiid  Ladies,  pidniptly  attended  to  in  the  best  manner  and  at  tlie 



Carpet    Manufacturer, 

No.  804  Chestnut  Avenue, 

Between  Eighth  and  Ninth  Streets,  ALTOONA,    PA, 



Sheet  Music  und  Music  Books, 

And  Dealer  in  Musical  Merchandise  Generally. 

Yon  cannot  att'oid  to  l)e  witliont  the  ••  Ml'slC'AL  ADVOCATE,"  only  10  cents  a 
number.  Fnll  of  local  musical  notes,  and  each  number  contains  a  i)iece  of  music 
Avorth  from  30  to  4(t  cents.    Get  a  coi)y  at  the  first  of  each  month. 



mechanic  in  any  braiicli  of  industry  wliosc  brain  was  not  permeated 
witli  or  transvcrsed  by  a  vein  of  ing-enuity,  ori,-i-inality,  (•cccntricity, 
i>-cnius,  or  whatever  else  yon  may  call  it. 


In  the  lower  shop  arc  sixty  machines  of  different  kinds,  all  in  use 
in  the  manufacture  of  the  new  machinery  from  time  to  time  reipiired 
by  the  other  "lower"  shops,  as  they  are  g-enerally  called,  and  in  keep- 
ing the  machinery  already  thcsre  in  good  working  condition.  In  ad- 
dition to  this  all  the  iron  work  used  in  the  construction  of  passenger 
and  freight  cars  (not  locomotives — they  are  built  and  repaired  at  the 
machine  shop  of  the  motive  power  department)  is  dressed,  properly 
prepared  or  finished  h(n-c;  th(!  wheels  are  bored,  axles  turned,  screws 
cut,  holes  drilled,  etc.,  etc.  Seventy  men  are  employed,  about  as 
many  as  can  work  to  advantage.  The  room  is  only  135x70  feet. 
Small  as  it  is,  considering  the  amount  of  space  occupied  by  the  ma- 
chines and  to  allow  workmen  proper  elljow  room,  there  have  lieen  as 
high  as  eighty-three  at  work  at  the  same  time. 

Any  one  knows,  or  ought  to  know,  that  a  description  of  each  of 
the  sixty  machines  would  fill  a  large  volume.  Even  the  simple  men- 
tion of  the  names,  coupled  with  laconic  notices,  would  occupy  too 
much  space  for  the  present  article.  We  will  mention,  however,  five 
boring  mills  or  machines  for  boring  holes  in  the  centre  of  car  wheels, 
or  rather  enlarging  the  holes  that  are  already  in,  through  which  the 
ends  of  axles  pass,  capable  of  "doing"  250  wheels  per  day— fifty 
each.  The  "nut  tapper  "  cuts  the  si)iral  threads  inside  of  nuts  at  the 
rate  of  2,600  pounds  ])er  day  Of  course  tiiesc  nuts  vary  in  size  to 
correspond  with  the  size  of  the  screws  cut  on  l)olts,  whatever  size 
that  may  be.  There  are  standard  sizes  of  both  nuts  and  screw  bolts. 
We  use  the  term  "screw  bolt"  to  distinguish  it  from  all  other  bolts. 
There  are  six  nut-tappers  and  eleven  bolt  cutters.  As  nuts  and  screw 
bolts  are  counterparts  of  each  other,  and  as  the  nuts  are  tapped  in 
larger  ])rop()rtion  than  the  screws  are  cut  in  l)olts,  more  machines  are 
recpiired  for  executing  the  latter  work  than  the  former.  Hence  the 
proportion  of  the  machines  is  six  to  eleven — that  is,  six  nut-tappers 
keep  eleven  l)olt  cutters  in  operation  to  the  best  advantage.  Ther(> 
are  twelve  drilling  machines  which  move  with  the  regularity  of  clock 
work.  We  might  as  well  have  said  that  a  clock  works  with  the  reg- 
ularity of  a  drilling  machine,  for  what  is  a  clock  but  a  machine?  But 
let  this  go. 

The  original  of  all  or  nearly  all  the  machines  here  cni[iIoyed  were 








obtained  from  Messrs.  William  Sellers  &  Co.,  and  Messrs.  William 
B.  Bement  &  Son,  of  rLiladelt)hia,  in  whom,  whoever  may  have 
been  the  inventors  or  patentees,  was  vested  the  right  to  manufacture 
«nd  sell ;  and,  in  the  Pennsylvania  Railroad  eompany,  as  we  under- 
stand it,  is  now  vested  the  same  "right,  tith^  and  interest." 

Taking  off  and  putting  on  wheels  on  axles,  by  hydrostatie  pres- 
iiure,  is  an  interesting  oi)eration.  From  thirty  to  eighty  tons  pres- 
sure is  brought  to  bear  in  removing  wheels  from  their  axles,  and 
from  twenty  to  forty  tons  in  putting  them  on.  Removing  the  burnt, 
warped  and  twisted  wheels  from  burnt,  warped  and  twisted  axles 
which  were  in  the  tire  at  Pittsburg  a  few  years  ago,  was  a  big  job. 
We  were  shown  wheels  and  axles  which  were  absolutely  fused  or 
melted  together  at  the  place  they  were  conjoined — but  the  powerful 
pressure  applied  released  the  one  from  the  other. 

Freight  ear  wheels  and  axles  are  made  of  iron,  but  the  axles  for 
passenger  cars  are  constructed  of  steel,  brought  from  the  steel  works 
at  Meadville,  Penn'a ;  the  Forge  and  Iron  works  of  Pittsburg,  and 
from  various  other  sources  of  supply. 

Mr.  James  Sharp  has  acted  as  foreman  for  over  nine  years,  or 
since  the  lower  shops  were  built.  Indeed  it  was  under  his  supervis- 
ion that  the  necessary  machinery  for  all  the  lower  shops  was  ordered 
and  put  in  position.  Long  before  this  he  was  employed  by  the  com- 
pany in  the  motive  power  department. 


About  one  hundred  hands  are  at  present  employed — the  highest 
number  at  any  one  time  having  been  one  hundred  and  thirty-seven. 
This  was  during  the  Centennial  year,  at  which  time  one  hundred  pas- 
senger cars  were  built  to  meet  the  exigencies  of  the  extensive  travel 
on  the  road.  The  force  is  employed  on  eight  or  ten  cars  at  one  and 
the  same  time. 

Mr.  Pullman  has  a  shop  or  shops  of  his  own,  yet  occasionally  an 
order  is  sent  here  for  the  manufacture  of  new  ones,  as  well  as  re- 
pairing those  which  have  seen  service.  Mr.  Pulhuan  has  an  uphols- 
tery in  Chicago,  and  one  in  Jersey  City  ;  yet  it  frequently  happens 
that  the  upholstering  is  done  by  the  Pennsylvania  Railroad  compau}', 
it  having  all  the  facilities  for  doing  work  of  this  kind  in  the  most  ele- 
gant manner.  Indeed,  taking  the  "Passaic,"  l)uilt  in  18TT,  or  any 
Pullman  car  built  since  by  the  Pennsylvania  Railroad  company,  as 
an  illustration,  whatever  may  be  the  facilities  of  Mr.  Pullman,  it  is 
impossible  for  him  either  to  construct  or  furnish  cars  more  luxuriously 





Plumber*  Gas  Fitter. 



Cast-iron  Sinks,  Urinals, 

Marble  Shibs  and  Wash  Basins.  Hydrants,  Terra  Cotta  Pipe,  Brass  Work  for  Water 
and  Steam,  Gas  Macliines,  etc. 

Hot  'Water  and  Steam  Circiilation 


Iron   Pumps  for  deep  and   shallow   wells,  fitted   up  and  set.     Old  Gas 

Fixtures  Cleaned  and  Rebronzed.      Hydrant  and  Water  Pipe  put  in 

at  the  Lowest  Rates. 


:No.  1108  Fourteentli  Street, 

Altoona,  Pa. 



than  those  constructed  for  him  I)y  the  Pennsylvania  Raih'oad  com- 
pany. The  cost  of  a  Pulhnan  car,  be  it  a  sleei)iii^',  drawing-room, 
hotel,  or  jtarlor  car,  is  from  $14,000  to  fKi, 000  ;  for  ii  first-class  pas- 
senger car,  $5,000  ;  and  for  an  ordinary  second-chiss  car,  $2,r>0(). 


The  frame-work  of  a  Pullman  is  generally  made  from  yellow  pine ; 
panels  from  poplar  ;  posts  and  trucks  from  ash.  Six-wheel  trucks  are 
used,  with  Westinghouse  air  l)rakes  to  check  their  movements. 


In  this  department  about  three  hundred  and  t\venty  men  are  at 
present  employed,  all  skillful  A\'orkmen.  Xew  freight  cars,  of  what- 
ever kind,  tire  not  oidy  manufactured  here.  l)ut  all  the  necessary  re- 
pairs to  those  which  have  seen  service  are  also  made.  All  new  cars 
and  repaired  cars  are  painted  and  lettered  before  being  removed  from 
the  freight  shop. 


The  yellow  pine  used  for  car  floors  is  broug-ht  from  Georgia,  sup- 
posed to  be  the  best  in  the  country  ;  white  pine,  for  roofing,  from 
Michigan  ;  oak  from  all  points  of  the  compass.  We  will  here  take 
occasion  to  remark  that  when  a  requisition  for  cars  is  received  by 
John  P.  Levan,  general  foi*eman,  he  issues  orders  to  the  foremen  of 
all  the  departments  for  the  necessary  materials  for  their  construction. 
The  planing  mill  furnishes  the  lumber  already  planed  and  otherwise 
prepared ;  the  blacksmith  shop  all  the  iron  in  the  forms  required,  etc. 
But  all  this  material  is  used  and  put  together  in  the  freight  shop,  or 
round  house,  as  some  people  call  it.  The  man  \\'ho  planned  the 
freight  shop  had  an  e3'e  to  business. 


In  this  department  one  hundred  and  sixty-five  men  are  employed. 
Every  tool  and  machine  for  the  abridgment  of  labor  that  has  been 
devised  l)y  the  cunning,  craft  or  ingenuity  of  man  is  brought  into 
requisition.  A  description  of  these  tools  and  machines  does  not  fall 
within  the  purview  of  this  sketch  further  than  to  say  that  there  are 
four  dead-stroke  power  hammers,  each  of  which  give  a  hundred  pounds' 
blow;  a  machine  for  heading  bolts  from  one  and  one-half  to  two 
inches  ;  two  punching  machines  with  power  to  punch  a  two-inch  hole 
through  two-inch  iron  ;  two  bolt  machines  which  work  from  three- 
eighths  to  seven-eighths  inch,  each  of  which  has  the  capacity  to  make 
1,800  bolts  per  day  ;  a  drill-press  able  to  drill  six  holes  at  one  opera- 
tion; four  steam  hammers — one  500  pounds  pressure,  another  1,600, 
another  2,000  and  another  2,500  pounds  pressure  ;  a  machine  for  weld- 
ing links,  or  compress  butt  welder,  capable  of  welding  thirty  per  hour; 
machines  for  forming  bullnoses,  making  links,  etc.  Almost  400  tons 
of  iron  per  month  is  at  present  used.  It  comes  principally  from  the 
Altoona  Iron  works,  this  city,  the  best  iron  to  be  obtained ;  from  the 
Logan  Iron  and  Steel  comi)any;  from  Carnegee  &  Bros.,  and  Wilson 
&  Walker  of  Pittsburg,  and  Benjamin  Johnson,  of  Hollidaysburg. 
There  are  fifty-nine  forges  in  the  l)lacksmith  shop,  the  blast  for  the 
fires  being  supplied  by  a  noiseless  blower.  There  is  a  one-spring  fur- 
nace for  setting  springs.  There  is  a  split-key  machine  for  manufac- 
turing keys  for  bolts  when  not  convenient  to  use  nuts.  About  ()40 
pounds  of  these  keys — each  one  weighs  about  an  ounce — are  manu- 
factured per  day.  There  are  three  bolt  furnaces  and  three  heating 
furnaces.  The  textiki  strength  of  the  iron  used  is  sixty  to  sixty-five 
tons  to  the  inch.  Probably  the  most  difficult  operation  is  the  manu- 
facture of  bullnoses.  A  great  deal  of  ingenuity  and  care  are  brought 
to  bear  in  their  production. 



This  mill,  which  is  the  most  comi>k't('  and  largest  in  the  United 
States,  is  full  of  interesting-  objects — interesting  to  those  at  least  who 
are  proud  of  progress  and  improvement.  The  machines  there  em- 
ployed for  sawing  and  dressing  lumber  are  admirable  in  their  con- 
struction, and  do  tlieir  work  in  an  admirable  manner.  There  are 
thirty-nine  of  them — six  boring,  eight  planing,  three  tenon,  six  mortis- 
ing, one  Balster  machine,  two  band  saws,  one  moulding  machine  and 
one  universal  wood  worker;  besides  five  rip  saws,  four  cross-cut  saws, 
a  saw  gummer,  saw  filer,  etc.  The  engine  which  drives  this  machin- 
ery, and  the  machinery  also  of  the  other  shops,  is  a  double  cylinder, 
250  horse  power,  manufactured  hy  the  Corliss  company  of  Providence, 
R.  I.  It  cost  $1,500,  and  $1,400  additional  for  putting  it  in  position, 
procuring  the  belting,  etc.  The  principal  belting  is  32  inches  wide.  It 
is  formed  of  a  double  thickness  of  leather  with  canvas  between.  The 
flywheel  is  20  feet,  and  size  of  cylinder,  18x48  inches.  By  a  system 
of  signal  gongs  the  foremen  of  the  various  shops  can  increase  or  retard 
the  motion  of  the  engine,  or,  rather,  can  communicate  with  the  engi- 
neer, without  leaving  their  shops,  so  that  he  can  give  them  the  exact 
motion  they  require,  be  it  fast  or  slow.  It  is  operated  by  electricity, 
and  proves  to  be  of  great  convenience.  Six  boilers — three  with  eight 
feet  and  three  with  eight  feet  long  and  four  feet  wide  fire-boxes — the 
largest  in  this  portion  of  the  State,  supply  the  steam.  They  were 
built  at  the  upper  boiler  shops  by  Joseph  Nixon,  foreman  of  that 
department.  Five  tons  of  coal  per  day,  together  with  all  the  shav- 
ings, sawdust,  etc.,  of  the  planing  mill,  which  is  conveyed  to  the 
boiler  house  through  pipes,  supply  the  heat  for  the  generation  of  the 
steam  which  drives  the  engine. 

The  pipes  alluded  to,  through  which  the  shavings,  sawdust,  etc., 
arc  conducted  to  the  boiler  room,  with  their  fans  and  other  append- 
ages, constitute  a  curious  and  ingenious  ai)paratus.  A  description 
such  as  we  would  like  to  make  would  occupy  too  much  of  our  space. 
Suffice  it  to  say  that  immediately  after  the  formation  of  shavings, 
chips  and  sawdust,  they  are  sucked  into  the  mouth  of  the  pipes  which 
are  pendant  over  the  machines,  and,  on  the  ''  wings  of  the  wind,"  are 
hurried  through  to  the  boiler  house.  These  pipes  are  about  two  feet 
in  diameter,  and  constructed  of  tin  or  sheet-iron,  we  forget  which. 
There  are  six  of  these  conductors,  each  embracing  a  certain  number 
of  pipes  and  fans  in  operation.  Messrs.  Latimore  &  Davis,  of  Phila- 
delphia, are  the  inventors.  It  is  scarcely  necessary  to  add  that  pre- 
vious to  their  introduction  a   visit  to  the  planing  mill,  especially  if 





ICE  Cream  and  Oysters  in  Season. 

706  aiKl  708  Twelfth  Street,       -       Altoona,  Pa. 

(Between  Seventli  and  Eighth  Avenues.) 

Keystone  Grocery, 

Green  Avenue  and  Ninth  Sti'eet,     Altoona,  Pa. 

Groceries  and  Provisions, 

FLOUR,  CANNED  FRUITS.  Etc.        Confectioneries,   Segars,  Tobaccos,  Xotions. 
Oysters  and  Fish  in  season. 


"b.  f.  roseT" 


nth  A\'enne,  neai'  12th  Street,         Altoona,   Pa. 

(Opposite  Altoona  Hardware  Co..  limited.) 

Legal  Documents  written  and  acknowledged.      Collections  promptly  attended  to. 

J.  C.  CONRAD, 



(Free  from  slate  and  other  foreign  substances.)     Full  weight  guaranteed. 

Also,  dealer  in  KINDLING  WOOD  and  STRAW.     Delivery  to  all  parts  of  the  city 
without  extra  charge. 

EleveutH  Avenue,  lietween  Seventeeiitli  and  Eigliteenlli  Streets,  Altoona,  Pa. 

(Near  tlie  Culvert.) 


a  lady  or  gentleman  had  their  l)est  elothes  on,  was  like  passing 
through  a  flouring  mill,  and  enicrging  therefrom  eovered  Avith  dnst. 
]>esi(U's,  the  millions  of  small  particles  floating  through  the  atmos- 
phere of  the  room  made  it  unpleasant  for  the  worlouen,  and  injurious 
to  health.  All  this,  now,  is  obviated.  The  place  is  as  free  from  dust 
as  any  of  the  other  shops,  for,  if  perchance  some  shavings  or  sawdust 
fall  upon  the  floor  they  are  quickly  sucked  into  the  months  of  the 
pipes  underlying  it,  for  the  mouths  of  these  pipes  are  in  close  proxim- 
ity to  the  machines.  There  are  pipes  below  as  well  as  above  the 
floor.  Formerly  from  six  to  eight  hands  were  employed  in  carryijig 
away  the  dirt,  so  to  call  it.  Hence  six  dollars  to  eight  dollars  an; 
saved  per  day. 

The  tenon  machines  were  invented  by  Isaac  Dripi)s,  who,  at  one 
time,  was  Superintendent  of  the  Motive  Power  Department. 

The  principal  planing  machine  was  built  by  Messrs.  R.  IJall  & 
Co.,  of  Worcester,  Mass.  It  is  sixty-three  feet  in  length,  with  cog 
gearing.  It  is  called  the  "Daniel  Planing  Machine,"  a  man  by  that 
name,  we  presume,  l)eing  the  inventor  of  it. 

The  planing  machine  next  in  size  and  importance  is  run  by  belt 
gearing,  and  has  been  in  use  for  about  two  years.  It  is  thirty-four 
feet  in  length  and  was  built  by  Richards,  London  &  Kelley,  of  the 
Atlantic  Iron  works.     It  }>erforms  1,*700  revolutions  a  minute. 

There  is  one  large  four-sided  planing  machine,  humorously  called 
by  the  men  in  the  shops  "the  Modoc,"  whatever  name  the  inventor 
may  have  given  to  it. 

As  previousl}'  stated  there  are  three  Allen  mortising  machines  in 
use.     They  mortise  timber  without  "laying  off,"  by  use  of  templates. 

The  building  is  35*7  feet  by  70  feet.  This  includes  the  new  exten- 
sion comi)]eted  during  the  month  of  August,  1880. 

At  present  about  eighty  men  are  employed. 

THE    TIN    SHOP. 

The  principal  work  done  here  is  the  construction  of  the  roofs  of 
passenger  and  Pulhnan  palace  cars,  as  well  as  old  freight  cars  when 
needing  repairs  of  this  kind.  New  freight  cars  are  now  constructed 
in  such  a  manner  that  they  don't  re(piire  tin  roofing,  the  l)oards  con- 
stituting the  roofs  being  fitted  together  upon  a  new  waterproof  and 
air-proof  principle.  Why  this  principle  should  not  be  ado])ted  in  the 
construction  of  the  roofs  of  passenger  and  other  cars,  we  will  not  now 
take  time  to  inquire.  Besides  the  roofing  of  cars,  all  the  tin,  sheet- 
iron,  (])lain  or  galvanized)  brass  and  copper  work  which  enter  into 


the  construction  or  constitute  the  convenience  of  cars,  is  here  made  to 
assume  appropriate  form.  The  sioves,  too,  used  in  the  cars,  are  sup- 
plied with  ]iipe  and  all  other  necessary  fixtures.  A  portion  of  the 
round  house  (freight  shop)  is  devoted  to  the  reception  of  stoves  which 
need  repairs ;  and  arrayed  on  shelves  are  duplicates  to  take  the  place 
of  those  parts  of  stoves  worn  out,  burnt  out,  or  broken.  These 
stoves  and  parts  of  stoves  are  cast  at  the  foundry  of  the  company  at 
their  upper  works. 

The  machines  used  in  the  tin  shop  are  such,  only,  as  are  generally 
found  in  private  establishments  of  the  kind,  with  a  few  exceptions, 
one  of  which  is  an  apparatus,  apparently  simple  in  its  construction, 
but  in  reality  evincing  much  profundity  of  thought  in  its  invention. 
It  is  designed,  by  one  operation,  to  throw  strijis  of  tin  into  such  form.s 
as  to  cover  the  gas  pipes  which  traverse  the  roofs  of  passenger  cars  ; 
and  it  does  the  work  neatly  and  effectively.  Another  machine  is  a 
spinning  lathe  not  generally  found  in  tinneries  conducted  by  private 
parties,  by  means  of  which  a  flat  piece  of  tin,  copper,  zinc  or  brass 
is  made  to  assume  a  great  variety  of  forms,  both  hollow  and  cylindri- 
cal. It  is  turned  by  steam.  In  size  the  tin  shop  is  T0x50  feet,  af- 
fording enough  room  for  fourteen  men  to  "turn  around  in."  When 
thirty-two  men  were  employed  it  was  tight  squeezing. 


Were  all  the  cabinet  makers  in  the  country  to  meet  in  convention 
for  the  specific  purpose  of  devising  the  most  suitable  building  and  the 
most  suitable  tools,  machinery,  etc.,  for  starting  the  cabinet  making 
business  on  a  large  scale,  or,  rather,  for  the  jnanufacture  of  such  arti- 
cles as  appertain  to  au}^  specific  branch  of  that  business,  we  do  not 
see  how  they  could  do  better  than  the  man  or  men  who  i)lanned  the 
cabinet  shop  or  glue  room  (as  many  call  it)  of  the  Pennsylvania  Rail- 
road company.  With  no  further  introductory  remarks  we  will  say 
that  all  the  veneering,  gluing,  cutting,  carving,  mortising,  polishing, 
boring,  turning,  scolloping,  moulding,  planing,  sawing  and'  twisting 
all  kinds  of  wood  into  all  kinds  of  shapes,  required  for  all  kinds  of 
work,  found  inside  of  ordinary  passenger  and  Pulhnan  palace  cars, 
are  here  performed  Ijy  the  aid  of  the  best  tools  and  machinery  the  in- 
ventive genius  of  the  country  has  been  able  to  produce.  And  these 
tools  and  machines  are  guided  by  ninety  workmen  who  thoroughly 
understand  such  business,  a  less  number  by  fifty  than  were  employed 
during  a  greater  portion  of  the  Centennial  year.  To  accomplish  the 
same  amount  of  work,  thirty  years  ago,  would  have  taken  about  six 


thousand  five  huiulred  iDcn.  This  may  api)oar  extravagant,  but  we 
believe  it  as  firmly  as  we  believe  that  we  are  writing  this  sketch. 
And  then,  too,  the  work  is  done  in  an  admirable  manner.  In  addi- 
tion to  car  furniture,  paneling,  etc.,  all  the  elegant  desks  and  furniture 
which  adorn  and  render  prince-like  and  comfortable  the  offices  of  the 
railroad  officers,  all  along  the  line,  are  manufactured  here.  The 
heavy  work,  such  as  sawing  out  lumber,  etc.,  of  course  is  done  in  the 
planing  mill. 

Among  the  principal  machines  used,  not  only  for  the  abridgment 
of  labor,  but  for  their  efficiency  in  executing  their  work  perfectly,  we 
noticed  a  scroll  saw  of  surprising  utility;  a  "Variety  Moulding" 
machine,  which,  with  its  appliances,  executes  all  kinds  of  moulding, 
the  tool  or  bit  performing  about  2,000  revolutions  per  minute ;  a  ma- 
chine for  planing,  grooving,  etc. ;  a  slat  machine  which  planes  both 
sides  and  rounds  the  edges  at  a  single  operation  ;  thirty-three  turn- 
ing lathes  ;  two  mounting  machines ;  a  tenon  machine  ;  hand  and  rip 
.saws ;  veneering  presses,  etc.  There  is  a  turning  machine,  the  de- 
sign of  which  is  to  turn  flag  staffs,  thirty-six  inches  long,  in  use  by 
flagmen  along  the  road,  as  well  as  a  vast  amount  of  other  work. 
Preparing  flag  staffs,  formerly,  was  a  difficult  thing  to  do.  Let  any- 
one try  to  make  one  by  hand  or  even  turn  one  on  an  ordinary  .lathe. 
Then  he  will  appreciate  a  machine  by  the  use  of  which  1,000  can  be 
manufactured  in  one  day.  Of  such  a  machine  we  speak.  Before  its 
invention  lumber  by  the  car  load  was  required  to  meet  the  demands 
for  flagstaff's.  Now  they  are  made  from  the  off-falls  or  refuse  pieces 
of  wood,  fit  for  no  other  purpose.  A  great  saving  of  material  is 
observable,  as  well  as  a  great  reduction  of  labor.  There  is  another 
machine  which  performs  a  great  variety  of  operations — rounding  and 
polishing  strijjs  of  wood,  cut  crosswise,  of  various  diameters,  suitable, 
for  instance,  as  plugs  for  holes  where  screws  are  driven  below  the 

All  kinds  of  wood  are  used  in  this  department.  Among  the  most 
valuable  are  bird-eye  maple,  French  walnut,  mahogany,  cherry  and 

The  shop  is  one  hundred  and  seventy-five  feet  in  depth  and  sev- 
enty feet  wide. 


One  hundred  and  forty-eight  workmen  are  at  present  employed. 
The  capacity  of  the  shop  is  twenty-four  cars — that  is,  the  tracks 
within  the  enclosure  can  accommodate  that  number  at  one  and  the 



S.  O.  ABLER. 



Queensware,  Glassware,  Wood  ami  AVillowware,  Tobacco  and  Segai-s.     All  kinds  of 
Frnlts  and  A'egetables  in  season. 

1316  Twelfth  Avenue,  Altoona,   Pa. 

DR.  J.  H.  WEAVER 

1004  Seventeenth  Street, 

(Xear  the  Bridge.) 

Altoona,  Pa. 

Druggist  and  Pharmaceutist. 

A  full  line  Drugs  and  Oheinieals,  Patent  Medicines.  Oils,  Paints,  Putty,  Dye  Stuffs, 
Toilet  and  Fancy  Articles,  Perfumery,  best  brands  of  Tobacco  aiid  Segars. 
Pure  Wines  and  Liquors  for  Medicinal  Purposes.    Prescriptions  Care- 
fully Compounded  Day  or  Night  at  all  hours. 

PIPER  &   CO., 


1316  Tenth  Avenue,  Altoona,  Pa. 

Notions,  Novelties,  etc.,  of  all  kinds.    Imported  and  Domestic  Segars,  Tobacco,  etc. 
Subscriptions  received  for  Newspapers,  Magazines  and  other  periodicals. 


Printed  on  Fine  Tinted  liook  Paper  and  devoted  to  Choice  Poetry,  stories,  History 

—Natural  and  othcrwist — in  I'.iot  evcrytliing  that  will  interest  boys  and  girls. 

Only  .SO  cents  a  year.     Suniple  cojues  free.     Agents  wanted  to'canvass 

for  subscribers.    Li l)eral  Terms.     .Vddress, 




same  time,  and  tlicy  aro  so  ari'anii'ccl  that  iiicu  can  wdrk  to  the  best 
advantage.  The  (l(']»ai'tiii(Mit  of  paintiiiu-  •i'inl)raccs  a  lirad-liiiiiiji;' 
room  in  w  liicli  liftccn  men  arc  employed;  \arnisli  rooms,  sixteen  men; 
(rei^'ht  car  room,  sixteen  men;  passen.u'cr  ( ar  room,  one  iiiindi'cd  men. 
The  principal  sliop  measures  ofUxTO  feet,  ^vith  ciii-liteen  feet  i)itcii  of 
ceiling.  A  portion  of  it  is  two  stories  high,  the  upper  story  contain- 
ing the  varnish  and  ii[)liolstery  departments.     Tiie  force  employed  in 


painting  the  passenger  cars  is  divided  into  gangs  of  eight  men,  four 
employed  on  inside  and  four  on  outside  work.  A  larger  number  can- 
not work  to  as  miu'Ii  advantage.  Connected  with  this  deiiartment  is 
a  storeroom,  s<'parate  building,  a))out  30x50  feet  in  size,  with  cellar 
or  basement,  which  contains  large  (piantlties  of  materials,  from  which 
all  the  j)aints,  colors,  tints  and  shades  are  made,  together  with  var- 
nishes, paint  lirushes,  glass,  putty,  etc.  As  high  as  S20.(MI0  worth  of 


such  o-oods  have  been  stored  here  at  one  time.  Some  very  expensive 
materials  are  used,  such,  for  instance,  as  inside  car  varnish,  and  out- 
side rubbing,  which  costs  $3.88  per  gallon,  and  finishing  varnish 
which  costs  $5.10  per  gallon.  Here  the  paints  are  mixed,  several 
hands  being  engaged  on  this  work  alone. 

Search  the  country  through  and  you  will  be  unable  to  find  any 
set  of  hands  anywhere  who  can  outrival  the  present  force  in  their 
knowledge  of  the  blending  and  application  of  colors.  The  work  done 
impresses  one  Avith  this  idea.  By  "  head-linings"  the  decorations  on 
ceilings  of  the  cars  are  meant.  They  are  composed  of  ordinary  un- 
bleached sheeting,  Avhich,  b}-  means  of  simple  appliances,  is  stretched 
to  its  utmost  tension  on  frames  placed  in  an  upright  position  when 
the  painters  commence  the  work  of  drawing  their  decorative  lines. 
As  in  architecture  there  are  various  distinct  orders,  so  there  are  dis* 
tinct  orders  of  decoration.  But  we  decline  to  write  an  essay  on  the 

It  is  a  nice  thing,  requiring  not  only  a  steady  hand,  but  a  keen, 
observant,  artistic  eye  to  execute  all  the  fine  lines  and  shades  required 
by  the  connoisseur  who  "bosses"'  the  job.  Were  he  not  a  connois- 
seur he  would  evidently  be  unfit  for  the  position.  And  here,  in  the 
head-line  department,  more  so,  probably,  than  in  any  other,  the  skill 
of  the  painter  is  exhibited.  But,  after  all,  this  work  partakes  more  of 
mechanical  than  true  artistic  skill,  from  the  fact  that  forms  or  pat- 
terns of  representation  are  previously  prepared.  With  pieces  of  pa- 
per, properly  punctured,  the  lines  of  the  work  are  temporarily  and 
qvuckly  drawn  or  struck  on  the  canvas,  then  followed  up  with  the 
painter's  pencil.     But  to  be  appreciated  this  work  must  be  seen. 


And  now  a  few  words  alxnit  supplying  the  interior  of  passenger 
ears  with  the  necessary  furniture  to  make  them  comfortable  for  those 
Avho  travel.  Comfortable,  did  we  say?  We  mean  luxurious.  Every- 
thing else  done,  even  the  painting,  the  seats  with  their  hair  cushions 
covei-ed  with  plush  are  placed  in  position,  the  carpets  laid,  etc.,  etc. 
The  i)lush  used  in  the  covering  of  seats  is  manufactured  in  France. 
The  raw  material  consists  of  the  long,  silky  hair  or  wool  of  the  An- 
gora goat  of  Asia  Minor.  The  fabric  is  beautiful.  Plush  costs  about 
$2.37|  per  yard,  and  is  generally  in  strips  fort}^  yards  in  length,  of 
various  Avidths.  The  hair,  which  forms  the  interior  of  the  cushions 
for  seats,  or  filling  in,  is  principally  derived  from  the  manes  and  tails 
of  horses,  mules,  etc.,  which   is  mixed  with  a  small  per  centage  of 



bristles.  Tliis  hair  is  spun  up,  hoaled,  picl^ed,  assorted  and  curled  be- 
fore it  is  readr  for  tise.  Otluu"  luaterials,  such  as  sponu'e,  cotton,  etc., 
have  been  tried,  luit  liaxc  Ijccn  f(»iin(l  lackini!,'  that  (|Uiility  of  hair, 
which  is  hii^'hly  prized,  viz:  (jjasticil y.  Ki,uiit  pounds  ;ire  recpiired 
to  make  a  double  seat — a  I'ullnian  mattress  re(iuiri's  iweiity-live 
pounds.     Its  cost  is  about  tweuty-fnc  cents  per  i)ound. 


The  various  operations  involved  in  upholstery  work  we  will  not 
attempt  to  delineate.  There  are  thre(>  separate  rooms  devoted  to  the 
upholstery  department,  to  say  nothinti'  of  the  rooms  fiU'ed  with  eliaii's. 
seats,  etc.,  waiting;'  to  he  cushioned  and  etpiipped.  The  room  in 
which  is  stored  various  kinds  of  materials  has  held  $25,000  worth  at 
one  time;  the  stork  now  amounts  to  about  $10,000.  During' a  por- 
tion of  the  Centennial  year  when  work  was  brisk,  twenty-six  ujeu 
were  emphiyed.      At  present  only  fourteen  men  are  at  work. 



Sltoonh  Bakery, 

A,  F.  HEESS.  Proprietor. 

713  Thirteenth  Street,  Altooiia,  Pa. 





Large  Cakes  Baked  to  Order  on  Short  Notice  at  Reasonable  Terms. 


housesndsign  painter,  GRSINER, 

Eleventh  Avenue  and  Eleventh  Street,  (Opera  House  Building,)    Altoona,  Pa. 

I  chiUlenifu  an>-  Kniijht  of  the  Paint  lirusli  in  Altoona  or  IJlair  County,  to  pro- 
iluci'  Ijctterspeciinensi  oi  GRAINING,  or  equally  as  good.  Many  who  boast  of  their 
protic-iency  inthjs  art,  don't  understand  its  rud"inients.  Work  of  all  kind  executed 
promptly,' with  true  artistic  elegance  and  at  lowest  prices. 



(OVER  nelson's  .iewelky  store,) 


Office  HorRS  :    ]   -^  to  t'o  p.  m 
(    7  to  '.I  p.  ni. 

'' '' '" "  ''■  '"■  Coiisnllallons  in  Freucli  M  Gerian, 


In  eouclusion,  the  window  lilinds  tor  nil  tho  telc^Taph  stations 
alonji'  the  line  are  manufacturt'd  in  this  dciiarnient.  The  harness  for 
horses  of  the  eonipiiny  are  here  kept  in  (•()nstant  repair,  and  new  sets 
of  harness  are  also  made  when  r('((nir('d. 

beatty's  shop. 

This  bnildin.ii-,  called  Planing'  Mill  No.  1,  was  ori.y-innlly  erected 
for  the  Maintenance  of  Way  department,  but  since  ai)i)ropriated  to  the 
use  of  the  Car  department.  Amon.u-  the  most  ingenious  devices  is  a 
macdiine  for  turning  handles  for  iiieks,  axes,  etc. 

=  >XS^S>o^c 



Charles  E.  Pugh,  general  superintendent. 

Thomas  J.  Maitlaiid,  chief  clerk. 

Robert  E.  Pettit,  principal  assistant  eng-ineer. 

J.  Chester  Wilson,  electrician. 

John  R.  Bingaman,  chief  clerk  maintenance  of  way 


Theodore  N.  Ely,  superintendent  motive  power. 

Joseph  Wood,  assistant  engineer. 

J.  B.  Collin,  mechanical  engineer. 

B.  F.  Custer,  chief  clerk. 

G.  W.  Strattan,  master  mechanic. 

F.  D.  Cassanave,  assistant  master  mechanic. 

Dr.  Charles  B.  Dudley,  chemist. 

John  W.  Cloud,  engineer  of  tests. 


John  Reilly,  superintendent  transportation. 
Frink  T.  Bishop,  chief  clerk. 
George  W.  Jones,  chief  car  accountant. 
W.  F.  Taylor,  chief  operator. 



PetiT  Moore,  foreman  lathe  shop. 

Jacob  Cain,  foreman  tele.ii'raph  shop. 

W.  B.  F<>rd,  foreman  erecting-  shop.  ' 

A.  C.  Davis,  assistant  foreman  erecting  shop. 

A.  C.  Yanclain,  assistant  foreman  erecting  shop. 

Ludwig  Kiefer,  foreman  vise  shop. 

Joseph  Davis,  assistant  foreman  vise  shop. 

W.  H.  Jackson,  foreman  round  house  No.  1. 

George  Rosenberger,  foreman  carpenter  shop. 

Thomas  I.  McKiernan,  assistant  foreman  carpenter  shop. 

George  F.  McNoldj,  foreman  cab  shop. 

George  W.  Arthur,  foreman  round  house  No.  3. 

John  H.  Carr,  assistant  foreman  round  house  No.  3. 

George  Hawlvcsworth,  foreman  smith  sliop. 

William  Cook,  assistant  foreman  smith  shop. 

Joseph  Nixon,  foreman  lioiler  shop. 

C.  W.  Mason,  foreman  paint  shop. 

C.  N.  Pimlott,  foreman  tin  shop. 

W.  T.  Miller,  foreman  wheel  shop. 

Samuel  Abrahims,  foreman  pattern  shop. 

A.  H.  Maxwell,  foreman  iron  foundry. 

W.  C.  Jacobs,  assistant  foreman  iron  foundry. 

H.  H.  Stone,  assistant  foreman  iron  foundry. 

Thomas  Baxter,  foreman  brass  foundry. 

Jacob  N.  Barr,  foreman  ^\■heeI  foundry. 

Edward  Spielman,  assistant  foreman  wheel  foundry. 

Edward  McLean,  assistant  foreman  wheel  foundry. 

A.  C.  McCartney,  foi'eman  coal  wharf. 

Jacob  Gearhart,  foreman  laljorers. 


John  P.  Levan,  general  foreman. 

Andrew  Kipple,  foreman  freight  car  shop. 

George  W.   Ehrhart,  assistant  foreman  freight  car  shop. 

Levi  Geescy,  foreman  passenger  car  shop. 

Isaac  Beck,  assistant  foreman  passenger  car  shop. 

John  L.  Burk'V,  foreman  ca))inet  shop. 

Samuel  M.  Houston,  assistant  foreman  cal)iuet  shop. 

Fred  S.  Ball,  foreman  car  paiut  shop. 


"William  Dwyor,  assistant  foreman  car  paint  shop. 

Fvicliai'd  Kowan,  foreman  house  painters. 

Joseph  Maize,  assistant  foreman  house  painters. 

James  Sharp,  foreman  maehiwe  shoj). 

John  A.  Hindmaii,  assistant  foreman  machine  shop. 

Harry  A.  Folk,  foreman  smith  shop. 

Alex.  Eberle,  assistant  foreman  smith  shop. 

Walter  K.  Beatty,  foreman  planing  mill  Xo.   1. 

Samuel  Hook,  assistant  foreman  planing  mill  Xo.  1. 

George  L.  Freet,  foreman  planing  mill  Xo.  2. 

William  A  Decker,  assistant  foreman  planing  mill  Xo.  2. 

Chambers  E.  Springer,  foreman  lumber  yard. 

Charles  L.  Fettinger,  assistant  foreman  lum))er  yard. 

Charles  C.  Mason,  foreman  trimming  shop. 

Philip  L.  Stroh,  as.sistant  foreman  trimming  sho^). 

Adam  B.  Hamilton,  foreman  tin  shop. 

David  Koch,  assistant  foreman  tin  shop. 

Daniel  Houseman,  foreman  outside  Ial)orers. 

Edwin  A.  Myers,  assistant  foreman  outside  laljorers. 

Thomas  Myers,  foreman  gas  fitters. 

James  Torrens,  assistant  foreman  gas  fitters. 

John  W.  Colyer,  foreman  1)rick  layers. 

George  X.  Anderson,  despatcher,  Altoona  yard. 

Charles  P.  McCuUy,  supervisor,  xVltoona  yard. 

John  McCormick,  assistant  train  master,  Pittsburg  division. 

James  H.  Cramer,  assistant  train  master,  middle  division. 











—  dealeus  in  — 

Dry  Goods. 

RocERiES,  Flour,  Feed 



Carpets  and  Oil  Cloths, 

Corner  8tli  Avenue  and  18th  Sti-eet,  xlltooriM,  Pa, 




By  referring-  to  piigcs  (')l-2-3  the  reader  will  be  enabled  to  infer 
what  kind  of  a  town  or  hamlet  Altoona  was  i)revious  to  its  erection 
into  a  boroug-h,  which  occurred  on  February  6,  1854.  We  append  a 
list  of  the  burgesses  : 

George  W.  I'iitton... 
Thomas  JNlcCaiiley.. . 
James  Lowther — .  - 

Enos  M.  Jones 

V/.  C.  McCormick  ... 

, .1851-.1  1  Jolin  AUison 

ISiiO  I  ^V'i^iilm  Leonard. 

1857  I  Jolni  Baerf 

.  .18.18-9     U.  Fettinf^er,  sr. .. 

. . . .  i8(;.o 

.  18(36 

In  February,  1808,  Altoona  received  a  city  charter.  Through 
the  courtesy  of  John  McNevin,  who  has  been  the  efficient  clerk  of  the 
city  council  since  1876,  we  have  obtained  a  list  of  the  officers  w^ho 
have  controlled  our  municipal  affairs  up  to  tlu^  ]n-esent  time,  which 
we  submit : 


(Jeoro-e  Potts. 
David  Kitich. 
1).  A.  GlUand. 

.1868  i  Tlionias  W.  Hurd. 
.1873     W.  T.  Howard 

.1874  I 



James  Lowther 1868  |  W^  C.  Gamraitli 

Thomas  Kl way 1870  |  John  C.  Snllivan 

Jacob  Sn vder 187'2 

John  H.  Carr I*''*  I 



W .  s!  Bittnel'.. ...'.'. ISSO 


Thomas  H.  Gi 






1st  ^vard,  D.  K.  Barney,  II.  ('.  Dern 
2nd  ward,  M".  B.  BartU-y.  John  Dchihunt. 
3rd  M-ard,  T.  I.  MeKiernan.  -W.  Murray. 
4th  wai'd,  J.  X.  Cihuidhii;-,  A.  ll.  Maxwell. 
.5th  wartl,  David  Robison,  James  Smith, 
6th  ward,  Bliillip  Fadle,  John  Rocket. 


1st  ward,  II.  C.  Dern,  Jacob  Snyder. 
'>nd  ward,  J.  W.  Devlin,  Andrew  Kipple. 
3rd  ward,  *W.  Mnrrav.  R.  A.  <).  Kerr. 
4th  ward,  A.  II.  Maxwell.  John  II.  Carr. 
.5th  ward,  James  Smith,  Jno.  W.  Robison. 
6tli  ward,  John  Rocket,  .John  O'Toole. 


1st  ward,  Geo.  W.  Stewart,  Pat.  Green. 
'2nd  ward,  Andrew  Kipple,  Henry  Elway, 
3rd  war(L  *R.  A.  O.  Kerr,  E.  M.  Jones. 
4th  wai-d,  .John  H.  Carr.  Clement  Jagurard 
.5th  ward,  J.  W.  Robison,  H.  N.  Anderson. 
6th  ward,  John  O'Toole,  Joseph  Long. 

1st  ward.  Robert  Green,  D.  K.  Baniey. 
211(1  ward,  Henry  Elway.  John  Lloyd. 
:!id  ward,  *E.  M.  Jones,  R.  A.  O.  Kerr. 
4tli  ward,  II.  N.  Anderson,  Sam'l  Sprankle. 
5tli  ward,  C.  Jaggard,  W.  S.  Douglass. 
6th  ward,  Joseph  Long,  J.  C.  McCloskey. 

1st  ward.  D.  K.  Ramey,  J.  \V.  Cnrry. 
•2nd  ward,  .lohn  Llovd,  James  Clabaugh. 
3rd  ward,  *R.  A.  O.  Kerr,  J.  Capstiek. 
4lh  ward,  W.  S.  Douglass,  T.  1.  MeKiernan. 
.'^th  ward,  Sam'l  Sprankle,  H.N.  Anderson. 
6th  ward,  J.  McCloskey,  J.  T.  McDonald, 

j  1873. 

1st  ward,  J.  W.  Curry.  Jno.  Clingerman. 
2nd  ward,  James  Clabaugh,  R.  J.  Crozier. 
3rd  wanl.  .L  Capstiek.  *Jno.  Swartz. 
4th  ward,  T,  I.  MeKiernan,  Sam'l  Lloyd. 
.-)th  wanl,  H.  X.  Anderson,  John  Lloyd. 
6th  ward,  J.  T.  McDonald.  .Jno.  Rockett. 
|7th  ward,  David  Walker,  J.  C.  McCartney. 
Isth  ward,  J.  F,  Beegle,  G.  A.  Smith. 

*We  are  unable  1<w)btain  precise  dates  for  Allison  and  Leonard. 

tJohn  P,aer  served  but  three  months.    His  unexpired  term  was  liUe.l  Dy  ii.  i>. 

Dern,  at  that  time  president  of  the  council 





1st  ward,  Jno.  Clina;ermari,  Fred  Olmes. 
2iid  ward,  R.  .J.  Crozier,  D.  S.  Markey. 
.'>rd  w  ard.  .Tno.  Swartz,  A.  G.  Sink. 
4th  ward,  *.Sanri  Lloyd,  Albert  Heess. 
5tli  wanl,  .loliii  Lloyd.  William  Stoke. 
6tli  ward.  .John  lloe'kett,  -Juo.  F.  Storni. 
7tli  war.l,  Dayiil  Walker,  .J.  C.  IVlcCartney, 
8th  ward.  .J.  F.  Beegle,  F,  S.  Ball. 

1st  ward,  P.  W.  Olmes,  George  Metz. 
2nd  ward,  *D.  S.  Markey,  G.  J.  Akers 
3rd  M-ard,  A.  G.  Sink,  James  Harkins 
4th  ward,  A.  F.  Heess,  Sam'l  Lloyd, 
•■jth  ward,  VVm.  Stolve,  C.  Hauser". 
tith  ward,  Jno.  Storm,  F.  D.  Casanave 
7th  ward,  J.  C.  McCartney,  J.  Gearliart. 
SU\  ward,  F.  S.  Ball,  Dayid  Kocli. 

Ist  ward,  George  Metz,  A.  Ake 
2nd  ^vard,  G.  J.  Akers,  Blain  McCormiek. 
;!rd  ward.  .Tames  Ilarkins,  *A.  G.  Sink 
4tli  ward.  Sam'l  Lloyd,  W.  W.  Smith, 
.'ith  ward.  0.  Hanser,  Geo.  W.  Detwiler. 
6tli  ward,  F.  T).  Casanave,  Jno.  O'Toole. 
7th  ^^•ard,  J.  Gearliart,  N.  T.  Cunningham, 
cSth  ward,  Dayid  Koch,  Wni.  Decker. 

1st  w  ard.  A.  Ake,  S.  Taylor. 
2ii<l  ward,  B.  McCormiek,  James  Lntz. 
3rd  ward,  *A.  G.  Sink,  J.  L.  Reifsnyder. 
4th  ward,  H.  W.  Snyder,  J.  G.  Flanigan. 

.'»tli  ward.  Geo.  "W.  Detwiler.  Paul  Sharp. 
(5tli  ward,  Jno.  O'Toole,  F.  D.  Casanave. 
7th  ward,  N.  T.  Cunningham,  W.  McGill. 
8tli  ward,  W.  M.  Decker,  G.  W.  Cessna. 

1st  ward,  Samjison  Taylor,  .1.  F.  Bowman. 
2nd  ward,  .James  Lutz,  .Tno.  M.  Klein. 
ord  ward,  J.  L.  Reifsnyder,  Frank  Molloy. 
4th  ward,  .1.  G.  Flanigan,  H.  B.  Kendig. 
.ith  ward,  Paul  Shar]i,  C.  C.  Mateer. 
(ith  ward,  *F.  I).  Casanave,  D.  G.  Owens. 
7th  ward,  N.  T.  Cun iiingham,  H.  S.  Moi-gau. 
8th  ward,  Geo.  W.  Cessna,  J.  B.  BurkeVt. 

1st  ward,  .Tno.  P.owman,  Sampson  Taylor. 
2nd  ward,  Jno.  M.  Klein,  W.  B.  Bartley. 
3rd  ward,  *Frank  MoUoy.  A.  F.  Kerr. 
4th  ward,  II.  B.  Kendig,  A.  H.  Maxwell. 
■"ith  ward,  C.  C.  Mateer',  -Tno.  Flanigan. 
(itli  ward,  1).  G.  Owens,  F.  I).  Casanave. 
7tli  ward,  H.  S.  Morgan,  Harry  Geesej'. 
8th  ward,  John  B.  Burket,  F.  S.  Ball. 

1st  ward,  S.  Tavlor,  A.  L.  McCartney. 
2nd  ward,  W.  B.  Bartley,  Zac.  Endress. 
3rd  ward,  A.  F.  Kerr,  *Frauk  Molloj' 
4th  ward,  A.  H.  Maxwell,  H.  W.  Snyder, 
."ith  ward,  .Tno.  Flanigan,  IM.  Keoug'h. 
(ith  ward,  F.  1).  Casanave,  Tliomas  Miller. 
7tli  ward,  II;irry  (ieesej',  Rinehart  Line. 
8th  ward,  F.  S.  I'.all,  Jas.  D.Brannan. 

Members  marked  thus  *  were  presidents  of  council. 


J.  W.  McKinney 180S-70  1  T.  B.  Patton 1873-5 

1 .  L.  Patton 1871     John  McN evin 1876-80 

Timothy  Brophy 1S72 


r>-  J.  Xeft- 18(58-70  :  H.  H.  Herr 1875-6 

JSctr  cV  Riley IS71  A.  V.  Dively 1877 

S.  M.  Woodcock 1872  Alexander  &  Ilerr 1878 

1>-  •!•  X'^ett 187;;  I  J,  G.  Flanigan    1879-80 


E.  F.  Lytle 1872-3  I  J.  B.  Haupt 1875 

William  McDonald 1874  I   William  McDonald 1879-80 


John  A.  Baer 1875-80 


Arthur  Stoi'in 1868-9  | 

J.  A.  Wliitmer 1868-70 

IL  B  Foreman 1870-1  \ 

G .  W.  Ilazzard 1871  i 

J.  A  Westbrook.  chief. 1872-3  1 

William  Robeson 1872-3 

J.  K.  Ely 1872-3 

John  H.  Coolce 1873 

Ben.ianiin  Burley 187.'!-.5  ■ 

Tliebdore  Doll  . .". 1873 

T.  S.  Riley,  chief 1874 

W.  T.  Howard 1874-5 

J.  M.  Lantz 1874  j 

George  D.  Randolph 1874-6 

W.  W.  Smith,  chief 1875-6 

Jacob  Holtzman 1875 

John  Coho 1876-8 

George  D.  Randolph,  chief 1877 

Charles  W.  Whitt le 1877 

James  P.  McDonald,  chief. 1878 

George  D.  Randolph 1878 

Abram  Myers 1878-80 

H.  E.  Fettinger 1878-9 

.1  acob  Hoi t zman,  chief 1879 

Jaini's  Allen    1879-80 

James  Powell,  chief 1880 

John  Kimmell 1880 

C.  A.  Dotzler 1880 

Anton  Schitt lekopf. 1880 

Chas.  W.  Whittle,  special  police, 1880 




George  D.  Randolph., 1868 

Hugh  McCartney 1869 

William  Fox 1870-2 

Sanip.sou  Taylor 1873-4 

Bernard  Kt 
C.  N.  Atkin 
John  Koc-Uci  t 


. .  .1875 
.  187(>-9 
, . . 1880 


First,  Tlilrd  and  .Seventli  wards— B.  F.  Rose. 
Second,  Fourth  and  Eighth  wards— W.  B.  Blake. 
Fit'tli  and  Sixth  wards — lohn  O'Toole. 


Jackson  (iiljbs- second  term— West  side. 
Joseph  W.  Dougherty- third  term— East  side. 


For  the  fiscal  year,  ending-  December  31,  1871),  the  receipts  of  the 
city  treasurer  had  been  $21,419.99,  and  his  expenditures  $20,165.23, 
leaving  a  balance  in  his  hands  of  $1,254.76.  The  outstanding  indeljt- 
edness  of  the  city  up  to  the  time  specificul  was:  City  fund,  $7,128.01 ; 
water  fund,  $207,310.05;  improvement  fund,  $155,010.00— total, 

We  append  a  tabular  statement  by  wards  of  the;  number  of  taxa- 
bles  in  the  city,  the  valuation  of  property  and  the  assessments : 

Taxahlos.  Valuation. 

First  ward 634  $325,060 

Second  Avard 821  239,501 

Third  ward 505  393,900 

Fourtli  ward 619  398.165 

Fifth  ward 746  187.6-25 

Taxables.  Valuation 

Sixth  ward 838  $210,757 

Seventh  ward 251  121,.575 

Eighth  ward 487  103,075 

Total 4,901  $1,979,658 


City  Tax. 

Water  Tax. 



First  ward 

$1,9.50  36 
1,437  01 
2,363  40 
2,388  99 
1,125  75 
1,264  54 
729  45 
618  45 

$3,250  60 
2,395  01 
3,939  00 
3,981  ()5 
1,87()  25 
2,107  57 
1.215  75 
1,030  75 

$1,300  24 
958  00 
1,575  60 
1,592  66 
750  50 
843  03 
486  30 
412  30 

$6.,501  20 
4,79(J  02 

7,878  00 

Fourth  W  ard 

7,963  30 
3,752  50 
4  215  14 

Fifth  ward    

Sixth  ward      

Seventh  ward 

2,431  .50 
2,0(il  50 


11.877  95 

19.79()  58 

7.918  63 

39,-593  16 





Paints,  Oils,  Glass,  Putty, 

Table  and  Pocket  Cutlery,  Silver-plated  Ware,  and  everything  kept  in  a 
First-class  Hardware  Store. 



Tm,  Copper  and  Sheet-iron  Ware,  Pumps,  and  a  general 
variety  of  Wooden  Ware. 


Guns,  Revolvers,  Powder, 

Shot,  Fishing  Tackle,  Etc. 


1313  Eleventh  Avenue,  -  Altoona,  Ph. 




Bell's  avenue,  from  eastern  limits  of  city  to  Fourth  street. 
Crawford  avenue,  from  eastern  limits  of  city  to  Eleventh  street. 
First  avenue,  from  eastern  limits  of  city  to  Nineteenth  street. 
Second  avenue,  from  east  to  west  boundary  or  limits. 
Third  avenue,  from  east  to  west  boundary  or  limits. 
Fourth  avenue,  from  east  to  west  boundary  or  limits. 
Fifth  avenue,  from  east  to  west  boundary  or  limits. 
Sixth  avenue,  from  east  to  west  boundary  or  limits. 
Seventh  avenue,  from  western  limits  to  township  road,  between 
First  and  Second  streets. 

Eighth  avenue,  from  intersection  of  township  road,  between  Third 
and  Fourth  streets,  to  Union  avenue. 

Ninth  avenue,  from  Avestern  limits  of  city  to  Fourth  avenue. 
Tenth  avenue,  from  Eighth  to  Sixteentli  streets,  and  from  Eigh- 
teenth street  to  western  limits  of  city. 

Eleventh  avenue,  from  Seventh  street  to  western  limits. 
Twelfth   avenue,    from   Eleventh  to  Sixteenth  streets,  and  from 
Eighteenth  street  to  city  limits. 

Thirteenth  avenue,  from  Eleventh  to  Sixteenth  streets,  and  from 
Eighteenth  street  to  western  limits. 

Fourteenth    avenue,    from  Eleventh  to  Fourteenth    streets,    and 
from  Eighteenth  to  Twenty-fifth  streets. 

Fifteenth  avenue,  from  Eleventh  to  Thirteenth  streets.  ' 

Sixteenth  avenue,  from  Tenth  to  Sixteenth  streets,  and  from  Dry 
Gap  road  to  Twenty-third  street. 

Seventeenth  avenue,  from  Tenth  street  to  Coleman's  road. 

Eighteenth  avenue,  from  Tenth  street  to  Coleman's  road. 

Fairview  avenue,  from  cemetery  to  eastern  limits. 

Calvert  avenue,  from  cemetery  to  eastern  limits. 

Caldwell  avenue,  from  cemetery  to  west  Second  street. 

Green  avenue,  from  Seventh  to  Eleventh  streets. 

Chestnut  avenue,  from  Seventh  to  Eleventh  streets. 

Lexington  avenue,  from  Eighth  to  Eleventh  streets. 

Howard  avenue,  from  Eighth  to  Eleventh  streets. 

Union  avenue,  from  Eleventh  avenue  to  Twenty-seventh  st.,  west. 


Hamilton  avenue,  from  cemetery  to  eastern  limits. 

Broad  street,  from  Union  avenue  to  western  limits. 

Margaret  street,  from  Sixteenth  street  to  Union  avenue. 

Beale  street,  from  Union  avenue  to  western  limits. 

West  Chestnut  street,  from  Twenty-third  street  to  western  limits. 

Maple  street,  from  Twenty-third  street  to  western  limits. 

Oak  street,  from  Twenty-fourth  street  to  western  limits. 

Walnut  street,  from  Twenty-fourth  street  to  western  limits. 

Middle  street,  from  Twenty-fifth  street  to  western  limits. 

Lombard  street,  from  Seventh  street  to  city  limits  east. 

East  Chestnut  street,  from  Fourth  street  to  city  limits. 

Hickory  street,  from  Fourth  street  to  eastern  city  limits. 

East  Walnut  street,  from  Fourth  street  to  eastern  city  limits. 

Greevy  street,  from  Lombard  street  to  northern  city  limits. 

East  First  street,  from  Lombard  street  to  northern  city  limits. 

East  Second  street,  from  southern  limits  to  Seventh  street. 

West  Second  street,  from  Lombard  to  northern  city  limits. 

East  Third  street,  from  southern  limits  to  Eighth  avenue. 

West  Third  street,  from  Lombard  street  to  northern  limits. 

Fourth  street,  from  southern  to  northern  limits. 

Fifth  street,  from  southern  limits  to  Ninth  avenue. 

Sixth  street,  from  southern  limits  to  Ninth  avenue. 

East  Seventh  street,  from  southern  limits  to  Ninth  avenue. 

West  Seventh  street,  from  Eleventh  avenue  to  Lombard  street. 

East  Eighth  street,  from  southern  limits  to  Ninth  avenue. 

West  Eighth  street,  from  Green  avenue  to  Lexington  avenue. 

Ninth  street,  from  soutliern  to  northern  limits. 

East  Tenth  street,  from  southern  limits  to  Eighth  avenue. 

West  Tenth  street,  from  Green  avenue  to  Wopsonnonock  road. 

East  Eleventh  street,  from  Third  to  Ninth  avenues. 

West  Eleventh  street,  from  Tenth  avenue  to  northern  limits. 

Twelfth  street,  from  southern  to  northern  limits. 

East  Thirteenth  street,  from  southern  limits  to  Ninth  avenue. 

West  Thirteenth  street,  from  Tenth  avenue  to  northern  limits. 

East  Fourteenth  street,  from  southern  limits  to  Ninth  avenue. 

West  Fourteenth  .street,  from  Tenth  avenue  to  northern  limits. 

East  Fifteenth  street,  from  southern  limits  to  Ninth  avenue. 

West  Fifteenth  street,  from  Tenth  avenue  to  northern  limits. 

East  Sixteenth  street,  from  southern  limits  to  railroad. 

West  Sixteenth  street,  from  Tenth  avenue  to  city  limits. 

Seventeenth  street,  from  southern  limits  to  Dry  Gap  road. 


West  Seventeenth  street,  from  Tenth  avenue  to  Dry  rjiip  ro:ul. 
Bridge  street,  from  J]leventh  avenue  to  V.  K.  R. 
East  Eighteenth  street,  from  southern  limits  to  Ninth  av<"nue. 
West  p]ighteenth  street,  from  Tenth  to  Union  avenues. 
East  Nineteenth  street,  from  southern  limits  to  Union  avenue. 
West  Nineteenth  street,  from  Tenth  avenue  to  city  limits. 
East  Twentieth  street,  from  southern  limits  to  Union  avenue. 
West  Twentieth  street,  from  Tenth  avenue  to  city  limits  north. 
East  Twenty-first  street,  from  southern  limits  to  Broad  street. 
West  Twenty-first  street,  from  Tenth  avenue  to  city  limits  north. 
East  Twenty-second  street,  from  southern  limits  to  Broad  street. 
West  Twenty-second  street,  from  Tenth  avenue  to  limits  north. 
East  Twenty-third  street,  from  southern  limits  to  p]ighth  avenue. 
West  Twenty-third  street,  from  Tenth  avenue  to  Broad  street. 
Twenty-fourth  street,  from  southern  to  northern  limits. 
Twenty-fifth  street,  from  southern  to  northern  limits. 
East  Twenty-sixth  street,  from  southern  limits  to  Seventh  av«Miue. 
West  Twenty-sixth  street,  from  Ninth  avenue  to  northern  limits. 
Twenty-seventh  street,  from  southern  limits  to  Seventh  avenue. 


AUoona  Association,  No.  2,  of  the  Independent  Order  of  Pliilozatheans 

Altoona  Mechanics'  Library  and  Reading  liooni  Association. 

Bethany  Circle  B.  U.  of  Pa.,  (H.  F.)  No.  -20. 

Cresson  Conncil,  No.  108,  Jr.  O.  U.  A.  M. 

Freight  Shop  Aid  Association. 

Moses  Monteflore  Lodge,  No.  .308,  I.  O.  B.  B. 

Mountain  City  Council,  No.  198,  O.  U.  A.  M. 

Mystic  Castle,  No.  27,  A  O.  K.  of  M.  C. 

Railroad  Men's  Christian  Association. 

Rising  Sun  Circle,  No.  50,  B.  U.  (H.  F.)  of  Pa. 

St.  John's  Literary  and  Benevolent  Association. 

Sodality  of  the  Blessed  Virgin. 

IToung  Men's  Christian  Association. 


Altoona.  ;         Keystone. 
Allegheny.  f°San. 

Enterprise.  Mechanics'. 

Franklin.  i  Washington. 


Tammany  Tribe,  No.  85. 
Winnebago,  Tribe,  No.  35. 


Altoona  Encampment,  No,  12!). 

Altoona  Lodge,  No.  473. 

Amelia  Degree  Lodge,  Daughters  of  Rebekah. 

Eudora  Degree  Lodge,  Daugliters  of  Rebekah,  No.  87. 

Eleanor  Degree  Lodge.  Daughters  of  Rebekah,  No.  21. 

Mountain  City  Lodge,  No.  837. 

Vernaudah  Lodge,  No.  532. 








IT  BEATS  BAY'  RUM.    Ladies  user  it  to  remove  Skin  Irruptions.    Prevents  hair 
from  falling  out.         PRICE,  75  CENTS  PER  BOTTLE. 

C.  F.  RANDOLPH,  Prop'r., 




Groceries,  Flour,  Feed  and  Provisions, 

Canned  Fruits,  Wood  and  Willow  Ware. 

Coi-ner  Twelfth  Avenue  and  Sixteenth  Street, 


D.  ,T.  NEFF.  N.  I'.  MERVIXE. 


Attorneys  and  Counsellors  at  Law, 

OFFICE:  13th  Street,  bet.  lOth  and  11th  Avenues, 



OFFICE:   Corner  Ele\^enth  A\^enue  and  Seven- 
teenth Street,  Altoona,  Pa. 

Conveyancing  attended  to  and  Collections  promptly  made. 

HlST(tUY    OF    ALTOONA    AND    HLAIR    COUNTY.  1 '.>7 


Loi^an  Lodge,  No.  79. 
Wliitc  Cross  Lodge,  No.  354. 

Logun  f><)dgc,  No.  4H0,  F.  ^V  A.  M. 
Mountiiiii  Lodgo,  No.  281,  F.  &  A.  M. 
Mountain  Cluiptor,  No.  189,  11.  A.  M. 
Mountain  Counoil,  No.  9,  R.  &  S.  M. 
Mountain  Connnandery,  No.  10,  K.  T 


Altoona  City  Opora  House:  Eleventh  street  and  Kle\«Milli  nvenue;  seats  l.-JOO  : 
stage  '.^7x35;  ten  sets  of  scenery:  proprietor.  -losepli  Walscm  :  manager  and  bill 
poster,  J.  Cloyd  Krelder. 


?anizcd  August  '20,  1S79 ;  composed  ot  elderly  gentlemen,  of  excellent  social 
ng,  whose  ages  probaljly  average  (iO  years.  I'l'esident,  Koliert  Alexander: 
iresideut,  Allen  McGlathery  ;    treasurer,  .John  Miller;   secretary,  II.  Fettin- 

vice  pr 
ger,  Sr. ;  nund^er  of  niendiers,  JJO. 


American  Union  Telegraph  Company,  Logan  House. 
Western  Union  Telegraph  Company,  Logan  House. 


Twelfth  street,  between  Tenth  and  Eleventh  avenues:  ottice  liours,  7  a.  m.  to 
8.30  V.  M. ;  Sundays,  from  9.30  to  10.30  a.  m.  ;  legal  holidays  fron  7  to  10  a.  m.,  and  7  to 
8.30p.m.;  T.  Blair  Patton,  postmaster;  James  E.  Winn,  assistant:  registry  clerk, 
AV.  P.  Patton  :  delivery  clerk,  A.  S.  Johnson. 


Th(>  art  or  science  of  harmonious  sounds,  or  the  itrodiictioii  of 
simultaneous  sounds  in  accord  or  hannun}-,  is  evidently  well  under- 
stood by  the  various  instrumental  and  vocal  musical  associations  of 
Altoona.  Of  this  we  justly  feel  proud.  Takinii'  into  consideration 
all  the  circumstances,  nothing-  but  umiualitied  praise  is  due,  l)oth  in- 
dividually and  collectively,  to  the  gentlemen  who  furnish  our  local 
musical  entertainments.  We  give  a  list  of  the  mem))ers  of  the  bands, 
alphabetically  arranged,  with  their  instunieiitation  : 

altoona  city  P,A>'D. 

Organized  in  18!'»:;  Jule  A.  Nell",  leader:  A.  C.  IJrown,  drum  major. 

Letford.  John,  1st  tenor  trombom 
Labe,  Harry,  glockenspiel. 
.Matthews,  Jaiiies,  -2  15  flat  tenor. 

Armstrong.  Irvin,  baritone. 
Canty,  Patrick,  1st  E  tlat  cornet. 
Carr,  Wni.  K.,  1st  D  Hat  cornet. 
Clabaugh,  Andrew,  solo  alto. 
Cunningham,  Newton  F.,  bass  drum. 
Durnbaugh.  Harry.  E  flat  bass. 
Fettinger,  Charles  L.,  cyndjals. 
Grinnne,  Igniitius,  piccolo. 
Hammer,  Florian,  1st  E  flat  clarionet. 
Hargraves,  George,  '2(1  tenor  trombone. 
Hargraves,  James,  euphonon. 
Jones,  Wm.  1).,  1st  U  Hat  tenor. 


•  tewart,  G.  M.,  1st  alto. 
Sidel.  John,  2d  alto. 
Snyder.  Ed.,  E  tlat  bass. 
St()nt,  CliarUs,  snare  drum. 
Thomasburger.  F.,  1st  15  flat  clarionet. 
Willi.s.  Ed.,  2d  B  flat  cornet. 
Westbrook,  \V.  D.,  3d  15  tlat  cornet. 
Weidlich,  Stephen.  2d  15  tlat  clarionet. 
Wolf,  Wm.  II.,  snare  drum. 



Orgiinized  in  1875;  Nelson  Graham,  leader;  M.  M.  Rush,  drum  major. 

Bnrkett,  Geo.  W.,  Ist  alto. 
Black,  Kdward,  c-yiabals. 
Barkheimer,  M.  M.,  bass  drum. 
Bnrkett,  John  B.,  '2d  E  flat  cornet. 
Coyle,  B.  J .,  snare  drum. 
Davis,  Abraham,  snare  drum. 
Ehrhart^  George  VV.,  tuba. 
Elliott,  Howard,  B  flat  cornet. 
Forry,  Robert,  solo  alto. 

Kipp,  George.  E  flat  tuba. 
Mintell,  Roman,  baritone. 
Myers,  Ellswoitli,  piccolo. 

Miller, .  2d  tenor. 

Shoemaker-,  Henry  F.,  2d  B  flat  cornet. 

Ward,  Joshua  T.,  trombone. 

VVahl,  Joseph  F.,  1st  tenor. 

Ward,  William,  2d  alto. 

Walters,  Charles  L.,  solo  B  flat  cornet. 

JUNIOR  greys'  band. 
Organized  Sept.  1, 1S77  ;  G.  W.  Dunlap,  leader  ;  George  Blackburn,  drum  major. 
Bolger,  S.  P.,  baritone. 

Davis,  G.  W.,  E  flat  cornet. 
Foust,  Samuel,  bass. 
Graft,  David  L..  snare  drum. 
Hutt'num,  Hai'ry,  1st  alto. 
Jackson,  B.  D.,  E  flat  cornet. 
Kerline,  C'loyd  W.,  1st  tenor. 
Kuhns,  L.  M.,  bass. 

Meredith,  William,  solo  alto. 
Patterson,  Charles  C,  bass  drum. 
Renner,  Charles  W.,  1st  B  flat  cornet. 
StoutTer,  J.  D.,  3d  B  flat  cornet. 
Stover,  Jacob,  2d  B  flat  cornet. 
Stover,  J.  H..  3d  tenor. 
Salsbnrg,  C.  C,  cymbals. 
White.  Judson,  2d  alto. 

citizens'  cornet  band. 
Organized  in  1878;  A.  Filer,  leader. 

Nolan,  Thomas.  E  flat  clai'ionet. 
Stouft'er.  H.  W.,  E  flat  cornet. 
Shade,  Howard,  1st  E  flat  alto. 
Speece,  John,  cvmbals. 
Snell,  H.  F.,  E.  flat  cornet. 
Waite,  D.  A.,  baritone, 
Waggoner,  George,  bass  drum. 

Baird,  James  M.,  E  flat  bass. 
Beasom,  Thos.,  1st  B  flat  tenor. 
Cantner.  John.  2d  B  flat  tenor. 
Dibert,  AVilllam,  2d  E  flat  alto. 
Hikes,  G.  W..  solo  E  flat  alto. 
Hoftman,  I).  F.,  E  flat  bass. 
Lindsev,  H.  M.,  snare  drum. 
Miller,  C.  W.,  E  flat  cornet. 


Organized  September,  1878;  president,  Andrew  Auer :  vice  president,  John  H. 
Schmidt;  secretary,  George  Bender;  treasurer,  John  Foster;  leader,  John  Foster. 


Organized  in  1862;  1.35  members;  president,  E.  Zenisch;  secretary,  Oscar  Han- 
son ;  treasurer,  Jacob  Rink  ;  teacher,  J.  F.  Maeder.    New  hall  erected  in  1877. 


Organized  in  1870 :  126  members  ;  president,  Balzer  Wolf;  vice  president,  Henry 
Vetter;  secretary,  Geo.  Hauser  :  treasurer,  Geo.  Koelle,  jr.;  director,  Fred.  Ehredt. 


Considering  its  age  our  cit}"  enjoys  a  fair  share  of  military  re- 
nown. During  the  war  of  the  rebellion  it  furnished  its  quota  of  men 
with  cheerfulness  and  alarcity,  none  of  whom  Ijrought  disgrace  upon 
the  flag  of  our  country. 

The  first  company  formed  in  Altoona  (1854)  was  called  the 
"  Logan  Rangers."  H.  J.  Lombeart  was  captain  ;  John  L.  Piper,  first 
lieutenant ;  Harry  Sellers,  second  lieutenant,  and  William  Renner, 
third  lieutenant.  The  company  numbered  about  sixt}"  men,  many  of 
the  survivors  still  living  in  Altoona  and  Blair  county.  The  late  Col. 
John  L.  Piper,  who  entered  as  first  lieutenant,  afterwards  became 
captain,  who  was  succeeded  by  Jacob  Zink.  When  this  company  dis- 
banded another  was  formed,  many  of  the  members  of  the  old  com- 
pany entering  into  its  organization.     Jacob  Zink  was  captain  ;  R.  J. 


Crozier,  first  liciiteiiaiit,  and  Fred.  Schilling-er,  second  lieutenant.  It 
was  nuistered  into  tlie  United  States  service  as  Company  E,  8rd  Pa. 
Vols.,  April  20,  1801,  and  served  three  months. 

The  Altooiia  (Jnards  was  or.y-anized  in  Septemlx'r,  1  Sn4.  P.  S. 
Reed  was  captain  ;  Henry  Wayne,  first  lieutenant,  and  Kzra  Ale, 
second  lieutenant.  In  the  sprin,«i-  of  ISoo  Ca])tain  Reed  went  west, 
wljen  Lieutenant  Wayne  was  nnide  captain.  Both  these  men  had 
seen  active  service — Reed  in  the  Mexican  war,  and  Wayne  in  the 
Florida  war.  On  the  20th  of  April,  18()1,  the  company  was  mus- 
tered into  service,  under  Captain  Wayne,  as  Company  B,  ord  Pa. 
Vols.,  and  was  mustered  out  at  expiration  of  service,  July  29,  1861. 
In  the  following  month  the  company  was  re-organized  and,  on  the 
26th  day  of  that  month,  was  mustered  in  as  Co.  F,  T6th  regiment  Pa: 
Vols.,  for  three  years,  with  Henry  Wayne  as  captain,  who  was  killed 
in  action  at  Pocotaligo,  South  Carolina,  on  October  22,  1862.  On 
the  28th  day  of  November,  1864,  the  remnant  of  the  company  was 
mustered  out  of  service.  The  majority  of  the  men  had  been  killed  or 
discharged  on  account  of  wounds  and  other  disabilities. 

A  company  of  one  hundred  men  was  organized,  partly  through  the 
instrumentality  of  Mortimer  B.  Morrow,  and  was  mustered  as  Com- 
pany I,  205th  regiment  Pa.  Yols.,  on  September  2,  1864.  Ira  R. 
Shipley  was  Captain;  John  A.  McCahan,  first  lieutenant,  and  Henry 
Elway,  second  lieutenant.  On  the  30th  of  October  the  captain  was 
discharged.  John  A.  McCahan  superseded  him,  and  Henry  Hawk, 
who  previously  had  been  sei'geant,  became  first  lieutenant,  and  Henry 
Elway  remaiiicd  second  lieutenant.  The  company  had  enlisted  for 
one  year,  but  was  mustered  out  on  June  2,  1865,  the  war  having 

The  "Keystone  Zouaves"  was  organized  in  18T1,  with  John  R. 
Garden  as  captain  ;  Harry  A.  Miller,  first  lieutenant,  and  Charles  L. 
Fettinger,  second  lieutenant.  It  numbered  al)out  sixty  men.  Some- 
time in  18T3  this  company  was  re-organized  and  its  name  changed 
to  "Latta  Guard,"  when  Theodore  Burchfield  became  its  captain; 
Maiden  Valentine,  first  lieutenant,  and  F.  R.  Barr,  second  lieutenant. 

In  18U  the  Fifth  regiment  N.  G.  Pa.  Avas  formed.  The  Latta 
Guard,  of  Altoona ;  Juniata  Riflemen,  of  Hollidaysburg,  together 
with  companies  of  Bedford  and  Cambria  counties,  composed  it. 
James  F.  Milliken  was  elected  colonel.  He  was  discharged  from  the 
service  November  2,  18T6.  He  was  succeeded  by  P.  B.  Wilson,  of 
Bellefonte,  at  which  time  Theodore  Burchfield  was  made  lieutenant 
colonel.     Colonel  Wilson  died  in  February,  1878.     in  March,  same 



year,  TlicodorL'  Burehtield  \va.<  elected  eolonel,  and  at  the  present 
time  is  the  commandiiiii'  ottieei-  of  the  re_<>iment. 

Ill  July,  1878,  the  National  Guard  of  the  State  was  re-orgauized, 
and  the  Fifth  rei>'inient  consisted  then,  as  it  does  now,  of  Company 
A,  of  El)ensl)ar,ii-;  Company  ]>,  of  Bellefonte  ;  Company  C,  of  Holli- 
daysburg;  Company  D,  of  Altoona;  Company  E,  of  IMiilipsburg ; 
Compan}'  G,  of  Lewistown;  Company  H,  of  Johnst(»\vii,  and  Com- 
pany I,  of  Bedford. 

The  commissioned  field  and  staff  officers  of  the  regiment  consist  of 
Colonel  Theodore  Burchfield,  of  Altoona  ;  Lieutenant  Colonel  D.  H. 
Hastings,  of  Bellefonte;  Major  P.  J.  Woleslagle,  of  l'hilii)sl)urg; 
Adjutant  W.  Sargent,  jr.,  of  Altoona;  Quartermaster  J.  A.  Rohrer, 
of  Hollidaysburg;  Commissary  H.  I).  Tate,  of  Bedford;  Surgeon 
George  F.  Harris,  of  Bellefonte;  Assistant  Surgeons  I.  C.  Blaisdell, 
of  Wilmore,  and  A.  S.  Stayer,  of  Roaring  Spring;  Paymaster  C.  S. 
Marks,  of  Lewistown;  and  Chaplain  D.  W.  Hunter,  of  Lewistown. 

Near  Braddock's  station,  on  the  8th  of  September,  1880,  the  Fifth, 
together  with  six  other  regiments  were  ins])ected  Ijy  General  Gibson, 
U.  S.  A.,  and  James  W.  Latta,  Adjutant  General  of  Pennsylvania,  who 
complimented  the  Fifth  as  being  the  tirst  in  point  of  merit.  This 
oi)inion  was  also  giYcn  by  General  J.  F.  Hartranft,  who  was  present 
on  the  Occasion. 

Company  I),  (Fifth  regiment)  was  organized  in  August,  1879. 
The  commissioned  officers  are  Cai)tain  John  L.  Piper;  First  Lieu- 
teiumt  Edwin   M.   Amies,  and   Second   Ijieutemiiit   John  I\.  Garden. 

IJiUl,  Will.  H.,  (corporal.) 

IJtMisou,  WiUiain 

JJeiiikT,  A.  J. 

Bei-kowitz,  WiUiain 

IJoaine,  il.  K. 

Bruiiibarger.  W.  H. 

Butler,  Joseph,  (corporal.) 

Oasev.  Tlionui^i,  (cori)oral.) 

Olirislv.  K.  M. 

Davis.  K.  M..  (corporal.) 

Dag'enliart,  A. 

Dagenhart,  K. 

Douglass,  J.  P. 

Devlin  Jauu's 

Enright,  WiUiani 

Evey,  J.  T. 

Fceney,  Jolm 

Fowle,  George  D.,  (sergeant.) 

Outluie.  11.  B.,  (sergeant.) 

Hakleman,  B.  F. 

Herr,  Charles 

Hudson,  Y.  D.,  (sergeant.) 

Honcli,  H.  J. 

Hill,  John 

Kinney,  Bryan 

Lippet,  Ed. 

I.ouden,  Win.  1). 

JNlacUev.  John  A.,  (corporal.) 

Maher,  Win.  K. 

McConncll.  .(aiiics  A. 
Mcfjoiigh,  'riumias  F. 
Miller. 'l>iUhcr 
jMiller,  Fri'derick 
Montgoincr\',  J.  1'. 
McDowell,  Uoliert 
Xanle.  L.  W..  (serueaut.) 
O'UoiincU.  r.  B. 
Pollitt.  K.  F. 
Ueynoids,  II.  L. 
Roberts,   Harrv  C.  (serycant.) 
Scott,  U.  W.,  ((•(uporal.) 
Slep,  Ed.  J. 
Smith,  J.  Lincoln 
Spanldiiig.  (ieorge  T. 
Turner,  \V.  L. 
Turner,  W.  A. 

Yetter,  Max- 
Walker.  M.  U. 

\Yalker.  s.  C. 

Weaver.  William 

Weiss.  (:iiarles  T.,  (corporal.) 

Westtall.  William  C,  (coriioial.) 

Wherr\',  <ief)i'ge  I\L 

Whittle,  C:.  W. 

Woods,  IIarr\'  F^, 

Woodring.  .(oliii  (:. 

Ziininernian,  W. 

JIISTOKV    (»F    AI/i'(H)NA    AND    151, AIU    COUNTY. 



BY  H.   II.   SNYDKR. 

Adiini  nnd  William  Ilclliday  were  brotlicvs.*  They  ciiii.uTatod  to 
this  countrY  from  tlie  north  of  Ireland  in  the  year  1*150,  and  settled 
in  liancaster  eonnty  in  this  State.  From  there  they  moYed  to  Frank- 
lin count  V    and  settled  on  the  banks  of  the  Conoeoeheagne.     They 

served  in  the  Avars  against  tlie  Freiieli  and  Indians,  of  1155-0  and  of 
1762-3.  Adam  was  a  lieutenant  under  Col.  Armstrong,  and  accom- 
panied him  on  his  expedition  over  the  mountains  to  destroy  the  In- 
dian town  of  Kittanning.     Their  route  was  over  the  ground  on  which 

*In  his  liistory  of  Juniata  Yalley,  Mr.  Jones  states  that  Adam  and  William 
llollidiiy  were  cousins.  This  error  sliould  be  corrected.  The  grand-daughter  of 
Adam,  now-  residing  in  Lowistown,  a  lady  of  line  intelligence,  and  good  memory, 
seventy-six  years  of  age,  states  that  they  were  brothers,  and  she  is  at  a  loss  to  know 
how  such  an  error  could  have  originated. 


HollidaYsburg-  now  stands.  In  IT 68,  these  brothers  resolved  to  seek 
a  new  location,  and,  placing-  all  their  earthly  possessions  on  pack- 
horses,  faced  westward,  hoping  to  reach  the  banks  of  the  Allegheny 
and  possess  themselves  of  some  of  the  fertile  lands  which  border  on 
that  river,  and  they,  like  others  we  read  of  in  history,  saw  and  ad- 
mired those  rich  valleys  whilst  engaged  in  their  military  campaigns. 
But  upon  their  arrival  at  the  place  Avhere  Hollidaysburg  now  stands, 
then  a  wild  and  unbroken  wilderness,  they  determined  to  halt  and 
proceed  no  farther.  They  apprehended  trouble  with  the  Indians  who 
still  held  undisputed  possession  of  the  lands  of  that  region. 

Adam  Holliday  took  out  a  warrant  for  one  thousand  acres  of  land 
and  erected  his  "homestead,"  a  rough  building  of  logs,  on  the  brow 
of  the  hill  from  which  he  could  have  a  good  view  of  the  Juniata 
river  as  it  meandered  its  course  through  the  forests  of  beach  and  ma- 
ple, sugar  and  hickory,  and  had,  at  the  same  time,  a  commanding 
view  of  the  country  beyond.  The  site  of  this  pioneer  hut  was  the 
south-west  corner  of  Allegheny  and  Montgomery  streets.  William 
crossed  the  river,  and  although  somewhat  discouraged  by  the  swampy 
nature  of  the  soil,  finally  found  a  location  to  suit  him,  in  the  ravine 
south  of  Gaysport,  and  what  was  for  many  years  known  as  the  Jack- 
son farms.  He  purchased  one  thousand  acres  from  Mr.  Peters.  Gay- 
sport  is  built  on  a  portion  of  this  purchase. 


The  first  sul)stantial  house  was  erected  about  the  of  the 
Revolutionary  war,  by  Mr.  Adam  Holliday,  on  the  bank  of  the  river 
near  where  the  bridge  between  Hollidaysburg  and  Gaysport  now 
stands.  Many  of  the  older  citizens  of  the  town  have  seen  and  re- 
member the  old  log  house.  Here  he  lived  to  a  good  old  age,  and 
died  in  1801.  Soon  after  the  war  broke  out,  and  the  Indians  were 
hunting  white  scalps  for  shipment  to  Canada,  to  be  paid  for  with 
British  gold,  Lieut.  Holliday  took  command  of  all  the  able-bodied  set- 
tlers, and  selecting  a  favorable  site  erected  a  fort,  which  he  named 
"Roberdeau,"  in  honor  of  a  French  officer  whom  he  admired.  This 
fort  was  located  on  the  flat  l)etween  the  Williamsburg  branch  railroad 
and  the  river,  and  not  far  from  the  "Two  locks."  It  proved,  indeed, 
a  place  of  refuge  for  the  settlers,  for  here  they  would  gather  with 
their  women  and  children  and  remain  sometimes  for  weeks.  In  the 
year  1781,  early  in  the  month  of  August,  William  Holliday,  having 
heard  from  the  scouts  that  the  country  was  clear  of  Indians,  left  Fort 
Roberdeau,  accompanied  by  his  two  sons,  Adam  and  Patrick,  and  his 


little  davi.u-htcr,  Jtinct,  aii'cd  alxnit  foiirtci'ii,  and  wont  over  to  the  farm 
in  the  ravine  to  take  ott'  a  crop  of  hay,  when  suddenly  and  unex- 
pectedly they  were  attacked  Ijy  a  party  of  Indians,  who  lay  in  am- 
1)ush,  and  his  two  sons  and  daughter  were  killed.  Mr.  Holliday  nar- 
rowly escaped  with  his  life.  The  bodies  were  found  where  they  had 
ftillen.  All  were-scalped.  They  were  buried  on  the  farm,  near  where 
they  fell,  and  a  rude  stone  marks  their  graves.  This  tragedy,  hor- 
rible in  its  details,  is  part  of  the  history  of  the  early  settlement  of 
this  part  of  the  country,  and  is  cited  as  an  instance  of  th(^  cruelty  of 
savages  and  the  hardships  of  the  pioneers.  It  was  many  months  be- 
fore William  recovered  from  this  fearful  shock.  The  screams  of  his 
little  daughter,  as  she  was  being  heartlessly  and  brutally  butchered 
by  the  savage  fiends,  rang  in  his  ears  for  many  months  afterward, 
and  at  times  he  was  almost  bereft  of  reason.  But  he  did  recover  from 
it,  and  lived  for  many  years  afterward,  and,  dying  at  a  good  old  age, 
was  laid  to  rest  by  the  side  of  his  children.  The  place  is  still  known 
as  the  "Holliday  burying  ground." 

Adam  Holliday  left  surviving  him  a  son  and  a  daughter— John 
and  Janet.  John  was  accounted,  in  his  day,  the  wealthiest  man  in 
this  country.  He  removed  to  the  Conemaugh  and  purchased  all  that 
tract  of  land  on  which  Johnstown  now  stands,  but  having  no  faith  in 
the  future  greatness  of  Johnstown,*  sold  out  to  Peter  Livergood  for 
eight  dollars  an  acre,  and  returned  to  Hollidaysburg.  He  immedi- 
ately erected  a  hotel,  and  in  the  east  end  of  the  building  opened  a 
general  store.  The  hotel  property  was  subsequently  purchased  by 
Mr.  Peter  Hewit,  father  of  Mr.  James  M.  Hewit,  who  occupied  it  as  a 
hotel,  store  and  post  office  until  the  year  1839,  Avhen  it  was  torn 
down  and  on  the  same  ground  was  erected  the  large  brick  build- 
ing now  known  as  the  "American  House." 

In  the  primitive  hotel  liuilding  was  born  Alexander  L.  Holliday, 
son  of  John  Holliday.  James  M.  Hewit  was  also  born  in  the  old 
hotel  building.  Both  these  gentlemen  are  still  citizens  of  Hollidays- 
burg.    Janet  Holliday  married  William  Reynolds,  of  Bedford  county. 

Her   sons William,  James  and  Holliday — were  proprietors   of  the 

American  House  during  the  years  1853-5.      Mrs.  Thomas  W.  Jack- 
son, of  Altoona,  is  a  daughter  of  James  Reynolds. 

The  Blairsville  and  Huntingdon  turnpike,  which  i)asses  through 
Hollidaysburg,  was  completed  in  1818.     The  completion  of  this  ini- 

*  Mr.  Holliday's  clu-istian  name  being  "  John."  the  town  was  called  JoHxs-town. 
Had  not  his  surname  entered  into  tlio  composition  of  ■'IloUiihiyshurg,"  John.stown 
would  doubtless  have  been  called  Hollidaysburg. 


])ortant  hig-hway  was  reg-ardod  as  a  long  stride  in  pvogress.  Previous 
to  this  time  the  road  through  this  country  was  little  more  than  a 
bridle  path,  and  at  an  early  day  was  known  as  a  trail,  called  the  "Kit- 
tanning  trail."  It  crossed  the  river  diagonally,  starting  at  Alle- 
gheny street,  crossing  Avhere  the  viaduct  now  stands,  and  coming 
out  at  the  steam  grist  miir  of  Wood,  Morrel  &  Co.  At  that  time 
Hollidaysburg  consisted  of  the  "Holliday  and  Adams' Taverns"  and  a 
few  scattering  houses.  It  now  began  to  assume  an  air  of  more  im- 
portance. The  teamsters  hauling  merchandise  between  Philadelphia, 
or  Baltimore,  and  Pittsburg  made  this  a  halting  place,  and  almost 
every  night  the  space  in  front  of  the  "tavern,"  now  the  diamond, 
would  be  crowded  with  heavily  ladened  wagons.  The  "Adams 
House,"  or  tavern,  as  it  was  called,  was  the  oldest  hotel  in  Hollidays- 
burg, and  was  built  about  the  year  1790.  Mr.  John  Bowers,  sr.,  stated 
in  the  vear  1831,  that  when  a  young  man,  about  forty  years  before 
that  time,  he  stopped  over  night  at  this  house.  It  occupied  the 
ground  on  Allegheny  street,  where  the  buildings  of  A.  F.  Osterloh 
and  Mrs.  S.  C.  Snyder  now  stand.  This  house  was  for  many  years 
a  favorite  resort.  The  elections  for  Frankstown  and  Allegheny  town- 
shi^is  were  held  in  it,  the  politics  of  the  day  were  discussed  here, 
and  in  its  ample  grounds  the  men  for  miles  around,  even  from  Franks- 
town,  would  gather  and  play  what  was  then  the  favorite  game  of 
"ga))le  ball." 


From  the  best  information  obtainable,  and  a  careful  comparison  of 
dates,  it  is  safe  to  say  that  the  town  of  Hollidaysburg  was  surveyed 
and  plotted  as  early  as  1780,  not  later  than  this,  and  perhaps  a  few 
years  earlier.  Mr.  James  M.  Hewit  has  in  his  possession  a  copy  of 
the  original  town  plot,  and  it  is  very  unfortunate  that  it  does  not 
contain  a  date  ;  not  even  the  date  when  the  copy  was  made.  This 
old  paper  has  been  in  his  possession  for  upwards  of  forty  years.  We 
know  the  town  was  plotted  prior  to  1781,  because  Miss  Janet  Holli- 
day,  who  was  massacred  by  the  Indians  in  August  of  that  year,  was 
the  owner  of  a  lot  on  Walnut  street,  between  Wayne  and  Union. 
This  copy  was  evidently  made  in  a  very  early  period  of  the  century,, 
for  the  lot  on  the  north-west  corner  of  Allegheny  and  Wayne 
streets,  now  the  property  of  Mrs.  Virginia  Over,  and  was  owned  by 
her  uncle,  Christian  Garber,  as  early  as  1808,  and  on  the  plot  it  is  in 
the  name  of  Peter  Titus.  The  boundaries  of  the  town  were  Front 
street  on  the  west :  Union  street  on  the  east;  Walnut  street  on  the 


novtli,  iiiul  MuHh'ITV  street  on  the  south.  TUvvr  were  no  lots  on  the 
west  side  of  Front  street;  on  the  south  si(h'  of  :\Iull)erry  street, 
nor  on  the  east  side  of  Union  strwt.  Tlie  laiid  l)etweon  Mul- 
berry street,  or  the  southern  limits,  iind  llie  river  wiis  covered 
by  the  most  beautiful  sugar,  hickory  and  walnut  trees — it  was  a  fa- 
mous sugar  camp.  This  beautiful  ^voods  long  remained  a  place  of  re- 
sort. It  was  known  as  the  ^rove  adjoining  the  basin.  Here  the  pa- 
triotic citizens  assembled  to  celebrate 

THE    FOURTH    OF    .JULY. 

One  of  these  good  old-fashioned  celebrations,  which  occurred  on 
July  4th,  1830,  will  be  briefly  referred  to,  fov  the  purpose  of  showing 
the  spirit  of  Hollida\-sburg  at  that  day  :  John  Dougherty,  i)roprietor 
of  the  United  States  hotel,  was  the  caterer  of  tlie  occasion,  or,  as  was 
the  custom  at  that  time,  he  was  selected  by  the  committee  of  arrange- 
ments to  get  up  the  dinner.  He  and  his  good  wife  were  recognized 
as  the  host  and  hostess.  Everybody  assembled  at  the  "United 
States,"  wdiere  the  procession  was  formed,  and,  headed  by  a  band  of 
music,  proceeded  to  the  grove.  C.  Garber,  esq.,  was  chosen  presi- 
dent, and  John  Dougherty,  vice-president.  After  the  reading  of  the 
Declaration  of  Independence,  by  Mr.  John  Davidson,  the  Hon. 
Samuel  Calvin,  wdio  had  but  two  months  previously  ma,de  his  debut 
as  a  young  lawyer,  was  introduced  to  the  large  assemblage,  wdiich  "  ob- 
served much  respectful  order  and  attention,"  and  delivered  an  oration 
which  was  well  received  and  highly  spoken  of.  In  this  oration  Mr. 
Calvin  took  strong  ground  against  the  growing  agitation  of  the 
slavery  question,  and  denominated  the  Abolitionists  as  "self-styled 
philanthropists,^^  and  predicted  that  a  continuation  of  these  discus- 
sions would  eventually  lead  to  Avar  between  the  Xorth  and  South. 
After  the  good  things  had  disap])(>ared,  and  evcn-ybody  was  feeling 
happy,  the  toasts  were  read.  In  those  days  toasts  upon  all  festive 
occasions  were  indispensable.  It  will  no  doubt  be  interesting  to 
many  of  the  citizens  of  Hollidaysburg  to  give  a  few  of  them 
that  an  idea  may  be  had  of  the  feelings  and  sentiments  of  the  lead- 
ing citizens  of  Hollidaysburg  forty -four  years  ago.  There  were  thir- 
teen "regular  toasts,"  and  perhaps  fifty  or  sixty  by  the  citizens.  Of 
the  regular  toasts,  we  select:  "The  day  we  celebrate — Avorthy  the 
commemoration  of  freeman."  [Yankee  Doodle  ;  three  cheers.]  "The 
memory  of  General  George  Washington."  [Drank  silent  and  stand- 
ing.] By  the  vice-president  of  the  day :  "  Beaver  Dam  Branch,  of 
the  Juniata  river  at  Hollidaysburg ;  yesterday,  a  rill,  too  small  to 
float  an    Indian    canoe ;  to-day,  a  lake  covered    with    canal    boats  ; 


twenty  rears  hence,  navigated  with  steam-boats ;  go  ahead,  keep 
moving."  By  George  R.  McFarlane  :  "The  memory  of  James  Mad- 
ison: The  hist  of  the  band  of  sages,  who  reared  the  edifice  of  the 
Constitution  ;  having  lived  to  see  the  work  of  his  hands  cemented  by 
time,  strengthened  l)y  the  storms  Avhich  have  beat  against  it,  and 
bidding  fair  to  immortality,  he  is  sunk  to  rest,  full  of  years  and  full 
of  honors. 

'How  sleeps  the  sage  who  sinks  to  rest, 
With  all  his  country's  wishes  blest.' " 

By  Joseph  Baldridge:  "The  yearly  return  of  the  Fourth  of  July: 
May  it  always  find  mankind  on  an  equality."  By  James  Morehouse : 
"Allegheny  Portage  Railway:  How  magnificent  an  improvement 
compared  with  the  serpentine  pathway  by  which  our  forefathers 
wended  their  way  over  the  rugged  Allegheny."  By  C.  McCormick: 
"  May  the  people  of  Hollidaysburg  never  feel  want,  nor  ever  want 
feeling."  By  James  Cooper :  "  The  fair  sex  of  Hollidaysburg  :  Long- 
may  they  continue  what  they  are,  a  virtuous  and  intelligent  class." 
By  H.  .Divine :  "Pennsylvania  improvements  over  the  Alleghen}^ 
mountain,  without  incline  planes,  is  only  wanting  to  make  them  su- 
perior to  any  in  the  world,  and  show  that  nature  has  formed  no  bar- 
rier to  American  enterprise."  By  Jacob  Snyder:  "The  declaration, 
of  July,  "76,  and  the  Pennsylvania  resolutions,  passed  by  the  legisla- 
ture at  the  extra  session  of  1836;  the  former  declaring  to  the  world 
that  we  are  free  and  independent  States;  the  latter  sustaining,  with 
the  firmness  of  our  fathers,  the  true  principles  on  which  the  ITnioii 
of  States  shall  be  maintained."  By  W.  G.  Campbell:  "Mr.  Calvin, 
the  orator  of  the  day  :  May  he  live  a  hundred  years,  and  every  day 
like  this."  By  L.  H.  Williams:  "Henry  Clay:  May  the  evening  of 
his  life  be  as  calm  as  the  morning  was  glorious."  By  C.  Lowe  : 
"The  ladies  of  Hollidaysburg  and  vicinity  cannot  be  excelled  for  vir- 
tue, beauty  and  intelligence."  By  Wm.  M.  Lloyd:  "Texas,  like  our 
forefathers,  her  sons  are  struggling  for  independence :  may  they  be 
as  successful,  and  convince  tyrants  that  they  cannot  enchain  the  spirit 
of  liberty."  B}'  the  company:  "Our  Host  and  Hostess  deserve  the 
thanks  of  this  company  for  the  excellent  fare  and  superior  style  of 
our  dinner." 

"billy"   DONALDSON'S   TAVERN. 

A  stone  building  stood  in  the  diamond  on  the  ground  now  occu- 
pied by  the  opera  house.  It  was  built  early  in  the  century,  probably 
in  1808  or  1810.  It  was  occupied  in  1814  as  a  general  store  by 
John   Swope,  who  came  from  Huntingdon.     This  property  Avas  pur- 


chased  l)v  William  Ponaldson,  who  put  an  addition  to  it,  and  used  it 
for  a  hotel.  "IJilly"  Donaldson's  tavern  beoanie  very  popular.  The 
landlord  was  a  famous  character,  and  many  amusing'  anecdotes  re- 
gardin,!--  him  are  still  narrated.  It  was  also  a  favorite  Ijoardiug  house, 
and  numy  young  unmarried  gentlemen,  who  subsequently  became 
prominent  leading-  citizens  of  tlie  town,  some  of  whom  are  still  liv- 
ing, boarded  here,  amongst  whom  uuiy  ))e  mentioned,  Hon.  Samuel 
Calvin,  A.  L.  Holliday,  Jacob  Snyder,  Caleb  Chaml)ers,  Henry 
Lloyd,  (brother  of  Wm.  M.  Lloyd,  of  Altoona,)  John  Culbcrtson, 
and  John  Penu  Jones. 


Bat  up  to  the  period  of  1830-1  Frankstown  was  the  metropolis  of 
this  region  of  country,  and  the  locality  of  Hollidaysburg  was  only 
distinguished  by  a  few  houses  scattered  along  the  road.  The  post 
office  was  at  Frankstown  ;  the  churches  were  at  Frankstown,  or  near 
there;  the  stores,  with  the  heavy  stocks  of  goods,  w-ere  at  Franks- 
town,  and  if  the  ladies  of  fashion,  the  belles  of  that  day,  wished  fine 
dress  goods,  and  of  stylish  patterns,  they  must  go  to  Frankstowai  to 
purchase  them. 


Hollidayslnirg  had  its  growth  and  liecame  a  town  of  importance 
from  its  situation  lacing  at  the  termini  of  the  Pennsylvania  canal  and 
Allegheny  Portage  railroad.     In  1831,  when  the  act  authorizing  the 
construction  of  these  public  wairks  became  a  law^,  Hollidaysburg  was 
but  a  small  hamlet ;  Frankstown,  as  before  intimated,   and  Xewry 
were  towns  of  far  greater  importance.     It  was  generally   conceded 
that    wherever  the   "basin"   or  canal  terminus  would  be  located,  a 
town  would  spring  into  existence  which  would  be   of  considerable 
consequence,    precisely   as  the  location   of  the   shops  and   principal 
offices  of  the  Pennsylvania   Railroad  company  created  a  large  and 
prosperous  town.     The  engineers  in  charge  considered  Frankstown 
as  the  natural  point,  and  the  "basin"  was  not  only  "staked  off"" 
there,  but  its  construction  actually  commenced,  and  on  the  strength 
of  it  Mr.  Henrv  Denlinger  commenced  the  erection  of  a  large  three- 
storv  brick  hotel.     Town  lots  went  up  rapidly,  and  for  awhile  the 
old  town  enjoyed  quite  a  "boom."     An  effort  was  made  to  locate  the 
"basin"  on  the  farm  of  Jacob  Wertz,  now  owned  by  Mr.  George  W. 
Rhodes,    and  an  offer  of  ten  thousand  dollars,  a  good  sum  at  that 
time,  was  made  for  the  land ;  but  the  old  man  refused  to  sell.     Per- 
haps if  Jacob  had  not  proved  so  contrary  and  obstinate,  HoUidays- 


burg-  would  never  have  had  any  other  existence  than  a  resting  place 
for  teamsters.  The  farm  of  Patrick  McCloskey,  where  the  reservoir 
was  subsecjuently  located,  was  also  selected  as  the  place  for  the  canal 
"basin."  The  Wertz  farm  was  the  place  designated  l)y  nature  for  its 
location,  for  near  that  point  is  the  junction  of  two  branches  of  the 
Juniata  river,  and  with  a  proper  dam,  it  is  fair  to  presume  that  the 
large  expenditure  of  money  for  the  construction  of  the  reservoir 
would  never  have  become  a. necessity. 


But  John  Blair,  the  same  for  whom  the  county  was  named,  (and  he 
was  thus  honored  by  his  friends  in  Hollidaysburg  for  this  very  ac- 
tion,) was  the  leading  politician  in  all  this  region.  He  represented 
the  west  end  of  Huntingdon  county  in  the  legislature,  and  was  also 
possessed  of  a  widely  extended  influence.  It  was  he  who  agitated 
the  building  of  the  turnpike,  and  who  first  talked  of  the  expediency 
of,  and  insisted  upon,  crossing  the  Allegheny  mountains  with  a  rail- 
road b\'  means  of  incline  planes.  The  proposition  was  at  first  re- 
garded as  chimerical  and  visionary ;  but  he  had  taken  the  levels  him- 
self, with  a  rudely  constructed  instrument  made  of  birch  bark,  and  he 
demonstrated  from  actual  observation  the  feasibilit}'  and  practicability 
of  the  scheme.  He  was  enterprising  and  progressive,  and  at  the 
same  time  awake  to  his  own  interests.  He  was  th(^  owner  of  hun- 
dreds of  acres  of  coal  lands  on  the  Alleghenies,  and  he  intended  that 
these  mineral  lands  should  be  developed.  He  was  in  the  Legislature 
when  the  question  of  the  "basin"  was  being  discussed.  He  wanted 
it  at  Hollidaysburg.  Huntingdon  hooted  at  the  idea  of  a  canal 
"basin  "  being  located  in  the  mountains,  and  the  Hon.  John  William- 
son, of  Huntingdon,  in  illustration  of  his  point,  declared  that  the 
eyes  of  the  boatmen  would  be  blinded  with  the  dust  which  would 
rise  from  the  bottom  of  the  "basin"  located  there.  Subsequent 
events  went  far  to  prove  that  Mr.  Williamson  had  a  pretty  clear  com- 
prehension of  the  thinness  of  the  water  in  this  direction.  But 
John  Blair  had  set  his  heart  on  Hollidaysburg.  He  wanted  a  turn- 
pike and  he  got  it;  he  wanted  a  railroad  and  he  got  it;  and  now  he 
wanted  the  "basin"  located  at  Hollidaysburg  and  it  was  done.  If, 
at  a  later  day,  Hollidaysburg  had  possesed  such  an  able  and  generous 
champion  and  friend  as  the  Hon.  John  Blair,  the  city  of  Altoona,  in 
Blair  county,  would  never  have  been  heard  of. 



The  first  canal  boat  arrived  in  llollidaysburg  in  the  fall  of  1833, 
and  was  named  the  "John  Blair."  The  event  was  celebrated  by  a 
grand  ball.  No  bnilding  in  the  town  was  large  enough  to  accommo- 
date the  guests,  and  the  music  and  dancing  was  adjourned  to  the 
large  brick  building  in  Frankstown,  known  as  the  "Denlingcr  hotel." 
The  work  on  the  railroad  was  so  far  completed  on  the  26th  of  No- 
vember, 1833,  as  to  permit  the  passage  of  the  first  car  over  its  entire 
length.  On  the  18th  of  March,  1834,  the  road  Avas  opened  as  a  pub- 
lic highway.  The  Canal  and  Portage  Railroad  Exchange,  a  new  and 
spacious  brick  hotel,  corner  of  Mulberry  and  Montgomery  streets, 
was  opened  to  the  public  April  1,  1834,  and  was  kept  by  J.  C.  Wil- 
liams and  R.  M.  Shaw.  The  United  States  hotel  was  l)uilt  ))y  John 
Dougherty,  on  the  corner  of  Juniata  and  Wayne  streets,  a))oiit  the 
year  1840. 


.  Aljout  1834  the  citizens  of  the  town  took  great  interest  in  educa- 
tion. The  common  school  hiw  had  been  enacted  the  year  previous, 
and  they  were  anxious  to  see  it  in  operation.  A  large  meeting — 
called  then  "a  great  meeting" — of  the  friends  of  e^ducation  was  held 
in  the  i)id)lic  school  house  on  the  Dth  day  of  September.  Joseph 
Adams  was  president;  John  Lytle  and  Samuel  Smith,  vice-presidents, 
and  John  Brotherline  and  Isaac  Yingling,  secretaries.  On  motion  of 
Jacob  Snyder,  esq.,  a  committee  of  live  persons  was  appointed  for 
the  pur})Ose  of  drafting  a  preamble  and  resolutions  exi)re,ssive  of  the 
views  of  the  meeting,  and  also  to  select  six  citizens  to  be  nominated 
by  the  meeting  as  candidates  for  school  directors.  The  chair  ap- 
pointed Jacob  Snyder,  David  Y.  Hileman,  John  Davis,  William  Mc- 
Farland  and  Joseph  Purse  as  that  committee.  The  committee  re- 
tired and  prepared  a  lengthy  preamble  and  resolutions,  in  which  was 
set  forth,  in  strong  and  effective  language,  the  great  advantage  to  bo 
derived  from  a  good  system  for  the  public  schools,  and  predicted  the 
future  greatness  of  the  Commonwealth  and  the  country  if  the  law- 
would  be  in-operly  and  li])erally  enforced.  The  candidates  then  nom- 
inated for  tlui  l)oard  of  school  directors  at  that  meeting  were  all 
elected,  and  it  might  l)e  well  to  note  here  that  this  was  the  first  board 
of  school  directors  in  Hollidaysburg  and  in  this  part  of  the  county. 
The  board  comprised  Robert  McNamara,  Suttle  F.  Henry,  John 
Barr,  Henry  Stiffler,  E.  Giill)raith  and  James  Smith,  sr.,  of  Scotch 



The  town  of  Hollidaysburg  was  ore:anized  into  a  borough,  by  or- 
der of  the  Court  of  Quarter  Sessions  of  Huntingdon  county,  in  the 
month  of  August,  1836,  under  the  act  of  Assembly  approved  April 
1,  1835,  and  became  sulyect  also  to  the  provisions  of  the  act  of  As- 
sembly of  April  3,  1851,  by  order  of  the  Court  of  Quarter  Sessions 
of  Blair  county,  July  24,  1854.  The  first  election  for  borough  offi- 
cers was  held  on  the  13th  day  of  September,  1836,  and  the  folloAving 
gentlemen  were  elected  :  Burgess,  Dr.  James  Coffey  ;  town  council, 
Joseph  Reed,  John  Walker,  William  McFarland,  D.  Mitchell  and  S. 
F.  Henry ;  constable,  Simon  Brotherline. 


The  burgess  and  town  council  held  their  first  meeting  on  Tues- 
day, September  20th,  and  made  the  following  appointment  of  borough 
officers:  town  clerk,  Alexander  McCormick;  (now  a  citizen  of  Al- 
toona ;)  treasurer,  James  McCahan ;  assessor,  Peter  Hewit,  esq.  ; 
assistant  assessor,  John  Mitchell ;  street  commissioners.  Col. 
Samuel  Smith  and  John  Dougherty;  street  regulators,  James  Craw- 
ford, esq.,  C.  Garber,  esq.,  and  Col.  John  Bingham  ;  firemen,  John 
Irwin,  Samuel  Frampton,  esq.,  James  Clossin  and  Abraham  Brown; 
collector,  James  Clossin. 

The  office  of  "  street  regulator  "  has  been  for  years  abolished.  It 
was  the  duty  of  these  officers  to  superintendent  the  grading  of  the 
streets.  This  was  an  important  matter.  Hollidaysburg  had  in  it- 
many  ugly  "Avashes"  and  gullies;  these  had  to  be  filled  and  hills  cut 
down  and  a  proper  grade  established.  Allegheny  street  had  in  it  a 
good  sized  gully  or  wash-out,  which  continued  itself  down  through 
Avhat  is  noAV  the  lot  of  Moses  Brown ;  in  some  places  it  Avas  eight  or 
ten  feet  deep,  and  proportionately  Avide  at  the  top. 


The  borough  had  little  or  no  money  in  the  treasury,  and  the  ques- 
tion of  raising  funds  became  an  important  one.  All  that  AvasAvanted, 
or  asked  for,  Avas  fifteen  hundred  dollars,  and  Avith  this  modest  sum 
the  borough  council,  assisted  by  their  honest  board  of  regulators,  pro- 
posed to  accomplish  the  Avork.  It  was  proposed  that  a  loan  be  taken 
of  the  citizens,  but  the  subject  of  issuing  the  bonds  of  the  borough 
was  not  broached  or,  perhaps,  thought  of.  The  liberal  minded  citi- 
zen was  iuA'ited  to  deposit  a  sum  in  the  treasury,  and  as  an  evidence 
of  this  obligation  a  certificate  AA^as  given  him,  Avhich  was  to  be   used 


l)y  him,  or  the  hohU-r,  in  the  i>;iynieiit  of  taxes.  The  ordinance  was 
a(h)i)te(l  ill  June,  I80T,  and  the  eertifieate  was  in  the  followin,;:-  lan- 
guaye : 


"  This  is  to  cortify  that  there  is  due  to  bearer  from  the  Burgess.  Town  Council 
and  citizens  of  the  Borough  of  Ilollldaysburg  One  Dollar,  bearing  an  interest,  re- 
deemable in  the  payment  of  taxes,  by  virtue  of  an  ordinance  passed  by  the  Town 
Council,  June  19,  1837.  James  Coffey,  Burgess." 

These  borough  notes  were  printed  on  brown  or  yellow  paper,  and 
were  called  "shinplasters,"  and  passed  current  Avith  the  merchants 
and  dealers  in  the  town  and  vicinity.  It  is  said  that  some  of  the  hon- 
est old  farmers  became  indignant  and  disgusted  when  it  was  at- 
tempted to  circulate  this  sort  of  money  amongst  them,  but  their  dark 
visaged  countenances  brightened,  and  finally  radiated  with  a  broad 
grin,  when  it  became  evident  that  they  wonld  bring  a  pound  of  coffee, 
or  a  quart  of  whisky  as  quickly  as  the  gold  or  silver.  These  "  shin- 
plasters  "  must  have  been  popular,  for  since  the  earliest  recollections 
of  the  writer  the  streets  of  Hollidaysburg  have  been  finely  graded 
and  well  paved. 


As  early  as  1836  the  feasibility  of  the  construction  of  a  contin- 
uous line  of  railway  from  Philadelphia  to  Pittsburg,  and  over  the  Al- 
leghenies  without  incline  planes,  was  earnestly  and  enthusiastically 
discussed.  Accordingly  a  large  "  Railroad  Convention"  was  called 
to  assemble  at  Hollidaysburg,  on  Tuesday  the  24th  day  of  January, 
1837.  The  convention  was  in  session  two  days.  It  was  composed 
of  delegates  from  Westmoreland,  Indiana,  Cambria,  Huntingdon, 
Mifflin  and  Juniata  counties.  The  delegates  from  Huntingdon  county 
Avere  Gilbert  L.  Lloyd,  Dr.  J.  H.  Dorsey,  John  M.  Owens,  James 
Henderson,  David  McMurtrie,  David  Blair,  G.  W.  Russ,  William 
McFarlaud,  Thomas  B.  Moore,  Dr.  H.  Y.  Bramwell,  J.  S.  Weisling, 
Samuel  Calvin,  Maxwell  Kinkead,  Edward  Bell,  D.  Buoy,  W.  R. 
Hampson,  Peter  Hewit,  John  Cresswell,  Sr.,  A.  P.  Wilson,  James 
A.  McCahan,  Samuel  Royer,  Henry  Divine,  J.  Bingham,  Dr.  James 
Coff'ey,  S.  F.  Henry,  Anthony  G.  Stewart,  Robert  Dowry,  A.  Mc- 
Cormick,  S.  Frampton  and  Thomas  J.  Kennedy. 

A  committee  was  appointed  to  prepare  a  memorial  to  the  Legisla- 
ture and  an  address  to  the  people  of  Pennsylvania.  A.  P.  Wilson, 
Samuel  Calvin  and  John  Bingham  were  of  this  committee  for  Hun- 
tingdon county.  Strong  resolutions,  favoring  and  predicting  the 
great  importance  and  utility  of  the  project,  were  adopted.  It  was 
resolved   that   the    convention   was  firmly  and  decidedly  convinced 






W.  P.  HUSSEY,  A.  M..  Principal. 

HISTOUV    OF    ALTOONA    AND    TtKAHl    COINTY.  21.*] 

of  tlu'  itcrfect  praclicalnlity  of  construct iiiii'  !<  cdiitiiiiioiis  I'ailroad, 
without  incline  planes,  tVoni  llarrisluii-j>-,  throug-h  the  \alley  (dtlie 
Juniata,  and  aloiiii' the  Blackliek,  on  the  western  side  of  the  moun- 
tain, and  i)assinu-  thron^'h  Westmoreland  county  to  the  waters  of  the 
Scwickly,  You<iiu\i>-heny  aud  Monon.u-aiiela,  to  rittsljurii';  that  the 
route  })asses  throujih  the  richest  mineral  region.-  of  the  CtimuKUi- 
Avealth ;  that  Pennsyhania  was  anxious  to  secure  the  lar^c  trade  of 
the  west  bv  the  construction  of  oiu'  coutiuuou.-.  rnih'ojid  on  Ihesliort- 
est  and  best  route,  and  passiii.u'  directly  throu^-h  the  middle  of  the 
Commonwealth;  that  this  route  was  demanded  by  the  im-reasing- 
trade  which  i)asses  between  the  eastei'ii  and  western  waters.  A  com- 
mittee on  finance  was  appointed,  consisting'  of  .lames  A.  McCahan, 
Peter  Hewit  and  Dr.  James  Coffey,  ^)efore  adjourninu',  a  resolution 
Avas  unanimously  adopted  returninu"  the  thanks  of  the  convention  to 
"the  trustees  of  the  Methodist  Episcopal  church,  in  lloUidaysburii-, 
for  the  polite  manner  in  which  they  lune  ,i;-i\en  to  the  convention  the 
use  of  their  conunodious  building-." 


On  llie  mornin.u'  of  the  19th  of  Juiu",  1888,  the  town  was  visited 
by  a  terriljle  storm  and  flood.  The  rain  began  to  fall  about  midnig-ht, 
and  continued,  in  unceasing  torrents,  until  about  six  o'clock  in  the 
morning.  The  waters  descended  furiously  in  every  direction  from  the 
high  grounds,  in  immense  columns,  until  all  that  portion  of  Gaysport 
lying  between  the  railroad  and  the  river  wa*;  covered  witii  a  wild  and 
almost  irresistable  flood.  The  Juniata  had  risen  al)0ut  fourteen  feet 
above  its  ordinary  level.  The  water  in  the  dwellings  near  the  river 
had  risen  as  high  as  from  four  to  five  feet.  This  terril)le  flood  did 
mucdi  damage  to  the  canal  between  Hollidaysburg  and  Huntingdon, 
amounting  to  al)out  half  a  million  of  dollars.  Joseph  Kemp,  still 
a  resident  of  Hollidaysburg,  and  Henry  Lloyd,  who  died  a  few 
months  ago  in  Pittsburg,  were  at  the  time  connected  with  the  I'ilot 
Line  Transportation  company,  and  being  in  Gaysi)ort  during  this  event- 
ful night,  endeavored  to  make  their  escape  on  a  porch.  The  frail 
craft  broke  in  pieces,  and  their  fate  was  for  a  few  moments  in- 
tenselv  critical.  Their  escape  from  drowning  was  miraculous.  A 
woman,  nanu'd  Mrs.  Barrick,  and  two  young  children,  whilst 
attempting  to  escape,  were  drowned.  The  store  house  of  Chambers 
&  King  was  wrenched  from  its  foundation  and  borne  down  the 
stream  ;  the  building  was  crushed  against  the  viaduct  and  the  entire 
stock  of  u'oods  lost.  Their  loss  was  estimated  at  SfyOOO.  John 


Bousloii.tih,  a  nu'iTlumt,  lost  much  of  his  stock;  also,  John  Ciill)ert- 
son  lost  merchandise  and  furniture  ;  John  Keim,  a  g'rocer,  lost  almost 
his  entire  stock  ;  Peter  Boyles  lost  a  large  new  stable;  John  Barr 
had  his  furniture  damag-ed  and  a  line- library  destroyed;  the  paint  shop 
of  Mr.  E.i^bert  was  carried  away;  Mr.  A.  Ennis  lost  furniture,  books 
and  shinji'les;  the  Baltimore  and  Pittsburg  line  lost  a  new  stable; 
Hewit  &  McComb  lost  several  small  houses;  Mr.  Samuel  Sharrer lost 
consideralde  material  used  in  boat  building;  and  Mr.  Charles  Hughes' 
brick  \'ard  and  a  large  stock  of  brick  were  destroyed. 

The  town  was  again  visited  with  a  terril)le  and  destructive  freshet 
October  7,  1841.  The  rain  began  falling  on  the  previous  day, 
and  bv  three  o'clock  on  Thursday  afternoon  the  water  was  over  the 
l)anks  of  the  river  and  some 'three  or  four  feet  dee])  in  the  buildings 
nearest  the  stream  in  Gaysport.  The  store  house  of  James  R.  Pat- 
ton,  the  barber  sho])  of  Snyder  Carr,  the  office  and  store  building  of 
Justice  Smith,  Herrou's  blacksmith  shop,- tlic  tailor  shop  of  William 
Charlton,  and  a  warehouse  l)elonging  to  S.  J.  Royer  &  Co.,  were 
carried  olV.  Serious  damage  was  done  to  the  canal,  and  the  farmers 
along  the  I'iver  lost  h(mvily. 


Perhaps  no  event  in  the  history  of  the  peo]de  of  Hollidaysburg 
was  the  subject  of  so  much  Intercast,  and  fraught  with  so  much  im- 
])ortance  as  the  erection  of  the  new  county  of  Blair,  to  be  composed 
of  parts  of  Huntingdon  *and  Bedford  counties.  These  counties  op- 
posed the  measure,  in  season  and  out  of  season,  and  did  everything  to 
thwart  the  wishes  and  purposes  of  the  ambitious  and  spirited  people 
of  HolIida\sburg.  Hut,  notwithstanding,  the  leading  citizens  of  the 
town  and  vicinity  lal)orcd  most  earnestly  and  zealously  for  the  ac- 
complishment of  this  great  and  laudable  object.  The  division  of  the 
countv  had  Iteen  agitated  as  early  as  1839,  a  meeting  for  the  consider- 
ation of  this  ])roject  having  been  held  in  the  Methodist  church  on  the 
■21  st  of  January  of  that  year.  Christian  Garber,  a  progressive  and 
influential  citizen  of  that  day,  was  president  of  the  meeting.  Wil- 
liam Williams,  I'eter  Cassiday,  Dr.  James  Coftey,  P(;ter  Hewit,  John 
Walker,  Samuel  Calvin,  es(p,  and  Edward  McGraw,  Avere  appointed 
a  committee  to  <leternune  the  proper  bounderies  for  the  new  county 
proposed,  and  draft  petitions,  and  have  the  same  printed,  and  after 
procuring  signers  forward  the  same  to  the  Legislature*.  But  their  ef- 
forts were  not  crowned  with  success  until  February  2o,  184(i,  when 
the  bill  erecting  the  new  county  was  approved  by  Governor  Shunk. 


The  citizens  of  "old  mother"  niintiii.u-don  were  eonskleraljly  exer- 
cised, and  tlie  peoph'  of  the  new  county  were  exiiltnnt.  Ilollidays- 
hurg',  of  course,  became  the  county-seat,  tind  the  lirst  sessions  of 
court  were  held  in  the  Methodist  church.  The  connaissioners 
leased  of  John  Mahony  a  one-story  stone  teiiemant  house,  which, 
after  havinii:  the  windows  covered  witli  iron  bars,  was  used  for  a  jail. 
"When  a  prisoner  wanted  to  make  his  esca])e  he  would  have  Iiimself 
committed  to  the  "  dun,iicon,"  from  ^\•hich  he  (-ould  easily  "bore" 
throu,<i-h  the  wall. 


The  Wasliington  Greys,  the  first  military  company  ever  org-anizccl 
in  Hollidaysburg,  was  the  [>ride  and  boast  of  the  town.  It  was  or- 
ganized October  5,  1839.  Maj.  Wm.  W.  Williams  was  captain;  I>r. 
J.  A.  Landis,  lirst  lieutenant,  and  Hon.  George  R.  McFarlane,  second 
lieutenant.  The  best  citizens  of  the  town  were  in  the  ranks  and  carried 
muskets.  They  were  provided  with  uniforms,  and  the  i)eople 
boasted  that  their's  was  one  of  the  best  drilled  companies  of  the  State. 
Hollidavsl)urg  was  jyleased  and  delighted  with  a  military  encamp- 
ment for  the  first  time,  during  the  week  commencing  on  Monday,  the 
ISth  (lav  of  October,  1841.  The  companies  in  attendance,  in  addi- 
tion to  the  Washington  Greys,  were  the  Bedford  Artillery,  Captain 
lleamer;  the  Independent  Greys  of  Bedford,  Captain  Arnold;  Cam- 
))ria  Guards,  Captain  William  A.  Smith;  Williamsburg  Light  In- 
fantry, ("Captain  McKiernan,  and  the  Uni<m  Cavalry,  Cajjtain  Bell. 
They  were  encamped  on  the  l)eautifnl  flat  north  of  the  town,  known 
then,  and  for  many  years  since,  as  the  "  Race  Course."  The  field  is 
now  owned  by  Col.  William  Jack.  Maj.  William  W.  Williams,  of 
the  Washington  <ireys  was  in  command,  ami  Maj.  Tallial'erro,  of  Bed- 
ford, second  in  comnumd.  On  Thursday  the  ladies  gave  a  grand  and 
sumptuous  dinner  to  the  richly  uniformed  troops.  The  table  was 
spread  in  what  was  known  as  Market  s(|uare,  and  extended  from  near 
Wayne  street  to  Union,  a  distance  of  one  hundred  and  sixty-five  feet. 
It  was  loaded  with  all  the  delicacies  the  country  aiforded.  After  the 
soldiers  and  the  lai'ge  concourse  of  citizens  and  strangers  had  par- 
taken to  their  hearts'  co)itent  of  this  l)Ounteous  repast,  "  three  times 
three  hearty  cheers  were  given  to  the  ladies  of  Ilollidaysburg,  fol- 
lowed by  as  many  salutes,  and  appropriate  music  l»y  th(,"  bands  in  at- 
tendance." The  generous  and  noble  c(uidui't  of  the  ladies  on  this 
occasion  was  s])oken  of  in  terms  of  the  highest  ])raise  and  commenda- 
tion. The  troops  were  reviewed  and  inspected  by  Major  AVasha- 
baugh  and  Gemn'al  Compher,  of  Beclford. 


A  o-raiid  niilitarv  eueampiiK'ut  was  held  in  the  town,  commeiichig- 
October  11,   1843.      The  affair  seemed  to  absorb  puljlic  attention  for 
the  time  bein.u'.     Even  the  great  and  mighty  questions  involved  in  the 
political  campaign  then  pending  were  forgotten,  and  the  town,  espe- 
ciallv   the  female  i)()rtion  of  it,   was   i]i  a  whirlpool   of  excitement. 
Preparations  were  made  on  a  grand  scale  for  the  entertainment  of 
guests,  and  the  following  hotels  were  in  readiness,  and  entertained  to 
the  entire  satisfaction  the  large  number  of  strangers  that  thronged 
the  town  for  a  week  :    The  People's  House,  by   William  Donaldson  ; 
American  House,  by  J.  M.  Hewit ;  Washington  Hotel,  l>y   Captain 
Joseph  Hammer ;  Exchange,  by  D.   H.   Moore ;  Juniata  Hotel,   by 
Col.  J.  R.  Johnston;  United    States    Hotel,    by   John  Dougherty; 
Temperance  Hotel,  by  Mrs.  vStackpole,  in  CTaysi)ort ;  Gaysport  "Inn," 
by  John  Law;  Perry  Hotel,  by  William  Barr,  and  the  "Boarding 
House,"  by  Gideon  Marlett.     The  camp  was  located  on  the  beautiful 
slope  of  the  Jackson  (now  Smith)  farm  focing  Hollidaysburg,    and 
was   named    Camp    Warren.     Seventeen    companies,    and   as  many 
Imnds,  were  in  attendance,  wvW  uniformed,  fully  equipped  and  profi- 
cient in  drill  and  discipline.     These  were  divided  into  two  regiments, 
numljered  the  First  and  Second.     Captain  B.  C.   Hah>  was  elected 
colonel  of  the  First  regiment,  and  Captain  William  W.  Williams, 'of 
the  Greys,   was  made  colonel    of  the     Second,  and  A.  L.  Holliday 
was  elected  quarter-master  of  the  brigade.     Col.  Williams  was  a  gal- 
lant  looking   officer — military   from   crown  to  foot.     The  following 
companies  were  in  camp :  Union  Cavalry,  Captain  Bell;  Lewistown 
Artillery,    Captain    Porter;    Washington    Guards,  Captain    Michael 
Cresswell;  Washington  Infantry,    Captain  W.   W.    Porter;    Mifflin- 
town    (Uiards,   Cu])tain   S.   Davis;    Lewistown    Guards,    Captain   II. 
Sims;  Juniata  Artillery,   Captain  D.  M.  Jamison;  Centre  Guards, 
Captain  A.  Gregg;  Penii's  Valley  Cadets,  Captain  Lot  W.    Irvin  ; 
Bellefonte    Infantry,     Captain    J.    Morrison ;    Washington    Greys, 
(Johnstown,)  Captain  J.  Potts;  Washington  Greys,  (Hollidaysburg,) 
First  Lieutenant  J.  A.  Landis;  Bedford  Artillery,  Captain  J.  Reamer; 
Independent  Greys,  Captain    S.    M.    Taylor;    Montgomery    Greys, 
Captain  T.  B.  Wallace;  Conemaugh  Greys,  Captain  John  Linton; 
Somerset  Guards,  Captain  John  R.  Edie. 

On  Sundav  morning  one  regiment  attended  divine  service  at  the 
Methodist  Episcopal  church,  and  the  other  attended  at  the  Presby- 
terian church.  In  the  afternoon  the  entire  In-igade  marched  to  the 
Presbyterian  church,  which  A\as  a  large  and  spacious  building,  and 
listeiu'd  to  an  excellent  and  api)ropriate  discourse,  by  the  Re^•.  Dr. 

HISTORY    OF    ALTOONA    AND    P.LAlll    COUNTY.  217 

]);ivi<l  .McKiniii'v,  iVom  tlic  text  IoiiikI  in  Proverljs  xtt  :  2:  "A  .u'ood 
man  oljlainclii  favor  of  tlic  Tionl;  hut  a  man  of  wicked  dcvi'-rs  will 
lie  condemn."' 

The  (fOViM-nor  of  the  Stat(\  Ihvvid  II.  Porter,  was  present,  and  ro- 
vieweil  tlie  troojts.  This  was  r(\<|-ar(hMl  as  a  first-class  mililary  dis- 
play ill  (^very  resp(>ct,  and  Hollidays1)ur<>-  was  etpial  to  the  occasion. 

The  comniencenient  of  hostilities  with  Mexico  in  184G  put  a  qui- 
etus on  military  orp^anizations  in  Hollidaysburg  as  well  as  in  other 
localities  in  the  State.  Their  presence  was  required  at  the  front 
Althoutrh  the  Washington  Greys  did  not  go  to  Mexico  as  an  organi- 
zation, many  of  the  company  volunteered  and  were  found  in  the 
ranks  of  the  Second  Regiment,  Pennsylvania  A^)lunteers,  where  they 
accpiitted  themselves  in  a  manner  characteristic  of  that  military  spirit 
of  which  they  gave  evidence  in  their  holiday  parades.  It  was  not  for 
some  years  after  the  close  of  the  Mexican  war  that  the  martial  spirit 
began  again  to  be  awakened.  At  one  time  the  town  boasted  three 
fully  equipped,  well  drilled  companies  ;  these  were  the  "Emmet 
Guards,"  the  "Hollidaysburg  Fencibles"  and  "Juniata  Rifles."  Pre- 
vious to  these  organizations,  however,  there  existed  for  a  brief  period 
a  plucky  little  company  called  the  "Hollidaysburg  Guards,"  which 
enjoyed,  and  was  more  commonly  known  by  the  sobriquet  of  the 
"Twelve  Apostles."  This  company  had  a  good  band  and  a  very 
becoming  uniform.  It  was  officered  by  George  Bingham,  captain  ; 
"William  Stone,  first  lieutenant,  and  W.  F.  McFarland,  second  lieu- 
tenant ;  but  it  was  with  difficulty  that  its  members  could  be  induced 
to  turn  out  on  "muster  day."  The  company  had  regular  "muster 
days"  and  never  failed  to  turn  out  on  the  8th  of  January  to  celebrate 
General  Jackson's  victory  at  New  Orleans.  But  muster  they  would, 
"at  the  risk  of  bullets,"  and  frequently  the  entire  column  would  con- 
sist of  from  twelve  to  fifteen  muskets.  Hence  the  name  of  "Twelve 
Apostles."  They  would  march  on  the  sidewalks.  The  writer  was 
a  child  during  the  palmy  days  of  this  company,  and  he  rememliers, 
that  after  hearing  the  music,  and  rushing  to  the  front  door,  the  com- 
pany would  suddenly  appear  filing  around  the  corner.  Hence  it  is 
that  the  Mother  Goose  melody  comes  to  mind  simultaneously  with 
the  remembrance  of  this  company  : 

"Rubber  dubbergoes  tlie  drum, 
See  them  'round  the  comer  come.'' 

The  boys  hardly  ever  followed  this  company.  But,  notwithstand- 
ing the  slim  attendance  on  parades,  when  called  upon  to  do  active 
duty  in  the  service  of  the  State,  the  ranks  were  filled  up  and  the  mem- 


bers  turned  out  to  a  man.  During-  the  building-  of  the  tunnel  in  1850- 
51,  the  Irish  raised  a  little  war  among- themselves,  which  was  of  such 
magnitude  that  the  Pennsylvania  railroad  company  could  not  settle 
their  dispute  or  cause  a  cessation  of  hostilities.  The  military  had  to 
be  called  upon,  and  the  "Hollidaysburg  Guards"  responded  promptly 
and  forty  rounds  of  ball  cartridges  were  issued  to  each  man.  The 
knapsacks  were  supplied  with  necessary  blankets  and  clothing,  and 
live  days'  cooked  rations  filled  the  haversacks.  They  were  in  the 
field  three  days,  and  did  not  leave  until  the  last  infuriated  connaught- 
man  or  orangemau  had  surrendered  his  shot  gun  and  laid  down  his 
"shellaleh,"  and  had  returned  to  his  allegiance  and  to  the  blasting  of 
rocks  in  the  tunnel.  The  company  was  under  fire  several  times,  and 
the  battle  of  Bennington  caused  considerable  sensation.  The  Guards 
captured  thirty-thr<'e  prisoners.  Soon  after  this  little  experience,  the 
noble  and  gallant  little  company  ceased  to  have  an  existence. 

The  "HollidaA'sburg  Fencil)les''  were  organized  about  the  yeav 
1856,  with  Col.  D.  H.  Hoffius  as  captain.  Colonel  Hottius  was  a  dis- 
tinguished and  highly  respected  lawyer,  then  enjoying  a  large  and 
lucrative  practice  at  the  bar,  and  w-as  besides  one  of  Hollidaysburg's 
leading  citizens.  He  had  passed  through  the  Mexican  war,  serving 
as  a  lieutenant,  and  was  proud  of  his  military  record.  The  "Fenci- 
bles"  were  a  good  company  and  the  citizens  were  proud  of  it.  It 
Avas  composed  of  some  of  the  best  young  men  in  the  comnumity.  On 
one  occasion  the  ladies  of  Holli'daysburg  presented  the  company  with 
a  beautiful  and  very  valuable  silk  flag. 

The  "Juniata  lliflos"  were  organized  on  the  22nd  of  October, 
1858,  with  our  worthy  townsman,  A.  M.  Lloyd,  as  captain.  This 
was  also  a  first-class  company  and  merited  the  praise  and  approba- 
tion of  their  fellow-citizens.  They  had  their  encampments  and  their 
festive  days — their  competitive  drills,  frolics  and  fun  until  the  early 
spring  of  1861.  The  American  firmament  was  overhung  by  a  black 
cloud  ;  the  "cannon's  opening-  roar"  was  heard  in  the  south  ;  the  na- 
tion suddenly  sprang  to  arms  and  the  daj^s  of  "Sunday  soldiering" 
were  ended.  The  "Juniata  Rifles"  had  resolved  as  early  as  the  22nd 
of  February  to  accept  the  call  of  the  Governor  and  be  ready  for  ac- 
tive service  at  a  moment's  notice.  The  companies  did  respond 
promptly.  The  Governor's  telegram  was  received  on  the  evening 
of  the  loth  of  April,  and  they  were  in  Harrisburg,  mustered  into  the 
Ignited  States'  service  and  on  their  way  to  the  front  on  the  20th. 
The  "Fencibles"  were  officered  by  F.  P.  Minier,  captnin ;  (their 
brave  and  mucli  lamented   cai)tniii,  Pavid  H.  Hoffius,  having  died  in 

HISTORY    OF    ALTOONA    ANT)    V,L\\\l    rOUNTV.  219 

July,  1859)  John  II.  MeFarlane,  first  licutiMiaiit,  and  Tliumas  McFar- 
lane,  second  lieutenant.  ^Thoy  were  .uiven  the  post  of  honor  in  the 
Third  Pennsylvania  Reji-iment,  having'  been  assigned  as  company 
"A".  Immediately  after  the  organization  of  the  regiment,  its  captain, 
F.  P.  Minier,  was  elected  colonel. 

The  "Juniata  Rifles"  were  oHicered  by  A.  M.  Lloyd,  as  captain  ; 
Christ.  N.  Snyder,  first  lieutenant,  and  Stephen  C.  Potts,  second  lieu- 
tenant, and  assigned  as  company  "H"  of  the  Second  regiment.  Nearly 
all  the  members  composing  these  companies  served  in  different  or- 
ganizations to  the  end  of  the  war.  Lieutenant  Potts  was  killed  in 
the  first  battle  of  Fredericksburg,  December  L3th  and  14th,  1868, 
whilst  acting  adjutant  of  his  regiment,  the  Sixty-second  Pennsylvania. 

After  the  close  of  the  war,  the  enthusiasm  for  "the  pride,  pomp 
and  circumstance  of  glorious  war,"  had  subsided  ;  the  ))oys  "didn't 
Avant  any  more  of  it  in  theirs,"  and  the  streets  were  not  again  enli- 
vened with  the  tread  of  men  in  martial  array  until  the  year  1874,  when 
the  "Juniata  Riflemen,"  company  "F",  Fifth  Regiment,  National 
Guards  of  Pennsylvania,  were  organized.  Jas.  F.  Milliken,  ca))tain  ; 
J.  Rodgers,  first  lieutenant,  and  Martin  Bell,  jr.,  second  lieutenant.  It 
was  mustered  out  of  service  in  January,  187G. 

The  military  organization  which  is  now  the  i)ride  and  boast  of 
Hollidaysburg— company  "C,"  Fifth  Regiment  N.  G.  of  Pa.— dates 
its  existence  with  the  autumn  of  18TS.  .  The  company,  like  the  entire 
corps  of  the  National  Guards,  is  equipped  in  a  first-class  manner  and 
could  take  the  field  in  compfete  readiness  for  campaign  duty  in  twelve 
hours'  notice.  T.  Dallas  Wilkins,  a  young  gentleman  perfectly  famil- 
iar with  military  tactics  and  having  the  capacity,  in  a  high  degree, 
of  drilling  and  disciplining  men,  is  captain  ;  James  P.  Stewart  is 
first  lieutenant,  and  J.  D.  Hemphil,  second  lieutenant.  The  company 
is  composed  of  the  flower  of  the  young  gentlemen  of  Hollidaysburg, 
and,  as  manv  of  them  are  possessed  of  more  than  ordinary  inielligence, 
it  need  scarcely  be  a  surprise  to  any  one,  when  informed,  that  at  the 
last  encampment  at  Braddocks,  they  were  highly  complimented  for 
their  proficiency  in  drill  and  for  the  excellent  discipline  observed  by 
the  men.  Hollidaysburg  could  always  boast  of  a  good  military  or- 
ganization. Its  first  company,  the  old  Washington  Greys,  received 
the  plaudits  and  compliments  of  all  for  excellent  marching  and  drill 
at  the  great  encampment  of  1843,  and  now  company  "C,"  its  last 
company  up  to  this  date,  received  the  plaudits  and  compliments  of 
all  for  the  same  accomplishments  at  the  great  encam]>ment  at  Brad- 
docks  in  188U. 



That  distiuguislu'd  Hungarian,  Louis  Kossuth,  and  suite,  visited 
Hollidaysburg  on  Saturday,  January  17,  1852,  and  remained  in 
the  town  over  Sunday.  He  was  welcomed  at  the  Mountain  House, 
at  the  Portage  Intersection,  which  stood  near  what  is  now  called"!"" 
switches,  by  four  or  five  hundred  citizens.  He  left  the  cars  under  the 
escort  of  Hon.  George  R.  McFarlane,  and  he  had  scarcely  reached 
th(>  platform  until  the  people  began  to  press  closely  around  him  and 
Avelcome  him  in  the  most  cordial  manner.  He  was  escorted  to  the 
dining  hall  by  Mr.  William  Shomo,  who  was  chairman  of  the  commit- 
tee of  arrangements.  Some  two  hundred  persons  dined  with  him. 
After  dinner,  the  doors  were  thrown  open  and  all  thronged  in.  Grov- 
ernor  Kossuth  was  introduced  by  Col.  D.  H.  Hoftius  in  one  of  his 
cliaracteristic  and  eloquent  speech<»s.  He  tendered  him,  on  behalf  of 
his  i'ellow-citizens,  a  hearty  welcome  and  assurances  of  their  warmest 
regard  for  him  personally,  and  their  deep  sympathy  for  his  betrayed 
and  down-trodden  country  and  their  unalteral)le  devotion  to  the  cause 
of  liberty.  Governor  Kossuth  replied  in  an  eloquent  speech  of  over 
half  an  hour.  Cheers  Avere  ])roposed,  by  ejudge  McFarlane,  for  Kos- 
suth, the  rightful  Governor  of  Hungary,  and  l)y  Dr.  H.  T.  Cofl'ey,  for 
"giving  powder  and  ball  to  Russia."  Thaddeus  Banks,  es(i[.,  on  be- 
half of  the  committee  to  receive  contriliutions  of  "  material  aid," 
presented  to  the  governor  a  })urse  containing  over  two  hundred  dol- 
lars in  gold.  Judge  McFarlane  offered  to  maki;  for  him  fifty  tons  of 
cannon  balls,  and  would  deliver  tliem  whenever  called  upon.  Whilst 
in  town  the  Governor  was  the  guest  of  Hon.  George  R.  McFarlane. 
On  Sunday,  Kossuth  and  party  attended  (livine  service  in  the 
Lutheran  church,  and  heard  a  discourse  by  Rev.  Lloyd  Knight. 


In  May,  1852,  discoveries  of  iron  ore  were  made  on  lands  north 
of  town.  These  ores  were  first  discovered  by  Mr.  Thorn,  a  citizen  of 
the  town,  who  owned  some  fields  just  beyond  the  borough  limits. 
He  commenced  prospecting,  and  in  a  comparatively  short  time  found 
the  ore,  and  threw  out  al)out  a  ton.  It  proved  to  be  fossil  ore.  This 
led  to  more  pros})ecting  by  others  interested  in  the  neighlwrhood,  and 
in  a  short  time  it  was  ascertained  that  the  entire  country  between 
Hollidaysburg  and  Brush  mountain  was  underlaid  Avith  a  good 
<piality  of  fossil  ore  The  surrounding  hills  l)eing  filled  Avith  a,  good 
(juality  of  lime  stone,  these;  discoveries  soon  led  to  the  building  of 
two  furnafM's,  and  soon  after  the  buildinu'  of  a  lar<i-e  rolling  mill  and 

HISTORY    OF    Al/rOONA    AND    BLAIR    COI'NTY.  221 

nail  factorv.  For  a  time  coiisidcral)!!'  cxcilriiuMit  ijrovailcd,  and  the 
town  seemed  to  take  a  new  start.  These  mines  have;  l)ei"n  worked  at 
different  points  constantly  ever  since  their  first  develoi)meiit— mil- 
lions of  tons  of  ore,  of  .u'ood  cjualily,  have  bi'eii  tnkeii  out  and  larg'e 
quanties  shipped  to  Johnstown  and  other  furnaces.  The  mines  are 
still  bein.i--  worked  with  profit,  and  many  years  will  he  reciuired  to  ex- 
haust them.  At  the  present  time  the  mines  and  furnaces  arc  dwiicd 
and  ojx'rated  by  the  Cambria  Iron  company. 


A  meetinji-  of  the  citizens,  for  the  construction  of  a  rj>servoir,  was 
held  in  the  town  hall,  March  6,  1839.  At  this  meeting'  resolutions 
were  adopted  and  committees  ajipointed,  and  the  most  determined 
steps  were  taken  to  push  forward  the  measure.  Robert  Williams, 
Dr.  James  Coffey,  G.  R.  McFarlane,  John  B.  Rover,  J.  C.  Betts, 
Peter  Hewit  and  Joseph  Kemp  were  appointinl  on  tlie  most  import- 
ant committee.  The  Leg-islatnrc  was  stirred  up,  the  necessary 
money  appropriated,  and  the  next  year  the  w(jrk  was  commenced  and 
vigorously  pros,ecut(>d.  The  contractors  were  John  Mitchell  and 
S.  H.  Lloyd.  The  firm  of  McFarlane  &  Garber  furnished  the  iron. 
The  w(.rk  was  completed  by  Henry  L.  Patterson,  who  subsecpiently 
took  th(^  contract. 


The  first  fire  engine  purchased  by  the  1)orough  was  during  the  fall 
of  ISoC),  soon  after  its  organization,  and  cost  two  hundred  and  twenty- 
five  dollars.  It  was  a  very,  odd  looking  and  singularly  constructed 
machine,  and  proved  of  little  service  at  a  fire.  In  December,  1831, 
an  attempt  was  made  to  organize  a  fire  department  and  take  steps  to 
supply  a  want  which  was  evidently  felt — means  to  subdue  a  fire  in 
case  the  borough,  which  was  now  a  rapidly  growing  town,  should 
be  threatened  Avith  such  a  disaster. 

[An  effort  was  at  the  same  time  made  to  form  a  joint  stock  com- 
pany for  the  i»urpose  of  supplying  the  borough  with  water.  Joseph 
Crawford,  es((.,  Hon.  Josisph  Adams,  Rudolph  Williams,  David 
Mitchell  and  Rol)ert  Williams  were  appointed  a  committee  to  procure 
from  the  Legislature  an  act  of  incorporation  for  said  comi)any.  In 
the  fall  of  18(')T,  a  little  more  than  thirty  years  after  this  meeting, 
the  fond  dream  of  these  public  spirited  citizens  was  realized,  but  not 
one  of  the  aljove  committee  were  present  to  witness  it.] 

There  was  no  regular  fire  organization  until  January  2G,  1838. 
The  citizens  then  met  at  the  United  States  hotel  and  a  company  was 


formed,  and  a  determination  evinced  to  procure  a  good  engine.  But 
the  effort  was  abortive,  and  the  company  organized  proved  to  be 
nothing  more  than  a  "  bucket  brigade."  In  the  winter  of  1841  the 
"Diamond  Engine  company"  was  organized,  and  this  was  really  the 
first  fire  company  in  the  borough.  It  was  then  determined  to  pro- 
cure two  good  fire  engines.  A  \ote  on  the  subject  was  had,  and  the 
tax-payers  were  largely  favoraljle  to  the  pro]X)sition.     In  September, 

1841,  the  "Juniata  "  arrived,  and  was  placed  in  the  hands  of  the 
firemen.     But  the  Allegheny  engine  was  not  received  until  April  9, 

1842.  In  1869  the  borough  authorities  purchased  of  Mr.  Button, 
the  manufacturer  of  the  Button  engine,  of  Troy,  New  York,  the  fine 
steamer  "Phoenix,"  at  a  cost  of  $2,500.  It  is  in  charge  of  a  good 
company,  composed  of  some  of  the  best  citizens  of  the  town.  It  has 
done  good  service.  In  addition  to  the  Pha?ni.\;  organization,  Holli- 
daysburg  boasts  of  the  Allegheny  Hook  and  Ladder  company,  with  a 
good  truck,  constructed  on  the  modern  plan  ;  the  Good  Will  Hose 
company,  with  a  first-class  carriage,  and  also  .a  hose  carriage  man- 
aged by  the  Phcenix  company.  The  fire  organization  is  not  only 
complete  in  all  its  details,  but  is  a  credit  to  the  borSugh  and  those 
having  the  management  of  ])iiblic  affairs. 


In  July,  1S41,  the  ))orough  authorities  l)uilt  a  fine  market  house, 
on  the  Blair  street  front  of  what  \\as  then  known  as  Market  square. 
The  building  is  still  standing,  and  is  used  for  the  Hook  and  Ladder 
Truck  and  the  Good  Will  Hose  carriage..  Each  butcher  had  his  own 
stall,  where  he  dealt  out  the  choicest  steaks;  and  the  farmers  for 
many  years  patronized  this  market,  In'inging  the  products  of  their 
farms  in  front  of  the  building  and  backing  their  wagons  against  the 
curb.  The  market  was  open  on  Wednesday  and  Saturday  mornings 
of  each  week.  Tlie  hours  were  from  about  o  until  8  or  9  A.  M.  Dur- 
ing these  pleasant  market  times  the  "early  l)ird  caught  the  worm." 
Here,  at  the  early  blush  of  dawn,  could  ])e  purchased  the  best  of 
everything — vegetal)les  and  fruits  in  their  season. 


Hollidaysburg,  in  January,  1842,  is  described  by  J.  Penn  Jones, 
esq.,  (at  that  time  editor  and  proprietor  of  the  "Register  and  En- 
quirer," and  which  is  still  ably  conducted  liy  David  Over,  esq.,  to 
whom  we  are  indebted  for  favors,)  as  follows:  "  Hollidaysburg  is  a 
great  place!     It  is  great  in  a  great  many  respects — one  of  the  great- 


2 -2 '5 

c'^t  iHTliiips  in  the  iiilcrior  of  tlic  .urcat  State  of  Poniisylvauia !      It  is 
ji-reat  as  a  business  place;   it   is  a   .ureat    [dace  for  fnn,   and  .uTeat   for 

i^obriety  and  order  ;  .lireat  for  pretty  .liirls,   and   li' 1  ones,   too:   (tiie 

assertion  of  the"' Willianisport  Eniporiiiin '  to  tin' contrary  notwith- 
standing;) great  for  its  liberality  and  enterprise;  great  for  its  rapid 
increase  in  population,  wealth  and  improvement;  great  for  its  muddy 
streets  in  wet  weather;  great  for  its  dusty  ones  in  dry  ;  it's  a  great 
place  for  Washingtonians  and  Teatotallers;  great  for  industrious 
men  and  thinking  mechanics,  and  a  great  place  for  sleighing  when  the 
ground  is  frozen  !  It's  a  good  place  to  sell  saddles  of  venison,  and 
flour  for  buckwhi'at  cakes,  potatoes,  chickens,  ice  cream,  (in  summer,) 
and  patent  medicines  all  the  year  round!  But  the  greatest  thing  of 
all,  is,  it's  a  great  place  for  taking  newspapers — greater  in  this  re- 
spect, than  any  other  to\vn  of  the  same  population  in  the  Avorld. 
'But  enough  said  '  about  our  towni's  greatness  for  the  present.  Not 
manv  years  ago  it  was  little  better  than  a  wilderness.  In  1830  it  did 
not  contain  more  than  fifteen  or  twenty  houses,  and  a  population  of 
150  or  200.  Where  Gaysport  stands  there  was  no  sign  of  a  town  ! 
Swamps  and  thickets,  in  which  ralilnts  Inirro-wed  and  black  birds 
built  their  nests,  were  then  Avhere  now^  are  houses,  gardens,  streets, 
alleys  and  work-shops. 

"In  1842  the  American  House  was  kept  as  a  temperance  hotel  by 
Ira  Hoadly,  and  the  liar-room  was  turned  into  a  reading  room. 

"The  population  of  Hollidaysburg  at  the  present  time,  ascoiTcctly 
taken  by  our  borough  assessor,  Abraham  Yantries,  esq.,  is  2,368; 
Gaysport,  448;  total,  2,816.  Gaysport  is  an  incorporated  district, 
cut  ofl'from  Hollidaysburg  proper,  by  a  branch  of  the  Juniata.'' 


In  LSf)!')  Hollidaysl)urg  was  lighted  for  the  lirst  time  with  gas. 
The  Hollidaysburg  Gas  and  Water  company  was  incorporated  by  an 
act  of  Assembly,  approved  March  16;  1854,  but  wa--  not  fully  organ- 
ized for  the  purpose  of  manufacturing  gas  until  April,  1856.  No  at- 
tempt was  at  that  time  made  to  introduce  water.  The  cajiital  of  the 
company  was  $40,000.  Sometime  during  the  spring  a  contract  was 
made  with  L.  R.  Titus,  of  Trenton,  N.  J  ,  for  the  furnishing  and 
laying  of  the  pipes,  and  construction  of  the  works  at  a  cost  of  $30,- 
000.  The  first  officers  of  the  coini)any  were  Thomas  C.  McDowell, 
president;  J.  R.  Crawford,  secretary;  and  Thomas  Bingham  and 
William  McFarland,  directors.  They  held  tlieir  i)ositions  until  June, 
wlien   an   election  was  had  and  R.  M.  Lemon  was  elected  president ; 

224  HISTORY    OF    ALTOONA    and    BLAIR    COUNTY. 

R.  B.  Johnston,  treasurer,  and  Thomas  C.  McDowell,  secretary. 
The  niana.u'ers  were  Jesse  K.  Crawford,  Tlionias'ham  and  Dr. 
Joseph  A.  Landis.  The  work  was  prosecuted  with  vig-or,  and  the 
town  was  l)roug-ht  from  darkness  to  light  by  means  of  a  g-ood  article 
of  gas  in  the  month  of  Octolx'r,  185G. 


The  Hollidfiysburg-  water  works  were  built  l)y  the  borougii  au- 
thorities. The  act  of  Assembly  authorizing-  their  construction  was 
ajiproved  March  16,  186(i.  James  Gardner,  William  Jack,  James 
Condron,  John  L.  Hemphill  and  Thaddeus  Banks  were  the  water 
commissioners.  xVn  article  of  agreement  was  made  and  entered  into 
with  John  A.  Woodward  and  T.  B.  Farrington,  of  Williamsport,  Pa., 
to  supply  the  water  pipes.  These  pipes  are  of  AAood,  wrapped  with 
iron  by  a  machine  invented  for  this  express  jnirpose,  and  coated  with 
a  com])osition  of  coal  tnr  and  asphaltuni.  The  water  is  brought 
from  a  beautiful  spring  of  free-stone  water  on  the  Brush  mountain 
farm  of  the  Hon.  Thaddeus  Banks.  Its  location  is  in  a  beautiful 
mountain  dell,  into  which  the  rays  of  the  sun  seldom  ])enetrate,  and 
the  pure,  clear,  cold  water  comes  forth  from  the  mountain  side,  leap- 
ing and  rushing  over  large  moss-covered  boulders,  and  from  the  noise 
thus  made  it  has  received  the  appropriate  name  of  "Roaring  Run.'' 
The  distance,  along  the  line  of  pipes,  from  the  borough  limits  to 
where  the  stream  is  tapped,  is  two  and  three-fourth  miles.  Hollidays- 
burg  was  truly  hai)py  when  the  pure  Brush  mountain  water  leaped 
from  the  hydrants  for  the  first  time,  early  in  Xovember,  1S()T.  The 
cost  of  these  works  was  iibout  S.30,()00.  It  must  Ix-  remembered 
that  in  1866-'7  the  cost  of  iron  pi])es  was  from  one-third  to  one-half 
more  than  the  cost  of  wooden  pipes. 

It  was  ascertained  that  the  small  well  lirst  used  for  the  reception  of 
the  water  was  insufficient,  and  a  reservoir  was  constructed  of  a  ca- 
pacity of  two  and  a  half  million  gallons,  at  a  cost  of  about  $15,000. 
The  elevation  of  the  reservoir  above  Brush  run  is  oiu'  hundred  and 
seventy-five  feet,  and  above  points  in  town  frcun  sixty  to  one  hundred 
and  twenty  feet.  The  water  works  ar(>  numaged  and  controlled  by 
the  l)tirgess  and  town  council. 


The  Presbyterian  church,  of  Hollidaysburg  was  organized  about 
the  5'^ear  ITtS.  The  HoUidays  were  Presbyterians.  The  first  preach- 
ing' that  we  have  anv  account  of  was  at  the  house  of  Mr.   William 

HISTORY    OV    AliTdONA    AND    I'.I.AIU    COl'NTV.  225 

Hollidiiy,  liy  llic  Wry.  Dr.  Kiiii;-,  of  M<'rc«.'i-sl)uv,<i\  Franklin  county, 
in  1772.  The  Rev.  Mr.  Mcl)u,yal,  Wrv.  .lohn  Johnson,  llcv. 
Matthew  Stevenson,  and  other  ministers,  ])reaciie(l  here  at  diiTcrent 
times.  But  it  was  not  until  after  the  arrival  of  the  Re\-.  David 
Baird,  or  Bard,  as  he  was  called,  came  here  that  a  church  was  fully 
oryani/.ed.  A  frail  wooden  structure,  called  a  "tent,"  was  erected 
at  the  Bhu'  Sprinu' — now  owned  liy  Archiltald  McFadden — which 
was  used  as  a  place  of  worship.  Thomas  Blair,  (the  father  of  John 
Blair,  for  whom  the  county  was  mimed,)  Thomas  McCuneand  James 
Smith,  sr.,  were  the  lirst  ruling-  riders  of  this  church. 

In  171)0  the  "tent"  was  replaced  by  a  house  of  worship,  and  was 
erected  on  the  uTound  whore  the  cemetery  now  is.  It  was  built  of 
round  lous,  and  was  used  until  1818,  when  it  cauii'lit  fire  from  the 
burning'  woods  and  was  destroyed.  A  new  and  more  eleyant  struc- 
ture, built  of  hewn  log's,  immediately  took  its  place,  Avhich  was  occu- 
pied until  the  new  brick  church  was  erected  in  18oC-7  on  the  corner 
of  Walnut  and  Clarke  streets,  the  same  ground  now  occuiiied  by  tlu^ 
large  and  commodious  building  erected  in  1869-70. 

Mr.  Bard,  whilst  serving  this  congregation,  also  served  the  na- 
tion as  a  member  of  Congress.  He  was  a  member  of  the  4th  and 
5th  Congress,  and  of  the  8th  to  the  13th,  inclusive.  In  the  13th 
Congress,  which  commenced  December,  1813,  and  had  three  sessions, 
Mr.  Bard  was  a  member  of  the  committee  on  claims. 

Mr.  Bard  preached  not  alone  to  this  congregation,  but  divided  his 
time  between  this  place,  Williamsburg  and  Sinking  Valley.  He  re- 
sided here  most  of  his  time;  but  at  the  time  of  his  death,  which  oc- 
curred suddenly  in  Alexandria,  ]*a.,  in  March,  1815,  his  residence 
was  in  Sinking  Valley,  where  he  was  buried. 

After  the  death  of  Rev.  Bard,  the  church  was  without  a  regular 
minister  until  181('),  when  Rev.  Jann^  Galbraith,  who  had  been 
preaching  in  Indiana  county,  became  its  settled  pastor.  He  labored 
here,  giving  one-third  of  his  time  to  the  church  in  Williamsburg,  un- 
til 1835.  The  same  year,  Mr.  John  Dunlap,  a  licentiate,  came  with 
a  commission  from  the  Board  of  Missions.  His  health  being  feeble 
he  was  never  ordained.  He  went  to  Cincinnati  in  1837  and  assumed 
editorial  charge,  in  connection  with  Rev.  William  D.  Smith,  of  the 
"  rresV)yterian  of  the  West,"  published  in  that  city. 

In  1838  the  congregation  called  the  Rev.  William  J.  Gil)son.  of 
Philadelpliia,  who  continued  as  their  pastor  until  1841.  He  removed 
to  Darlington  ;  thence  to  Philadelphia;  theiice  to  Jacksonville,  ami 
theiu'C  to  Duncansville,  this  county,   w  lu're   he   now  ministers.     The 


licv.  Dr.  David  McKiniiey  wa^i  called  to  this  cliavgo  in  1841,  and 
continued  in  the  pastovate  until  1852.  He  was  one  of  the  leading- 
spirits  in  the  great  temperance  movement  of  1844.  He  resigned  the 
pastoral  charge  to  take  control  of  the  "Presbyterian  Banner,"  which 
he  originated,  and  which  is  still  ])ublished  in  Pittsburg. 

Between  the  years  1820  and  1841  Alexander  Knox,  Thomas  B. 
Moore,  John  B.  Kiddle,  John  G.  McKee  and  John  Lyttle  were  or- 
dained ruling  elders  of  the  cliurrh.  During  Dr.  McKinney's  pastor- 
ate Jonathan  Hamilton,  John  McCartney,  Joseph  Smith,  Charles 
Wilson,  William  C.  McCormick  and  Samuel  Moore  were  ordained 
ruling  elders. 

The  Rev.  David  X.  Junkin,  pastor  of  the  F  Street  Presbyterian 
church,  of  Washington,  D.  C,  having  been  called  to  the  pastorate, 
(commenced  his  ministry  on  the  30th  of  October,  1853.  During  his 
pastorate  James  D.  Rea,  Joseph  Dysart,  Wm.  R.  Findley,  M.  D., 
Thomas  Smith  and  Robert  R.  Hamilton  were  ordained  ruling  elders. 
In  the  spring  of  1800,  the  health  of  Dr.  Junkin  becoming  inijiaired,  he 
was  granted  a  leav(>  of  absence  for  six  months.  On  the  11th  of  De- 
cend)er,  of  the  same  year,  the  pastoral  relations  between  Dr.  Junkin 
and  the  church  were,  at  his  own  request,  dissolved.  The  Rev.  David 
Sterret  su})})lied  the  pulpit  until  the  first  Sabbath  in  September,  1861. 

On  the  4th  day  of  August,  18(51,  the  Rev.  David  Henry  Barron 
received  a  call  to  become  the  pastor  of  this  church,  and,  it  having- 
been  accepted,  he  preached  his  first  sermon  as  the  pastor  elect  on  the 
second  Sabbath  of  September,  1801.  On  Tuesday,  November  12, 
18fil,  he  was  installed  pastor  of  the  cliurch,  in  which  relation  he  still 

In  1845  a  number  of  families  separated  from  this  church  and  or- 
ganized as  the  church  of  Fast  Freedom.  It  has  since  been  changed 
to  Duncansville.  In  1852  the  church  of  Altoona  was  organized  out 
of  the  mem1)ers  of  this  church.  From  that  has  sprung  the  Second 
church,  of  Altoona,  and  now  both  are  large  and  flourishing.  The 
])resent  meml)ership  of  the  Hollidaysburg  church  is  440. 

During  the  pastorate  of  Rev.  Mr.  Barron,  four  members  of  the 
session  have  died,  viz:  John  B.  Riddle,  Charles  Wilson,  James  D. 
Rea  and  Joseph  Smith;  two  have  removed  from  the  bounds  of  the 
church,  viz:  Joseph  Dysart  and  Rol)ert  Riddle,  who  now  reside  in 
Altoona.  Hon.  Samuel  S.  Blair,  Hon.  A.  S.  Landis,  Crawford  Ir- 
win, M.  D.,  and  Robert  Riddle  have  been  ordained  ruling  elders. 
Three  of  these,  Messrs.  Blair,  Landis  and  Irwin,  with  Messrs. 
Robert  R.  Hamilton,  compose  the  present  session. 

IlISTdUY    OF    ALTOONA    AND    HKAIll    COUNTY.  227 

Tn  tilt'  siiimiHT  of  1868  the  con^-i'c.ii'iitioii  resolved  to  build  :i  new 
cliureh  sis  the  old  sti'ucturo,  wliieli  li;id  done  i^-ood  serviee,  wns  I)e- 
coiniiig-  unsafe  and  had  been  time  upon  time  condemned.  Tlie  w  riLer 
distinctly  remembers  that  during-  some  condemnatory  remai'ks  by  the 
Rev.  Dr.  Junkin,  his  furious  poundiui^'  made  tlie  feathers  or  cotton  (ly 
from  the  old  pulpit  cushion.  Fortunately,  that  same  ])nlpit  was  the 
most  durable  part  of  the  church,  and  could  have  (uisily  withstood  tlx^ 
Doctor's  most  vig'orous  pounding-  for  ag'cs.  Tt  was  not,  liowever, 
until  the  Deceml)er  following  that  the  abandonment  of  tlie  old  church 
l)uilding  was  fully  determined  uponf  The  congreg-ation  then  (Di;- 
eember  13)  commenced  worshii)])ing-  in  the  court  house,  which  they 
continued  to  occupy  until  the  othof  June,  ISTO,  wlien  the  chapel  was 
ready  for  occupancy. 

On  the  9th  of  September,  18r>'.l,  the  corner-stone  of  the  new 
buildina'  was  laid.  The  stoiu'  occupies  a  plac(>  in  the  south-west 
corner  of  the  wall.  "First  Prosl)yterian  Church,"  is  cut  upon  one 
side,  and  "Scjit.  1),  18(19,''  upon  the  other.  The  laying-  of  the  stone 
was  observed  with  appropriate  ceremonies.  The  box  (h'posited  in 
the  stone  contained  a  sermon  by  Dr.  W.  J.  Gibson  and  his  ])hoto- 
g-raph  ;  sermon  b}'  Dr.  David  McKinney  and  hisi)hotog-raph  ;  sermon 
by  Dr.  D.  X.  Junkin  and  his  photog-raph ;  sermon  by  Kev.  I).  IT. 
Barron  and  his  photograph  ;  histtnw  of  the  church,  I)v  Hon.  A.  S. 
Landis;  one  copy  of  the  Bilile  ;  Hymiuil  and  Coni'ession  of  Faitli; 
photograjih  of  the  old  church  building;  list  of  otTicers  and  members 
of  the  church;  fractional  currency;  one  copy  each  of  the  "Xew 
York  World,"  "Xew  York  Tril)une,"  •' Presliyterian,"  "New  York 
Observer,"  "Hollidaysl)urg  Standard,"  and  "Hollidaysburg  Reg- 
ister;"  and  sixty  dollars  in  Continental  currency.  The  first  i)ublic 
service  was  held  in  the  new  church  during  the  sessions  of  the  Svnod 
of  Harrisburg,  wliich  began  on  the  19th  of  October,  1811,  but  regu- 
lar Sabbath  worship  did  not  begin  in  the  main  room  until  Decemlier 
31,  1871. 


Among  the  early  citizens  of  this  town  wen^  a  number  of  Roman 
Catholics  from  different  parts  of  Germany.  They  attended  St. 
Mary's  church  here.  Messrs.  Josejjh  and  John  Baroner,  sr.,  tln^ 
Meintels,  the  Fuchs,  Greneders,  Lieb,  W.  Ranch,  J.  Zanker,  J.  Heil- 
meier,  and  others,  finally  numbering  eighty  families,  established  a 
German  congregation,  and  built  a  new  church  of  their  o\\  n. 

The  corner-stone  of  their  church  (St.  Michael's)  was  laid  on  No- 
venil)er  27,  1862,  and  in  less  than  a   y<!ar   the  chur<'h   was  dedicated 


))y  lit.  Rev.  Michael  Doiiienee,  Bishop  of  Pittsburii-,  who  also  ap- 
pointed the  first  pastor  in  the  person  of  Rev.  George  Kirelmer.  The 
church  is  built  in  an  elevated  part  of  the  town  upon  a  fine  plot  of 
ground.  It  measures  15x43  feet.  Its  tower  or  steeple  is  120  feet, 
and  contains  a  ehinie  of  bells.  In  addition,  the  German  Catholics 
possess  a  school-house  and  a  temporary  residence  for  their  pastor. 

The  pastor.  Rev.  G.  Kirchner,  labored  hard  among  his  flock  ;  he 
had  many  sore  trials,  hard  work  and  at  times  insufficient  rest.  Yet 
he  bore  it  pleasantly  in  his  zeaHo  promote  the  welfare  of  his  people. 
He  filled  the  position  of  pastor  for  nearly  five  years,  after  which  he  was 
transferred  to  Pittsburg.  The  second  pastor  was  Rev.  John  B. 
Schmidt.  Nothing  particular  was  done  during  his  pastorate,  save  the 
endeavor  to  promote  the  spiritual  welfare  of  the  congregation. 
Rev.  J.  Rosswog  was  his  successor.  He  remained  about  nine 
months.  His  pastorate  was  attended  by  nothing  noteworthy.  The 
next  pastor  appointed  was  Rev.  George  Allman.  He  was  born  in 
Germany,  but  completed  his  studies  and  was  ordained  in  this  country. 
He  was  beloved  here  by  all  classes.  The  next  pastor,  was  Rev. 
Julius  Kuenzer.  He  also  was  l)orn  in  Germany.  His  literary  abilities 
were  of  a  high  grade;  a  great  scholar  in  Latin,  unexcelled  in  profane 
and  ecclesiastical  history,  and  well  posted  in  all  theological  matters. 
No  changes  were  made  during  his  pastorate  of  nearly  four  and  a  half 
years.  From  here  he  was  transferred  to  Pine  Creek,  Allegheny 
county,  Pa.,  where  he  is  still  in  charge.  The  present  pastor.  Rev. 
Francis  J.  Kaib,  came  on  December  1,  1878.  He  is  a  native  of  our 
country,  born  at  Pittsburg,  on  February  24,  1850.  Great  improve- 
ments have  been  made  up  to  date  under  his   careful   management. 

The  old  school-building  has  been  superseded  by  a  new  and  elegant 
one.  Mrs.  Barbara  Zanker,  wife  of  Joseph  Zanker,  an  old  citizen  of 
this  town,  but  now  deceased,  gave  to  the  pastor,  toward  erecting  the 
new  school,  $4,000.  Work  was  commenced  at  the  new  building  about 
April,  1879,  and  was  finished  for  school  purposes  the  following  Octo- 
ber. The  building  is  large  and  commodious,  measuring  60  feet  in 
depth,  26  feet  in  width  and  about  28  feet  in  heighth.  Besides  this  im- 
provement, there  now  stands  in  the  place  of  the  old  school  building  a 
neat  brick  dwelling  for  the  good  teachers,  the  Sisters.  It  is  21  feet 
front  and  33  feet  deep  and  two  stories  high,  and  complete  in  its  ar- 
rangements. The  Sisters  have  brought  the  school  to  a  high  grade, 
teaching  in  both  languages — German  and  English — reading,  spelling, 
writing,  grammar,  arithmetic,  geography,  Bible  history  and  catechism, 
to  an  average  of  ninety  to  one  hundred  children. 


Thus  tln'  coiigTOgation  has  ))r<)s]»('rc(l  under  tlic  ]»resont  pastor. 
He  is  a  young-  and  active  man,  and  is  c-onsidered  an  al>lo  speaker  in 
both  tlie  German  and  English  hmgnages.  Since  his  advent  he  has 
g-ained  tiie  friendship  and  respect  of  ail  classes  without  exception,  and 
all  guod  wishes  attend  his  ministry  auioug  the  citizens.  Thus, 
through  his  earnest  endeavors  and  hard  lahor,  llev.  Francis  .1.  Kaib 
has  raised  St.  Michael's  congregation  to  such  a  state  that  it  may  )»e 
justly  considered  one  of  the  best  in  the  Cath(tlic  diocese  of  ritt.sburg. 
1862  and  1880 — what  a  change  during  this  lime! 


It  is  with  difficulty  that  a  complete  history  of  the  Lutheran  church 
■can  at  this  day  be  written.  Its  early  records  were  loosely  kept 
and  th(i  original  members  are  either  now  members  of  the  church  in 
heaven  or  have  removed  to  other  States.  In  Frankstown,  about  the 
year  1824,  the  First  Lutheran  church  of  Hollidaysburg  was  organ- 
ized with  Rev.  G.  A.  Reichart  as  pastor,  who  served  until  1830. 
Rev.  Smick  filled  the  pulpit  for  several  years.  The  old  church  build- 
ing is  still  standing.  It  was  built  and  finished  inside  like  all  other 
church  edifices  in  those  days — galleries  around  the  three  sides,  a  pul- 
pit high  in  the  air,  reached  by  winding  stairs,  and  high  back  pews. 
Rev.  Jacob  Martin  became  the  pastor  in  1832,  and  with  his  advent 
the  church  began  to  increase  in  numbers  and  prosperity.  His  pas- 
torate continued,  with  the  exception  of  several  years,  until  1849.  In 
1840,  the  church  was  without  a  pastor.  In  1846  Rev.  Peter  Anstadt 
minist-ered  to  the  congregation.  In  1837,  the  congregation — many 
having  now  settled  in  Hollidaysburg — contemplated  a  removal.  Mr. 
Christian  Garber,  accordingly  donated  to  the  church  a  piece  of  ground 
on  the  hill  where  the  cemetery  now  is,  and  in  the  spring  of  1838, 
ground  was  broken  for  a  new  church  edifice.  Henry  L.  Patterson, 
Jacob  Brumbaugh  and  John  R.  Martin  composed  the  building  com- 
mittee. The  ceremony  of  laying  the  corner  stone  was  performed  on 
Saturday,  May  14,  1838.  The  exercises  were  held  in  the  then  new 
Presbyterian  church.  Rev.  Benjamin  Kurtz,  of  Baltimore,  Md.,  and 
Rev.  Gibson,  of  Bedford,  assisted  in  the  devotional  services.  In  a 
few  years,  additional  ground  was  purchased,  and  used  as  a  cemetery. 
This  building  did  good  service,  and  w^as,  in  its  day,  a  comfortable 
church.  The  basement  of  the  church  was  used  for  a  short  time  by 
the  public  school.  During  Rev.  Martin's  pastorate,  there  were  re- 
ceived into  the  church  466  members  and  he  baptized  320  children. 
In  1849,  Rev.  Llovd  Knight  was  called  to  l^e  the  pastor,  and  he 


Herved  the  congregation  until  1862.  During  his  pastorate,  the  new- 
church,  on  the  corner  of  Allegheny  and  Union  streets,  was  built  and' 
the  old  church  taken  down.  The  corner  stone  of  the  new  church  was 
laid  in  June,  1853,  amidst  imposing  ceremonies.  Many  articles  of 
interest  were  deposited,  and  it  is  to  be  regretted  that  a  description  of 
them  cannot  be  given.  Rev.  Daniel  Schindler  became  the  pastor  in 
18G2  and  served  for  three  years.  He  was  an  eloquent  preacher  and 
a  good  man,  but  there  was  no  notable  prosperity  during  his  pastor- 
ate.' He  succeeded  in  procuring  for  the  church  an  elegant  pipe  organ 
which  cost  six  hundred  dollars.  Rev.  Charles  L.  Ehrenfeld  became 
the  pastor  during  the  summer  of  1865,  and  served  the  congregation 
acceptably  for  five  years.  He  was  succeeded  by  the  present  pastor, 
Rev.  D.  L.  Ryder,  who  preached  his  first  sermon  as  the  regular  min- 
ister, in  the  month  of  January,  1812.  During  his  ministry  the 
church  edifice  and  parsonage  have  been  remodeled  and  greatly  im- 
proved. The  church  is  now  very  neat  and  comfortable.  The  walls 
are  handsomely  frescoed;  1)eautifiil  stained  gkss  adorn  the  windows 
and  the  floor  is  covered  with  a  handsome  carpet.  The  present  mem- 
bership is  three  hundred  and  fifty,  and  the  Sabbath-school  numbers- 
some  two  hundred  scholars. 


The  Baptist  church  of  Hollidaysburg  sprung  from  the  church  at 
Williamsburg,  which  was  admitted  into  the  Juniata  Baptist  Associ- 
ation in  1829.  Ten  members  of  that  church  had  their  residence  in 
Hollidaysburg,  and  when  it  was  determined  that  the  canal  basin 
should  be  located  there,  and  it  became  evident  that  the  village  of  Hol- 
lidaysburg was  destined  to  become  a  large  and  prosperous  town^ 
these  ten  memliers  deemed  it  expedient  and  proper  for  them  to  organ- 
,  ize  a  church  of  their  own.  Accordingly,  in  August,  1833,  they  ob- 
tained letters  of  dismission  from  the  Williamsburg  church.  On  No- 
vember n,  following,  a  council  of  the  association,  which  had  been 
previously  called,  met  in  the  public  school  building  on  Walnut  street,, 
(the  old  school  building  which  was  torn  down  some  years  since),  and 
then  and  there  the  Baptist  church  of  Hollidaysburg  was  organized. 
Rev.  David  Williams,  pastor  of  the  Williamsburg  church,  was  called 
and  became  the  first  pastor.  Sutliff"  F.  Henry  and  Joshua  William- 
son were  elected  deacons  of  the  new  organization.  But  it  was  not 
until  1836  that  the  congregation  felt  themselves  able  to  build  a  church 
edifice.  Although  this  small  nucleus  soon  grew  in  numbers  and  in- 
fluence, their  limited  means  would  allow  of  th£  erection  of  but  a 

HISTORY    OF    ALTOONA    AN])    ULAIll    COUNTY.  231 

small  brick  buildin,!;-,  wliich  was  built  on  the  corner  of  WaliuiL  and 
Union  streets,  the  site  of  the  present  church.  Rev.  Williams  contin- 
ued to  serve  the  church  for  several  years.  Rev.  Thomas  K.  Thomas 
was  the  pastor  for  six  months  during  the  year  1837.  Rev.  John  P. 
Rockafellar,  an  able  and  earnest  divine,  very  zealous  in  the  cause  of 
Christ,  w^as  called  to  the  pastorate  in  1837.  He  continued  to  labor 
among-  the  people,  witnessing,  in  many  instances,  rich  returns  for 
his  labors,  up  to  the  time  of  his  death,  which  occurred  in  1849,  ex- 
cept an  interval  of  three  years.  He  died  young,  and  his  early  depart- 
ure was  much  regretted.  Rev.  Rockafellar  had  many  warm  and 
true  friends.  During  his  ministry,  the  little  brick  church  was  dis- 
covered to  be  too  small  for  the  accommodation  of  the  rapidly  increas- 
ing congregation,  and  in  184(5  the  neat  edifice  now  used  by  the  church 
was  built.  In  1874  it  was  remodeled,  and  the  auditorium  has  l)een 
made  very  comfortable  and  attractive.  During  the  interval  of  three 
years,  before  alluded  to,  the  pulpit  was  filled  by  Rev.  Dr.  A  K.  Bell, 
and  Rev.  Henry  Wescott.  In  1848  the  congregation  extended  a  call 
to  Rev.  D.  J.  Yerkes,  who  continued  in  the  pastorate  until  1857. 
Rev.  Yerkes  was  a  brilliant  preacher,  a  good  pastor  and  very  suc- 
cessful. He  was  succeeded  by  Rev.  A.  H.  Taylor,  who  continued  in 
charge  until  1862.  Rev.  C.  S.  Stineman  was  the  pastor  for  one  year. 
In  1864  Rev.  Dr.  William  Sbadrack  became  the  pastor,  and  contin- 
ued, greatly  admired  and  respected  by  all  his  congregation,  until 
1868,  when  Rev.  E.  C.  Clapp  was  called  and  served  for  two  years. 
He  was  regularly  installed  pastor  in  August,  1867,  and  served  his 
people  faithfully  until  October,  186!).  In  the  spring  of  1870  Rev.  H. 
F.  King,  the  present  pastor,  received  a  call,  which  was  accepted,  and 
took  charge  of  the  congregation  during  the  month  of  April  of  that 
year.  Rev.  King  is  very  acceptable  to  the  people  as  a  pastor.  His 
heart  is  in  his  w'ork,  and  there  is  no  (juestion  of  his  future  success. 
He  is  a^^oung,  earnest  and  arduous  worker  in  the  cause  of  his  Master. 
The  Sabbath-school  attached  to  the  church  is  large  and  in  a  flour- 
ishing condition.  M.  H.  Baldridge,  is  its  superintendent.  A.  M. 
Lloyd  takes  an  active  interest  and  has  charge  of  the  Bible  class — 
called  the  "Judson  Bible  Class." 


On  page  25  reference  is  made  to  this  institution  of  learning,  which 
originated  from  a  desire  for  higher  education  for  young  ladies.  The 
building  is  stone,  four  stories  from  the  foundation,  frontage  one  hun- 
dred and  fifty  feet,  and  depth  one  hundred  and  sixty  feet.     It  con- 


tains,  in  addition  to  a  larg-e  and  commodious  school  hall,  a  laboratory, 
recitation,  reading,  music  and  art  rooms,  besides  apartments  for  the 
principal  and  h\^  family,  and  dormitories  for  boarding  pupils.  The 
building  contains  all  the  modern  conveniences.  The  location  of  the 
Seminary,  on  an  elevated  campus,  the  grounds  embracing  four  or  five 
acres,  is  a  beautiful  one,  commanding  a  fine  view  in  every  direction. 
In  point  of  healthfuluess  the  location  is  unexcelled.  While,  in  no 
sense,  sectarian,  the  school  is,  in  the  best  sense,  moral  and  Christian. 
The  work  is  thorough,  broad  and  liberal,  in  recognition  of  the  fact 
that  the  sphere  of  woman's  activity  and  usefulness  is  constantly  wi- 
dening.    [See  engraving  on  page  212.] 


About  four  o'clock,  p.  m.,  on  the  14th  day  of  April,  1880,  a  fire 
■originated,  evidently  the  work  of  an  incendiary,  in  an  unoccupied 
barn,  formerly  used  as  a  livery  stable  by  Charles  He  wit,  located  on 
Wayne  street,  between  Allegheny  and  Mulberry  streets.  The  Phoe- 
nix Steam  Fire  Engine  company,  Allegheny  Hook  and  Ladder  company 
and  the  G(^od  Will  hose  company  promptly  responded  to  an  alarm 
given  by  the  whistle  of  furnace  number  one.  The  wind,  however, 
spread  the  flames  over  adjoining  frame  structures,  and  in  a  short  time 
two  blocks  were  on  fire,  rendering  the  efforts  of  the  fire  department 
to  subdue  the  flames  entirely  unavailing.  A  telegram  for  aid  was 
transmitted  to  Chief  Engineer  Rose,  of  Altoona.  Promptly  the 
Vigilant  company  with  their  apparatus,  embarked  on  a  special  train, 
consisting  of  an  engine  and  truck,  and  the  run  was  made  (seven 
miles)  in  eleven  minutes.  The  Vigilant  was  followed  by  the  Em- 
pire Hook  and  Ladder  company,  who  drove  to  Holiidaysburg,  over  a 
rough  road,  in  forty  minutes.  By  this  time  the  fire  was  under  con- 
trol. Its  progress  was  stopped  by  the  firemen  confining  their  atten- 
tion to  preventing  its  further  spread. 

After  the  fire  .there  remained  but  one  stable,  occupied  by  James 
€ondron,  on  the  two  squares  ravaged  by  the  flames.  The  buildings 
-destroyed  were  the  double  cottage  house  owned  by  the  Rollins  broth- 
ers ;  green  house,  photogragh  gallery  and  dwelling  of  Frank  Proctor ; 
the  large  brick  house  on  the  corner  of  Allegheny  and  Penn  streets, 
owned  by  Dr.  C.  Irwin  and  occupied  by  Dr.  D.  S.  Hays  ;  also  two 
frame  houses  adjoining,  owned  by  Dr.  Irwin,  and  a  brick  house  owned 
by  W^m.  Thomas,  of  Altoona,  and  a  small  house  owned  and  occupied 
by  the  widow  Lewis;  also  stables  of  A.  L.  HoUiday,  J.  Berckheimer, 
Samuel    McFadden,  Hon.  Thad.    Banks,  Samuel  Milliken,   William 


Williams,  A.  F.  Ostcrloh,  William  Gardner,  James  Patton,  Mrs. 
Reynolds,  Col.  J.  A.  Lemon,  G.  I.  Davis,  J.  M.  Kinports,  C.  G. 
Lovvry,  McFarlane  heirs,  the  stables  on  the  Dr.  Irwin  lots  and  the 
William  Thomas  lot,  and  two  others.  A  ]ari,''e  number  of  unt  houses, 
sheds,  g-rape  arbors,  etc.,  were  either  broken,  burned  or  damajj^ed. 

While  the  fire  was  in  progress  the  roof  of  the  re.>^idenee  of  Judge 
Dean,  and  also  on  that  of  Hon.  R.  A.  McMurtrie,  caught  fire  from 
flying  sparks,  but  were  extinguished  before  serious  damage  resulted. 
Several  other  buildings  caught  fire  from  sparks  and  blazing  shingles 
carried  by  the  wind,  among  which  were  the  residences  of  Dr.  W.  C. 
Roller,  Mrs.  Charlotte  Irvine,  Hon.  S.  S.  Blair,  and  the  stable  of 
David  Over,  which  sustained  but  little  or  no  damage. 

The  losses  an)ounted  to  about  twenty  thousand  dollars,  upon 
which  there  was  aliout  ten  thousand  dollars  of  insurance. 


From  Rowan  Clarke,  M.  D.,  of  Bellwood,  we  obtained  a  short 
and  concise  history  of  the  Blair  County  Medical  Society.  A  prelim- 
inary meeting  was  held  in  Hollidaysburg,  July  25,  1848,  in  pursu- 
ance to  a  notice  which  appeared  in  the  Hollida}' sburg  papers,  signed 
by  James  Coffey,  M.  D.;  J.  A.  Landis,  M.  D.;  A.  Rodrigue,  M.  D.; 
Robert  W.  Christy,  M.  D.,  and  Harry  T.  Coffey,  M.  D.  In  addition 
to  the  gentlemen  just  named,  Wm.  R.  Findley,  M.  D.,  at  that  time 
of  Frankstown,  and  John  Getty,  M.  D.,  of  Martinsburg,  were  present. 
Dr.  John  Getty  presiding,  and  Dr.  H.  T.  Coffey,  acting  as  secretary. 
Drs.  J.  A.  Landis,  Wm.  R.  Findley  and  H.  T.  Coff'ey  were  appointed 
a  committee  to  draft  a  con.stitution  and  by-laws.  On  the  16th  No- 
vember, 1848,  an  adjourned  meeting  was  held  at  the  E.xchange  hotel, 
Hollidaysburg,  which  was  composed  of  the  gentlemen  just  named. 
A  constitution  and  bj^-law's  were  adopted  and  signed  by  those  pres- 
ent. The  following  officers  were  elected  :  President,  James  Coffey, 
M.  D.,  Hollidaysburg  ;  vice  presidents,  John  Getty,  M.  D.,  Martins- 
burg, and  John  D.  Ross,  M.  D.,  of  Williamsburg;  corr<>sponding 
secretary,  Harry  T.  Coffey,  M.  D.,  Hollidaysburg;  treasurer,  Rob- 
ert W.  Christy,  M.  D.,  Hollidaysburg.  The  next  meeting  (the  first 
regular  meeting)  was  held  on  December  2(5,  1848,  in  tiie  office  of  Dr. 
R.  W.  Christy  in  Hollidaysburg. 

The  constitution  described  the  object  of  the  society  to  be  the  ad- 
vancement of  medical  knowledge,  and  to  sustain  and  elevate  the  med- 
ical profession,  to  protect  the  interests  of  its  members,  to  extend  the 
bounds  of  medical  science,  and  to  promote  all  measures  calculated  to 


relievo  sulfering,  to  improve  the  health  and  to  protect  the  live;>  of  the 
community.  Article  3,  section  l,sa_y8:  "Xo  one  shall  be  admitted 
as  a  member  unless  he  is  a  graduate  in  medicine  of  some  respectable 
school ;  or,  has  a  license  to  practice  from  some  board  recognized  by 
the  State  Medical  Society  ;  or,  has  lieen  a  practitioner  of  medicine 
for  at  least  fifteen  years,  and  who  is  in  good  moral  standing  in  the 
place  where  he  resides."  The  balance  of  the  constitution  and  b3"-laws 
is  for  the  government  and  discipline  of  its  members,  and  has  been  but 
slightly  amended  since  its  adoption.  The  society  is  also  governed  by 
the  code  of  ethics  of  the  "American  Medical  Association,"  an  admira- 
able  code  in  every  respect. 

Twentv-seven  names  arc  on  the  roll  at  the  present  time,  onh'  one 
of  the  original  mend)ers.  Dr.  John  D.  Ross,  of  Martinsburg,  being 
among  the  number. 

The  officers  for  the  present  year  are  as  follows:  President,  G.  E. 
Brehman  ;  vice  presidents,  C.  H.  Clossin,  and  R.  W.  Christy  ;  sec- 
retary, Rowan  Clarke;  treasurer,  John  D.  Ross. 


The  first  postmaster  of  HoUidaysburg  was  William  Holliday. 
He  was  postmaster  in  1779,  and  it  is  probable  was  commissioned  by 
the  Supreme  Executive  Council  of  the  State.  He  and  several  others 
addressed  a  petition  to  the  Council,  to  whieh  be  signed  his  name  as 
postmaster,  on  the  29th  of  May,  1779.  John  Holliday  was  postmaster 
during  the  administrations  of  Madison  and  Monroe,  and  probably 
John  Quincy  Adams.  Peter  Hevvit  served  during  the  first  part  of 
Jackson's  administration.  He  was  followed  by  Samuel  Moore. 
Wm.  McFarland  was  appointed  by  Yan  Buren  ;  Dr.  James  Coffey, 
by  President  Harrison  ;  John  Gorley,  under  James  K.  Polk ;  the 
Rev.  J.  P.  Rockafellar,  under  President  Taylor.  Rev.  Rockafellar's 
health  becoming  poor  he  was  unable  to  discharge  the  duties  and  was 
succeeded  by  Joseph  Baldrige.  Col  Wm.  G.  Murray  was  CQmmis- 
sioiied  by  Franklin  Pierce  in  1853,  and  was  continued  during  the  ad- 
ministration of  James  Buchanan.  James  Bingham  was  appointed 
by  Abraham  Lincoln  in  ISGl,  and  continued  in  the  office  until  1869 
or  1870,  when  John  Lingafelt  was  commissioned  by  U.  S.  Grant,  and 
continued  to  discharge  the  duties  in  a  very  acceptable  manner  up  to 
the  time  of  his  death,  in  the  spring  of  1879.  His  son,  James  M.  Lin- 
gafelt, succeeded  to  the  office,  and  is  the  present  incumbent. 

Three  of  Hollidaysbui'g's  citizens  served  in  the  supreme  council 
of  the  nation.     David  Bard  served  as  a  member  of  Cont^ress  from 

HISTORY    OF    Ar/rOONA    AND    HLAIR   COUNTY.  235 

March  4,  1797,  to  March  4,  ISOI,  (hiring-  the  Fourth  and  Fif'tii  Con- 
g-resses,  and  aiiain  from  Marcli  4,  1808,  to  March  4,  1815;  or,  from 
the  Eighth  to  the  Thirteenth  Congresses  inchisive.  He  died  suddenly 
■on  his  return  from  Washington,  at  Alexandria,  on  March  12,  1815. 
He  was,  as  stated  in  another  place,  a  Presbyterian  minister,  and  u\) 
to  within  a  short  time  of  his  death,  a  citizen  of  the  borough  and 
owned  the  lot  now  occupied  by  John  Wighaman,  on  Allegheny 
■street.  At  the  time  of  his  death  he  resided  in  Sinking  Valley.  The 
Hon.  Samuel  Calvin  represented  this  district  in  the  Thirteenth  Con- 
gress, and  the  Hon.  Samuel  S.  Blair  was  its  representative  in  the 
"Thirty-sixth  and  Thirty-seventh  Congresses. 

The  Hon.  Hiram  Price,  who  is  a  member  of  the  present  congress 
from  the  Second  Iowa  district,  was  at  one  time  an  active  and  lead- 
ing citizen  of  the  borough.  General  Henry  H.  Bingham,  present 
member  of  the  First  district  of  this  State  spent  his  boyhood  days  in 
Hollidaysburg,  and  his  father,  Mr.  James  Bingham,  is  still  an  hon- 
ored citizen.  Hon.  Ed.  Belch,  now  a  prominent  lawyer  in  Missouri, 
and  who  served  prominently  for  some  years  in  the  state  senate,  was 
a  citizen  ;  he  studied  law  in  the  office  of  Col.  I).  H.  Hoffius,  and  hung 
out  his  first  shingle  in  Hollidaysburg.  Hon.  Geo.  W.  Martin,  now 
a  prominent  citizen  of  Kansas,  and  for  many  years  the  State  printer, 
looks  upon  Hollidaysburg  as  his  old  stamping  ground,  and  recalls 
with  pleasure  the  many  pleasant  days  he  spent  at  his  first  home. 
Robert  Lowry,  now  a  prominent  citizen  of  Davenport,  Iowa,  was 
once  a  leading  citizen,  and  at  one  time  proprietor  of  the  "American 
House."  Many  others  could  be  named  who  have  gone  out  and  be- 
x?ome  prominent  members  of  society  elsewhere,  but  the  brief  space 
allowed  for  this  narration,  prevents  it. 

Among  the  leading  citizens  may  be  mentioned  the  Hon.  Geo.  R. 
McFarlane.  He  was  fast  rising  in  prominence,  when  his  sudden  and 
untimely  death,  in  September,  1852,  cut  short  a  career  which  bid  fair 
to  be  one  of  high  rank  in  the  nation.  He  was  not  only  a  leading  cit- 
izen of  the  community,  but  was  a  leading  and  influential  spirit  in  the 
Democratic  party,  and  through  it,  was,  at  the  time  of  his  death,  on 
the  line  of  promotion  to  the  gubernatorial  chair.  Hon.  S.  S.  Blair, 
a  leading  citizen,  is  a  distinguished  lawyer,  standing  in  the  front  rank 
of  the,  Pennsylvania  bar,  and  perhaps  the  most  successful  in  this  sec- 
tion of  the  State.  By  many  of  his  friends  it  is  thought  only  a  ques- 
tion of  time  when  he  shall  take  his  place  on  the  Supreme  Bench, 
Hon.  Samuel  Calvin  bas  been  an  active  citizen  for  forty-four  years, 
and  has  done  much  to  advance  the  interests  and  prumote  the  welfare 


of  the  borough.  He  held  a  distinguished  place  in  the  old  Whig  and 
the  Republican  parties,  and  his  name  was  brought  forward  in  several 
of  the  State  conventions  for  Governor,  and  would,  perhaps,  have  suc- 
ceeded in  securing  a  nomination,  had  he  not  peremptorily  declined 
being  a  candidate.  Rabin  Wallace,  the  father  of  Hon.  William  A. 
Wallace,  was  for  many  years  a  citizen  and  a  member  of  the  Blair 
county  bar.  Hon.  Thad.  Banks  has  been  for  forty  years  a  leading 
lawyer  and  distinguished  citizen,  and  has  always  taken  an  interest  in 
all  matters  and  movements  calculated  to  promote  the  welfare  of  the 
borough.  Hon.  John  Dean,  for  many  years  an  active  and  enterpris- 
ing citizen,  has,  through  his  own  untiring  exertions,  attained  promi. 
nence  as  a  lawyer,  and  since  his  elevation  to  the  bench  has  given 
perfect  satisfaction  to  the  people  of  the  Twenty-fourth  district,  and 
Hollidaysburg  is  proud  of  his  legal  attainments  and  his  clear  and  im- 
partial rulings  and  legal  opinions.  Hon.  A.  S.  Landis,  a  lawyer  rap- 
idly rising  in  prominence,  was  a  distinguished  member  of  the  late 
constitutional  convention.  Hon.  B,  L.  Hewitt,  also  a  prominent 
member  of  the  bar,  has  represented  the  people  of  the  county  in  the 
Legislature  for  a  number  of  years,  and  he  bids  fair  to  distinguish  him- 
self in  other  and  more  promineut  fields  of  usefulness.  Hon.  John  A. 
Lemon,  who  represented  this  district,  for  a  number  of  years,  in  the 
State  Senate,  is  now  the  candidate  on  the  Republican  ticket  for  Audi- 
tor General  of  the  State.  He  has  always  been  a  prominent  and  use- 
ful citizen,  and  the  people  are  proud  of  his  advnncement.  Hon.  John 
Cresswell,  jr.,  has  been  a  resident  and  a  leading  citizen  for  many 
years,  and  at  one  period  of  his  life,  a  leader  of  the  Democracy  in  this 
Senatorial  district.  He  represented  the  district  with  honor  and  dig- 
nity in  the  State  Senate,  over  which  body  he  presided  as  Speaker. 
He  was  the  first  Blair  county  man  to  occupy  the  Speaker's  chair. 
Mr.  Cresswell  is  also  a  lawyer  of  learning  and  ability. 

Hollidaysburg  may  be  an  old  town  and  not  a  big  town  for  its 
age,  but  it  can  truthfully  boast  of  a  large  number  of  good  and  prom- 
inent citizens  at  home  and  abroad.  There  are  few  prettier  towns  or 
more  healthful  localities.  Its  streets  are  well  shaded  and  there  are 
few  streets  that  can  excel  Allegheny  for  beauty.  The  town  is  lacking 
in  but  one  thing,  and  that  is  a  large,  first-class  hotel.  It  could  be 
made,  on  account  of  the  pureness  of  its  atmosphere,  and  beauty  of  its 
surrounding  scenery,  a  very  desirable  summer  resort.  It  is  to  be 
hoped  that  the  day  is  not  far  distant,  when  this  much  needed  want 
will  be  supplied. 

IIISTdllY    OF    ALTOONA    AND    15LA1R    COUNTY. 



To  J.  D.  Hicks,  esq.,  of  Tyrone,  a  prominent  nicml)er  of  the  bar 
of  Blair  county,  we  are  indebted  for  the  liistorical  reminiscences  con- 
tained in  the  following-: 

"Tyrone*  City,"  so  called  in  its  earliest  day  by  its  original  pro- 
prietors, is  one  of  the  comparatively  new  towns  in  the  central  part  of 
the  State,  and  is,  in  nearly  every  respect,  what  may  be  called  a  "rail- 
road town,"  owing,  as  it  does,  its  prosperity  to  the  Pennsylvania 
railroad  and  its  branches. 


It  was  originally  laid  out  by  Messrs.  Lyon,  Shorb  &  Co.,  an  old 
and  much  respected  iron  firm,  that,  until  a  few  years  since,  carried  on 
extensive  iron-works  in  different  parts  of  the  State.  John  T. 
Mathias,  at  the  present  day  a  venerable  and  highly  respected  citizen 
of  the  town,  in  1850,  assisted  in  planning  the  streets  and  laying  out 
the  lots.  He  was  then  the  superintendent  of  what  was  known  as 
Tyrone  Forges.  Hon.  Jacob  Burley  built  the  first  house  and  moved 
into  it  in  November,  1850,  and  Rev.  John  I).  Stewart  and  Mr.  Bur- 
ley  started  business  together  in  the  building  first  then  completed,  ad- 
joining, or  in  close  proximity  to  the  same  ground  now  occupied  by  the 
City  hotel.  In  1852  the  Central  hotel  was  erected  by  Joshua  Burley, 
and  in  1853  Messrs.  Edwin  L.  Study,  Pius  Sneeringer  and  Samuel 
Berlin,  on  their  way  to  the  far  west  from  Adams  county,  were  in- 
duced to  interrupt  their  journey  and  look  at  the  new  town.  They 
were  so  favoral)ly  impressed  that  they  |)archased  lots  and  ever  after- 
wards identified  themselves  with  the  growth  and  prosperity  of  Ty- 
rone. Mr.  Study  died  about  a  year  ago,  after  being  widely  and  favor- 
ably known  over  the  entire  State  as  an  active  and  honorable  business 
man.  He  was  president  of  the  Blair  County  Banking  company  at 
the  time  of  his  decease.  Mr.  Berlin  commenced  in  the  drug  business, 
in  which  he  is  still  engaged.  Mr.  Sneeringer  started  in  general  mer- 
chandising and  retired  but  a  year  or  two  since.  In  1852  the  first 
school-house  and  the  Methodist  E.  church  were  added  to  the  many 
new  buildings  previously  erected,  and  in  the  following  year  the  Pres- 
byterian and  United  Brethren  churches  were  built. 

♦Commencing  its  career  as  a  town  in  1849,  Tyrone  was  created  a  borough  in 
ia57 ;  Kast  Tyrone  in  1873.  The  name  was  derived  from  tlie  Tyrone  Iron  works,, 
about  one  mile  east  of  Tyrone. 




The  railroad  facilities  of  Tyrone  are  second  to  no  town  of  like 
population  in  the  State,  and  the  early  completion  of  the  Tyrone  and 
Lewisburg"  railroad  (soon  to  be  effected)  makes  Tyrone  in  reality 
a  railroad  centre  and  a  point  which  will  be  sought  after  by  persons 
whose  inclinations  and  means  would  lead  them  into  the  manufactur- 
ing business. 

Through  the  courtesy  of  Capt.  C.  S.  W.  Jones,  editor  of  the 
■"Herald,"  we  are  able  to  present  a  diagram  of  Tyrone: 

IllSTORV    OF    AI/roONA    AND    15LA111    COUNTY.  239 

TYHOXK  AND  ri,EAIUMM>  l!.\  I  l.l'.oAD. 

Ill  IS.").-;  the  IJcllcfontc  Plank  fond  was  completed,  and  in  ISof) 
the  Tyron(>  and  Clearlield  railroad  was  ('(.nimenced,  l»y  David  J. 
PruntT,  but  owing'  to  some  diHiculties  the  road  was  in  an  ineomitletc 
condition  until  ISHO,  when  the  Pennsylvania  railroad  took  chai-ii-e  of 
it  and  soon  laid  the  rails  over  what  is  said  to  l)e  the  steepest  .uradient 
in  the  State,  and  Clearfield  county  poured  its  coal  and  Uuuher  into 
the  already  Hourishin.u'  l»orou,ti-h. 


In  1802  the  Bald  Eagle  Valley  railroad  superseded  the  old  plank 
road,  and  a  new  division  of  the  Pennsylvania  railroad  was  orp-anized 
with  Mr.  Samuel  G.  Black  as  superintendent,  and  D,  D.  Wood,  a 
well-known  and  tried  railroad  man,  as  train-master.  From  this  tinu' 
the  town  grew  rai)idly. 


Superintendent  Black  was  succeeded  by  James  Lewis,  a  brother 
of  Enoch  Lewis,  purchasing  agent,  P.  R.  R.,  and,  in  turn,  was  suc- 
ceeded by  George  C.  Wilkins.  Mr.  Wilkins  became  much  interested 
in  the  g-rowth  of  Tyrone  and  did  much  towards  its  improvement. 
In  18(7  Mr.  Wilkins  was  succeeded  by  S.  S.  Blair,  th(>  present  effi- 
cient and  gentlemanly  officer.  The  first  chief  clerk  of  the  road  was 
M.  H.  Taylor,  son  of  the  late  Judge  Taylor.  In  1867  Mr.  Taylor 
was  succeeded  !)>■  Josiah  D.  Hicks,  residing  in  Tyrone.  He  removed 
to  Altoona  in  18()8,  and  Avas  succeeded  by  Thomas.  J.  Maitland,  who 
was  afterwards  promoted  to  the  general  superintendent's  office  in  Al- 
toona. R.  H.  Powell  succeeded  Mr.  Maitland,  and  upon  the  acces- 
sion of*Mr.  Blair  to  the  superintendency  Mr.  Powell  was  succeeded 
by  John  H.  Riley. 


The  Pennsylvania  railroad,  as  early  as  18(58,  established  shops  for 
repairs  in  this  i)lace,  which,  for  a  nuuil)er  of  years  were  under  the 
management  of  Andrew  Yauclain,  sr.,  ih»w  of  Altoona.  He  was 
succeeded  by  William  H.  Jackson,  at  present  also  a  resident  of  the 
"Mountain  City."  Mr.  Jackson  was  succeeded  by  William  H. 
Carothers,  who  is,  to-day,  the  same  genial  fellow  he  used  to  ))e  when 
chief  director  of  the  Good  Will  Fire  company  of  Altoona,  in  its 
earlv  historv.  These  shops,  from  small  beginnings,  have  grown  to 
be  extensive,  in  which  are  now  employed  a  large  numl)er  of  men. 



There  are  large  boiler  and  machine  shops  in  successful  operation, 
under  the  management  of  W.  H.  Pawling;  two  large  planing  mills, 
owned  by  Samuel  McCamant  &  Co.  and  Boyer,  Guyer  &  Co. ;  a 
large  steam  tannery,  owned  and  conducted  by  D.  P.  Ray  ;  extensive 
lime-stone  works  and  quarries  of  A.  S.  Morris;  saw-mill  and  shingle- 
mill  ;  large  steam  flouring  mill  in  town  and  others  close  by ;  new 
process  steel  works  in  the  vicinity,  as  well  as  the  extensive  Tyrone 
forges,  conducted  by  S.  C.  Stewart,  proprietor,  who  has  long  been 
identified  with  the  prosperity  of  Tyrone,  doing  all  that  could  be  done 
to  further  its  interests,  and  especially  in  urging  the  completion  of  the 
Tyrone  and  Lewisburg  railroad,  w^hich  must  largely  add  to  the  fu- 
ture prosperity  of  the  place.  The  manufacture  of  illuminating  gas, 
by  the  Tyrone  Gas  &  Water  company,  may  be  considered  as  one  of 
the  growing  industries  of  the  place. 


A  large  paper  mill  has  just  been  erected  in  the  northern  end  of 
the  town  by  Morrison,  Bare  &  Cass,  in  which  about  eighty  hands 
receive  employment.  With  a  front  of  120  feet  on  Main  street, 
the  building  extends  back  190  feet.  The  rear  wing,  on  a  parallel 
wnth  the  front,  is  *70  feet,  making  the  walls  on  three  sides  380  feet. 
Out-buildings  in  the  immediate  vicinity  have  also  been  erected  to  sub- 
serve the  purposes  of  the  company.  The  interior  of  the  main  build- 
ing is  filled  with  improved  and  finely  adjusted  machinery. 


About  18G6  William  M.  Llojal  opened  the  first  bank  in  the  place, 
and  was  shortly  after  succeeded  by  the  Tyrone  bank,  with  Caleb 
Guyer  as  its  cashier.  For  a  long  time  previously,  Mr.  Guyer  had 
acted  as  railroad  agent,  and  in  that  capacity  acquired  an  extensive  ac- 
quaintance. Both  banks  did  a  large  business.  The  latter  is  still  in 
existence,  and  Mr.  Guyer  its  efficient  head.  In  the  year  18T6  the 
Blair  County  Banking  company  w^as  organized,  and  it,  also,  has  be- 
come one  of  the  fixed  institutions  of  Tyrone.  Edwin  L.  Study  be- 
came its  first  president,  and  Gen.  Robert  A.  McCoy,  of  the  famed 
Pennsylvania  Reserves,  and  private  secretary  of  Governor  Curtin, 
was  made  cashier. 


All  the  leading  denominations  have  commodious  churches,  so  that 
persons  who  are  inclined  churchward  cannot  go  amiss   in   Tyrone. 

HISTORY    OF    AI/rOONA    AND    HI, AIR    C(»INTY.  241 

The  public  school  huildiiiii-  is  ainouii-  the  Itcst  in  the  county.  The' 
schools  are  g-railed,  and  in  a  flourisliin,i>'  condition.  There  are  also 
private  schools,  and  within  a  short  distance  of  town,  is  located  the 
Mountain  Seminary,  a  college  for  young-  ladies.  Churches  and 
schools  may  not  directly  add  money  to  the  coffers  of  the  people,  but 
they  are  safeguards  thrown  around  society,  and  g^uardians  of  science, 
intellig-ence,  morality,  and  those  national  virtues  for  which  our  fore- 
fathers "pledg-ed  their  lives,  their  fortunes  and  their  sacred  honor." 


J.  M.  Calderwood  and  Saniuel  Junes  were  the  first  justices  of  the 
peace.  Both  are  living-  and  do  honor  to  the  constituency  that  elected 
them.  Mr.  Cakterwood  is  the  Adams  Express  agent,  and  Mr.  Jones 
is  still  acting  as  magistrate. 

[For  history  of  Tyrone  newspapers  see  i)ages  53  and  54.] 


In  1835,  eleven  years  before  the  erection  of  Blair  county,  David 
Robinson,  (killed  by  a  runaway  accident  at  Frankstown,  on  Friday, 
August  6) ;  J.  G.  Fleck,  of  Sinking  Valley  ;  Allen  McGlathery,  E. 
B.  Tipton,  Robert  Riddle,  of  Altoona  ;  0.  P.  Haggerty,  of  Logan 
township,  and  Thomas  Smith,  of  Scotch  Valley,  were  seven  of  the 
sixty  persons  who  formed  a  military  organization,  called  "The 
Union  Cavalry  Company."  The  company  was  organized  in  Pleas- 
ant Valley,  and  Martin  Bell,  of  Elizabeth  Furnace,  uncle  of  Mr. 
Martin  Bell,  the  Hollidaysburg  attorney,  was  made  captain.  James 
Hutchison,  now  of  Altoona,  was  made  first  lieutenant,  and  Joseph 
Irvin,  of  Hollidaysl)urg,  was  second  lieutenant.  Mr.  Fleck  has 
made  some  researches  in  order  to  ascertain  how  many  of  the  original 
members  of  the  Union  cavalry  are  living  to-day,  and  the  result  has 
been  as  follows :  B.  F.  Bell,  now  residing  somewhere  in  the  west, 
about  (57  years  old;  James  Hutchison,  of  this  city,  about  10  years; 
Oliver  P.  Haggerty,  of  Logan  township,  68  years  old ;  J.  G.  Fleck, 
of  Sinking  Valley,  60  years  old ;  John  Hamilton,  of  Altoona,  prob- 
ably 65  years  old;  Smith  Hamilton,  living  in  the  west,  63  years  old; 
Allen  McGlathery,  of  Altoona,  TO  years  old ;  David  Henshey,  of 
Antis  township,  about  70  years  old  ;  Samuel  Noble,  who  was  born 
in  the  old  log  house  that  formerly  marked  the  site  of  Altoona,  but 
who  now  resides  in  Iowa,  aged  60  ;  Thomas  Smith,  of  Scotch  Valley, 
now  about  65  years  of  age ;  E.  B.  Tipton,  then  a  resident  of  Logan 
township,  but  now  of  Altoona,  69  years  ot  age;  Robert  Riddle, 
now  of  this  city,  about  60  years  old;    Elias  B.   McClellan,  at  that 


time  clerk  at  Allegheny  Furnace,  now  living  somewhere  in  the  west, 
at  the  age  of  more  than  (iO  ;  Stephen  Johnson,  then  living  at  Bell's 
Mills,  but  now  a  resident  of  Indiana  county,  about  60  ;  Thomas 
Trout,  of  Logan  township,  al)out  66  years  of  age  ;  0.  P.  Trout, 
then  of  Logan  township,  but  now  in  Bedford  county,  about  60  ;  Jo- 
seph Irvin,  then  of  Scotch  Valley,  but  now  of  Hollidaysburg,  about 
()4  ;  Elias  Moore,  of  Scotch  Valley,  about  65  :  James  Hopkins,  then 
of  Logan  township,  now  of  Lee  county,  Illinois,  about  65;  A.  K. 
Bell,  then  of  Bell's  Mills,  Imt  now  pastor  of  the  Baptist  church  of 
Altoona,  about  65  years. 

.The  Sheridan  Troop  was  organized  July  15,  1871,  with  C.  S.  W. 
Jones,  captain,  and  J.  C.  Akers,  first  lieutenant.  Mr.  Jones  was  re- 
elected captain  in  1876.  George  Grenninger  was  elected  lieu- 
tenant, July  1,  1874,  and  re-elected  to  same  position  July  1,  1879. 
T.  M.  Fleck  was  elected  second  lieutenant  December  1,  1875.  The 
company  numbers  fifty-eight  men,  who,  fully  equipped  with  uniforms, 
carbines,  revolvers,  saddles,  bridles,  etc.,  present  a  fine  military  ap- 
pearance.     Connected  with  the  troop  is  a  fine  cornet  band. 


Fp  to  the  8th  day  of  July,  1880,  Tyrone  met  with  no  serious  re- 
verses. About  three  o'clock  on  the  morning  of  that  day  a  fire  broke 
out  in  the  livery  stabh;  attached  to  the  City  hotel.  The  stable  was 
burned  to  the  ground.  Its  contents,  including  nine  horses,  a  number 
of  buggies,  carriages,  wagons,  etc.,  were  also  destroyed.  The  third 
story  of  the  City  hotel,  as  well  as  a  two-story  frame  building  occu- 
l)ied  by  the  Blair  County  Banking  company,  clothing  firm  of  Mem- 
inger  &  Stewart,  and  by  Dr.  J.  M.  Gemmil  as  an  office,  disappeared 
with  the  flames;  also,  a  frame  two-story  house  with  a  one-story  addi- 
tion owned  bv  James  T.  Owens,  and  occupied  by  W.  B.  Stewart  as  a 
shoe  store  and  dwelling  and  l)y  Mrs.  S.  (t.  Black  as  a  notion  and 
stationery  store.  The  next  victim  of  the  fire  was  a  two-story  frame 
buildiug  owned  1)y  John  A.  Crawford  &  Bro.,  of  Sinking  Valley, 
and  occupie(l  by  John  W.  Thomas  as  a  dwelling  and  ])y  Smith  & 
Gray,  grocers.  From  this  point  the  flames  \e'd\m\  across  an  alley  and 
attacked  a  larg(^  In-ick  l)uilding  owned  by  the  heirs  of  Wesley  Nowlin, 
deceased,  and  occupied  V)y  Templeton,  Crawford  ife  Co.,  as  a  dry 
goods  store,  the  roof  and  upper  story  of  which  w(u-e  i)artially  de- 
.stroyed.  A  large  frame  warehouse  in  the  rear  of  the  store  and  a 
frame  dwelling  house  in  the  same  locality,  also  l)elonging  to  the 
Xowlin  estate,  met  a  similar  fate.     A  frame  dwelling  house,  ow^ned 


by  W.  Fisk  Coiirnd,  was  next  consiiincd.  A  (IwrHiii^'  house  iidjoiii- 
in,i>',  owned  by  Mrs.  Rebecca  Walker,  was  totally  destroyed.  The 
"Herald"  building-,  adjoining-  th(^  City  hotel,  on  Main  street,  the  lirst 
floor  of  which  was  occupied  I)y  D.  B.  Wilson  as  a  l)Ook  and  sta- 
tionery store,  the  second  floor  by  tlu;  "  Plerald"  printing- office,  and 
third  floor  by  the  Grand  Army  of  the  Republic,  was  partially  de- 
stroyed— the  first  story  remaining-.  Next  to  the  "Herald"  I)uilding 
a  two-story  brick  house,  owned  by  Patrick  Flynn,  the  first  floor  of 
which  was  occnjiied  by  the  Tyrone  bank  and  the  second  floor  as 
offices  by  D.  T.  Caldwell  and  John  A.  Mat  bias,  as  well  as  a  two- 
storv  frame  hall  adioining-  the  bank  building,  also  owned  bv  Mr. 
Flynn, yielded  teethe  flames.  The  latter  building  was  occupied  on  the 
first  floor  by  the  post  office ;  P.  Sneeringer  &  Sons,  tobacco  dealers^ 
and  George  H.  Garner,  dealer  in  drugs;  second  floor,  "Democrat" 
printing:  office.  Next  destroyed  was  a  frame  building  owned  and  oc- 
cupied by  P.  Sneeringer  as  a  dwelling,  and  by  Messrs.  Van  Yalzah 
&  Wilson  as  a  dry  goods  and  grocery  store  ;  also  John  Scullin's  three- 
story  brick  building,  occupied  by  him  as  a  dwelling-  and  merchant 
tailoring-  establishment;  two-story  frame  building,  used  by  I.  P. 
Walton  as  a  dwelling  and  jewelry  store.  An  inconsiderable  portion 
of  personal  property  (goods,  furniture,  etc.,)  was  saved,  and,  in  the 
absence  of  insurance  the  loss  fell  heavily  upon  many.  The  insur- 
ance, altogether  amounted  to  about  $100,000.  The  value  of  property 
destroyed  was  in  the  neighborhood  of  $150,000. 

In  response  to  a  telegram  transmitted  by  J.  D.  Hicks,  of  Tyrone, 
to  Chief  Engineer  Rose,  of  Altoona,  about  an  hour  after  the  fire 
broke  out,  the  latter  gentleman  with  the  Vigilant  Steam  Fire  com- 
pany hastened  to  the  scene  of  the  conflagration.  When  the  call  for 
help  was  received.  Chief  Engineer  Rose  and  the  firemen  were  in 
bed.  Notwithstanding,  in  fifty  minutes  thereafter  they  arrived  in 
Tyrone,  fully  equipped,  and  commenced  the  work  of  fighting  the 
fire.  Huntingdon  had  been  called  upon,  and  it  was  not  long  before 
it  responded  with  a  company  of  firemen  and  a  steam  fire  engine. 
The  Em])ire  Hook  and  Ladder  company,  of  Altoona,  next  made  its 
appearance.  These  companies,  with  the  Neptune,  of  Tyrone,  all 
composed  of  fearless  and  active  firemen,  by  concert  of  action,  soou 
put  an  end  to  the  devouring  element. 


Removing-  the  debris  from  the  burnt  district  commenced  immedi- 
ately after  the  fire,  and  it  was  not  long  before   active   preparations 


were  made  for  the  erection  of  more  substantial  and  ini posing  build- 
ings on  the  site  of  those  destroyed. 


The  new  railroad  depot,  built  on  the  site  of  the  old  one  destroyed 
by  fire,  has  just  been  completed.  The  ground  plan  is  47^x68  feet, 
the  basement  is  of  the  best  and  most  durable  stone,  and  the  building 
consists  of  two  stories  above  the  basement.  The  north  elevation 
shows  one  door  in  the  centre;  the  east  and  west  elevations,  each 
two  doors,  and  the  south  elevation,  three  doors,  irrespective  of  the 
basement  openings  and  the  doors  above  the  first  story.  On  the  first 
floor  is  the  ticket  office,  dispatcher's  office,  express  office,  and  several 
other  departments.  The  apartments  on  the  second  floor  are  fitted 
and  arranged  for  the  office  of  the  superintendent  of  the  Tyrone  di- 
vision, and  his  assistants.  The  main  front  elevation,  with  its  octag- 
onal faces  and  angles,  presents  a  fine  appearance ;  but  the  entire 
building,  finished  in  the  best  style  of  railroad  architecture,  is  an  im- 
posing and  magnificent  structure. 


Besides  these  industries  and  improvements  we  may  mention  a 
new  iron  bridge  which  now  spans  the  Bald  Eagle  creek.  It  is  sev- 
enty-five feet  in  length — a  very  neat  and  firm  structure.  It  is  of 
sufficient  width  for  wagons  to  pass  each  other,  with  extensions  on 
-each  side  for  foot  passengers.  Soon  another  bridge,  spanning  the  Ju- 
niata river,  will  be  constructed. 


The  iron-ore  fields  of  Warriors-mark  and  Nittan)^  valleys,  and  the 
Spruce  Creek  and  Half-moon  valley  mines  on  the  east ;  the  inex- 
haustible coal*  fields  and  lumber  districts  of  Clearfield  and  Centre 
counties  on  the  north  and  west,  and  the  zincf  and  lead  mines  of 
Sinking  Valley  on  the  south — these  resources,  coupled  with  the  beau- 

*Tlie  product  ranges  from  iO,000  to  60,000  tons  per  week.  This  coal  is  said  to  be 
superior  to  that  mined  in  any  other  bituminous  district.  '  It  yields,  by  analysis, 
seventy-four  per  cent,  carbon,  is  comparatively  free  from  impurities,  makes  but 
little  ash,  and  consequently  adds  to  its  combustive  power  a  medium  percentage  of 
volatile  or  inflammable  gas.  Large  bodies  of  carbonate  iron-ore,  which  mixes  ad- 
vantageously with  the  hemitite  and  fossil  ores  of  the  Juniata  valley,  exists  in  part 
of  the  coal  flelds. 

t  One  of  the  lime-stone  belts  of  the  lower  Devonian,  cropping  along  the  val- 
ley, yields  a  considerable  amount  of  lead  and  zinc,  which,  if  properly  developed 
through  scientific  skill,  would  start  a  remunerative  busiiiess  in  the  manufac- 
ture of  oxides.    Silex,  or  silica,  in  the  form  of  glass-sand,  is  also  abundant. 


HISTORY    OF    ALTOONA    AM)    15LAIR   COUXTY.  245 

tiful  Jui)iata|,  which  sends  forth  a  iipverfiiilinj?  supply  of  pure  wa- 
ter, to,ii'ether  with  its  aji-rieultural  resources,  must  in  the  near  future 
make  Tyrone  one  of  tlie  most  imj[)ortant  and  populous  railroad 
towns  of  Pennsylvania.  The  health-imi)artinii-  influences  of  the  at- 
mosphere, and  the  heauty  of  natural  scenery,  combined  with  the  ad- 
vantasi'es  already  recited,  point  with  unerrin.y  certainty  to  this  result. 



Cliief  Burgess,  C.  S.  \V.  Jones.  |  Treasnicr,  C.  J.  Kt'Kel. 

Assistant  do,      John  F.  Rung.  1  Soluilor.  J.  I),  lliclcs. 


1st  Ward— Samiiel  Berlin,  K.  J.  Pruner.  1  .'id  Ward— A.  G.  Morris,  M.  J.  MeCann. 
Una  Ward— J.  M.  Smith,  M.  G.  Crawford,  j  41  h  Ward- M.  Stewart.  Jno.  Farrell,  sr. 


J.  M.  Calderwood.  D.  P.  Ray,  sr. 

A.  B,  Hoover.  |  J.  S.  Plumuier. 

S.  S.  Blair.  i  J.  H.  Holtzinger. 

Constable,  H.  I.  Harphani. 

Borough  Surveyor,  H.  V.  Boeckiug. 


Evangelical  Lutheran  (German)  church,  organized  in  1SH9. 

First  Evangelical  Lutheran  (English)  church,  organized  in  18T-2.  J.  H.  Waltericlc, 

Methodist  Episcopal  church,  erected  in  IS.V).    Rev.  J.  F.  Riddh',  present  ptistor. 

Presbyterian  church,  organized  in  1.S57.    Rev.  S.  M.  Moore,  D.  U.,  pastor. 

St.  Matthew's  Roman  Catholic  church,  organized  originally  in  Sinking  Valley  over 
thirty -Ave  years  ago  ;  church  built  in  Tyrone  in  1854.  Rev.  Father  J.  C.  F'arran. 

Y'oung  Men's  Christian  Association,  organized  in  1870.  President,  Or.  J.  C.  Ham- 


The  Neptnne  Hose  Company.  Organized  in  187<i.  Incorporated  as  Xeptune  Steam 
Fire  Engine  Company  in  October,  1880. 

JTlie  historic  Juniata  flows  through  the  valley,  and  at  this  point,  has 
cut  a  narrow  channel  through  the  shale  rocks  of  Brush  mountain.  Flowing  nearly 
in  the  opposite  direction,  and  reversely  tlirough  the  old  prinuil  bed  of  the  Juniata, 
Is  the  Bald  Eagle  creek,  which  joins  the  river  at  Tyrone,  in  its  ceaseless  '-march  to 
the  sea."  Sinking  Run.  (see  engraving  of  Sinking  Spring,)  a  beautiful  mountain 
stream,  enters  a  subterranean  cavcirn  at  the  upper  end  of  towii,  comes  to  daylight 
on  the  margin  of  the  .Juniata,  and  forms  its  confluence  with  the  river  a  short  dis- 
tance above  the  mouth  of  the  Bald  F^agle.  Sinking  run  is  tappeil  some  distance 
above  the  "Sink,"  by  the  main  water  pipe,  and  supplies  the  town  with  pure  and  un- 
adulterated water.  Two  other  very  ttne  mountain  streams  flow  together  below  the 
"BigF'ill"  on  the  Tyrone  and  Clearfield  railroad,  and  the  pure,  sparkling  water 
comes  rushing,  gushing,  foaming  and  bounding  over  the  rocks,  until  it  enters  the 
Bald  Eagle  above  East  Tyrone.  Numerous  smaller  runs  and  rivulets  drain  the 
basins  that  enter  the  great  valley. 



Tyrone  Lodge,  152,  I.   O.  of  O.  F.,  ve-oi-ganlzed  In  1872.    Meets  every  AVednesday 

evening  in  Heller's  Hall, 
Tyrone  Lodge,  No.  494,  A.  Y.  M.,  organized  in  1S70.     Meets  the  tliird   Monday    of 

each  month. 


Bald  Eagle  Building  and  Loan  Association,  incorporated  in  1872.    Sam'l  McCainant,. 

president;  J.  M.  Calderwood,  secretary. 
Emerald  Beneticial    Association,  branch  231,  organized    in  1872.      William    Vogt,. 

Tyrone  Gas  and  Water  Company,  incorporated  in  18(58.    C.  Gnyer,  president;  A.  A. 

Stevens,  secretary. 


The  Sheridan  Band  re-organized  in  1879.    Meets  every  Tuesday  evening. 


Tyrone  Bank,  organized  in  1871.     Caleb  Guyer,  cashier. 

Blair  County  Banking  Company,  organized  in  1874.    Robt.  A.  McCoy,  cashier. 


We  are  indebted  to  Miss  Clarke,  a,  daug-hter  of  Rowan  Clarke^ 
M.  D.,  for  the  following  article:  Bell's  Mills  or  Bellwood  is  a  vil- 
lage, on  the  line  of  the  Pennsylvania  railroad,  seven  miles  north  of 
Altoona.  It  is  named  for  Mr.  Edward  Bell,  who  was  one  of  the  first 
permanent  residents  in  the  village.  Quite  a  large  number  of  Mr. 
Bell's  descendants  are  now  living  in  or  near  Bell's  Mills.  The  village 
is  noted  for  its  beautiful  mountain  scenery  and  pure  healthy  atmos- 
phere. The  Allegheny  mountains  almost  completely  surround  this 
valley.  The  only  stream  of  water  in  it  is  the  Juniata  river,  and  it  is 
so  small  at  this  point,  that  it  can  scarcely  claim  the  name  of  river. 
There  are  quite  a  number  of  mills  in  the  immediate  vicinity  of  Bell- 
wood.  It  is  also  one  of  the  principal  coaling  stations  along  the  Penn- 
sylvania railroad.  This  place  has  become  cpiite  famous  of  late  as- 
the  point  to  which  all  parties  come  on  their  way  over  the  Bell's  Gap 
railroad.  This  railroad  was  built  eight  years  ago.  Its  chief  object 
was  to  bring  coal  from  the  mines  on  the  mountain  to  the  Pennsylva- 
nia railroad  cars;  but  it  is  much  visited  by  strangers  on  account  of 
the  grand  and  romantic  scenery  surrounding  it.  The  road  is  at 
present  eight  miles  in  length,  but  the  company  are  building  an  ex- 
tension, which,  when  completed,  will  make  a  road  twenty  miles  in 
length.  The  highest  point  is  twelve  hundred  feet  above  Bell's  Mills, 
The  road  winds  along  the  side  of  the  mountain,  and  crosses  gorges 
over  seventy-five  feet  deep.  On  all  sides  are  mountains,  and  far  be- 
low is  the  valley.     On  top  of  the  mountain  is  a  beautiful  little  re- 


sort,  called  Rhododendron  Park.  This  is  a  favorite  place  for  picnics 
and  excursions.  The  ])opulation  of  Bell's  Mills  has  increased  (luito 
rapidly  since  the  building-  of  this  railroad,  and  the  business  capacities 
of  the  place  are  much  better  than  before.  There  are  two  stores  and 
four  churches  in  the  village.  In  the  cemetery  are  some  graves  bear- 
ing the  date  of  the  first  years  of  the  century.  Bell's  Mills  has  a 
population  of  about  five  hundred  people.  Nature  has  done  much  to 
make  the  village  beautiful.  A  few  touches  from  the  hand  of  art 
would  make  it  as  pretty  as  any  place  of  its  size  along  the  Pennsyl- 
vania railroad. 

ROARING  Spring. 

This  thrifty  little  village  is  located  in  the  southern  part  of  the 
county,  about  seventeen  miles  south  of  Altoona,  on  the  Morrison 
Cove  railroad  at  the  junction  of  the  Bloomfield  railroad.  It  has  a 
population  of  about  600  inhabitants.  The  town  derives  its  name 
from  the  spring  located  on  the  land  of  G.  H.  Spang,  of  Bedford,  Pa. 
The  spring  sends  forth  large  volumes  of  soft  lime-stone  water,  and 
the  beautiful  surroundings  are  used  as  a  favorite  picnic  ground  by 
adjacent  towns.  The  spring  derived  the  name  of  "roaring"  from 
the  sonorous  sound  produced  by  the  flow  of  the  water  over  a  rocky 
precipice  at  the  fountain  head,  which  could  be  heard  for  a  mile  ov 
more.  The  artificial  improvements,  made  some  years  ago,  had  the 
effect  of  destroying  this  gurgling  sound.  It  still  maintains  its 
former  name  of  Roaring  Spring. 

Daniel  Bare  and  his  son,  D.  M.  Bare,  of  the  grist  and  paper 
mills,  purchased  the  major  portion  of  the  land  on  which  the  town  is 
located  from  Job  Mann,  of  Bedford,  in  1863.  These  enterprising 
gentlemen  at  once  saw  that  it  was  a  very  desirable  location  for  a. 
paper  manufactory  and  the  powerful  volume  of  water  emanating 
from  the  spring  could  be  utilized  to  drive  the  machinery.  Thev,  in 
conjunction  Avith  John  Eby  and  John  Morrison,  began  the  erectioiii 
of  a  paper  mill  which  they  operated  successfully,  but  it  was  destroyed 
by  fire.  It  was  again  rebuilt  and  operated  again  for  seven  years 
when  it  was  destroyed  by  an  explosion.  Ph(enix-like,  it  arose  from 
its  ashes,  and  now  it  is  one  of  the  most  complete  paper  manufac- 
tories in  the  State,  employing  in  its  various  departments  over  one 
hundred  persons.  The  enterprising  firm  have  large  stores  in  New 
York  and  Pittsburg.     The  mill  is  operated   day  and  night,  and  the 

248  HISTORY   OF    ALTOONA    and   BLAIR    COUNTY. 

mammoth  Corliss  enpiae  is  toiling-  its  ceaseless  rounds  from  Monday 
morning  until  Saturday  nig-ht  without  stopping. 

Besides  the  paper  mill,  Roaring  Spring  has  a  large  grist  mill,  a 
commodious  school  edifice,  four  churches,  telegraph  office,  etc.  The 
spring  itself,  with  its  beautiful  grove  and  charming  surroundings,  is  a 
favorite  resort  for  lovers  of  pleasure. 


It  is  beautifully  situated  in  Morrison  Cove,  about  twelv'e  miles  from 
Hollidaysburg,  on  a  branch  of  the  Pennsylvania  railroad,  starting 
from  Altoona.  "Great  Cove,"  in  which  it  was  situated,  was  settled 
in  1149,  but  the  name  was  changed  to  "Morrison's  Cove,"  in  honor 
of  a  Mr.  Morris,  as  early  as  HTO.  It  is  an  incorporated  borough, 
with  burgess  and  council.  A  number  of  rich  ore  mines  are  in  the 
vicinity.  This  is  the  seat  of  the  Juniata  Collegiate  Institute.  [See 
page  25.] 

This  town  was  settled  by  Conrad  Martin,  a  well-to-do  farmer 
from  Washington  county,  Md.  Among  the  early  settlers  were  ex- 
Sheriff  Alexander  Bobb,  Abraham  Stoner  and  Daniel  Camerer. 
There  are  six  churches  Avithin  the  borough  limits — Lutheran,  Metho- 
dist, Presbyterian,  Church  of  God,  German  Reformed,  and  German 
Baptist.     It  contains  a  literary  society  and  a  cornet  band. 

About  two  and  a  half  miles  south  of  Martinsburg  is  a  village 
called  Fredericksburg,  with  about  two  hundred  inhabitants,  situated 
on  Clover  Creek,  composed   of  "The   Brethren." 


This  village  is  located  in  the  southeastern  part  of  the  county, 
pleasantly  situated  on  the  Juniata  river.  It  was  laid  out  in  1794  by 
a  German  named  Jacob  Ake,  who  purchased  the  land  of  Col. 
Canan.  It  was  called  Akestown,  but  previous  to  his  death  he 
changed  its  name  to- Williamsburg,  as  an  honor  to  his  oldest  son, 
William,  who  was  about  to  leave  him  and  settle  in  Tuckahoe  Valley. 
The  old  plan  of  selling  lots  on  lease,  by  payment  of  one  Spanish 
milled  dollar  yearly,  forever,  was  adopted  by  him,  and  to  this  day, 
most  all  the  lots  yield  that  tax. 


A  spring-  of  very  fine  water  flows  throug-h  t[ic  centre  of  the  town, 
which  supplies  several  mechani(;al  works.  The  furnace  property  is 
at  present  idle,  but  five  dry  goods,  one  grocery,  one  hardware  and 
two  drug  stores  indicate  business.  Homer  ITewit  has  erected  on  the 
outskirts  of  the  town  an  immense  house  for  the  propagation  of  poul- 
try of  rare  and  valuable  breeds,  as  well  as  swine. 


In  his  history  of  Hollidaysburg,  commencing  with  page  201,  Mr. 
Snyder  makes  allusions  to  Gaysport.  We  add  that  it  was  organized 
as  a  borough  on  June  9,  1841.  It  contains  about  eight  hundred  in- 
habitants, and  is  free  from  debt.  It  is  separated  from  Hollidaysburg 
by  the  Juniata  river. 

Bennington  Furnace. 

This  is  a  small  village,  composed,  principally,  of  the  emplo3^es  of 
the  furnace  located  there.  The  Bennington  shaft  supplies  Hollidays- 
burg with  coal  for  coke.  In  the  neighborhood  are  the  mines  of  Den- 
niston.  Porter  &  Co.,  which  supply  Gap  furnace  with  coal ;  also  the 
mines  ofKittanning  Coal  company,  of  Philadelphia,  shippers  to  mar- 
ket. The  place  is  improving,  the  Cambria  Iron  company  having  re- 
cently erected  ten  double  houses,  in  addition  to  what  they  previously 
built.  A  good  boarding  house  or  hotel  is  needed.  There  are  two 
churches;  population  about  tOO. 


This  place  was  so  named  from  the  great  Indian  path  or  trail,  be- 
tween Kittanning  and  the  valley  of  the  Delaware,  which  crosses  the 
mountain  through  this  gorge.  Coal  is  extensively  mined  in  the 
neighborhood,  two  branch  railroads,  each  two  miles  in  length,  run- 
ning up  the  ravines  to  the  mines.  Population  about  250.  The  post 
office  has  been  removed  to  Glen  White. 




This  is  a  village  with  a  population  of  300  or  400,  containing  three 
churches,  a  post  office  and  a  seminary  for  young  ladies.  It  lies  in 
the  vicinity  of  Tyrone.  It  derives  its  name  from  a  natural  arch 
which  spans  the  Sinking  Spring.     fSee  engraving  on  page  18.] 


This  village  contains  three  churches,  among  them  a  new  Metho- 
dist church  erected  in  place  of  the  one  recently  destroyed  by  fire. 
Its  location  is  ten  miles  east  of  Altoona  and  four  miles  west  of  Ty- 
rone, a  station  on  the  Pennsylvania  railroad.  Its  population  is  about 
three  hundred. 

Newry  and  DUNCANSVILLE. 

Newry  (a  borough)  and  Duncansville  are  towns  containing  be- 
tween 300  or  400  inhabitants  each.  The  other  towns  of  the  county 
are  small  settlements  from  fifty  to  one  hundred  inhabitants,  all  of 
which  contain  post  offices.  Their  names  appear  in  the  list  of  post 
offices  of  the  county,  as  follows: 


Arch  Spring, 

IJciiniimton  Furnace, 
Blue  Knob, 
Canoe  Creek, 
Clo\er  Creek, 
East  Freedom, 





Glen  Wliite,  (Kit'g  Pt.. 

McKee's  Gap, 





Ore  Hill, 

Poplar  Run, 
Roaring  Spring, 

SalSbath  Rest, 

Sinking  Valley, 
Y'ellow  Spring. 





The  population  of  Blair  county  in  1870  was  38,0,51.    In  that  yeai'  tin-  population 
Of  each  township  was  as  toUows  : 

Allegheny  township 1,913 

Altoona  city 10,610 

Antis  township 1.893 

IJhiir  townshiji li.'iTl 

Catharine  townshiii 907 

Frankstown  township I,5.'i3 

Freedom  to\\nship 1,020 

Gay  sport  borough 799 

Greenfield  township 1,233 

Hollichiysburg  borough 2,952 

Hiistou'tovvnship 1,33.5 

Juniata  township ()21 

IjQgan  townshii) 2,422 

Martinsburg  borough .536 

North  Woodbury  township 9.53 

Snyder  township 1,412 

Taylor  township 1,360 

Tyrone  township ],()06 

Tyrone  borough 1.848 

Woodbury  township 2,107 

Total 38,0.51 

In  1875  the  population  of  Altoona  was  15,329,  distributed  as  follows : 

Fami-  Popu- 

lies.  latlon. 

First  ward 418  2,322 

Second  ward 549  2.70i 

Third  ward 373  2,088 

Fourth  ward 417  2.093 

Fifth  ward 393  1,998 


Sixth  ward 478 

Seventh  ward  114 

Eighth  ward 262 




Totals 3,004        15,320 

The  population  of  the  county  in  1880  is  52,733.  In  one  sense  this  is  otticial,  but 
after  tlie  revised  report  is  issued  from  AVashington  slight  inaccuracies  may  appear. 
We  give  the  townships : 

Allegheny  township 2.148 

Altoona  city 19,740 

Antis  township 2,282 

Blair  townshiji 1,426 

Catharine  township 579 

Frankstown  township 1,783 

Freedom  township 1,214 

Gaysport  borough 764 

Greenfield  township 1,286 

Hollidaysburg  borough 3,1.50 

Huston"  township 1,533 

Juniata  township 723 

Logan  towhship 4,.582 

Martinsburg  boi-ough 567 

North  Woodbury  township 1,695 

Snyder  township 1,391 

Taylor  township 2,011 

Tyrone  township 1,002 

Tyrone  and  East  Tyrone  borough.  2,957 

Woodbury  township 1,900 

Total •''•2,733 

It  will  be  observed  that  the  population  for  the  last  ten  years  has  increased  14,682. 
Of  this  increase  Altoona  is  credited  with  9,130 ;  Tyrone  and  Hollidaysburg,  198. 
The  following  is  the  enumeration  of  the  various  wards  of  iVltoona  for  1880: 

First  ward 2,735 

Second  ward 3,343 

Third  ward 2,517 

Fourth  ward 2.5S7 

Fifth  ward 2,708 

Sixth  ward 

Seventh  ward. 
Eighth  ward.. 




Total 19,740 


Probably  five  hundred  buildings  of  various  kinds  will  have  been  erected  for  tlie 
year  ending  on  the  31st  of  December,  1880,  in  the  city  of  Altoonji.  This  is  strong, 
practical  evidence  of  the  enterprise  and  progressive  spirit  of  the  citizens.  Fortu- 
nately tliere  has  been  but  little  difflculty  in  procuring  materials.  Good  building 
stone  can  be  obtained  in  the  vicinity,  and  lumber  can  be  transportetl  from  anj- 
point  of  the  compass  at  very  low  rates.  The  best  kind  of  clay  for  building  brick; 
can  be  procured  within  a  stones-throw  of  the  corporate  limits.  At  the  yards  of  Mr. 
J.  R.  Vaughn,  pressed,  common,  paving  and  angle  brick  can  be  procured  in  any 
quantity,  at  any  time.  The  Altoona  Fire  Clay  works,  officially  conducted  by  Dr. 
S.  C.  Baker,  president:  M.  Kinkead,  secretary  and  treasurer  and  W.  L.  Winkle,  su- 
perintendent, produce  the  best  article  of  tire  claj-  brick. 


AVc  reproduce  an  article  wliicli  appeaiefl  in  the  Altoona  Daily  Sun  of  Jnly  26, 
1880  :  "Evidence  of  the  prosperity  of  the  building  and  loan  associations  of  Altoona- 
are  plainly  visible.  Buildings  erected  through  tlieir  instrumentality  are  located,  at 
short  distances,  all  over  the  city.  Outside  of  this  agencj'.  and  besides  the  buildings 
constructed  by  individuals  at  individual  cost  and  for  individual  benefit,  a  few  citi- 
zens of  means  have  aided  less  jirosperous  citizens  in  erecting  dwellings,  agreeing 
to  receive  what  otherwise  would  be  paid  for  rent  as  so  much  i^nrchase  money  on 
the  property,  charging  little  or  no  interest  on  the  amount  invested,  thus  enabling 
the  beneficiaries  to  secure  lionies  of  tlieir  own.  One  of  these  gentlemen  is  Mr.  W.  J. 
Heinsling,  who  lias  been  engaged  in  this  good  work  for  several  years.  He  has  assis- 
ted quite  a  number  in  this  way,  thus  setting  an  example  to  others,  which,  if  follow- 
ed, will  result  in  permanent  benefit  to  the  cominunity." 


Is  located  in  the  south-westei-n  portion  of  the  city.  It  was  erected  in  the  spring 
of  1873  by  a  joint-stock  company,  who  gave  to  it  the  title  of  "Peoples'  Planing  mill." 
The  officers  were:  John  Geesey,  president ;  J.  W.  Martin,  superintendent  and  treas- 
virer.  These,  together  with  James  Clabaugh,  Fredericlv  llesser  and  Louis  Plack, 
constituted  the  board  of  directors.  The  land,  buildings,  machinery,  etc.,  cost  about 
$30,000.  After  the  expiration  of  a  year  or  so,  failing  to  realize  its  expectations,  and 
consequently  unprepared  to  meet  its  financial  obligations,  the  company  asked  for 
an  extension  of  two  years,  which  was  granted  by  the  creditors.  Then  failing  in  its 
payments,  an  assignee  was  appointed  to  ilispose  of  its  property.  The  property  was 
purchased  by  William  Stoke,  who,  in  company  with  other  gentlemen  of  capital, 
are  now  engaged  in  its  conduct,  with  profit,  we  trust,  to  tliemselves,  certainly  with 
credit  to  the  community.    The  pi  ice  paid  by  Mr.  Stolie  was  $11,700. 

The  City  Planing  mill,  with  its  office,  a  dwelling  house,  warehouses,  sheds,  sta- 
bles, etc.,  covers  two  acres  of  grc>uiul.  The  main  building,  (the  mill)  and  oflieeare 
composed  of  brick,  tlie  former  60x1.50  feet,  and  the  latter  a  creditable  structure,  with 
ample  room  for  tlie  performance  of  clerical  lahor.  Among  other  "conveniences," 
so  to  term  them,  is  a  railroad  sitling  capable  of  holding  eight  or  ten  cars.  Additions 
have  recently  been  made  to  the  machinery,  including  the  latest  appliances  for  the 
abridgment  of  labor.  Having  thus  far  satisfactorily  met  the  expectations  of  the 
public,  Messrs.  Stoke  &  Co.  have  the  best  wishes  of  tlie  community. 


Is  located  on  Ninth  avenue,  between  Eleventh  and  Twelfth  streets.  It  was 
erected  in  1869.  John  S.  Uootli  and  Martin  H.  Mackej^  have  conducted  the  establish- 
ment since  1876.  The  frontage  occupied  by  the  Planing  mill  and  its  appurtenan- 
ces consistingofvai-ious  buildings— ofHce,  sheds  for  the  storageof  lumber,  etc.— iiieas- 
nres  1.^0  feet.  Since  Booth  &  Mackey  assumed  control  of  the  mill,  of  which  they  are 
owners,  much  additional  macliinery  has  been  added,  and  other  improvements  made 
from  time  to  time.  Both  these  gentlemen  being  practical  and  experienced 
draughtsmen,  caipenters  and  btiilders,  are  evidently  the  right  men  in  the 
riglit  place.  Hence  no  ilifliculty  is  encountered  by  those  who  wish  buildings 
erected,  tor  plans,  estimates  and  specifications  are  quickly  made  out,  and  the  work 
executed  in  a  manner  entirely  satislactory.  During  the  entire  period  in  which  they 
have  been  engaged  in  business  no  complaints  have  been  made  by  any  of  those  who 
liave  availed  themselves  of  their  services,  for  they  have  conducted  affairs,  from 
the  commencement  up  to  the  present  time,  upon  the  strictest  principles  of  integ- 
rity. Their  business  has  increased  in  arithmetical,  or  we  might  say,  in  geometrical 
progression  ever  since.  Notwithstanding  this,  their  facilities  tor  the  fulfilment  of 
orders  is  fully  equal  to  the  demands  made  upon  them. 


The  Mountain  City  Star  Mill,  of  C.  Hauser  &  Son, located  at  the  corner  of  Eighth 
avenue  and  Sixteenth  street,  Altoona,  is  a  large  and  substantial  structure  littea 
with  all  the  most  apijroved  machinery  for  the  rapid  and  economic  production  of 
the  l«est  grades  of  flour.  The  engine  room  is  well  adapted  to  its  use  and  contains 
a  forty  horse  power  engine  of  modern  construction  and  is  provided,  as  are  also  the 


■boilers,  with  tlio  bost  siifcguaids  against  acciilciU.  Mr.  James  llauser  is  the  engin- 
eer, and  the  .splendid  condition  of  the  machinery,  under  liis  care,  proves  that  lie  is 
the  right  man  for  tlie  place. 

A  twenty-fonr  inch  belt  connects  the  engine  with  the  main  slialling  of  the  mill 
which  contains  four  run  of  stone  adapt<'d  lo  vai'ious  work.  Tlie  linris,  at  great  ex- 
pense, are  provided  with  Ilotfner's  patent  coil  back  lasb  spring  whicli  secures  a 
steady  and  regular  motion  without  jar. 

All  wheat  is  put  through  one  of  C.  D.  llanna's  steamers  and  dryers  before  going 
te  the  burrs  and  the  firm  make  the  celebrated  new  process  flour  which  linds  so 
much  favor  with  the  best  judges.  A  patent  middlings  purifier  and  a  Eureka  smut 
machine— the  best  in  use— are  among  the  machinery  of  the  mill,  which  also  con- 
tains one  of  Richmond's  smut  machines  with  combined  breaker  and  cleaner. 

From  the  third  floor  of  the  mill  a  line  view  is  obtained  of  the  city  anil  sliops, 
while  the  floor  itself  is  crowded  with  machinery,  all  in  active  motion  ;  there  being 
four  bolting  reels  on  this  floor, each  2\X  ltH>t  long,  which  bftlt  tlie  flour  and  separate 
the  bran,  etc.  Here  are  storeil  eiglit  thousanil  bushels  of  choice  wheat  selected 
with  great  care  and  especial  reference  to  its  flouring  qualities.  The  grain  is  re- 
ceived at  the  second  floor  where  it  is  carefully  inspected  and  weighed  and  dropped 
into  the  receiving  bin,  and  from  thence  Is  elevated  to  the  fourth  story  and  con- 
veyed to  the  smut  and  brush  machines  that  we  have  spoken  of.  These  machines 
separate  all  impurities  and  thoroughly  cleanse  the  giain  from  dust  and  leave  it  in 
a  golden  shower,  pure  and  clean,  on  its  way  to  the  burrs  which  grind  it.  It  is  flrst, 
however,  passed  through  the  steamer, and  is  stt^amed  and  dried  before  it  is  ground. 
The  burrs  are  four  feet  in  diameter,  and  grind  flfteen  bushels  per  hour  each. 

The  ground  wheat  is  elevated  again  and  goes  through  the  bolts,  purifiers,  etc.,  on 
the  third  floor.  It  descends  to  the  second  floor  where  it  is  weighed  and  packed  into 
sacks  or  barrels  to  siiit  the  requirements  of  patrons.  The  miller  is  Harry  G.  Gard- 
ner, a  prince  of  good  fellows  and  a  practical  man,  who  always  makes  A  No.  1  flour. 
His  assistant,  William  Hauser,  is  also  a  practical  miller  of  rare  judgment  and  great 

C.  Hauser,  sr.,one  of  Altoona's  oldest,  most  reliable,  energetic  and  safe  business 
men,  is  the  senior  partner  and  general  nuinager  of  th.e  Arm  Mhile  the  oflice  business 
is  transacted  by  his  son,  C.  Hauser,  jr.,  who,  to  all  the  good  (lualities  of  his  father^ 
adds  a  genial  pleasant  manner  that  always  attracts  anil  retains  friends. 

The  flour  of  these  mills  flnds  ready  sale  because  of  its  excellent  quality  which  is 
even  and  can  always  be  depended  upon  to  give  satisfaction.  The  flrni  also  deal 
largely  in  all  kinds  of  mill  products,  bran,  feed,  shorts,  grain,  seeds,  etc.,  and  can 
always  be  depended  upon  to  sell  at  the  lowest  market  prices.  Their  mill  consti- 
tutes one  of  the  institutions  of  which  Altoona  is  deserveilly  proud  and  their  popu- 
larity and  business  are  daily  iucreasing. 


Agencies  are  established  in  every  city  of  the  United  States,  all  the  countries 
of  Europe,  Mexico,  Canada  and  South  America.  The  "American"  has  taken  the 
flrst  premium  at  neai'ly  every  public  exhibition  at  which  it  appeared,  including  the 
Centennial,  where  it  received  two  flrst-class  awards,  one  for  the  ingenuity  and  sim 
plicity  of  its  construction,  the  other  for  the  work  done  on  it.  The  company  claim, 
with  propriety,  that  it  is  the  best  family  and  light  numufactnring  machine  in  exis- 
tence. D.  R.  Betts,  a  polite  and  courteous  gentleman,  is  the  general  agent  of  Cen- 
tral Pennsylvania.  His  residence  is  in  Ilarrisburg.  E.  C.  Reese  is  the  popular 
agent  in  Altoona. 


in  February,  present  year,  John  A.  Canan  erected  a  building  on  INIargaret  ave- 
nue, near  the  Branch  railroad,  for  the  display  and  sale  of  Terra  Cotta  merchandise. 
On  the  20th  March  he  commenced  business,  and  has  been  doing  well  ever  since. 
He  keeps  a  complete  stock  of  chimney  tops,  lawn  vases,  etc.,  together  with  fire- 
brick flues,  and  other  articles  in  consonance  with,  if  not  legitimately  belonging  ta 
the  business.  He  deals  also  in  lime,  sand,  hair,  cement,  brick,  etc.  He  has  the  good 
wishes  of  the  community. 



BeJow  we  give  a  list  of  Senators  ami  Representatives  of  tlie  districts  to  -vvbicli 
Blair  county  was  joineil,  when  not  entitled  to  separate  representation  : 


Blair— Henry  Bridenthall  and  David  Blair. 
-Henry  Bridenthall. 
do.  —Joseph  riiggins. 
-Charles  Kinkead. 
md  Huntingdon— Seth  K.  UlcCune  and  W.  B.  Smith. 

do.  do.                                   do. 

do.  — Jaines  I>.  Gwin  and  S.  S.  Wharton. 

do.  do.              and  James  Maguire. 

do.  -George  Leas  and  G.  W.  Smith. 

do.  —John  M.  Gibbony  and  J.  H.  Wintrose. 

do.  do.                                   do, 

do.  —Rolicrt  W.  Christy. 

do.  — Jacob  Burley. 

do. '  do. 

do.  — James  Roller. 

do.  — Thaddeu.-:*  Banks. 

do.  — R.  A.  IMcMurtrie  (died  in  1880). 

do.  do. 

do.  — James  G.  Adlum. 

do.  do. 

do.  — Samuel  McCamant. 

do.  do. 

do.  — Jos.  Robinson. 

do.  do. 

do.  — B.  L.  Hewitt. 

do.  do. 

do.  —Seth  K.  McCune. 

do.  do. 

do.  —J.  C.  Evcrhart  and  I.  II.  Ilawlins. 

do.  do                                do. 

do.  —Daniel  Sliock  and  David  M.  .Jones. 

do.  do.                      M.  Edgar  King. 

do.  — B.  L.  Hewit  and  D.  A.  Gilland. 


1847         Huntingdon  and  Bedford— John  Morrison. 

1848-50    Huntingdon,  Bedford  and  Blair— Alexander  King. 

1851-53    Huntingdon,  Blair  and  Cambria— Robert  A.  McMurtrie. 

1854-59  do.  do.  do.     —John  Cres well,  jr. 

1860-(i'2    Bhxir,  Cambria  and  Clearlield— Louis  W.  Hall. 

1863-64       do.  do.  do.         — Wm.  A.  Wallace. 

1865-07    Blair,  Huntingdon,  Centre,  Mifllin,  Juniata  and  Perry- Louis  W.  Hall  and 

Kirli  Haines. 
1868-70    [District  the  same]— Chas.  J.  T.  Mclntyre  and  s.  T.  Sliugert— Sliugert  un- 
seated by  contest  and  Jolin  K.  Robinson,  seated. 
1871-73  do.  do.    —P.  Bruce  Petrikeu  ami  D.  M.  Crawford. 

1874-80     Blair  and  Candjria— .John  A.  Lemon. 


However  it  may  have  been  before  the  erection  of  those  immense  receptacles  for 
-coal,  usually  called  "trestles,"  in  tlie  eastern  part  of  1  he  city,  subseciuently  and  ever 
since  our  citizens  have  been  supplied  witli  both  anthracite  and  bituminous  coala, 
in  large  or  small  quantities,  as  they  desired,  at  any  and  all  periods  of  the  year. 
These  depositories  for  coal  were  erected  in  1878,  antl  on  July  11,  tliat  year,  thej' 
received  tlie  first  ear-load  of  coal.    There  are  three  "trestles,"  each  000  feet  in  length 




do.  - 

































































luul  each  of  sufliciont  witUh  to  :ulniit  ;i  train  ofciyrht  cms.  includinfi;  an  engine.  As 
many  as  twenty-two  cars,  averaging  twelve  tcnis  eatth,  liave  Ijeen  unloaded  in  a^in- 
gleday.  We  mention  this  as  an  instance  of  the  amount  of  coal  received  in  a  sin- 
gle day,  not  as  an  illustration  of  the  celerity  with  which  cars  are  unloaded,  for  the 
contents  of  one  car  can  he  discharged  in  three  minutes'  time.  The  capacity  of  each 
"trestle"  is  ahout  1,000  tons— hence  3,000  tons  at  a  time  can  receive  storage.  We  may 
state,  in  this  connection,  tliat  in  addition  to  the  quantity  here  deposited,  2.000  addi- 
tional tons  are  consigned  to  dealers  in  other  parts  of  the  city.  Purchasing  coal  in 
such  large  quantities,  and  by  watching  the  market  closely  enabled  to  buy  at  the 
lowest  rates,  G.  A.  IMcCormick  is  prepared  to  sell  coal  in  large  or  small  (luantities, 
either  to  dealers  or  consumers  at  low  figures,  resulting  in  benefit  to  the  community. 
And  in  proportion  as  the  city  increases  In  population,  the  business  of  this  gentle- 
man increases.  As  an  instance,  for  the  season  of  1879-80,  about  2,c00  more  tons  were 
sold  than  during  the  iirevious  season. 

Was  formed  in  1872,  for  the  purpose  of  manufacturing  merchant  iron,  and  was 
chartered  July  10,  187:J.  The  construction  of  the  rolling  mill  was  commenced  July 
24,  1872,  and  was  put  in  operation  April  10, 1873,  with  a  capacity  of  3,C00  tons  manu- 
facturing iron  annually.  Since  1874  extensive  improvenu-nts  have  been  made,  and 
has  now  a  capacity  ot  10,000  tons  manutacturing  iron  per  annum.  The  officers  are: 
S.  C.  Baker,  president;  W.  M.  Wheatley,  secretary  and  treasurer;  S.  C.  Baker, 
James  Gardner,  Robert  Smiley.  John  P.  Dean,  D.  K.  Kamey  and  John  Fullerton, 

In  1808  shops  were  erected  on  the  site  now  occupied  hy  the  Altoona  Car  AVorks, 
by  the  "Altoona  M  anufacturing  Company."  A  fire,  which  occurred  on  INIay  23, 1879, 
destroyeil  the  buildings.  Recently  new  and  better  structures  were  reared,  filled 
with  improved  machinery  and  such  other  appliances  as  enable  the  new-  manage- 
ment to  execute  better  work,  more  promptly,  and  at  lower  prices.  The  principal 
industry,  as  the  title  of  the  establishment  indicates,  is  the  manufacture  of  railroad 
cars;  coal  pit  wagons,  castings  of  every  description,  and  general  machine  work  oc- 
cupy a  large  share  of  the  attention  of  the  company.  The  works  are  located  at 
the  extreme  limits  of  the  south-western  portion  of  the  city. 

The  following  gentlemen  compose  the  boartl  of  ofhcers  :  S.  C.  Baker,  president; 
S.  H.  Smith,  treasurer  and  secretary;  M.  A.  Green,  superintendent:  C.  Campbell, 
John  Keily,  S.  C.  Baker,  S.  H.  Smith  and  M.  A.  Green,  stockholders. 
Allen  S.  Myers  recently  established  a  florticultural  garden,  so  to  call  it,  on 
Howard  avenue,  between  Ninth  and  Tenth  streets,  Altoona,  and  exhibits  a  stock  of 
rareplantsandflowers,  together  with  such  as  are  in  more  general  demand,  at  all 
seasons  of  the  year.    He  is  meeting  with  success. 

At  a  special  meeting  ol  the  city  council,  held  on  the  evening  of  May  12,  an  ordi- 
nance authorizing  the  construction  of  a  street  railway  was  passed  by  a  large  major- 
ity of  that  body,  since  which  time  books  have  been  opened  by  the  leaders  of  the  en- 
terprise, and  a  considerable  amount  of  stock  subscribed.  The  captal  required  was 
$.50,()(M);  shares  $50  each  par  value.  The  probability  is  that  the  road  will  soon  l)c 
built  and  equipped. 

The  project  of  constructing  a  narrow  gauge  railroad  between  Altoona  and  Cher- 
rytree,  has  not,  at  this  time  ot  writing,  assumed  a  practical  shape,  further  than  that 
several  routes  have  been  surveyed  by  engineers  in  the  employ  ot  the  parties  inter- 
ested, w-ho  are  men  of  means,  influence  and  energy,  residing  here  anti  at  other 
points  along  the  proposed  route,  among  whom  we  may  mention  James  Perry,  of 
Chest  Springs:  Joseph  Behe,  ofCarroUton  :  George  Meyers,  of  Gallitzen  township, 
and  Dr.  S.  C.  Baker  and  D.  and  C.  Moore,  of  Altoona. 




L'ndei' (late  of  SepU'iiiber  10,  1880,  there  was  grunted  by  the  coimnonwealtli  ol 
Pennsylvania  a  eharter  for  "Tlie  Altuona  Liglit  Company,''  tlie  corporation  to  be 
perpetual.  The  purpose  of  the  company  is  to  shpply  the  public  witli  light  by  means 
other  than  gas— which  means,  as  we  understand,  by  electricity.  It  Is  the  Intention 
of|the  managers  to  pusli  the  matter  actively,  and  they  are  assured  their  meth- 
ods will  be  both  acceptable  to  the  people  and  successful.  The  officers  of  the  com- 
pany are  Jolm  P.  Lcvan,  president;  T.  H.  Wigton,  treasurer;  John  R.  Bingaman, 
secretary  ;  K.  P.  Mervine,  solicitor. 


The  council  of  Altoona  has  not,  as  yet,  determined  where  the  new  reservoir  or 
reservoirs  shall  be  located.    The  water  question  is  treated  on  pages  63, 65, 153  and  154. 

The  tidephone,  which  was  recently  introduced  by  J.  Chester  Wilson  has  proven 
a  success,  most  ot  the  leading  business  men  of  Altoona  having  adopted  it. 

The  Merchants'  Exchange,  recently  organized,  we  trust  will  stay  with  us. 

James  Philip  Lowe,  at  the  time  of  his  death,  which  occurred  on  May  28,  1880, 
was  the  oldest  passenger  engineer  on  the  Pennsylvania  railroad. 

J.  B.  EwiNG,  practicing  law  in  Harrisburg,  taught  a  select  school  or  academy  in 
AV.  Altoona  school  house,  commencing  April  1,  1S57. 

We  acknowledge  our  indebtedness  to  the  press  of  Altoona,  Hollidaysburg,  and 
Tyrone,  as  well  as  the  Philadelphia  "Times"  and  "Chronicle-Herald,"  Harrisburg 
"Patriot"  and  "Telcgrajjh,"  and  indeed  to  the  press  of  the  entire  State  for  notices 
and  other  courtesies  extended  to  us. 

H.  H.  Snyder,  esq.,  commander  of  William  G.  Murray  Post,  No.  39,  G.  A.  R.,  of 
Hollidaysburg,  who  was  a  member  of  the  same  company  as  Lieutenant  Stephen  C. 
Potts,  prepared  an  able  biography  of  that  chivalrous  gentleman  and  soldier  for 
publication  in  the  "Grand  Army  Review,"  of  Philadelpha,  the  official  organ  in  the 
<lepartment  of  Pennsylvania.  It,  as  well  as  the  historical  delineation  of  Hollidays- 
burg in  this  book,  evinces  a  peculiar  aptitude  for  literary  labor. 

DuuiNG  the  first  six  months  of  otHcial  control  (from  April  until  October,  1880), 
Mayor  Howard  has  collected  in  tines,  building  permits,  etc.,  $1,312.97. 

The  foremen  and  clei-ks  in  the  "lower  shops,''  on  July  22,  (18^0)  presented  a  cor- 
ner stone  for  the  new  residence  of  Jno.  P.  Levan,  general  foreman,  Altoona,  which 
was  accompanied  by  a  neat  address.  Mr.  Levan  responded  in  a  few  well  chosen  re- 
marks, expressive  of  his  appreciation  of  the  gift. 

One  of  the  unerring  signs  of  the  rapid  progress  of  a  town  is  the  establishment 
of  houses  exclusively  devoted  to  one  branch  of  a  specialty  of  trade,  such,  tor  in- 
stance, as  that  of  George  A.  Streit,  who  deals  exclusively  in  leather  and  shoe  lind- 

Wm.  Fortenbaugh,  was  one  of  the  seven  voters  who  supported  Peter  Cooper  as 
National  Greenback-lalxn-  candidate  for  President  of  the  United  States.  We  will 
here  remark  that  Charles  C.  Stanbarger.  who  was  nominated  for  Mayor  of  Al- 
toona on  the  National  Greenback-labor  ticket,  in  the  spring  1880,  but  declined,  was 
elected  sheritf  of  Mifflin  county,  in  1860,  for  a  term  of  three  years,  after  which  he  was 
sent  to  the  legislature  by  a  large  majority. 

Isaiah  Bunker,  Hollidaysburg,  was  the  first  blacksmith  whose  name  appeared 
on  the  check-roll  in  the  machine  department  of  the  "upper  shop>ii." 

John  Dougherty,  now  between  eighty  and  ninety  years  of  age,  residing  at  Mt. 
Union,  Pa.,  was  the  first  engineer  on  the  old  Portage  railroad, 

Bernard  Kerr,  father  of  R.  A.  O.  and  E.  F.  Kerr,  who  died  in  the  west  about 
nine  years  ago,  kept  the  first  store  that  was  located  on  Tenth  avenue,  between 
Thirteenth  anil  Fourteenth  streets,  Altoona      He  did  a  thriving  business  in  1855-56. 

Outside  the  routine  of  official  duties  as  city  treasurer,  Dr.  Bittner  assumes  the 
dual  character  of  dentist  and  portrait  painter.  However  widely-extended  his  repu- 
tation as  a  dentist  may  be,  it  will  be  eclipsed,  if  he  don't  stop  practicing,  by  his 
newly  assumed  profession.  The  portraits  of  General  Hancock,  General  Garfield  and 
Rev.  Dr.  Hamlin  aie  really  master  pieces  of  art. 

Table  of  Contents. 




The  Piiterniil  Pivient  of  Altooiiu .1 

Pi-iniuiy  Attciiiplx  ;iml  Successes  "> 

Pennsylvania  I  tail  road •^ 

Portaiie  liailioail 7 

Boat  Taken  over  AUe-ilieny  Mountains 10 

Gradual  Ascentof  Pennsylvania  Railroad 11 

Summary  of  Its  Progress 11 


Bounds,  Population .  etc la 

Agricultural  and  Mineral  Resources 15 

List  of  Furnaces ]7 

Sinkinsc  N'alley 1^ 

Natural  Curiosity }^ 

Logan,  an  Indian  Cliiet". •• •  -. •  }; 

Scoteli  Settle  in  FranUstowii  and  Catharine  Townships 19 

How  and  When  Townships  were  Formed lit 

Educational  History '■^'■; 

Description  of  New  Court  House ■ -<> 

Discourse  of  .Judoe  Dean,  giving  History  of  the  Courts  and  Bar.  . .  31 

List  of  Members  of  the  Bar 43 

The  New  Jail *? 

Almshouse  and  House  of  Employment v> 

The  County's  Finances  ■■•■■. *i 

Names  of  County  Officers  and  Years  ot  Election 47 

Newspapers  and  Other  Publications ™' 


Introductory  Remarks •>•' 

Hotel  Accommodations 0} 

Site  of  the  City  Selected J;! 

Where  the  Shops  were  Located r,- 

Names  of  Localities *'■• 

When  the  Work  was  Commenced '» 

Instance  of  Increased  Value  of  Real  Estate <)3 

Banking  Houses *^: 



Water  Supply *^ 

Centennial  Celebration J^a 

Centennial  " Fourth." '" 

Kailroad  Riots ^^ 

W hat  Transpired  in  Altoona £{ 

Order  of  Robert  Pitcairn i,! 

ISl ilitarv  on  Their  Way  to  Pittsburg M 

Strike  inaugurated i* 

Sherilfs  Pruelamation i+ 

Proclamation  ot  Mayor  Gilland >J2 

Meeting  at  the  Brant  House e} 

Speech  of  James  F.  Milliken ^2 

Speech  of  Frank  P.  Tierney '_i. 

Speech  of  Thomas  H.  'ireevy 4 < 

Patrolling  the  Streets (^^ 

Sundaj-^  the  Culminating  Perioil  ot  the  Excitement (."^ 

Meeting  of  the  Railroad  Men 7!) 

Citizens'  Msetinu; '•' 

Meeting  of  the  Shopmen «|- 

Adj ourneil  31  eeting ™ 

Arrival  of  Governor  Harlnintt »> 

His  speech  to  Citizens * 

His  Proclamation ^ 

Rumor  Calcuhitetl  Further  to  Excite  the  Populace csy 

*'  Camp  Beaver." ^i 

Grand  Jury  Presentment '^i 

Routing  of  Tramps ^' 

Vei eran  Soldiers'  Organization '^j 

Fairing  Up  Engines °; 

Additional  Troops  en  route;  tor  Pittsburg «> 

Clearing  the  Depot ^ 

258  TABLE    OF    CONTENTS. 

Arrival  of  Eleven  Car  Loads  of  Troops 90 

Stri ke  En ded 90 

The  Strike  at  Tyrone 90 

Conclave  of  Knights  Templar 91 

Relief  for  Ireland— Speech  of  Mr.  Parnell « 91 

Meeting  of  the  <;entral  Pennsylvania  Conference,  M.  E.  Church..      93 

Relief  of  the  Milton  Sulferers 94 

Meeting  of  Stale  Medical  Society 9.5 

Prohibition  Convention 98 

Decoration  Day  Ceremonies 98 

Our  National  Anniversary.  (1880)  and  how  it  was  celebrated 99 

Meeting  of  Pa.  State  Equal  Rights'  League 101 

Public  and  Pkivate  Schools 1'^- 

The  First  School  House 1'*'- 

Passage  of  t  he  Common  School  Law 102 

Union  Church  and  School  House lf'3 

P. ranches  Taught 103 

Veteran  School  Directors lO.j 

Establishment  of  Countv  Superintendency 10] 

Erection  ot  School  Buildings 10-> 

City  Superin  tendent  and  Teachers  of  High  School 1«7 

(trading  of  Schools 109 

More  Substantial  Buildings  Erected 109 

Revised  Course  of  Instruction 110 

Teachers'  Institute 110 

Death  of  First  City  Superintendent 110 

Growth  of  the  Public  School  System Ill 

Rapid  Increase  of  School  Population Ill 

Number  of  School  Buildings  11'^ 

Names  of  Teachers,  Grade,  Enrollment  of  Scholars,  etc lU 

Names  of  Teachers  for  1880-1 Ib^ 

Value  of  Puldic  School  property H-t 

(Officers  of  Public  Schools,  etc 117 

English  and  German  Private  Schools 117 

City  Churches.  -,  ^  . 

Baptist— First  and  Second 119 

Gatholic— English  and  German 121 

Christ  Reformed 12'.i 

Church  of  God 123 

Hebrew  synagogue l'^^ 

Lutheran— First  and  Second 12o 

Methodist— First.  Second,  Third,  Mission  and  African 129 

Presbyterian— First  and   Second 130 

St.  I  uke's  Protestant  Episcopal b^3 

The  Bret hren 13* 

United  Brethren 137 

Christian  Associations. 

Young  Men's  Christai n  Association W9 

Railroad  Men's  Christian  Association 141 


Fairview  Cemetery 1+'^ 

Oak  Ridge  Cemetery 1« 

St.  John's  Cemetery 115 

St.  Joseph's  Cemetery l-lo 

Eastern  Light  Cemetery 1*5 

City  Fire  Department    1-48 

Engine,  Hose  and  Truck  Houses 1*7 

Board  of  Department 1-17 

Chief  Engineers 1'19 

Officers  and  Mendjers  of  Good  Will  Company 149 

onicersand  Members  of  Empire  Company 149 

Othci^rs  and  Members  of  Vigilant  Company < 150 

Otlici'rsiind  Members  of  Excelsior  Company 151 

Oflic»i-s  and  Members  of  Altoona  Company 151 

G  as  and  Water  Department 153 

Pennsylvania  Railroad  Company's  Shops. 

Introductory  Remarks 157 

jVlotive  I'ower  Department,  or  Upper  Sliops 158 

Blacksiiiilh  Shop 159 

Machine  Shop 159 

T he  V ise  Shop hjl 

The  Boiler  Shop Ifi'- 

The  Foundry 1'''- 

The  First  Erecting  Shop Itj'-i 

The  Second  Erecting  Shop 103 

The  Paint  Shot) ^'^'^ 

TABLE    OF    CONTENTS..  251) 

J.ife  and  Services  ot  Locoiiiotives Kio 

Class  "  K  • '  Eiijjinos ](;5 

Uecordof  Movements  and  Condition  of  Engines ............[  Kit; 

Car  DErAiiTMKNT  ou  Lower  Shops ](;7 

^laehinc  Shop Hi'.) 

Pass(nifjcr  Car  Shop 171 

Freight  Shop ."..'.'.".'!!".■"*.■""  173 

iilacksniith  Shop I71 

rhmingMill ijt 

Tin  Shop '...'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.]'.'.'.'.[[[['.'.'. 177 

Cabinet  Sliop,  or  Gl>ic  llooni .'..'............... 178 

Paint  Shops ^79 

U  pholstering  Shop is-^ 

Beatty's  Shop -\>Q 

Resident  OriiicEus  Pennsylvania  Railroad  Company. 

In  General  Superintendent's  Office 18.5 

In  Ofliec  Superintendent  Motive  Power 185 

In  Olliee  SuptTintciuleut  Transportation '...'.  iSo 

Foreman  and  Assistants  of  Motive  Power  Shops 18G 

Foreman  and  Assistants  of  Car  or  "  Lower  Shops." lfi() 

Dispatcher,  Supervisor,  and  Assistant  Trainmaster 187 

Altoona  City-  Government. 

List  of  Burgesses 189 

Mayors  and  Years  of  Election 189 

City  Treasurers  and  Term  of  Office ] '. i8i> 

City  Recorder .' . ' '  _  _  igj) 

Members  of  Con ncil 189 

Secretaries  of  Council '.'..'. ......./..'. 1% 

Solicitors '.'.'.'.'.'. 190 

Civil  Engineers .'.'..'.. ............'!.'.'.'..!! ii)0 

Superintendent  Water  Deitartnient W  .\ . . .  [[[ 190 

Policemen ]']]        "  ' ' y^ 

Street  Commissioners '.  191 

Aldermen ...'.'.'...... 191 

Constables ....................[...[',]][[  191 

City  Finances  of  Altoona. 

Receipts  and  Expenditures  for  1879 191 

Number  ot  Taxables,  and  Valuation  of  Property.!. .'....'.". .....!'.'.!  i9i 

Assessments 19X 

General  Directory  op  Altoona. 

Avenues  and  Streets 19;{ 

M iscel laneous  A ssociations 195 

Building  and  Loan  Associations 195 

Orders  of  Red  Men 191^ 

Orders  of  Odd  Fellows..  .'..'. 195 

Knights  of  Pythias 197 

Mason  ic ' . ' '. 197 

Opera  House  ......'.'.'........ 197 

Silver  Grey  Social  Clnb .'.' .".' 197 

Telegraph  Offices pjf 

Post  Office  hours 197 

Musical  Organizations. 

Altoona  City  Band I97 

Mountain  Citj-  Band ......'..". 198 

Junior  Greys'  Band !.............. 198 

Citizens'  Cornet  Band '. ........".' 198 

German  Social  Cornet  Band ....".'..".'..  198 

Frohsinn  Singing  Society .' . . 198 

Concoi'dia  Singing  Socierv iqs 

The  Military..' ." '. ■.'.■..".■.■.■■.■.■■.■■■. i98 

Members  of  Company  I> ..!!..........  -iof) 


Erection  of  the  First  Sulistantial  House 002 

First  Survt'y  made 204 

Fo\uth  of  July ■)05 

Bil ly  T)< )naldson 's  Tavern .".".'.'..'.*...'.'...... ^06 

Frankstown  in  the   Lead '"07 

Advantageous  Situation .'.'.'..'.'.'.".*....... ■>07 

I^nterprisc  of  Jolm   Blair ."oj^ 

Arrival  of  the  First  Canal  Boat .[....[.. "'Oi) 

Education  Lookt^d  _Vfter .>09 

Borough  Officers ..'.'.'.'.'.'... ^10 

Their  First  Meeting 210 

How  Money  was  Provided 210 

Railway  from  Philadelphia  to  Pittsl)nrg .'.    -m 

Notable  Storms  and  Floods '  Z^ 

260  TABLE    OF    CONTENTS. 


Formation  of  Blair  Countv 214: 

Military  AttalrM " 215 

Visit  of  Kosi^uth 220 

Discovery  of  Iron  Ore 220 

Construct  ion  of  the  Reservoir 221 

Fire  Aiiparalns  and  Fire  Companies 221 

Market  House 222 

Hon i( lay stiu vj;  in  1812 222 

Gas  Intidilneed 223 

Water  Works  ami  Reservoir 224 

Presbyterian  Clmreh  and  Its  Pastors 224 

St.  Micliaers  Roman  Catholic  Church 227 

Lutheran  Clmrcli 229 

Baiitist  Chui'ch 230 

Hollidaysburg  Seminary  for  Young  Ladies 231 

The  Great  Fire  in  Hollidaysburg 232 

Blair  County  Medical  Societj*. 2.33 

Prominent  Citizens 234 

tyroxp:  r.(  )I{<  >r gh 237 

First  Building  Krectetl 237 

Hail  road  Facilities 238 

Tyrone  and  Clearfield  Railroad 239 

New  Division  of  Pennsylvania  Railroad 239 

Superintendents  and  Clerks 2.39 

Shops  of  Pennsylvania  Railroad 239 

Boiler  and  Machine  Sliops  and  Improvements 240 

Paper  Mill 240 

Banking  Houses 240 

Churches  and  Schools 240 

J  ustices  of  the  Peace 241 

Military  Memoranda 241 

Extensive  Conflagration 242 

Rebuilding  Commenced 243 

New  Railroad  Depot 244 

New  Iron  Bridf4;e 244 

Tyrone's  Futu re  Prospects 244 

General  Directory 24.5 

Bell's  Mills 24(5 

Roaring  Spring 247 

Martinsburg  and  Williamsburg 248 

Gayspokt,  Bennington  Furnace  and  Kittannino  I'oint 249 

Arch  Spring.  Tipton,  Newry  and  Duncansville 250 

Post  Offices  in  Blair  County 250 



FRONTISPIECE— Glimpse  of  Altocma. 

Arch  Spring between  pages  20  and  21 

Cresson        '•  "       68     "     69 

Portrait  of  Mr.  Parnell "  "       84     "     85 

Horseshoe  Curve "  "     100     "101 

Sylvan  Scene  on  the  Alleghenies "  "     148     "   149 

Sinking  Sjiring  Cave "  "      244     "    245 

Locomotive  and  Tender pti^e  158 

Parlor,  sleeping  and  Passenger   Cars 170 

Postal  and  I'.aiigiige  Cars 170 

Interior  of  Parlor  Car 173 

Interior  of  Sleeiiing  Car 181 

Interior  of  Passenger  Car im 

Court  House  in  Hollidaysburg 201 

Hollldayshurg  Seminary " 212 

Diagraiii  of  Tyrone ". 238 


McXcvin  iV  Yfii,U''i'.  smves.  lios  llth  avcuuf ^'- 

BiUtZfU  &  Itoiiss,  ilry  goods,  lltli  avemu-  n«ar  l.itli  stivi'l 1'' 

John  Daily,  pliotof^iaplis,  1311  lltli  avciuio -<' 

G.  K.  OiiiR's,  hairdresser,  8th  avenue  anil  17th  street '^> 

Irwin's  Drufi  Store,  llth  avenue  and  Kith  street ** 

Moss  Moser  &  Co.,  fjroceries,  Gth  avenue  and  7th  street --^ 

AV.  J.  Heinsling,  dry  gi'ods  and  groceries,  Mtli  avenue  and  llth  stn-et 2S 

Wm.  Murraj-,  dry  goods,  1317  llih  avenue -J'^ 

E.  S.  Miller,  physician.  IGth  street  and  llth  avenue -^^ 

Harry  Szink,  groceries,  Hth  avenue  and  8th  sticel •^'' 

Thonuis  \V.  .Jackson,  lawyer,  1010  l-2ih  street •"^fi 

r>.  K.  r.eegle,  jeweler,  l'2tli  street,  between    8th  and  9th  aven  nes 3(! 

Franklin  House,  Al.  lUirgoon,  proprietor,  17th  street ■*<* 

.Fohn  M.  Peters,  meats,  Hth  avenue  near  0th  street 40 

George  A.  Streit,  leather,  1117  5th  avenue ^^ 

J.  R.  Vaughn,  dry  goods  and  groceries,  8tli  avenue  and  '21st  street 44 

.Josiah  Arthur,  (Lewis  C.  Tipton,  successor),  furniture,  1008  llth  avenue 48 

D.  G.  McCuUongh,  grocer,  llth  avenue,  between  llth  and  lith  streets S'2 

W.  K.  Ward,  coal,  9th  avenue  and  17lh  street ^■- 

1?.  Berkowitz,  grocer,  1318  llth  avenue •''•' 

F.  F.  Tierney,  lawyer,  llth  avenue  and  KJth  street ['*> 

Jacob  B.  Cowen,  grocer,  8th  avenue  and  19th  street '^ 

Blair  County  Radical,  llth  avenue  and  16th  street •^'' 

Tribune,  daily  and  weekly,  12tli  street  near  12th  aven ue <iO 

I.  VV.  Toouiey,  merchant  tailor,  llth  avenue  and  17th  stret^t GO 

Sun,  daily  and  weekly,  llth  street  near  llth  avenue W 

M.  J.  Smith,  blacksmith,  llth  street  and  10th  avenue C4 

Call,  daily,  weekly  and  Sunday,  llth  avenue  ne»r  13th  street G8 

S.  M.  Griffith,  painter,  llth  avenue  near  llth  street ^^ 

Volksfuehrer,  German  paper,  112'2  llth  avenue "- 

Henry  Hench,  paints,  13th  avenue  and  IGth  street "2 

Booth  &  Mackey,  Excelsior  Planing  mill,  9th  avenue  near  I2tli  street 7G 

W.  W.  Yon,  grocer,  17th  street  near  llth  avenue >^ 

J.  A.  Canan  &  Co.,  terra  cotta,  Margaret  avenue  ami  19th  street 80 

E.  H.  Keyes,  gents'  furnishing  goods,  llth  avenue  near  I7th  street 84 

R.  Luebbert,  tobacco,  1110  lltli  avenue ^ 

Prof.  R.  C.  \Var<l,  music  teacher,  8th  avenue  ai.d  12thstreet S4 

S.  K.  Orr,  coal,  llth  avenue  and  4th  street 84 

H.  J.  Cornman,  clothing,  1107  llth  avenue 88 

William  Stoke  &  Co.,  City  Planing  mill,  20tli  street,  (branch  railroad) 92 

E.  C.  Iteese,  American  Sewing  machine.  .5th  avenueand  12tli  street 9G 

C.  W.  Sickles,  meats,  1224  9th  street • ItW 

R.  A.  Bonine,  photographer,  14th  street  near  llth  avenue... 100 

W m.  M.  Findley,  physician,  802  12th  street 1«4 

J.  D.  Hughes,  coal,  9th  avenueand  19th  street 104 

1).  A.  Bradley,  marble  works,  llth  avenue  near  llth  street 104 

Miss  Annie  Shotfner,  milliner.  12th  street,  between  8th  and  9th  avenues 104 

Philip  Teats,  auction  house,  12th  street,  between  8th  and  9th  avenues 108 

Allen  E.  Myers,  floral  establishment,  Howanl  avenn«'  l)et.  9th  and  10th  streets.. .  112 

1).  R.  Christian,  grocers,  1018  Chestnut  avenue 112 

T).  &  C.  Moowe.  grocers,  llth  avenue  and  l.ith  street 1 IG 

Wm.  McDowell  .'(:  S(m.  dr>-  goodsand  groceries.  7th  avenue  and  i:Uh  streel lid 



Lindsey  &  Beckiiuin,  iiUMliciiu-s,  11th  avcniu',  l)etwccii  14tli  and  15111  streets 1'20 

D.  A.  Barr,  grocer,  1807  8th  iivenue I'H 

II.  H.  Snyder,  lawyer,  Hollldayslmrs? 124 

J.  C.  Iniies,  druggist,  9th  street  helow  (!tli  avenue I'H 

J.  W.  Isenherg,  dentist,  8th  avenue  and  r2th  street lit 

Jonathan  Foreman,  furniture,  4th  avenue  and  lOth  street 128 

G.  A.  McCorniick,  coal,  4th  street  and  8th  avenue 13'2 

A.  F.  Blackl)urn,  99  cent  store,  opera  liouse 132 

I).  W.  Colycr,  painter,  12tli  street  near  9th  avenue 13(> 

W.  B.  Reese,  stoves  and  tinware,  712  9th  street 13(5 

J.  B.  Suiith,  boots  aud  shoes,  1321  11th  avenue 140 

H.  B.  Miller,  dentist,  1410  11th  avenue 140 

Ohnes  &  Bro.,  meats,  11th  avenue  between  13th  and  14tli  streets 144 

James  W.  Findley,  Insurance,  11th  avenue,  between  12lh  aud  131h  streets 144 

J.  Wesley  Allen,  physician.  1330^4  11th  avenue 144 

Terkel  C.  Nelson,  jeweler,  112(i  11th  avenue 148 

J.  F.  Fulton,  physician,  over  Randolph's  drug  store 148 

A.  Luebbert,  tobacco,  1008  17th  street 148 

AVilliam  B.  Miller,  dentist.  1330)^  11th  avenue 148 

Palmer  &  Morse,  carriage  builders,  8th  street,  between  G!h  and  7th  avenues l.")2 

Curtis'  Dollar  Store,  11th  avenue  and  13th  street 15f> 

C.  A.  Dimond  &  Co.,  coal,  9th  avenue,  between  17th  aud  ISth  streets W) 

M.  (i.  Lingenfelter,  grocer,  14th  street  and  13th  avenue l(i(> 

Rudisill  Brothers,  jewelers,  131011th  avenue KiO 

,J.  M.  Bowman,  dry  goods,  11th  avenue  and  l-2tli  strei-ts Iti4 

E.  M.  Kennedy  &  Co.,  Logan  town IGS 

Altoona  Launtlry,  11th  avenue  ajid  Kith  st  i-eet 168 

John  Kinsel,  carpets,  804  Chestnut  avenue 168 

R.  B.  Mahattey.  music  good*,  1201 J^  8th  avenue 168 

D   Wylie,  plumber,  1108  14th  street 172 

Mrs.  Adam  Gable,  confectioner,  706  and  708 12th  street 17(> 

Elway  &  Mauk,  grocei's.  Green  avenue  and  9th  street 176 

B.  F.  Rose,  alderman,  11th  avenue  near  l'2th  street i76 

J.  C.  Conrad,  coal,  11th  avenue  between  17th  and  18th  sti-eets 176 

S.  O.  Adler,  grocer.  1316  12th  avenue 180 

Dr.  J .  II.  Weaver,  druggist,  17th  street  near  10th  avenue 180 

Piper  &  Co.,  stationers.  1316  10th  avenue 180 

Ed.  J.  Slep.  Youth's  Mirror,  1122  lHh  avenue 180 

A.  F.  Heess,  bakery,  713  13th  street 184 

Ed.  Mountney.  house  and  sign  painter,  in  opera  house  building 184 

Thebault  Rivailles,  phj'sician,  1124  11th  avenue 184 

Howard  Tii^ton,  livery  stables,  l(il7  11th  avenue,  near  lltb  street 188 

Campbell  &  Cole,  dry  goods,  8th  avenue  and  13th  street 188 

Fries  Brothers,  hardware,  1313  11th  avenue 192 

C.  F.  Randolph,  cosmetine,  1106  11th  street 196 

M.  Fitzharris,  grocer,  12th  avenue  and  16th  street 196 

NetT  &  Mervine,  lawyers,  13th  .street,  between  lOtb  and  11th  avenues 196 

John  O'Toole,  alderman,  11th  avenue  and  17tli  stre(>t 190 

Ilollidaysburg  Seminary 212 

S.  M.  GrifBth,  house  and  sign  paintei-,  11th  avenue  near  11th  street 263 

J.  G.  Vallade,  confectioner,  10th  avenue,  betweeh  13th  and  14th  streets 2.')3 

W.  R.  Vaughn,  plumber  and  gas  titter,  7th  avenue  and  1.5th  street 263 


Although  Dr.  Thebault  Rivailles  can  speak  several  languages:  in  his  ju-ofes- 
sionul  card,  page  184,  we  should  lla^•e  printed  "consultations  in  French  and  Eng- 
lish" instead  oif  "French  and  (iernian." 

For  "shows"  in  fourth  line  from  top  of  page  97  read  "crosses." 

For  "AVilliam"  read  "Wilbur"  15.  Blake,  page  82. 
For  "alarcity,"  page  198,  11th  line  from  bottom,  read  "alacrity." 




15101  Eleventh  Avenue,  Altoona,  Pa. 


V     H 

But  our  clcnimf  :uul  liiiilil\-  iirtistic  work  on  pcrmiinciit  cxliilntioii  ;ill  ovcf  tlic  city, 

on  thi;  t'.\t(M'i<)r  ami  in  i  lie  iiiti'iior  ot'scvcriil  li.iiulrcd  houses,  speaks  i)lainly, 

l)ositivcl  >•  and  iuuM|iii  vocally  ofoui-  sii  piTioiily  over  all  rivals  in  the 


Ilnsincss,  wliatcvci-  t  heir  i)rct('n1  ions  Tuay  be 

S.    M.    GRIFFITH, 

Corner  11th  Avenue  and  11th  Street,  ALTOONA,  PA. 

av.  r.  vaughn, 

Plumber  and  Gas  Fitter, 

At  Ills  iu!\v  establlsliinent.  constructed  (^.si)ecially  tor  contluctlng  liis  business 
to  the  best  advantage,  is  prepared  to  execute  all  kinds  of  work  in  his  line,  prompt- 
ly, in  the  b(^st  manner  and  at  tiie  lowest  prices.  He  ki'eps  in  lull  stock,  Gas  Fix- 
tures, ineludiufic  chandeliers,  etc..  and  is  pii'parcd.  at  a  moment's  notice,  to  execute 
i'.ll  oi-dei's  entrusted  to  his  care. 


J.   G.  VALLADE, 



Dolls,  Foreign  and  Domestic  Fruits,  Notions,  Sej>ars,  ToV)acco,  etc. 

1324  Tenth  Avenue,        -        -        -       Altoona,  Pa. 



News|)aper  aiul  liook  Publisher, 


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